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Background In recent years, more and more people have become concerned about Long Island's supply of freshwater. Currently, there is no comprehensive, island-wide resource that summarizes recent U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) research related to the Island's aquifer system. A webpage will be developed by the USGS that will compile published data from the hydrologic-surveillance program, in place since the mid-1970’s, and various USGS sources, and supplement this information with more recent seasonal and annual hydrologic technical assistance will be provided to the Suffolk County Water Authority (SCWA) to help them produce an easy to understand annual report that will provide a snapshot of the state of Long Island's...
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Surveys of the bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor south of Long Island, New York, were carried out in November 1998 using a Simrad EM1000 multibeam echosounder mounted on the Canadian Coast Guard ship Frederick G. Creed. The purpose of the multibeam echosounder surveys was to explore the bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor in several areas off the southern coast of Long Island along the 20-meter isobath. Survey areas offshore of Fire Island Inlet, Moriches Inlet, Shinnecock Inlet, and southwest of Montauk Point were about 1 kilometer (km) wide and 10 km long. The area was mapped by the U.S. Geological Survey with support from the Canadian Hydrographic Service and the University...
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This data provides an estimated raster surface of dissolved oxygen values across a region covered by an August 23, 2016 AUV survey. The raster was generated by using a natural neighbors interplator within a GIS on the empirical data set. This interpolator was chosen due to the non-normal distribution observed among the data, and its ability to produce smoother approximations than alternative interpolation methods. There are three files available for download in the 'Attached Files' section below. There is a zip file which contains the interpolated dissolved oxygen surface, an xml file which contains metadata, and a layer file which can be used to import the layer's symbology.
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Investigations of coastal change and coastal resources often require continuous elevation profiles from the seafloor to coastal terrestrial landscapes. Differences in elevation data collection in the terrestrial and marine environments result in separate elevation products that may not share a vertical datum. This data release contains the assimilation of multiple elevation products into a continuous digital elevation model at a resolution of 3-arcseconds (approximately 90 meters) from the terrestrial landscape to the seafloor for the contiguous U.S., focused on the coastal interface. All datasets were converted to a consistent horizontal datum, the North American Datum of 1983, but the native vertical datum for...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Alabama, CMGP, California, Canadian Hydrographic Service, Chesapeake Bay, All tags...
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Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-level rise on shoreline change, barrier island state, and piping plover habitat availability. We use publicly available data products, such as lidar, orthophotography, and geomorphic feature sets derived from those, to extract metrics of barrier island characteristics at consistent sampling distances. The metrics are then incorporated...
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Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-level rise on shoreline change, barrier island state, and piping plover habitat availability. We use publicly available data products, such as lidar, orthophotography, and geomorphic feature sets derived from those, to extract metrics of barrier island characteristics at consistent sampling distances. The metrics are then incorporated...
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Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-level rise on shoreline change, barrier island state, and piping plover habitat availability. We use publicly available data products, such as lidar, orthophotography, and geomorphic feature sets derived from those, to extract metrics of barrier island characteristics at consistent sampling distances. The metrics are then incorporated...
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State and local county health departments have detected per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in groundwater downgradient of airports and military and firefighting training areas in Long Island, New York. However, the occurrence and spatial distribution of PFAS throughout the surficial aquifer is not well established. Shallow groundwater samples were collected in 2018 from two observation well networks; the Sentinel network and Wastewater Treatment Plant groundwater (WTPGW) network. The Sentinel network is an island-wide group of wells screened within the shallow upper glacial (surficial, <100 feet deep) aquifer, which were sampled to assess the occurrence of PFAS in different land-use settings. The WTPGW network...
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This model archive makes available the Soil-Water-Balance (SWB) model (Westenbroek and others, 2010) and input data used to estimate the potential amount of annual groundwater recharge to the Long Island aquifer system from 1900 to 2019 as described in U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021-5143. Input data for two SWB simulations are included in the archive. The first simulation uses existing land-use/land-cover datasets to estimate changes in recharge with changing land use from 1900-2019 (referred to as the post-development simulation). The second simulation assumed a forested, undeveloped (pre-development simulation) condition across Long Island for the same period. The same soil coverages...
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This dataset has been archived; it has been superseded by version 1.1 (December 2022) which can be found at https://doi.org/10.5066/P9KODN4C. This U.S. Geological Survey data release provides surface-water quality, streamflow, and groundwater-elevation data collected within the Central Pine Barrens (CPB) Region of Suffolk County, New York. The data were collected in cooperation with the Central Pine Barrens Commission and the Town of Brookhaven as part of a five-year comprehensive water-resources monitoring program. Water quality and quality-assurance data from seven sites on two rivers (Carmans River- 5 sites and Peconic River - 2 sites) in the CPB are included. Carmans River sites were sampled four times throughout...
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This data release contains meteorological sensor data (6-minute intervals) collected at Great South Bay at Watch Hill on Fire Island (USGS station number, 01305575), New York, from 2017 to 2022. Measured parameters include: air pressure, air temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, solar radiation, wind direction and speed, and wind-gust direction and speed. Data users are encouraged to review the metadata for information on data quality and screening prior to use.
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Problem - The major hydrogeologic units of Long Island, New York, have been delineated as part of the islandwide mapping effort of Smolensky, Buxton, and Shernoff that was published in 1989 as U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Hydrologic Atlas (HA) 709. Concern about local details in the hydrogeologic framework that may not be represented in HA-709 has led the USGS, in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), to assess the hydrogeology of the Long Island area so ground-water-flow modeling planned by EPA can more fully reflect local hydrogeologic conditions. Objectives - The primary objective of this project is to construct geographic information system (GIS) datasets of the altitudes of the...
