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A raster dataset representing multi-year mean (1998-2018) capacity factors (CF) for a solar photovoltaic system based on current technology, for the Conterminous United States. These data are calculated using ½ hourly irradiance values from the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB) Sengupta et al. (2018), and the Systems Advisor Model (Blair et al. 2014). Cell values represent the estimated capacity factor (a ratio of net generation to the maximum generation) for photovoltaic energy production for a 1-axis tracking system (technology details found in Maclaurin et al. 2019). The continuous raster were put into 8 quantile bins for interpretation and reporting. For more information and further data, please visit...
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A raster dataset representing the soil organic carbon content of surface soil horizons (top 15 cm or ~6 inches) in the conterminous United States. Soil organic carbon is a readily component of soil organic matter, which plays an important role the functioning of soils, including formation of soil structure, soil nutrient content, soil moisture retention, and carbon sequestration. Soil carbon content here is measured as percent by mass. This dataset was created using the soil percent organic carbon 100 m spatial resolution predictive rasters for 0, 5, and 15 cm depths developed by Ramcharan et al. (2018). The average soil organic carbon over the top 15 cm was calculated using the trapezoidal rule, and then put into...
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Note: this data release has been superseded by version 2.0, available here: https://doi.org/10.5066/P9V54H5K We developed habitat suitability models for invasive plant species selected by Department of Interior land management agencies. We applied the modeling workflow developed in Young et al. 2020 to species not included in the original case studies. Our methodology balanced trade-offs between developing highly customized models for a few species versus fitting non-specific and generic models for numerous species. We developed a national library of environmental variables known to physiologically limit plant distributions and relied on human input based on natural history knowledge to further narrow the variable...
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A monthly water-balance model (MWBM) is applied to simulate components of the water balance for the period 1950-2100 under ssp245, ssp370, and ssp585 scenarios for the Contiguous United States. The statistically downscaled LOCA2 temperature and precipitation projections from 27 GCMs from the Climate Model Intercomparison Program Phase 6 (CMIP6) are use as input to the water balance model. This data set supports the USGS National Climate Change Viewer (ver. 2). The statistically downscaled data set is: CMIP6-LOCA2: Localized Constructed Analogs (Pierce et al. 2023, bias corrected by a modified version of Livneh et al. 2013) Users interested in the downscaled temperature and precipitation files are referred to the...
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Brackish groundwater (BGW), defined for this assessment as having a dissolved-solids concentration between 1,000 and 10,000 milligrams per liter is an unconventional source of water that may offer a partial solution to current (2016) and future water challenges. In support of the National Water Census, the U.S. Geological Survey has completed a BGW assessment to gain a better understanding of the occurrence and character of BGW resources of the United States as an alternative source of water. Analyses completed as part of this assessment relied on previously collected data from multiple sources, and no new data were collected. One of the most important contributions of this assessment was the creation of a database...
Introduced (non-native) species that become established may eventually become invasive, so tracking all introduced species provides a baseline for effective modeling of species trends and interactions, geospatially and temporally. The United States Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (US-RIIS) (ver. 2.0, November 2022, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9KFFTOD), as of 2022-10-23, is comprised of three lists, for the localities of Alaska (AK, with 545 records), Hawaii (HI, with 5,628 records), and the conterminous (or lower 48) United States (L48, with 8,527 records). Each includes introduced (non-native), established (reproducing) taxa that: are, or may become, invasive (harmful) in the locality; are not known to...
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To quantify the potential for landward migration at the estuary level, we developed a geospatial dataset for the conterminous United States (CONUS) that identifies the boundaries for estuarine drainage areas. Nine estuarine drainage areas in south Florida were delineated using data developed by the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD 2018). For the rest of CONUS, we used information contained within the National Fish Habitat Action Plan (NFHAP) - Coastal Spatial Framework (CSF) (National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science 2021). The original NFHAP-CSF data included 612 drainage areas, which were too many for our purposes. Therefore, we merged smaller drainage areas with larger, adjacent drainage areas...
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We quantified the potential area available for landward migration of tidal saline wetlands and freshwater wetlands due to sea-level rise (SLR) at the estuary scale for 166 estuarine drainage areas and at the state scale for 22 coastal states and District of Columbia. We used 2016 Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) data in combination with the future wetland migration data under the 1.5 m global SLR scenario to evaluate the potential for wetland migration into all the individual C-CAP classes and into the following six land cover categories: (1) freshwater forest (wetland); (2) freshwater marsh (wetland); (3) terrestrial forest (upland); (4) terrestrial grassland (upland); (5) agricultural croplands (upland);...
