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In 1982-1983, a 70 ha energy forest project was established in an arable landscape in southern Sweden. Many aspects of the energy forest system were investigated. This paper reports mainly on the aesthetic impacts of the project at a landscape level. One effect is an increasing variation in the views and the aesthetic values of the arable land. The Salix crops introduce new colours into the arable landscape. The green colour of the Salix fields lasts longer in the autumn. Also, from year to year a spatial Variation appears. The increasing wildlife shelter seems to make the fauna richer. Viewed as an energy crop only, the commercial competitiveness of energy forests is often low. However. if the benefits of energy...
Ecological and economic systems are open systems that require energy to change the thermodynamic states of materials from naturally occurring to more valued forms. These changes are accompanied by information flows and changes in the order of systems and their surroundings. In this paper, thermodynamics is used to assess these system changes and relate them to the knowledge present in a system. Particular emphasis is given to (1) the fundamental relationships among material, energy and information flows, and changes in order and knowledge, (2) the role of equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics in assessing system change, (3) the increasing role of material and energy flows through economic systems, and (4)...
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This data depicts railroad locations (1:63,360) in Alaska as digitized primarily from 1:24,000, 1:63,360, and 1:250,000 USGS quadrangles. The source document that represented the newest information and best geographic location was used to capture the data. All infrastructure from the primary source document was digitized and then supplemented with the information from other source documents for additional or updated infrastructure or attributes.
This is a background layer map service from NOAA's nowCOAST information depot. Note: details may only visible at fine scales (zoom in to view).
Categories: Data; Types: Map Service, OGC WMS Layer; Tags: infrastructure
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Semi-Permeable Membrane Devices (SPMDs) were deployed for approximately 2 weeks at Palmyra Atoll during October and November, 2008. SPMDs passively accumulate organic compounds from the aquatic enviroment, and are then analyzed for various organic compounds. The deployment date, reasons for selecting the particular site, and photograph numbers as links are indicated.
The Alaska Center for Conservation Science at the University of Alaska Anchorage, in partnership with the Northwest Boreal LCC and the US Fish and Wildlife Service, embarked on a project to map and quantify the human footprint and fisheries resources across the Yukon River watershed. The maps presented here show the footprint of human activities (ie., mining, transportation), as well as fisheries resources across this watershed.
The purpose of this volume is to create a resource for regional land and resource managers and researchers by synthesizing the latest research on the 1) historical/current status of landscape-scale drivers and ecosystem processes, including anthropogenic activities, 2) future projected changes of each, and 3) the impacts of changes on important resources. The individual sections can be informative alone, but when combined we can see a holistic picture of the drivers of landscape change in our region. The sections are short but contain a wealth of information and resources for more in-depth knowledge, and they highlight key findings and key information gaps so the most important information is easy to find and digest....
The Alaska Center for Conservation Science at the University of Alaska Anchorage, in partnership with the Northwest Boreal Landscape Conservation Cooperative and US Fish and Wildlife Service, embarked on a project to map the human footprint and fisheries resources across the Yukon River watershed. The spatial data presented here show the footprint of human activities (i.e, mining and transportation), as well as fisheries resources across this watershed.
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A polygon dataset of current road footprints in the SNK REA derived from the Alaska Department of Natural Resources infrastructure data (see the process steps for details). (This data depicts infrastructure locations in Alaska as digitized primarily from 1:24,000, 1:63,360, and 1:250,000 USGS quadrangles. The source document that represented the newest information and best geographic location was used to capture the data. All infrastructure from the primary source document was digitized and then supplemented with the information from other source documents for additional or updated infrastructure or attributes.)
The Great Plains Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GPLCC, http://www.greatplainslcc.org/) is a partnership that provides applied science and decision support tools to assist natural resource managers conserve plants, fish and wildlife in the mid- and short-grass prairie of the southern Great Plains. It is part of a national network of public-private partnerships — known as Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs, http://www.fws.gov/science/shc/lcc.html) — that work collaboratively across jurisdictions and political boundaries to leverage resources and share science capacity. The Great Plains LCC identifies science priorities for the region and helps foster science that addresses these priorities to support wildlife...
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The NRN product is distributed in the form of thirteen provincial or territorial datasets and consists of two linear entities (Road Segment and Ferry Connection Segment) and three punctual entities (Junction, Blocked Passage, Toll Point) with which is associated a series of descriptive attributes such as, among others: First House Number, Last House Number, Street Name Body, Place Name, Functional Road Class, Pavement Status, Number Of Lanes, Structure Type, Route Number, Route Name, and Exit Number. This dataset contains road segment vectors within Newfoundland and Labrador province. The development of the NRN was realized by means of individual meetings and national workshops with interested data providers from...
