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Solar radiation grids were produced for a set of large fires sampled from within the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative study area. This solar radiation grid was produced using the Area Solar Radiation tool in ArcGIS 10.1, using inputs of the associated 30m DEM.
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The purpose of this dataset is to display the physical boundaries of Fire Management Zones within the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Pacific Southwest Region.
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The integrity of Amazon forests are currently threatened by climate change, deforestation, and fire. However, it is unclear how these agents of change interact over large spatial and temporal domains and reducing this uncertainty is important for projecting changes in carbon stocks and species biogeography, and could better inform continental scale conservation programs. With this in mind, aboveground biomass and tree cover data were produced using the dynamic global vegetation model, LPJmL, with 9 different global climate models (using the SRES A2 emissions storyline) and 2 different deforestation scenarios (from Soares et al.). The existing fire module was modified to include 'escaped fire' associated with deforestation,...
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The integrity of Amazon forests are currently threatened by climate change, deforestation, and fire. However, it is unclear how these agents of change interact over large spatial and temporal domains and reducing this uncertainty is important for projecting changes in carbon stocks and species biogeography, and could better inform continental scale conservation programs. With this in mind, aboveground biomass and tree cover data were produced using the dynamic global vegetation model, LPJmL, with 9 different global climate models (using the SRES A2 emissions storyline) and 2 different deforestation scenarios (from Soares et al.). The existing fire module was modified to include 'escaped fire' associated with deforestation,...
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This dataset shows the predicted area of high fire potential for the current year up to the end of the forecast period as simulated by a modified version of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM). The area of high fire potential is where PDSI and MC1-calculated values of potential fire behavior (fireline intensity for forest and shrubland and rate of spread of spread for grassland) exceed calibrated threshold values. Potential fire behavior in MC1 is estimated using National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) formulas, monthly climatic (temperature, precipitation, and relative humidity) data, and fuel moisture and loading estimates. Monthly climatic data includes recorded values up to the last observed...
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This dataset shows the predicted area of high fire potential for the current year up to the end of the forecast period as simulated by a modified version of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM). The area of high fire potential is where PDSI and MC1-calculated values of potential fire behavior (fireline intensity for forest and shrubland and rate of spread of spread for grassland) exceed calibrated threshold values. Potential fire behavior in MC1 is estimated using National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) formulas, monthly climatic (temperature, precipitation, and relative humidity) data, and fuel moisture and loading estimates. Monthly climatic data includes recorded values up to the last observed...
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Dynamic map service for GeoMAC application
Tags: Fire, GeoMac
Wildfire refugia are forest patches that are minimally-impacted by fire and provide critical habitats for fire-sensitive species and seed sources for post-fire forest regeneration. Wildfire refugia are relatively understudied, particularly concerning the impacts of subsequent fires on existing refugia. We opportunistically re-visited 122 sites classified in 1994 for a prior fire refugia study, which were burned by two wildfires in 2012 in the Cascade mountains of central Washington, USA. We evaluated the fire effects for historically persistent fire refugia and compared them to the surrounding non-refugial forest matrix. Of 122 total refugial (43 plots) and non-refugial (79 plots) sites sampled following the 2012...
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This dataset shows the predicted area of high fire potential for the current year up to the end of the forecast period as simulated by a modified version of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM). The area of high fire potential is where PDSI and MC1-calculated values of potential fire behavior (fireline intensity for forest and shrubland and rate of spread of spread for grassland) exceed calibrated threshold values. Potential fire behavior in MC1 is estimated using National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) formulas, monthly climatic (temperature, precipitation, and relative humidity) data, and fuel moisture and loading estimates. Monthly climatic data includes recorded values up to the last observed...
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The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is a probability index that can be calculated for different time periods to indicate periods of abnormal wetness or dryness. SPI is derived solely from monthly precipitation and can be compared across regions with different climates. The SPI is an index based on the probability of recording a given amount of precipitation, and the probabilities are standardized so that an index of zero indicates the median precipitation amount (half of the historical precipitation amounts are below the median, and half are above the median). This dataset shows the average 12-month SPI (in classes ranging from extremely wet to extremely dry) for the three-month forecast period indentified...
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This map represents the percent change in total ecosystem carbon from 1971-2000 to 2070-2099, simulated by the model MC1 under the Hadley future climate projection and A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. The average annual value of total ecosystem carbon for the respective 30-year periods decreased in some of the 5,311 grid cells of the Eastern Oregon study area and increased in others.The range of data values is from -18.2% to +194.1%. The mean value is -78.0% The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites, one in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests)...
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This map represents the difference in annual minimum temperatures, simulated by the model MC1 between the 30-year periods 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, using the Hadley future climate projection under the A2 anthropogenic emission scenario. The average annual minimum temperature for the respective 30-year periods increased in all of the 5,311 grid cells of the Apache-Sitgreaves study area. The greatest increase was 4.35 C; the least increase was 4.26 C; and the mean increase was 4.31 C. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema...
