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Recent open data policies of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which were fully enforceable on October 1, 2016, require that federally funded information products (publications, etc.) be made freely available to the public, and that the underlying data on which the conclusions are based must be released. A key and relevant aspect of these policies is that data collected by USGS programs must be shared with the public, and that these data are subject to the review requirements of Fundamental Science Practices (FSP). These new policies add a substantial burden to USGS scientists and science centers; however, the upside of working towards compliance with...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS).CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collectedprovides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals andassociated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwatervideography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include datafrom 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between 2007...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Florida Keys Coral Reef Monitoring Project2001, absence, aphia, area, array, All tags...
Habitat valuation methods are most often developed and used to prioritize candidate lands for conservation. In this study the intent of habitat valuation was to inform was to inform the decision-making process for remediation of chemical contaminants on specific lands or surface water bodies. Methods were developed to summarize dimensions of habitat value for six representative aquatic and terrestrial contaminated sites at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) on the US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, TN, USA. Several general valuation metrics were developed for three broad categories; site use by groups of organisms, site rarity, and use value added from spatial context. Examples of...
Rising global demand for energy, high energy prices, climate change, and the threat of terrorism all point to the need for greater energy efficiency and conservation in the United States. While technological innovation is plainly needed, our laws and institutional arrangements must also play an important role. The United States has scores of legal and policy tools from which to choose to improve energy efficiency and curb energy consumption. This Article, which grows out of a Spring 2006 seminar at theWidener University School of Law, evaluates a handful of these tools: transit-oriented development; fuel taxation; real-time pricing for electricity use; public benefit funds; improving the efficiency of existing residential...
This project aimed to advance the long-standing need for a more formalized approach to data management planning at the science center (program) level in USGS. The study used two different science centers as test cases. Improved planning for data management and data integration is identified in the Bureau science strategy goals (U.S. Geological Survey, 2007; Burkett and others, 2011) with the need for consistent and unified data management to allow for accessible and high confidence data and information from the USGS science community. Benefits Two data management models for other science centers to use Data management framework tested by use case scenario Deliverables A Science Center review on data management...
Droughts are becoming more frequent and severe and this trend is expected to continue in coming decades. Drought effects on natural resources include reduced water availability for plants and humans, increased insect, disease, and fire outbreaks, and vegetation mortality. Although recognition of drought risk is growing, no tools are available to help natural resource managers understand site-specific potential exposure to future novel droughts. Managers need long-term historical perspectives, so they can recognize their site’s natural range of variability, and future projections of 21st century drought, so they can quantify their site’s risk of novel drought exposure. We propose to develop an online, interactive...
Categories: Project; Tags: Data, Information, Web Services
Timely information regarding the risk of activity of invasive plant and animal species, which are biological hazards, is critical for efficient detection and control efforts by resource managers. The USA National Phenology Network will produce and deliver national-scale real-time and short-term forecast maps indicating the optimal time to detect and treat problematic, invasive insect pests including emerald ash borer and hemlock wooly adelgid. These risk maps will enhance decision-making and short-term planning by both natural resource managers and members of the public. The project will create workflows and modular, transferable tools and services to benefit USGS and associated stakeholder communities. A key outcome...
Coalbed methane is one of the most important and valuable natural resources in the Western United States. The natural gas that results from CBM development is the cleanest burning fossil fuel, and the extensive domestic supply makes it a central element of the national goal of a secure supply of energy. Demand for natural gas will continue to grow and CBM will play an increasingly larger role in meeting that demand. CBM production has expanded tremendously over the past decade, and the rapidity with which development has expanded has resulted in stresses and tension in affected communities. Development of this important energy resource must be balanced with a number of other important goals of protecting water,...
This article examines the issues that newly emerging hydrocarbon economies must face surrounding public expectations of how oil and gas revenues will be spent by governments. Studies of oil and gas economies have shown that public expectations have often been unrealistic, exaggerated and, at times, manipulated. The author highlights four major challenges in managing expectations: determining information-sharing requirements; developing common expectations among multiple stakeholder groups; clarifying labour–skill requirements in the oil and gas sector; and articulating environmental and social considerations impacted by the hydrocarbon sector. The article goes on to discuss policy requirements for managing expectations,...
A number of monitoring method and protocol libraries are currently in existence. Although these systems have been tailored to certain disciplines or research foci, the underlying principles, mechanisms, and processes have commonalities that could facilitate synthesizing content and information. The Protocol Library project consists of modifying and thus extending the capabilities of the existing NEMI methods compendium. To accomplish the task of incorporating a broad array of protocols, NEMI developers have conducted user requirement queries of protocol owners. In addition, protocol owners have been asked how they would prefer to access the data. Input forms have been created to accommodate the desires of protocol...