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Knowledge of where energy resources occur and where there is existing development or new development potential, in conjunction with model-predicted golden eagle relative nest site density (Dunk et al. 2019), can be used to identify areas with higher or lower potential resource conflict. Depicted on the map is a 16-class raster that displays the spatial overlap of wind resources (4 classes, low to high) and golden eagle relative nest site density (4 classes, lower to higher). This raster displays the intersection of multi-year mean capacity factors (MCF) for wind turbines and the golden eagle relative nest site density within ecoregion raster. We have divided each probability into equal intervals, and then intersected...
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This dataset portrays 28 forest type groups across the contiguous United States. These data were derived from MODIS composite images from the 2002 and 2003 growing seasons in combination with nearly 100 other geospatial data layers, including elevation, slope, aspect, ecoregions, and PRISM climate data. The dataset was developed as a collaborative effort between the USFS Forest Inventory and Analysis and Forest Health Monitoring programs and the USFS Remote Sensing Applications Center.
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A monthly water-balance model (MWBM) is applied to simulate components of the water balance for the period 1950-2100 under ssp245, ssp370, and ssp585 scenarios for the Contiguous United States. The statistically downscaled LOCA2 temperature and precipitation projections from 27 GCMs from the Climate Model Intercomparison Program Phase 6 (CMIP6) are use as input to the water balance model. This data set supports the USGS National Climate Change Viewer (ver. 2). The statistically downscaled data set is: CMIP6-LOCA2: Localized Constructed Analogs (Pierce et al. 2023, bias corrected by a modified version of Livneh et al. 2013) Users interested in the downscaled temperature and precipitation files are referred to the...
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We developed habitat suitability models for invasive plant species selected by Department of Interior land management agencies. We applied the modeling workflow developed in Young et al. 2020 to species not included in the original case studies. Our methodology balanced trade-offs between developing highly customized models for a few species versus fitting non-specific and generic models for numerous species. We developed a national library of environmental variables known to physiologically limit plant distributions (Engelstad et al. 2022 Table S1: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0263056) and relied on human input based on natural history knowledge to further narrow the variable set for each species before...
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We developed habitat suitability models for three invasive plant species: stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum), sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata), and privet (Ligustrum sinense). We applied the modeling workflow developed in Young et al. 2020, developing similar models for occurrence data, but also models trained using species locations with percent cover ≥10%, ≥25%, and ≥50%. We chose predictors from a national library of environmental variables known to physiologically limit plant distributions (Engelstad et al. 2022 Table S1) and relied on human input based on natural history knowledge to further narrow the variable set for each species before developing habitat suitability models. We developed models using...
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A monthly water-balance model (MWBM) is applied to simulate components of the water balance for the period 1950-2100 under ssp245, ssp370, and ssp585 scenarios for the Contiguous United States. The statistically downscaled LOCA2 temperature and precipitation projections from 27 GCMs from the Climate Model Intercomparison Program Phase 6 (CMIP6) are use as input to the water balance model. This data set supports the USGS National Climate Change Viewer (ver. 2). The statistically downscaled data set is: CMIP6-LOCA2: Localized Constructed Analogs (Pierce et al. 2023, bias corrected by a modified version of Livneh et al. 2013) Users interested in the downscaled temperature and precipitation files are referred to the...
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Brackish groundwater (BGW), defined for this assessment as having a dissolved-solids concentration between 1,000 and 10,000 milligrams per liter is an unconventional source of water that may offer a partial solution to current (2016) and future water challenges. In support of the National Water Census, the U.S. Geological Survey has completed a BGW assessment to gain a better understanding of the occurrence and character of BGW resources of the United States as an alternative source of water. Analyses completed as part of this assessment relied on previously collected data from multiple sources, and no new data were collected. One of the most important contributions of this assessment is the creation of a database...
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We apply a monthly water-balance model (MWBM) to simulate components of the water balance for the period 1950-2099 under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 for the Contiguous United States. We use the statistically downscaled MACAv2-METDATA temperature and precipitation data from 20 General Circulation Models (GCMs) from the Climate Model Intercomparison Program Phase 5 (CMIP5) as input to the water balance model. This dataset supports the USGS National Climate Change Viewer. The statistically downscaled dataset is: MACAv2-METDATA: Multivariate Adaptive Constructed Analogs (Abatzoglou & Brown, 2012, bias corrected by METDATA, Abatzoglou, 2013) Users interested in the downscaled temperature and precipitation files are referred to...
