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A two-dimensional finite element model was used to simulate the groundwater recovery process under various surface mining situations. The simulation results were used to predict the rate at which soil settlement takes place. It was found that the groundwater recovery process is very fast immediately after mine closure and cessation of dewatering programmes; a significant part of mine land settlement can be measured at such times. This paper presents a method for deriving the relationship between the re-establishment of the natural groundwater regime to its equilibrium position as existed prior to the commencement of mining operations and mine spoil settlement.
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Louisiana Waterthrush - VizBand/Land AIC Model Selection Created: 05-Oct-2011 Louisiana Waterthrush annual capture rate of adult (ADULT) individuals (log transformed) ranged between -0.220 and +2.009 with a mean value of +0.895 and a median value of +0.794. ________________________________________ Model 1 (2 parameters) Louisiana Waterthrush annual capture rate of adult (ADULT) individuals (log transformed) was a function of: a) DIST2RIV15 (-0.30142) - distance (m) to stream, ranged between -1.104 and +0.772 (95% CL) with a mean value of -0.166 and a median value of -0.121, b) NLCD06DE33P (+0.46681) - percent deciduous forest cover, 990m-resolution (33x aggregation of 30m-resolution), ranged between +1.446 and...
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Globally, groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDEs) are increasingly vulnerable to groundwater extraction and land use practices. Groundwater supports these ecosystems by providing inflow, which can maintain water levels, water temperature, and chemistry necessary to sustain the biodiversity that they support. Many aquatic systems receive groundwater as a portion of base flow, and in some systems (e.g., springs, seeps, fens) the connection with groundwater is significant and important to the system’s integrity and persistence. Groundwater management decisions for human use may not consider ecological effects of those actions on GDEs, which rely on groundwater to maintain ecological function. This disconnect between...
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Blue-winged Warbler - VizBand/Land AIC Model Selection Created: 03-Jun-2011 Blue-winged Warbler annual capture rate of adult (ADULT) individuals (log transformed) ranged between -0.418 and +2.515 with a mean value of +1.049 and a median value of +0.902. ________________________________________ Model 1 (1 parameters) Blue-winged Warbler annual capture rate of adult (ADULT) individuals (log transformed) was a function of: a) NLCD06DE5KP (+0.27513) - percent deciduous forest cover, 990m-resolution in a landscape context of 5km radius, ranged between +2.449 and +5.203 (95% CL) with a mean value of +3.826 and a median value of +4.190. This model included data from 44 stations, explained 4 percent of the variation, and...
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Climate change is already affecting species in many ways. Because individual species respond to climate change differently, some will be adversely affected by climate change whereas others may benefit. Successfully managing species in a changing climate will require an understanding of which species will be most and least impacted by climate change. Although several approaches have been proposed for assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change, it is unclear whether these approaches are likely to produce similar results. In this study, we compared the relative vulnerabilities to climate change of 76 species of birds, mammals, amphibians, and trees based on three different approaches to assessing vulnerability....
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These data represent the extent of urbanization (for the years indicated) predicted by the model SLEUTH, developed by Dr. Keith C. Clarke, at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Geography and modified by David I. Doato of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Geographic Science Center (EGSC). Further model modification and implementation was performed at the Biodiversity and Spatial Information Center at North Carolina State University. These data have been reclassified to only show current urban and probability of urbanization >80%). More information about these data (along with downloadable ESRI GRID files) can be found at http://www.basic.ncsu.edu/dsl/urb.html
Interaction Assessment (INTASS) is a field and analytic methodology for constructing population dynamics models. Because data collected in generating a model for one species comprise much of the information needed for other species, a small increase in effort can result in simultaneous expressions for the dynamics of multiple species. These expressions can be used to simulate whole community responses to environmental change, including management actions. Since publication of the most recent paper in this series, the INTASS methodology has undergone a large number of developments. These include the use of conceptual models to direct field and modeling efforts and incorporation of an information theoretic approach...
