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Heat can be used a tracer for monitoring seepage rates within stream channels. To estimate seepage using temperature, the diel amplitude and attenuation of temperature at several depths below the streambed must be monitored, as well as the frequency and duration of streamflow in a channel (Narranjo and Smith, 2016). Special subsurface temperature rods (TRODS) were developed to address these most of these needs (Narranjo and Turcotte, 2015). A TROD consists of discrete temperature iButton sensors within a .75 inch (in) diameter 1 meter (m) long sealed, water-proof PVC pipe to prevent water damage to the sensors. A TROD is installed into stream channel sediments and measures surface water and sediment temperatures...
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This dataset comprises repeat surveys of field-saturated hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity following the October 2017 Nuns and Tubbs wildfires as part of an effort to document soil-hydraulic recovery. A summary table includes associated physiographic properties for each site, including: pre-burn vegetation, lithology, soil burn severity, location, soil texture, and associated van Genuchten parameters determined using Carsel and Parrish (1988). Soil-hydraulic properties were calculated using the model of Zhang (1997) and Vandervaere et al. (2000). We separately include the raw cumulative infiltration measurements used for the calculation of soil-hydraulic properties. Lastly, this dataset includes a survey of...
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The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in collaboration with the Platte River Recovery and Implementation Program, collected capacitively coupled (CC) resistivity data and six direct push sediment cores to identify the coarsest alluvial deposits underlying the Morse properties in central Nebraska to supplement the subsurface geologic information, for the purposes of proper siting of intentional recharge structures, and to improve current understanding of groundwater movement. The subsurface geology is described in three different data sets in varied file formats. First, for the direct-push cores, data are given as detailed descriptions of core lithology and texture and are provided in Comma Separated Values (CSV) file...
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The San Antonio Creek Valley watershed (SACVW) is located in western Santa Barbara County about 15 miles (mi) south of Santa Maria, California and 55 mi north of Santa Barbara, California. The SACVW, is about 140 square miles and encompasses the San Antonio Creek Valley groundwater basin; From the late 1800s, groundwater has been the primary source of water for agricultural, military, municipal, and domestic uses. Groundwater withdrawal from pumping has exceeded the amount of water replenishing the basin, causing groundwater declines of more than 150 feet in parts of the valley between 1943 and 2017, and reducing base flow in San Antonio Creek at the western end of the SACVW. Agricultural water use (primarily for...
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During 2015-17, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USDA FS), carried out a study to characterize the hydrology and water chemistry in the Rock Creek and Cumberland River areas of the Daniel Boone National Forest. The study areas were historically mined for coal and have since been the focus of remediation efforts. The study examined the contributions of tributaries and gains/losses in both areas, and continuous water-quality and base flow estimates at Rock Creek, so the USDA FS can thoroughly evaluate the current conditions and move forward with well-informed remediation efforts.
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Infiltrometers are devices used to measure the infiltration rates of water into soils or porous media (Bouwer, 1986). Cylinder infiltrometers are generally constructed from metal shaped into cylinders which are driven into the ground and flooded with water. The rate at which water infiltrates into the ground is measured until the rate of infiltration is constant to capture unsaturated infiltration rates and beyond steady state to measure saturated infiltration rates and conductivity (Bouwer, 1986). Infiltrometers are typically employed to measure the rate of infiltration on inundated soils such as surface irrigation, seepage from surface water such as streams or reservoirs, or infiltration basins for groundwater...
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Soil data were collected from catchments of USGS edge-of-field (EOF) monitoring sites in Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) priority watersheds. As part of this release, soil data from 2016 through 2019 are provided from 14 sites spanning 5 Great Lake States (Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and New York). The data collected are from private farms representing a variety of agronomic systems, landscapes settings, soil types, and climate regimes. These data can be used to investigate relationships among microbial properties (e.g. soil microbial biomass, activity, diversity, and enzymes), general soil structure (e.g. bulk density, soil aggregate structure, soil water holding capacity, soil texture, and infiltration...