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This data release contains a national compilation of state-level qualitative and quantitative guidance for a variety of environmental indicators that are used to identify the presence of a harmful algal bloom (HAB) in freshwater ecosystems. These include qualitative guidelines based on visual or olfactory signals, as well as quantitative guidelines based on cyanotoxin concentrations, algal biomass density, and chlorophyll a concentrations. Many states in the United States have adopted guidelines based on recommendations from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the World Health Organization. However, a few states have also developed their own guidelines. We are specifically focused on fresh, inland waters...
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Climate change information simulated by global climate models is downscaled using statistical methods to translate spatially course regional projections to finer resolutions needed by researchers and managers to assess local climate impacts. Several statistical downscaling methods have been developed over the past fifteen years, resulting in multiple datasets derived by different methods. We apply a simple monthly water-balance model (MWBM) to demonstrate how the differences among these datasets result in disparate projections of snow loss and future changes in runoff. We apply the MWBM to six statistically downscaled datasets for 14 general circulation models (GCMs) from the Climate Model Intercomparison Program...
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These data describe the creation, execution, and results of an effort to model the risk of avian influenza transmission across the wild waterfowl - domestic poultry interface at weekly intervals for the contiguous United States.
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We developed habitat suitability models for invasive plant species selected by Department of Interior land management agencies. We applied the modeling workflow developed in Young et al. 2020 to species not included in the original case studies. Our methodology balanced trade-offs between developing highly customized models for a few species versus fitting non-specific and generic models for numerous species. We developed a national library of environmental variables known to physiologically limit plant distributions (Engelstad et al. 2022 Table S1: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0263056) and relied on human input based on natural history knowledge to further narrow the variable set for each species before...


map background search result map search result map US Forest Service - Forest Type Groups (Western US) Dissolved-Solids Dataset Major-Ions Dataset Data Release for The dependence of hydroclimate projections in snow-dominated regions of the western U.S. on the choice of statistically downscaled climate data SoilGRIDs Soil Organic Carbon, 0-15 cm average, for the Conterminous US INHABIT species potential distribution across the contiguous United States Photovoltaic Mean Capacity Factor for the Conterminous US CMIP5 MACAv2-METDATA Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2099 for the Contiguous United States Estuarine drainage area boundaries for the conterminous United States Potential landward migration of coastal wetlands in response to sea-level rise within estuarine drainage areas and coastal states of the conterminous United States Golden Eagle Breeding Habitat Probability Within Wind Energy Potential Data to create and evaluate distribution models for invasive species for different geographic extents Compilation of State-Level Freshwater Harmful Algal Bloom Recreational and Drinking Water Guidelines for the Conterminous United States as of 2022 INHABIT species potential distribution across the contiguous United States (ver. 3.0, February 2023) Thresholded abundance models for three invasive plant species in the United States CMIP6 LOCA2 Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2100 for the Contiguous United States - Evapotranspiration Deficit CMIP6 LOCA2 Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2100 for the Contiguous United States - Potential Evapotranspiration CMIP6 LOCA2 Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2100 for the Contiguous United States - Snow Water Equivalent Estimates of avian influenza transmission risk across the wild waterfowl - domestic poultry interface (ver. 2.0, May 2024) US Forest Service - Forest Type Groups (Western US) Golden Eagle Breeding Habitat Probability Within Wind Energy Potential Compilation of State-Level Freshwater Harmful Algal Bloom Recreational and Drinking Water Guidelines for the Conterminous United States as of 2022 CMIP5 MACAv2-METDATA Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2099 for the Contiguous United States Estimates of avian influenza transmission risk across the wild waterfowl - domestic poultry interface (ver. 2.0, May 2024) CMIP6 LOCA2 Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2100 for the Contiguous United States - Evapotranspiration Deficit CMIP6 LOCA2 Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2100 for the Contiguous United States - Potential Evapotranspiration CMIP6 LOCA2 Monthly Water Balance Model Projections 1950-2100 for the Contiguous United States - Snow Water Equivalent Photovoltaic Mean Capacity Factor for the Conterminous US INHABIT species potential distribution across the contiguous United States Data to create and evaluate distribution models for invasive species for different geographic extents INHABIT species potential distribution across the contiguous United States (ver. 3.0, February 2023) Thresholded abundance models for three invasive plant species in the United States Estuarine drainage area boundaries for the conterminous United States Potential landward migration of coastal wetlands in response to sea-level rise within estuarine drainage areas and coastal states of the conterminous United States Data Release for The dependence of hydroclimate projections in snow-dominated regions of the western U.S. on the choice of statistically downscaled climate data SoilGRIDs Soil Organic Carbon, 0-15 cm average, for the Conterminous US Major-Ions Dataset Dissolved-Solids Dataset