Filters: Tags: Community Ecology (X)44 results (171ms)
Disturbance characteristics, vegetation and biocrust cover from the northern Great Basin (USA) 2012-2013
Fifteen fires from the Chronosequence dataset (see Knutson et al. 2014) were visited in 2012 and 2013 and surveyed for cover of lichens and mosses. Fires were selected to cover the range of average precipitation for each of three water years following fire, fire severity, time since fire, season of ignition, total acres burned and grazing intensity. Cattle grazing was characterized by distance from water sources for cattle, cow dung density counts and Animal Unit Months from the Rangeland Administration System of the Bureau of Land Management. Fire was characterized by whether or not a site burned, time since fire, the area burned, and an estimated amount of shrub cover consumed by the fire as compared to seemingly...
Categories: Data; Tags: Botany, Ecology, Great Basin, Idaho, Land Use Change,
These data consist of a multi-trophic, day vs. night, nearshore to offshore transect approach for data collection for this Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative effort at two northwestern Lake Huron sites near Hammond Bay and Thunder Bay, Michigan. Zooplankton and Mysis samples were collected monthly from April-October while benthos and prey fish samples were collected seasonally during Spring, Summer, and Fall. Invertebrate taxa (zooplankton, Mysis, benthic macroinvertebrates) were identified, enumerated, and measured using a dissecting microscope. Diet items of the prey fish were processed similarly to the other samples in terms of taxonomy. These data were used to calculate densities of fish prey items...
Categories: Data; Tags: Aquatic Biology, Ecology, Geography, Lake Huron, Limnology,
Fire Response Effects, Biocrust, and Vascular Plant Abundance Following Wildfire near Boise, Idaho (October 2021)
Twenty quadrats within the burn perimeter of a September 2021 wildfire outside of Boise, Idaho were surveyed for the abundance of fire effects, biocrusts and vascular plants immediately post-fire. The fire was too small to be named. Char was measured as a proxy for fire intensity. Biocrusts were surveyed by morphogroup (crustose lichens, cup lichens, fruticose lichens, gelatinous lichens, short moss, tall moss) and vascular plants were surveyed by functional group (annual forbs, perennial grasses). Char was measured ocularly and biocrust/plant abundance was measured via point-vertex intercept at 40 points per quadrat. These data support the following publication: Condon, L.A., Shinneman, D.J., Rosentreter, R. and...
Categories: Data; Tags: Botany, Great Basin, Idaho, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), biota,
Data on Tree Growth and Plant Community Composition in Mid-Atlantic Tidal Freshwater Forested Wetlands
Tree growth (annual tree ring measurements) and plant community composition data of tidal freshwater forested wetlands along longitudinal riverine positions (upper, lower, and stressed tidal river sites, and nearby upstream non-tidal forested floodplains) of the adjoining Pamunkey and Mattaponi Rivers, Virginia.
Categories: Data; Tags: Botany, Chesapeake, Ecology, Forestry, Freshwater Tidal Forest/Woodland,
The 53 papers in this proceedings include a section celebrating the 25-year anniversary of the Shrub Sciences Laboratory (4 papers), three sections devoted to themes, genetics, and biodiversity (12 papers), disturbance ecology and biodiversity (14 papers), ecophysiology (13 papers), community ecology (9 papers), and field trip section (1 paper). The anniversary session papers emphasized the productivity and history of the Shrub Sciences Laboratory, 100 years of genetics, plant materials development for wildland shrub ecosystems, and current challenges in management and research in wildland shrub ecosystems. The papers in each of the thematic science sessions were centered on wildland shrub ecosystems. The field...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: biodiversity, community ecology, disturbance, ecophysiology, genetics,
Benthic Community Dynamics in Coyote Creek and Artesian Slough, Southern San Francisco Bay, California, May 2016 to March 2018
Benthic invertebrate communities are monitored because the composition of those communities can affect and be affected by the water quality of an aquatic system. Benthic communities use and sometimes regulate the cycling of essential elements (for example, carbon). Benthic invertebrate taxa may also indicate acute and chronic stressors in an environment because they accumulate contaminants and can respond – sometimes dramatically - to oligotrophic and eutrophic conditions. Benthic communities affect water quality by grazing pelagic food resources and increasing the rate of nutrient regeneration through feeding and bioturbating sediments. South San Francisco Bay is a system dependent on phytoplankton as the base...