A two-dimensional finite element model was used to simulate the groundwater recovery process under various surface mining situations. The simulation results were used to predict the rate at which soil settlement takes place. It was found that the groundwater recovery process is very fast immediately after mine closure and cessation of dewatering programmes; a significant part of mine land settlement can be measured at such times. This paper presents a method for deriving the relationship between the re-establishment of the natural groundwater regime to its equilibrium position as existed prior to the commencement of mining operations and mine spoil settlement.
This study analyses three feasible regulation methods of an in-service cogeneration plant. The main task is to study the potential energy savings, CO2 reduction and the increase in profitability compatible with the lowest transformation costs. The cogeneration system is composed of two General Electric LM2500 gas turbines and a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). Two plant localizations in Spain have been considered; San Fernando (Cádiz) where the current plant is located, and Burgos. The latter has been taken into account to analyze the effect of cooler weather on the regulation methods. The paper has been divided into three parts. First, a revision of the current legislation regarding cogeneration in Spain is...
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These data represent the extent of urbanization (for the years indicated) predicted by the model SLEUTH, developed by Dr. Keith C. Clarke, at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Geography and modified by David I. Doato of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Geographic Science Center (EGSC). Further model modification and implementation was performed at the Biodiversity and Spatial Information Center at North Carolina State University. More information about these data (along with downloadable ESRI GRID files) can be found at http://www.basic.ncsu.edu/dsl/urb.html
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Kentucky Warbler annual capture rate of young (YOUNG) individuals (log transformed) ranged between -0.283 and +2.055 with a mean value of +0.886 and a median value of +0.693. ________________________________________ Model 1 (2 parameters) Kentucky Warbler annual capture rate of young (YOUNG) individuals (log transformed) was a function of: a) NLCD06AF2KP (+0.03395) - percent all forest cover, 990m-resolution in a landscape context of 2km radius, ranged between +23.217 and +113.636 (95% CL) with a mean value of +68.426 and a median value of +74.726, b) NLCD01CC2K (-0.02635) - mean forest canopy cover percent, 990m-resolution in a landscape context of 2km radius, ranged between +17.534 and +92.688 (95% CL) with a...
A logistic function is used to characterize peak and ultimate production of global crude oil and petroleum-derived liquid fuels. Annual oil production data were incrementally summed to construct a logistic curve in its initial phase. Using a curve-fitting approach, a population-growth logistic function was applied to complete the cumulative production curve. The simulated curve was then deconstructed into a set of annual oil production data producing an “idealized” Hubbert curve. An idealized Hubbert curve (IHC) is defined as having properties of production data resulting from a constant growth-rate under fixed resource limits. An IHC represents a potential production curve constructed from cumulative production...
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This dataset represents the extent of urbanization (for the year indicated) predicted by the model SLEUTH, developed by Dr. Keith C. Clarke, at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Geography and modified by David I. Donato of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Geographic Science Center (EGSC). Further model modification and implementation was performed at the Biodiversity and Spatial Information Center at North Carolina State University. Purpose: Urban growth probability extents throughout the 21st century for the Southeast Regional Assessment Project, which encompasses the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee...
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This dataset contains modeled hourly streamflow in cubic meters per second at each of about eighteen thousand selected operational and water-quality stream gage locations. It was assembled from publicly available retrospective V2.1 National Water Model outputs (See NWM Retrospective source info). The streamflow variable was extracted from model output files and the data were reshaped to optimize read performance. The stream gage locations were derived from several ongoing USGS project gages for evaluation of streamflow, water quality, and real-time monitoring, however only National Water Model identifiers and NHDPlusV2.1 catchment outlet locations (as contained in the National Water Model output files) are used...
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These 1830 maps contain projected current and future change in habitat suitability for 366 species under the Third Generation Coupled Global Climate Model (CGCM 3.1) and Hadley Centre Coupled Model, version 3 (HADCM3). In support of the Pacific Northwest Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (www.climatevulnerability.org), we developed a method to model habitat suitability in which we built correlative climate suitability models for 366 terrestrial animal species at a relatively coarse spatial resolution for the entire North American continent using species range maps and 23 bioclimatic variables. We then applied the models to both current and projected future climate data downscaled to a moderately fine resolution...
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This dataset represents the extent of urbanization (for the year indicated) predicted by the model SLEUTH, developed by Dr. Keith C. Clarke, at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Geography and modified by David I. Donato of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Geographic Science Center (EGSC). Further model modification and implementation was performed at the Biodiversity and Spatial Information Center at North Carolina State University.Urban growth probability extents throughout the 21st century were projected for the Southeast Regional Assessment Project (SERAP), which encompasses all or parts of the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky,...
The status of computer simulation models from around the world for evaluating the possible ecological, environmental, and societal consequences of global change is presented in this paper. In addition, a brief synopsis of the state of the science of these impacts is included. Issues considered include future changes in climate and patterns of land use for societal needs, Models dis cussed relate to vegetation (e.g, crop), soil, bio-geochemistry, water, and wildlife responses to conventional, forecasted changes in temperature and precipitation. Also described are models of these responses, alone and interactively, to increased CO2, other air pollutants and UV-B radiation, as the state of the science allows. Further,...
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This data release contains predictions of stream biological condition as defined by the Chesapeake basin-wide index of biotic integrity for stream macroinvertebrates (Chessie BIBI) using Random Forest models with landscape data for small streams (≤ 200 km2 in upstream drainage) across the Chesapeake Bay Watershed (CBW). Predictions were made at eight time periods (2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2013, 2016, and 2019) according to changes in landcover using the National Land Cover Database (NLCD). The Chessie BIBI data used were provided by the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin. Uncertainty was calculated using model prediction intervals. For complete data descriptions and data interpretation see associated...
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Kentucky Warbler - VizBand/Land AIC Model Selection Created: 03-Jun-2011 Kentucky Warbler annual capture rate of adult (ADULT) individuals (log transformed) ranged between -0.013 and +2.883 with a mean value of +1.435 and a median value of +1.642. ________________________________________ Model 1 (2 parameters) Kentucky Warbler annual capture rate of adult (ADULT) individuals (log transformed) was a function of: a) NLCD06DE33P (+0.40334) - percent deciduous forest cover, 990m-resolution (33x aggregation of 30m-resolution), ranged between +3.287 and +5.059 (95% CL) with a mean value of +4.173 and a median value of +4.312, b) NLCD06AG33P (-0.13982) - percent agricultural/grassland cover, 990m-resolution (33x aggregation...


map background search result map search result map Understanding Climate Change Vulnerability in the Pacific Northwest: A Comparison of Three Approaches Louisiana Waterthrush (AHY) Blue_winged Warbler - Predictive Model of Adult Captures Kentucky Warbler - Predictive Model of AHY Captures Kentucky Warbler - Predictive Model of HY captures SLEUTH Projected Urban Growth _ old Data set for Developing Long-term Urbanization Scenarios for the Caribbean LCC as Part of the Southeast Regional Assessment Project SLEUTH Projected Urban Growth Projected past and future habitat suitability for 366 species, 1961-2099, using CGCM31 and HADCM3 climate models SLEUTH Projected Urban Growth [Subset >80% Probability of Urbanization] National Water Model V2.1 retrospective for selected NWIS gage locations, (1979-2020) Model predictions of biological condition for small streams in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, USA Distribution Models Predicting Groundwater Influenced Ecosystems in the Northeastern United States Model predictions of biological condition for small streams in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, USA Distribution Models Predicting Groundwater Influenced Ecosystems in the Northeastern United States Data set for Developing Long-term Urbanization Scenarios for the Caribbean LCC as Part of the Southeast Regional Assessment Project SLEUTH Projected Urban Growth [Subset >80% Probability of Urbanization] Louisiana Waterthrush (AHY) SLEUTH Projected Urban Growth _ old Kentucky Warbler - Predictive Model of AHY Captures Understanding Climate Change Vulnerability in the Pacific Northwest: A Comparison of Three Approaches Blue_winged Warbler - Predictive Model of Adult Captures SLEUTH Projected Urban Growth Kentucky Warbler - Predictive Model of HY captures National Water Model V2.1 retrospective for selected NWIS gage locations, (1979-2020) Projected past and future habitat suitability for 366 species, 1961-2099, using CGCM31 and HADCM3 climate models