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The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is a probability index that can be calculated for different time periods to indicate periods of abnormal wetness or dryness. SPI is derived solely from monthly precipitation and can be compared across regions with different climates. The SPI is an index based on the probability of recording a given amount of precipitation, and the probabilities are standardized so that an index of zero indicates the median precipitation amount (half of the historical precipitation amounts are below the median, and half are above the median). This dataset shows the average 12-month SPI (in classes ranging from extremely wet to extremely dry) for the three-month forecast period indentified...
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The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is a probability index that can be calculated for different time periods to indicate periods of abnormal wetness or dryness. SPI is derived solely from monthly precipitation and can be compared across regions with different climates. The SPI is an index based on the probability of recording a given amount of precipitation, and the probabilities are standardized so that an index of zero indicates the median precipitation amount (half of the historical precipitation amounts are below the median, and half are above the median). This dataset shows the average 12-month SPI (in classes ranging from extremely wet to extremely dry) for the three-month forecast period indentified...
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This map represents the mean for the 30 year period 1971-2000 of the annual peak value of the fraction of live vegetation carbon which is in herbaceous (as opposed to woody) vegetation. The data is from output variable GFRAC in MC1 version B60. The data values are unitless fractions and range from 0 to 1. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests) and in Arizona (Apache Sitgreaves National Forest area) in the context of a project funded by the USDA Forest Service (PNW 09-JV-11261900-003). Historical climate...
This project consisted of two principal components: (1) A climatological analysis of burn conditions (2) A forum to discuss fire risk and management practices The climatological study included seasonality and inter-annual variability and potential changes due to increasing temperatures. The regional forum engaged stakeholders in a discussion of the use of prescribed fire in a safe and effective manner.
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This map represents the change between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 in the mean annual fraction of each gridcell affected by fire, as simulated by the model MC1 under the Hadley future climate projection and A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. Data values are calculated as PART_BURN(2070-2099) minus PART_BURN(1971-2000). PART_BURN data is from MC1 version B60. The average annual fraction of cell burned for the respective 30-year periods increased in some of the 5,311 grid cells of the Apache-Sitgreaves study area and decreased in others. The range of data values is from -0.077 to +0.163. The mean value is +0.031. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated...
Abstract (from http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3417/2017006): The Earth system is undergoing rapid, profound anthropogenic change. The primary axes of change include not only the climate system, but also the spread of invasive species, altered biogeochemical and hydrological cycles, modified disturbance regimes, and land degradation and conversion. These factors are influencing the distribution of species and the structure and function of ecosystems worldwide, interacting with climatic stressors that may preclude the persistence of many current species distributions and communities. Ecological disturbances such as wildfires and insect outbreaks can interact with climate variability to precipitate abrupt change...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Drought, Fire, Southwest CASC


map background search result map search result map Real Time Geospatial Multi Organization Coordination Fire Perimeters MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January 2012 - December 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-month weather forecast) Standardized precipitation index forecast August - October 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January-December 2012 (based on NSIPP 7-month weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January-July 2012 (based on ECHAM 7-month weather forecast) Percent change in the average annual value of total ecosystem carbon between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Eastern Oregon study area, USA Difference in mean annual minimum temperatures between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Change in the mean annual fraction of cell burned between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Standardized precipitation index forecast APRIL - JUNE 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) Standardized precipitation index forecast July-September 2011 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) Annual Fraction of the Total Live Vegetation Carbon Held in Herbaceous Plants (1971-2000) for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Aboveground biomass (Mg C/ha) for the Amazon Basin under MPI ECHAM5 climate, no deforestation, and no fire scenarios (2000s) Percent change in aboveground tree cover for the Amazon Basin under CRU climate scenario with no deforestation with fire (2000s) Annual Fraction of the Total Live Vegetation Carbon Held in Herbaceous Plants (1971-2000) for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Difference in mean annual minimum temperatures between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Change in the mean annual fraction of cell burned between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Aboveground biomass (Mg C/ha) for the Amazon Basin under MPI ECHAM5 climate, no deforestation, and no fire scenarios (2000s) Percent change in aboveground tree cover for the Amazon Basin under CRU climate scenario with no deforestation with fire (2000s) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January 2012 - December 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-month weather forecast) Standardized precipitation index forecast August - October 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January-December 2012 (based on NSIPP 7-month weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January-July 2012 (based on ECHAM 7-month weather forecast) Standardized precipitation index forecast APRIL - JUNE 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) Standardized precipitation index forecast July-September 2011 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) Real Time Geospatial Multi Organization Coordination Fire Perimeters