Categories: Data; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Alviso Slough, Annelids, Aquatic Biology, Benthic Ecosystems, Benthos,
A dataset of the macroinvertebrates collected for a trout production study from August 2017- August 2018 in northern New Mexico. The invertebrates are sampled from the benthos, drift, and trout stomachs (via gastric lavage). The drift and benthic invertebrate data represent subsampled individuals. There is a separate file that documents the percent of original sample. The diet samples were not subsampled. The dataset includes individual invertebrates identified to taxonomic Order, lifestage, habitat, their measured lengths, and regressed dry masses.
Categories: Data; Tags: Biological Production, New Mexico, biota, community ecology, ecology,
Marine Bird and Mammal Survey Data from Katmai National Park and Preserve and Kenai Fjords National Park, 2012-2016
These data are part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long term monitoring program, nearshore monitoring component. The dataset is a series of comma separated files exported from a survey software program (DLog, Ford Consulting, Portland, OR). The data consists of date, time, latitude, longitude, species abbreviation, count, and behavior. Each year the observers attempt to sample the same set of transects although weather, tide state and other factors can interfere with this goal. Transects are in Alaska and include locations in Katmai National Park and Preserve and Kenai Fjords National Park. Other researchers conduct similar surveys in Prince William Sound. The time interval includes 2012-2016.
Categories: Data; Tags: Alaska Peninsula, Biota, Community ecology, Ecology, Ecosystem monitoring,
Seven exclosures that were part of the original 28 Taylor Grazing Act exclosures across northern Nevada were surveyed for cover of biological soil crusts in May 2018. Surveys consisted of 15 quadrats both inside and outside of the exclosures. Quadrats were used to measure biocrust cover via point-intercept at 39 vertices within each quadrat. Cattle grazing outside of the exclosures was characterized by distance from the closest water source as well as permitted, suspended and active Animal Unit Months from the Rangeland Administration System. Abundance of cyanobacteria in the soils was assessed with the moistened soil method.
Categories: Data; Tags: Great Basin, Nevada, Soil Sciences, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), biota,
Environmental DNA metabarcoding as a tool for biodiversity assessment and monitoring: Reconstructing established fish communities of north-temperate lakes and rivers
To evaluate the ability of precipitation-based environmental DNA (eDNA) sample collection and mitochondrial 12S metabarcoding sequencing to reconstruct well-studied fish communities in lakes and rivers. Specific objectives were to 1) determine correlations between eDNA species detections and known community composition based on traditional field sampling, 2) compare efficiency of eDNA to detect fish biodiversity among systems with variable morphologies and trophic states, and 3) determine if species habitat preferences predicts eDNA detection. Fish community composition was estimated for seven lakes and two MIssissippi River navigation pools using sequence data from the mitochonrial 12S gene amplified from 10 to...
Categories: Data; Tags: 12S gene, Aquatic Biology, Crystal Lake, Genetics, Lake Mendota,
Vegetation and soil cover data for long-term monitoring plots within Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge, Colorado, USA
Sixty-eight monitoring plots within the Browns Park National Wildlife refuge in Northwest Colorado were surveyed in the Summer of 2007 and 2021 for vegetation-community changes after grazing cessation in 1986. Surveys consisted of line-point intercept measurements at 0.5m intervals along three 15-m transects arranged in a spoke around plot center at each plot location.
Categories: Data; Tags: Artemesia tridentata, Botany, Bromus tectorum, Colorado, Ecology,
Invertebrate, fish, and habitat data were collected as part of a cooperative project that began in 2002 between the U.S. Geological Survey, Colorado Springs Utilities, and Colorado Springs Engineering. Other entities have contributed to the project over the years including Colorado Parks and Wildlife. Habitat samples were collected and analyzed at 27 sites – 25 in the Fountain Creek Basin as well as two sites on the Arkansas River, El Paso and Pueblo Counties, Colorado. The number of sites sampled each year as well as the number of annual visits during which data were collected, and sampling methods used during each visit vary. The habitat data were collected between 2002 and 2022 and is intended to be updated annually...
