Filters: Tags: Fire Effects on Watersheds (X)6 results (48ms)
The objectives of my current research are to 1. Understand the water quality effects of fire, 2. Measure the effects of fire on the carbon cycle and other biogeochemical cycles, 3. Characterize the combustion products of wildfire, mainly ash and charcoal, and 4. Link post-fire responses and the composition, physical characteristics, and reactivity of ash and charcoal to measures of burn severity detected on the ground or using remotely-sensed data. The overarching objective of my research is to understand runoff, erosion, deposition, and water quality effects after wildfire.
The NRP had its beginnings in the late 1950's. Since that time, the program has grown to encompass a broad spectrum of scientific investigations. The sciences of hydrology, mathematics, chemistry, physics, ecology, biology, geology, and engineering are used to gain a fundamental understanding of the processes that affect the availability, movement, and quality of the Nation's water resources. Results of NRP's long-term research investigations often lead to the development of new concepts, techniques, and approaches that are applicable not only to the solution of current water problems, but also to future issues that may affect the Nation's water resources. Basic tools of hydrology that have been developed by the...
My primary objective is to characterize the hydrology and water chemistry of watersheds and how they are affected by both natural factors and disturbance. I study the role of precipitation type, intensity, and spatial distribution in driving runoff and transport of sediment, carbon, nutrients, and major ions in both disturbed and undisturbed sites. My research incorporates field research and existing climate, hydrologic, and water-quality data to distinguish between the roles of climate, land-cover change, and disturbance in driving watershed processes. I strive to communicate research findings to scientists, regulators, and the public in order to support the management of water resources.
Model input and output for prefire and postfire hydrologic simulations in the Upper Rio Hondo Basin, New Mexico using the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS)
This data release contains inputs for and outputs from hydrologic simulations of the Upper Rio Hondo Subbasin, New Mexico using the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS). Input data for the entire Upper Rio Hondo Subbasin were developed, but output data only from the North Fork Eagle Creek subwatershed were used. Input data include parameter files for two PRMS models calibrated to prefire conditions and postfire conditions. Synthetic flow data used to calibrate PRMS for prefire conditions and postfire conditions are also included. Output data include output variable files for four PRMS models: two calibrated models (one for prefire conditions and one for postfire conditions) and two models used for scenarios...
Research Objectives: Brian uses field and laboratory measurements combined with numerical modeling to understand hydrologic processes and problems in disturbed landscapes. His research seeks to understand water and solute movement, plant community recovery, and the changes in hydrologic processes and associated water resources after landscape disturbances. Brian's work spans multiple scales, investigating the plot- and catchment-scale processes that dictate the emergent behaviors observed at watershed scales. Additional research interests include hydrologically-driven slope failure, sediment transport, soil physics, contaminant transport, and surface-water/groundwater interaction.
Biotic responses to climatic change or human manipulation are inherently complex because of wide differences in organism sensitivities and response times, the influence of history and scale, and the various interactions between organisms and with the physical system. In arid and semi-arid lands, which cover about 12.5 percent of the Earth's land surface, the effects of climatic variability on vegetation are greatly magnified, particularly because most plants exist near their physiological limits. How arid land vegetation might in turn affect climate is uncertain, though there is some indication that decreasing cover and increasing albedo could promote regional drought. Whether in response to projected Greenhouse...