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Incision rates of the Colorado River are integral to understanding the development of the Colorado Plateau. Here we calculate episodic incision rates of the Colorado River based on absolute ages of two levels of Quaternary deposits adjacent to Glen Canyon, Utah, along the north flank of Navajo Mountain. Minimum surface ages are determined by a combination of cosmogenic radionuclide surface exposure ages, uranium series and soil-development formation times. Bedrock incision rates of the Colorado River between c. 500 ka and c. 250 ka, and c. 250 ka to present are c. 0·4 m ka−1 and c. 0·7 m ka−1, respectively. These rates are more than double the rates reported in the Grand Canyon, suggesting that the Colorado...
Beavers (Castor canadensis Kuhl) can influence the competitive dynamics of plant species through selective foraging, collection of materials for dam creation, and alteration of hydrologic conditions. In the Grand Canyon National Park, the native Salix gooddingii C.R.Ball (Goodding?s willow) and Salix exigua Nutt. (coyote willow) are a staple food of beavers. Because Salix competes with the invasive Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb., land mangers are concerned that beavers may cause an increase in Tamarix through selective foraging of Salix. A spatial analysis was conducted to assess whether the presence of beavers correlates with the relative abundance of Salix and Tamarix. These methods were designed to detect a system-wide...
The Colorado River system exhibits the characteristics of a heavily over-allocated or ?closing water system?. In such systems, development of mechanisms to allow resource users to acknowledge interdependence and to engage in negotiations and agreements becomes necessary. Recently, after a decade of deliberations and environmental assessments, the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program (GCDAMP) was established to monitor and analyze the effects of dam operations on the Grand Canyon ecosystem and recommend adjustments intended to preserve and enhance downstream physical, cultural and environmental values. The Glen Canyon Dam effectively separates the Colorado into its lower and upper basins. Dam operations and...
In many interstate river basins, the institutional arrangements for the governance and management of the shared water resource are not adequately designed to effectively address the many political, legal, social, and economic issues that arise when the demands on the resource exceed the available supplies. Even under normal hydrologic conditions, this problem is frequently seen in the Colorado River Basin. During severe sustained drought, it is likely that the deficiencies of the existing arrangements would present a formidable barrier to an effective drought response, interfering with efforts to quickly and efficiently conserve and reallocate available supplies to support a variety of critical needs. In the United...
Frequent and persistent droughts exacerbate the problems caused by the inherent scarcity of water in the semiarid to arid parts of the southwestern United States. The occurrence of drought is driven by climatic variability, which for years before about the beginning of the 20th century in the Southwest must be inferred from proxy records. As part of a multidisciplinary study of the potential hydrologic impact of severe sustained drought on the Colorado River, the physical basis and limitations of tree rings as indicators of severe sustained drought are reviewed, and tree-ring data are analyzed to delineate a “worst-case� drought scenario for the Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB). Runs analysis of a 121-site...
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The Colorado River system in southern Utah and northern Arizona is continuing to adjust to the baselevel fall responsible for the carving of the Grand Canyon. Estimates of bedrock incision rates in this area vary widely, hinting at the transient state of the Colorado and its tributaries. In conjunction with these data, we use longitudinal profiles of the Colorado and tributaries between Marble Canyon and Cataract Canyon to investigate the incision history of the Colorado in this region. We find that almost all of the tributaries in this region steepen as they enter the Colorado River. The consistent presence of oversteepened reaches with similar elevation drops in the lower section of these channels, and their coincidence...
Environmental flows have become important restoration tools on regulated rivers. However, environmental flows are often constrained by other demands within the river system and thus typically are comprised of smaller water volumes than the natural flows they are meant to replace, which can limit their functional efficacy. We review environmental flow programs aimed at restoring riparian vegetation on four arid zone rivers: the Tarim River in China; the Bill Williams River in Arizona, U.S.; the delta of the Colorado River in Mexico; and the Murrumbidgee River in southern Australia. Our goal is to determine what worked and what did not work to accomplish restoration goals. The lower Tarim River in China formerly formed...
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The vegetation units on this map were determined through a series of image processing steps including unsupervised classification, ecological modeling and stereoscopic interpretation of aerial photographs supported by field sampling and ecological analysis. The vegetation boundaries were identified on the photographs by means of the photographic signature and collateral information on slope, hydrology, geography, and vegetation in accordance with the Standardized National Vegetation Classification System (October 1995). The mapped vegetation reflects conditions that existed during the specific year and season that the aerial photographs were taken. There is a margin of error inherent in the use of aerial photographs....
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This dataset summarizes various sedimentary data from ten U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) surface water sites across the contiguous United States. These sites include: 01648010 Rock Creek at Joyce Road, Washington, DC 05586300 Illinois River at Florence, Illinois 06731000 Cherry Creek below Cherry Creek Lake, Colorado 06807000 Missouri River at Nebraska City, Nebraska 06935965 Missouri River at St. Charles, Missouri 08374550 Rio Grande near Castolon, Texas 08375300 Rio Grande at Rio Grande Village, Big Bend National Park, Texas 09404200 Colorado River above Diamond Creek near Peach Springs, Arizona 11447650 Sacramento River at Freeport, California 12046260 Elwha River at diversion near Port Angeles, Washington The...
