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Information on future land-use and land-cover (LULC) change is needed to analyze the impact of LULC change on ecological processes. The U.S. Geological Survey has produced spatially explicit, thematically detailed LULC projections for the conterminous United States. Four qualitative and quantitative scenarios of LULC change were developed, with characteristics consistent with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES). The four quantified scenarios (A1B, A2, B1, and B2) served as input to the forecasting scenarios of land-use change (FORE-SCE) model. Four spatially explicit data sets consistent with scenario storylines were produced for the conterminous United...
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Crop cover maps have become widely used in a range of research applications. Multiple crop cover maps have been developed to suite particular research interests. The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Cropland Data Layers (CDL) are a series of commonly used crop cover maps for the conterminous United States (CONUS) that span from 2008-2013. In this investigation we wanted to expand the temporal coverage of the NASS CDL archive back to 2000 by creating yearly NASS CDL-like crop cover maps derived from a classification tree model algorithm. We used over 11 million crop sample records to train a classification tree algorithm and to develop a crop classification model (CCM). The model was used to create...
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Crop cover maps have become widely used in a range of research applications. Multiple crop cover maps have been developed to suite particular research interests. The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Cropland Data Layers (CDL) are a series of commonly used crop cover maps for the conterminous United States (CONUS) that span from 2008-2013. In this investigation we wanted to expand the temporal coverage of the NASS CDL archive back to 2000 by creating yearly NASS CDL-like crop cover maps derived from a classification tree model algorithm. We used over 11 million crop sample records to train a classification tree algorithm and to develop a crop classification model (CCM). The model was used to create...
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Arsenic concentrations from 20,450 domestic wells in the U.S. were used to develop a logistic regression model of the probability of having arsenic > 10 µg/L (“high arsenic”), which is presented at the county, state, and national scales. Variables representing geologic sources, geochemical, hydrologic, and physical features were among the significant predictors of high arsenic. For U.S. Census blocks, the mean probability of arsenic > 10 µg/L was multiplied by the population using domestic wells to estimate the potential high-arsenic domestic-well population. Approximately 44.1 M people in the U.S. use water from domestic wells. The population in the conterminous U.S. using water from domestic wells with predicted...
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This data set contains example data for exploration of the theory of regression based regionalization. The 90th percentile of annual maximum streamflow is provided as an example response variable for 293 streamgages in the conterminous United States. Several explanatory variables are drawn from the GAGES-II data base in order to demonstrate how multiple linear regression is applied. Example scripts demonstrate how to collect the original streamflow data provided and how to recreate the figures from the associated Techniques and Methods chapter.
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A raster dataset representing the soil organic carbon content of surface soil horizons (top 15 cm or ~6 inches) in the conterminous United States. Soil organic carbon is a readily component of soil organic matter, which plays an important role the functioning of soils, including formation of soil structure, soil nutrient content, soil moisture retention, and carbon sequestration. Soil carbon content here is measured as percent by mass. This dataset was created using the soil percent organic carbon 100 m spatial resolution predictive rasters for 0, 5, and 15 cm depths developed by Ramcharan et al. (2018). The average soil organic carbon over the top 15 cm was calculated using the trapezoidal rule, and then put into...
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This metadata record describes monthly input and output data covering the period 1900-2015 for a water-balance model described in McCabe and Wolock (2011). The input datasets are precipitation (PPT) and air temperature (TAV) from the PRISM group at Oregon State University. The model outputs include estimated potential evapotranspiration (PET), actual evapotranspiration (AET), runoff (RUN) (streamflow per unit area), soil moisture storage (STO), and snowfall (SNO). The datasets are arranged in tables of monthly total or average values measured in millimeters or degrees C and then multiplied by 100. The data are indexed by the identifier PRISMID, which refers to an ASCII raster of cells in an associated file named...
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using readily available satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated ratios and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated ratio, its standard...
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using readily available satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated ratios and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated ratio, its standard...
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This metadata record describes 24 tabular data sets that estimate the percent of agricultural land that may be subject to select conservation practices for each year during the period 2000-2012 compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2.1 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. Reach catchment information characterizes data at the local scale. Reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network characterizes cumulative upstream conditions. Network-accumulated values are...
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This tabular data set represents the 30 year average (1961-1990) number of days of measurable precipitation per month, compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data for the 30 year average (1961-1990) number of days of measurable precipitation per month was provided by the Environmental Protection Agency and is included with this data set (prism-wetdays-monthly.zip provided by Ryan Hill, EPA, written commun., 2012). Units are days...
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This tabular data set represents Principal Aquifers and Rock Types compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data is the "Principal Aquifers of the 48 Conterminous United States, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands," produced by U.S. Geological Survey, 2003. Units are percent of catchment underlain by each Principal Aquifer. Reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network characterizes cumulative upstream...
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This tabular data set represents the percent of land cover classes from the 2014 Crop land Data Layer compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data is the "2014 Crop Land Data Layer" produced by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS, 2015). Reach catchment information characterizes data at the local scale. Reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network characterizes...