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This data release contains code for computing the filtering properties of cyclical infiltration in a layered vadose zone in Central Valley, California. The code for computing the filtering is described in a manuscript that is under review at Vadose Zone Journal. The updated data contained in this data release are the code to compute the filtering properties of the vadose zone. This code was developed in 2018. The code uses existing data as inputs. The inputs are from a groundwater flow model for Central Valley, California, described by Faunt et al. (2009), and from a soil texture model described by Faunt et al. (2010). The inputs from Faunt et al. (2009) and Faunt et al. (2010) were released in those years and are...
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The San Antonio Creek Valley watershed (SACVW) is located in western Santa Barbara County about 15 miles (mi) south of Santa Maria, California and 55 mi north of Santa Barbara, California. The SACVW, is about 140 square miles and encompasses the San Antonio Creek Valley groundwater basin. Since the late 1800s, groundwater has been the primary source of water for agricultural, military, municipal, and domestic uses. Groundwater withdrawal from pumping has exceeded the amount of water replenishing the basin, causing groundwater declines of more than 150 feet in parts of the valley between 1947 and 2018, and reducing base flow in San Antonio Creek at the western end of the SACVW. Agricultural water use (primarily for...
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The objective of this project was to evaluate the potential for biochar soil amendments to mitigate agricultural drought by characterizing their impacts on soil hydraulics and plant growth across a range of agricultural soil conditions. This data set contains soil water infiltration measurements using Beerkan infiltration rings in four Oregon agricultural soils amended with biochar. Gasified biochars made from wheat straw (AgEnergy, Spokane, WA) and conifer wood (BioLogical, Philomath, OR) were tilled into soils at experimental stations in Madras (loam), Pendleton (silt loam), Aurora (sandy loam), and Klamath Falls (loamy sand). The biochars were incorporated by tillage in fall 2016 to a depth of 12 cm at rates...


    map background search result map search result map Direct-push sediment cores, resistivity profiles, and depth-averaged resistivity collected for Platte River Recovery and Implementation Program in Phelps County, Nebraska Soil water infiltration in four biochar-amended soils from Oregon, 2018 Code for use within Matlab for computing the damping and lag time of responses to cyclical infiltration in a layered vadose zone in Central Valley, California Streamflow and Water-Quality Data for Selected Streams in the Daniel Boone National Forest, Eastern Kentucky, 2015-17 Data Release of hydrogeologic data from the San Antonio Creek Valley watershed, Santa Barbara County, California, 2015-2019 Hydrogeologic data from the San Antonio Creek Valley watershed, Santa Barbara County, California, 2015-2019 Soil physical, chemical, and biological data from edge-of-field agricultural water quality monitoring sites in Great Lakes States Infiltrometer data, San Antonio Creek Valley watershed, Santa Barbara County, California, 2017 Temperature rod sensor data, San Antonio Creek Valley watershed, Santa Barbara County, California, 2016–2019 Field-saturated hydraulic conductivity time series and sediment accumulations following the 2017 Nuns and Tubbs wildfires, Napa and Sonoma Counties, CA, USA Direct-push sediment cores, resistivity profiles, and depth-averaged resistivity collected for Platte River Recovery and Implementation Program in Phelps County, Nebraska Field-saturated hydraulic conductivity time series and sediment accumulations following the 2017 Nuns and Tubbs wildfires, Napa and Sonoma Counties, CA, USA Data Release of hydrogeologic data from the San Antonio Creek Valley watershed, Santa Barbara County, California, 2015-2019 Hydrogeologic data from the San Antonio Creek Valley watershed, Santa Barbara County, California, 2015-2019 Streamflow and Water-Quality Data for Selected Streams in the Daniel Boone National Forest, Eastern Kentucky, 2015-17 Code for use within Matlab for computing the damping and lag time of responses to cyclical infiltration in a layered vadose zone in Central Valley, California Soil water infiltration in four biochar-amended soils from Oregon, 2018 Soil physical, chemical, and biological data from edge-of-field agricultural water quality monitoring sites in Great Lakes States