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This metadata record describes the materials contained in stake folder 1506. Stake 1506 is located at latitude 36.38585, longitude -112.63963. This location was photographed in the following years: 1909 (no physical image) and 1990. The materials associated with this item include original best quality images from each repeat date (preserved as digitized film images or in some cases digitized print photographs, depending on availability), scanned film envelopes with camera metadata, records of repeat photography sheets, and all field notes and/or camera notes associated with this stake. All attachments follow the following naming convention: stake_date_material_type_Kanab. Some stakes will have multiple materials...
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This metadata record describes the materials contained in stake folder 2595. Stake 2595 is located at latitude 36.392, longitude -112.629. This location was photographed in the following years: 1942 and 1993. The materials associated with this item include original best quality images from each repeat date (preserved as digitized film images or in some cases digitized print photographs, depending on availability), scanned film envelopes with camera metadata, records of repeat photography sheets, and all field notes and/or camera notes associated with this stake. All attachments follow the following naming convention: stake_date_material_type_Kanab. Some stakes will have multiple materials from one repeat date (e.g.,...
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This metadata record describes the materials contained in stake folder 696. Stake 696 is located at latitude 36.39889, longitude -112.63056. This location was photographed in the following years: 1872, 1968 and 1972. The materials associated with this item include original best quality images from each repeat date (preserved as digitized film images or in some cases digitized print photographs, depending on availability), scanned film envelopes with camera metadata, records of repeat photography sheets, and all field notes and/or camera notes associated with this stake. All attachments follow the following naming convention: stake_date_material_type_Kanab. Some stakes will have multiple materials from one repeat...
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This metadata record describes the materials contained in stake folder 713. Stake 713 is located at latitude 36.42478, longitude -112.63036. This location was photographed in the following years: 1872 and 1968. The materials associated with this item include original best quality images from each repeat date (preserved as digitized film images or in some cases digitized print photographs, depending on availability), scanned film envelopes with camera metadata, records of repeat photography sheets, and all field notes and/or camera notes associated with this stake. All attachments follow the following naming convention: stake_date_material_type_Kanab. Some stakes will have multiple materials from one repeat date...
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This dataset represents the variety (unique structural classes: water, bare, herbaceous, short shrubs, medium shrubs, short trees, tall trees) within 1 ha of bottomland areas. Traditional image interpretation cues were used to develop the polygons, such as shape, size, pattern, tone, texture, color, and shadow, from high resolution, true color, aerial imagery (0.3m resolution), acquired for the project. Additional, public available aerial photos (NAIP, 2011) were used to cross-reference cover classes. As with any digital layer, this layer is a representation of what is actually occurring on the ground. Errors are inherent in any interpretation of ground qualities. Due to the "snapshot" nature of the aerial photos,...
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This dataset represents the relative average amount of non-woody cover within 2 ha) of bottomland along the Colorado River from the Colorado state line (San Juan and Grand Counties, Utah) to the southern Canyonlands NP boundary, as of September 2010. Traditional image interpretation cues were used to develop the polygons, such as shape, size, pattern, tone, texture, color, and shadow, from high resolution, true color, aerial imagery (0.3m resolution), acquired for the project. Additional, public available aerial photos (NAIP, 2011) were used to cross-reference cover classes. As with any digital layer, this layer is a representation of what is actually occurring on the ground. Errors are inherent in any interpretation...
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This dataset represents ease of access to bottomland areas for vegetation treatments. Access may be by road, 4x4 near road, hike in by field crews or requiring overnight camping or raft access. Access is considered for each side of the river separately.
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This data set shows the extent of the Colorado River Conservation Planning project bottomland area as delineated by topography and vegetation, The bottomland area is subdivided into 1 km polygons measured from the upstream project boundary. Reach breaks were determined by large topographic shifts and/or tributary junctions by John Dohrenwend. Please see the project report for more details.


map background search result map search result map Episodic incision of the Colorado River in Glen Canyon, Utah Rapid incision of the Colorado River in Glen Canyon - insights from channel profiles, local incision rates, and modeling of lithologic controls Colorado National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Diversity of All Structural Types for General Diversity Model Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Open Areas for Open Land Species Model Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Access to the Site for Relative Cost of Restoration Model USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 1506 USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 2595 USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 0696 USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 0713 Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Bottomland Boundary of the Colorado River Divided at Homogeneous River Reaches Data for Field Evaluation of the Sequoia Scientific LISST-ABS Acoustic Backscatter Sediment Sensor USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 1506 USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 2595 USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 0696 USGS Southwest Repeat Photography Collection: Kanab Creek, southern Utah and northern Arizona, 1872-2010: Stake 0713 Colorado National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Episodic incision of the Colorado River in Glen Canyon, Utah Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Open Areas for Open Land Species Model Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Diversity of All Structural Types for General Diversity Model Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Access to the Site for Relative Cost of Restoration Model Conservation Planning for the Colorado River in Utah - Bottomland Boundary of the Colorado River Divided at Homogeneous River Reaches Rapid incision of the Colorado River in Glen Canyon - insights from channel profiles, local incision rates, and modeling of lithologic controls Data for Field Evaluation of the Sequoia Scientific LISST-ABS Acoustic Backscatter Sediment Sensor