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This tabular data set represents the percent of surficial materials compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data is the "Map database for surficial materials in the conterminous United States" produced by the United States Geological Survey (USGS, 2009). Units are percent. Surficial materials are defined as an unconsolidated blanket of sediments in which soils commonly are developed. These sediments generally were eroded from underlying...
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This tabular data set represents the number and density of major National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) sites, as defined by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) number and desnity of major sites per individual reach catchments and 2) number and density of major sites accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data was acquired by James Falcone (USGS, written commun., 2010) from the EPA. Reach catchment information characterizes data at the local scale. Reach catchments...
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This tabular data set represents monthly average temperature values (Celsius) described in Wolock and McCabe (2018), compiled for the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusV2) for the conterminous United States. Linkage of the temperature data with NHDPlusV2 is achieved through the common unique identifier COMID. The temperature values are estimated both for: 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. The reach catchment information characterizes data at the local scale, whereas the catchments accumulated through the river network characterize cumulative upstream conditions. The network-accumulated values are derived using two methods: 1) divergence routing...
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This tabular data set represents the percent of surficial materials compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data is the "Digital data set describing surficial geology in the conterminous US," produced by the United States Geological Survey (Price and Clawges, 1999). Units are percent. Reach catchment information characterizes data at the local scale. Reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network characterizes cumulative...
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This tabular data set represents the average number of consecutive days with measurable precipitation for the period between 1871 and 1997, compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data is from the United States Historical Climatology Network Daily Temperature, Precipitation, and Snow Data for 1871-1997, compiled by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL, 1999) and further processed by the USGS (Dave Wolock, written communic., 2001)....
This dataset presents the total estimated monthly public-supply water withdrawal by 12-digit hydrologic unit code (HUC12) in the conterminous United States for 2015. Public-supply water use was estimated by spatially and temporally downscaling available data from each state. The total represents combined groundwater and surface water withdrawals for 83,178 watersheds. Public supply refers to water withdrawn by public and private water suppliers that provide water for cities, towns, rural water districts, mobile-home parks, Native American Indian reservations, and military bases. Public-supply facilities are classified under the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 4941 and provide water to at least 25 people...
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This data release contains daily time series estimates of natural streamflow at 5,439 GAGES-II non-reference streamgages in 19 study regions across the conterminous United States from October 1, 1980 through September 30, 2017, using five statistical techniques: nearest-neighbor drainage area ratio (NNDAR), map-correlation drainage area ratio (MCDAR), nearest-neighbor nonlinear spatial interpolation using flow duration curves (NNQPPQ), map-correlation nonlinear spatial interpolation using flow duration curves (MCQPPQ), and ordinary kriging of the logarithms of discharge per unit area (OKDAR). NNDAR, MCDAR, NNQPPQ, and MCQPPQ estimates were computed following methods described in Farmer and others (2014), with...


map background search result map search result map Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Hunt Geology, 1999 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Consecutive Wet Days Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: PRISM 30 Year (1961-1990) Monthly Mean of Number of Days of Measurable Precipitation Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified-Routing Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Monthly Average Temperature (Celsius) from 1945 - 2015 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Crop Land Data Layer 2014 Modeled conterminous United States Crop Cover datasets for 2000 Modeled conterminous United States Crop Cover datasets for 2012 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Major Sites of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Soller Surficial Materials, 2009 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Principal Aquifers and Rock Types Water Balance Model Inputs and Outputs for the Conterminous United States, 1900-2015 Probability of arsenic concentrations greater than 10 micrograms per liter in groundwater used by domestic wells in the United States An example data set for exploration of Multiple Linear Regression Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Flowlines for the Conterminous United States: Percent of Agriculture Land Subject to Select National Resource Inventory Conservation Practices, 2000-2012 An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2015 An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2016 Total monthly water withdrawals for public supply by 12-digit hydrologic unit in the conterminous United States for 2015 Statistical daily streamflow estimates at GAGES-II non-reference streamgages in the conterminous United States, Water Years 1981-2017 SoilGRIDs Soil Organic Carbon, 0-15 cm average, for the Conterminous US Probability of arsenic concentrations greater than 10 micrograms per liter in groundwater used by domestic wells in the United States An example data set for exploration of Multiple Linear Regression An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2015 An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2016 Statistical daily streamflow estimates at GAGES-II non-reference streamgages in the conterminous United States, Water Years 1981-2017 Water Balance Model Inputs and Outputs for the Conterminous United States, 1900-2015 Total monthly water withdrawals for public supply by 12-digit hydrologic unit in the conterminous United States for 2015 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Hunt Geology, 1999 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Consecutive Wet Days Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: PRISM 30 Year (1961-1990) Monthly Mean of Number of Days of Measurable Precipitation Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified-Routing Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Monthly Average Temperature (Celsius) from 1945 - 2015 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Crop Land Data Layer 2014 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Major Sites of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Soller Surficial Materials, 2009 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Principal Aquifers and Rock Types Modeled conterminous United States Crop Cover datasets for 2000 Modeled conterminous United States Crop Cover datasets for 2012 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Flowlines for the Conterminous United States: Percent of Agriculture Land Subject to Select National Resource Inventory Conservation Practices, 2000-2012 SoilGRIDs Soil Organic Carbon, 0-15 cm average, for the Conterminous US