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Problem The shallow groundwater of Nassau and Suffolk Counties is prone to contamination from current land-use, including agricultural, residential, and recreational. The aquifer system of Long Island is highly susceptible to human-derived contamination, in particular, because the soils and underlying sediments are generally composed of sandy, permeable materials that allow contaminants to move readily from the land surface into the groundwater below. Of increasing concern are the human-derived contaminants stemming from past and present uses of pesticides. In addition to the threat of direct runoff to adjacent waterbodies, pesticide transport through the shallow aquifer from inland sources may discharge to the...
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Problem The discharge of freshwater and associated loading of nutrients and other dissolved constituents from the Long Island aquifer system to surrounding estuaries and their tributaries are increasingly recognized as critical factors in the health of these ecosystems. However, further work is needed to scientifically characterize these factors and present them to the public in an appropriate manner. Many organizations have undertaken assessments of this discharge and loading for discrete groundwater source areas and (or) receiving surface waters, applying a variety of techniques and assumptions. In part, this is because there is no delineation of recharge areas to the island’s groundwater-fed streams and estuaries...
Categories: Data, Project; Types: Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, Shapefile; Tags: Basin & Hydrogeologic Characterization, Basin & Hydrogeologic Characterization, Climate Change, Climate Research and Development, ClimateChange, All tags...
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BACKGROUND Long Island Sound has 600 miles of coastline and there are over 23 million people living within 50 miles of its shores. In response to water-quality issues and nitrogen pollution in the Sound, Congress created the Long Island Sound Study (LISS) in 1985. LISS is a partnership of federal, state, and local government agencies, private organizations and educational institutions working together to restore and protect the Sound. The USGS New England and New York Water Science Centers are partners in the LISS. These organizations also have historical and ongoing work with other partners in the LISS study region. Although historically the focus of LISS has been on water quality issues, a “Sustainable and Resilient...
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This data release contains model simulation results of a particle tracking analysis to delineate areas that provide recharge to surface waters and public-supply wells on Long Island, NY. The analysis partitions the recharge areas based on particle travel times of greater than or less than 10 years to reach the receiving surface water or well. The simulation was performed using a regional-scale numerical model of the Long Island aquifer system (Walter and others, 2020a and 2020b) for average 2005-2015 conditions. The model implements MODFLOW-NWT (Niswonger and others, 2011) to represent steady-state groundwater pumping and aquifer recharge conditions; recharge areas were identified and partitioned using the particle-tracking...


map background search result map search result map Nassau Hydrogeologic Maps State of the Aquifer, Long Island, New York Comprehensive Delineation of Groundwater Source Areas and Times-of-travel to Long Island Streams and Estuaries GeoTIFF image of the backscatter intensity of the sea floor offshore of Shinnecock Inlet, New York, in 1998 (3-m resolution, Mercator, WGS 84) Sentinel Monitoring for New and Legacy Pesticides in the Shallow Groundwater of Long Island Elevation artifacts in digital bathymetric and topographic models for United States east (east_cdem_v1.tif) and west (west_cdem_v.tif) coasts (polygon shapefile, geographic, NAD83) USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Long Island, VA 1966 USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Long Island, TX 1952 USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Long Island, TX 1952 USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Long Island, TX 1952 August 23, 2016 AUV Survey - Dissolved Oxygen Surface Occurrence of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, Long Island and New York City, New York ElevMHW: Elevation adjusted to local mean high water: Fire Island, NY, 2014 SupClas, GeoSet, SubType, VegDen, VegType: Categorical landcover rasters (landcover, geomorphic setting, substrate type, vegetation density, and vegetation type): Rockaway Peninsula, NY, 2010–2011 SupClas, GeoSet, SubType, VegDen, VegType: Categorical landcover rasters (landcover, geomorphic setting, substrate type, vegetation density, and vegetation type): Rockaway Peninsula, NY, 2012 2019 Hydrologic Data Summary for the Central Pine Barrens Region, Suffolk County, New York Soil-water-balance model archive for Long Island, NY, 1900-2019 Assessment of compound flood risk from the combined effects of sea level rise on storm surge,  tidal and groundwater flooding, and stormwater Meteorological Data from Great South Bay at Watch Hill on Fire Island, New York, 2017 to 2022 Simulated Recharge Areas to Surface Waters and Public-Supply Wells with Travel Times Greater Than and Less Than 10 Years For Average 2005-2015 Conditions, Long Island, NY Meteorological Data from Great South Bay at Watch Hill on Fire Island, New York, 2017 to 2022 August 23, 2016 AUV Survey - Dissolved Oxygen Surface ElevMHW: Elevation adjusted to local mean high water: Fire Island, NY, 2014 Nassau Hydrogeologic Maps 2019 Hydrologic Data Summary for the Central Pine Barrens Region, Suffolk County, New York Sentinel Monitoring for New and Legacy Pesticides in the Shallow Groundwater of Long Island Occurrence of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, Long Island and New York City, New York State of the Aquifer, Long Island, New York Soil-water-balance model archive for Long Island, NY, 1900-2019 Comprehensive Delineation of Groundwater Source Areas and Times-of-travel to Long Island Streams and Estuaries Simulated Recharge Areas to Surface Waters and Public-Supply Wells with Travel Times Greater Than and Less Than 10 Years For Average 2005-2015 Conditions, Long Island, NY Assessment of compound flood risk from the combined effects of sea level rise on storm surge,  tidal and groundwater flooding, and stormwater Elevation artifacts in digital bathymetric and topographic models for United States east (east_cdem_v1.tif) and west (west_cdem_v.tif) coasts (polygon shapefile, geographic, NAD83)