Categories: Project; Tags: Best Practices, Information
Wetland soils are vital to the Nation because of their role in sustaining water resources, supporting critical ecosystems, and sequestering significant concentrations of biologically-produced carbon. The United States has the world’s most detailed continent-scale digital datasets for soils and wetlands, yet scientists and land managers have long struggled with the challenge of integrating these datasets for applications in research and in resource assessment and management. The difficulties include spatial and temporal uncertainties, inconsistencies among data sources, and inherent structural complexities of the datasets. This project’s objective was to develop and document a set of methods to impute wetland...
Sympatric populations of Cophosaurus texanus and Callisaurus draconoides were periodically sampled from March 1973 through April 1974 at Burro Creek, Mohave County, Arizona. Callisaurus were also sampled at Rock Valley, Nye County, Nevada. Sex ratios were skewed in favor of males in the adult Cophosaurus but were equal in both adult populations of Callisaurus. Both species became sexually mature as yearlings. Mean clutch sizes were 3.55 (+/- 0.83) for Cophosaurus, and 4.25 (+/- 1.08) and 5.07 (+/- 1.33) for Callisaurus at Burro Creek and Rock Valley respectively. Evidence of multiple clutches was exhibited by both species. Egg weight/body weight ratios for both species and clutch weight/body weight ratios for Cophosaurus...
Research performed at the AB-DLO and the Free University was intended to quantify the effects of a doubled CO2 concentration on some key agronomic species and grasslands. A set of physiological and morphological processes was studied and related to above- and below ground cycling of carbon. The research was based on experiments and simulation studies at the level of plant, crop and soil in laboratory facilities and semi-field conditions with controlled CO2 supply. Agricultural crops were grown in "Open Top Chambers" or greenhouses and grasses in transparent tunnels made of Lexan. Soil processes and root respiration were studied in the Wageningen Rhizolab. Photosynthesis and assimilate partitioning were measured...
Despite the growing interest in biorenewable energy at society, policy, and industry level, many people still know very little about alternatives to fossil fuels, particularly biofuels. This perspective assesses and discusses the needs of citizens and future consumers for more information on biofuels. Using empirical data collected from a sample (n = 260) of fuel consumers in Flanders, Belgium, this perspective first demonstrates that information insufficiency (the gap between consumers' need for information and their perceived knowledge) is a good predictor of information-seeking behavior, specifically in the case of biofuels. Secondly, it shows that women, older, and less educated people report higher levels of...
Despite the growing interest in biorenewable energy at society, policy, and industry level, many people still know very little about alternatives to fossil fuels, particularly biofuels. This perspective assesses and discusses the needs of citizens and future consumers for more information on biofuels. Using empirical data collected from a sample (n = 260) of fuel consumers in Flanders, Belgium, this perspective first demonstrates that information insufficiency (the gap between consumers' need for information and their perceived knowledge) is a good predictor of information-seeking behavior, specifically in the case of biofuels. Secondly, it shows that women, older, and less educated people report higher levels of...
Increased interconnection has been highlighted as potentially facilitating the integration of wind generation in power systems by increasing the flexibility to balance the variable wind output. This paper utilizes a stochastic unit commitment model to simulate the impacts of increased interconnection for the island of Ireland with large penetrations of wind generation. The results suggest that increased interconnection should reduce average prices in Ireland, and the variability of those prices. The simulations also suggest that while increased interconnection may reduce carbon dioxide emissions in Ireland, Great Britain would experience an increase in emissions, resulting in total emissions remaining almost unchanged....
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In 1998, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission's (FWC) Fisheries Independent Monitoring (FIM) program began a long-term monitoring effort of key reef fish populations in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. This effort was aimed at evaluating the relative abundance, size structure, and habitat utilization of specific reef fish species that are targeted by commercial and recreational fisheries.; Smith,S.G., et al. 2011,Multispecies survey design for assessing reef-fish stocks, spatially explicit management performance, and ecosystem condition. Fisheries Research 109(2011)25-41; Brandt,M.E., et. al. 2009,A Cooperative Multi-agency Reef Fish Monitoring Protocol for the Florida Keys Coral Reef...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Atmosphere > Air Quality > Visibility, Dry Tortugas Reef Visual Census 2016, absence, air, aphia, All tags...
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The purpose of this project was to support the enhanced search, access, and visualization capability for disaster maps and other contributed products on the public USGS Hazards Data Distribution System (HDDS) (U.S. Geological Survey, 2015). These products are often provided to USGS by collaborators for sharing across the response community during the course of an emergency event response; however, in the past, they were not easy for users to discover or access. This project involved the design, testing, and delivery of a new capability for HDDS to ingest, catalog, and display informational or value-added products when provided in a variety of formats. As a result of this work, the user community will be able to...


map background search result map search result map Chambers of Commerce in Wyoming 2001 Florida Keys Coral Reef Monitoring Project 2016 Dry Tortugas Reef Visual Census, v3.3 2016 Dry Tortugas Reef Visual Census, v3.3 2001 Florida Keys Coral Reef Monitoring Project Chambers of Commerce in Wyoming