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This map shows areas of high-use recreation, including recreation sites compiled from USFS and BLM, recreation areas (including OHV areas), water-based recreation areas (selected from NHD waterbodies), water-based recreation travel corridors (selected from NHD flowlines), and land-based recreation travel corridors (selected from BLM GTLF within federal / state lands and national trails).
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Data set contains individual structures and use-areas identifiable from scanned images of 1944 hand-drawn map of buildings and facilities at Palmyra Atoll during World War II, at which time the atoll served as a training facility for the U.S. Navy. Scanned images were georeferenced against control points identifiable from 2007 QuickBird satellite imagery and on control points for which positional data were gathered during sampling in October and November 2008. Georeferenced image was then used to delineate individual structures and other areas as polygons. Attributes were taken from legend for 1944 map.
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This data depicts infrastructure locations in Alaska as digitized primarily from 1:24,000, 1:63,360, and 1:250,000 USGS quadrangles. The source document that represented the newest information and best geographic location was used to capture the data. All infrastructure from the primary source document was digitized and then supplemented with the information from other source documents for additional or updated infrastructure or attributes.
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This data depicts electrical power line locations in Alaska as digitized primarily from 1:24,000, 1:63,360, and 1:250,000 USGS quadrangles. The source document that represented the newest information and best geographic location was used to capture the data. All infrastructure from the primary source document was digitized and then supplemented with the information from other source documents for additional or updated infrastructure or attributes.
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Cette couche SIG représente l'ensemble des routes couvrant le territoire de la République centrafricaine. Elle a été réalisée par le Projet des Forets d'Afrique (FORAF). FORAF a combiné 2 couches SIG : 1- Le réseau de routes couvrant tout le pays et réalisé par le Projet d'aménagement des ressources naturelles en République centrafricaine (PARN) en 1990 ; 2- Le réseau de routes couvrant la zone forestière uniquement(au Sud-Ouest), réalisé par le Projet d'appui à la réalisation des plans d'aménagement forestiers (PARPAF) en 2007. Le PARPAF a digitalisé les routes forestières couvrant la zone forestière sur images satellites Landsat (2002-2003). Digitalisées individuellement par permis forestier, les routes ont...
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The availability of transportation routes is a major factor that influences the social and economic atmosphere of communities in the CYR study area. The influences of transportation routes can be both negative and positive, but nonetheless changes occur when a community becomes connected to a larger transportation network. The Alaska Railroad is the primary rail network throughout Alaska and the region. The Northern Rail Extension project will extend the current railroad system south of Fairbanks to Delta Junction. There are four phases of this project, with Phase 1 completed. Phase 2 includes expansion of the railroad from Moose Creek near North Pole to across the newly built Tanana River Bridge by Salcha. The...
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Ce theme regroupe toutes les routes publiques du Gabon. Cette couche a ete digitalisee sur fonds de cartes topographiques au 1:200 000. Cette couche SIG est le resultat du travail du Projet Foret et Environnement (PFE-1999/2000) et de l'Institut National de Cartographie (INC) qui l'a mise-a-jour et modifiee en 2003 dans le cadre de la production de la "BD2". Cette couche a ete legerement modifie (projection) pour la production de l'Atlas Forestier Interactif du Gabon - Version Pilote. This dataset collects all of the public roads of Gabon. These data were digitized from a 1:200,000 topographic map. This is the work of the Forest and Environment Project (PFE 1999/2000) and the National Institute of Cartographie...


map background search result map search result map WMS service from NOAA's nowCOAST (major roads layer) TIGER 2010 Transmission Lines Pistes d'exploitation forestiere de la République centrafricaine (Logging Roads) Reseau routier du Gabon (roads) National Road Network road segments - Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Alaska Railroads Alaska Electrical Lines Colorado Plateau REA MQ H1: Where are high-use recreation sites, developments, roads, infrastructure or areas of intensive recreation use located (including boating)? US Navy roads Palmyra Atoll 1944 SPMD samples Palmyra Atoll 2008 BLM REA CYR 2013 Proposed railroad extension BLM REA SNK 2010 Current Road Footprint Change Agent BLM REA SNK 2010 Alaska Infrastructure 1:63,360 Poly US Navy roads Palmyra Atoll 1944 SPMD samples Palmyra Atoll 2008 BLM REA CYR 2013 Proposed railroad extension BLM REA SNK 2010 Current Road Footprint Change Agent Reseau routier du Gabon (roads) Colorado Plateau REA MQ H1: Where are high-use recreation sites, developments, roads, infrastructure or areas of intensive recreation use located (including boating)? BLM REA SNK 2010 Alaska Infrastructure 1:63,360 Poly Pistes d'exploitation forestiere de la République centrafricaine (Logging Roads) TIGER 2010 Transmission Lines National Road Network road segments - Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Alaska Railroads Alaska Electrical Lines WMS service from NOAA's nowCOAST (major roads layer)