Categories: Data; Tags: Aquatic biology, Benthic environments, Colorado, Community ecology, Ecology,
EverWaders species distribution model development and output in the Greater Everglades from 2000-2009
Restoration of the Florida Everglades, a substantial wetland ecosystem within the United States, is one of the largest ongoing restoration projects in the world. Decision-makers and managers within the Everglades ecosystem rely on ecological models forecasting indicator wildlife response to changes in the management of water flows within the system. One such indicator of ecosystem health, the presence of wading bird communities on the landscape, is currently assessed using three species distribution models that assume perfect detection and report output on different scales that are challenging to compare against one another. We sought to use current advancements in species distribution modeling to improve models...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Ecology, Everglades, Southern Florida, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), USGS-EMA-LOW-MR Landscape Ecology,
This data release includes zooplankton data collected from a collaborative effort for Environmental Protection Agency’s Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative (CSMI). Zooplankton surveys were conducted during the growing season, from late April to early November, in two Lake Michigan transects in 2010, two Lake Huron transects in 2012, eight Lake Michigan transects in 2015, and nine Lake Huron transects in 2017. Zooplankton samples were collected by whole water-column tows at two or three stations in different bottom-depth categories (i.e., shallow, middle, and deep) in each of the transects. Due to the difference in bathymetry, some transects did not have a deep station. The shallow and middle stations have...
Categories: Data; Tags: Ecology, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Limnology, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC),
Invertebrate, fish, and habitat data were collected as part of a cooperative project that began in 2002 between the U.S. Geological Survey, Colorado Springs Utilities, and Colorado Springs Engineering. Other entities have contributed to the project over the years including Colorado Parks and Wildlife. Fish samples were collected and analyzed at 12 sites in the Fountain Creek Basin, El Paso and Pueblo Counties, Colorado. The number of sites sampled each year as well as the number of annual visits during which data were collected, and sampling methods used during each visit vary. The fish data were collected between 2003 and 2022 and is intended to be updated annually as new data are collected and available. Users...
Categories: Data; Tags: Aquatic biology, Colorado, Community ecology, Ecology, Rivers,
Eight-minute point-transect distance bird surveys were collected in and around Haleakala National Park from 1993-2008. This dataset contains the location, species, and distance to detected birds, as well as identifying initials to distinguish among observers.
Categories: Data; Tags: Ecology, Haleakala National Park, Haleakala volcano, Maui, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC),
Influence of a high head dam as a dispersal barrier to fish community structure of the Upper Mississippi River: Data
In 2013 and 2014, standardized electrofishing was conducted above and below Lock and Dam 19 (i.e., in Pools 19 and 20 respectively) of the Upper Mississippi River (UMR). Sampling was consistent with the UMR Restoration program’s Long Term Resource Monitoring element (LTRM) and The Illinois Natural History Survey’s Long Term Electrofishing program (LTEF) allowing for standardized comparisons among the reaches we sampled and those sampled by the LTRM (Pools 4, 8, 13, and 26) and LTEF (Pools 16-21, and Pool 25). Data in this file is includes A) new data from Pools 19 and 20 and B) data compiled from public sources for other pools (LTRM and LTEF). Generally, data codes are intended to match formatting conventions from...
Categories: Data; Tags: Illinois, Impoundments, Missouri, Navigation Pool 19, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC),
This data release includes zooplankton data collected with a 64-micron mesh net from 9 transects in Lake Huron between April and August 2017. At each transect, data were collected at up to three sites, ranging in bottom depths from 18 to 82 m. The volume sampled at each site was estimated with a flowmeter. Micro- and macro- crustaceans were identified, enumerated, and measured using a dissecting or compound microscope. The data are in raw form.
Categories: Data; Tags: Aquatic Biology, Ecology, Lake Huron, Limnology, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC),
This data represents a vegetation map for New River Gorge National River. It contains nonoverlapping polygons which represent vegetation classes, aquatic features, and cultural features. Vegetation types were classified based on statistical analysis of plot data collected on the ground from 1998 through 2005. Polygons were delineated based on interpretation of digital and hard copy aerial photography flown in 2003.
Geographic analysis of species richness and community attributes of forest birds from survey data in the Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment region