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This study uses growth in vegetation during the monsoon season measured from LANDSAT imagery as a proxy for measured rainfall. NDVI values from 26 years of pre- and post-monsoon season Landsat imagery were derived across Yuma Proving Ground (YPG) in southwestern Arizona, USA. The LANDSAT imagery (1986-2011) was downloaded from USGS’s GlobeVis website (http://glovis.usgs.gov/). Change in NDVI was calculated within a set of 2,843 Riparian Area Polygons (RAPs) up to 1 km in length defined in ESRI ArcMap 10.2.
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These data were compiled to evaluate the reproductive ecology of Agassiz's desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizzi) in the Sonoran Desert of California using two populations within Joshua Tree National Park, including five reproductive seasons that spanned 20 years (1997-1999, 2015-2016). Compared to their conspecifics inhabiting the Mojave Desert, the reproductive ecology of G. agassizii in the Sonoran Desert is understudied. Climatic variation between the two deserts can affect reproductive ecology, including fecundity and clutch phenology. Mature female tortoises (straight-line carapace length ≥ 20 cm) outfitted with radiotransmitters were located and X-radiographed approximately every 10-14 days during the reproductive...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2040-2070 normal period) under the RCP4.5 emission scenarios. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
What are current conditions for important park natural resources? What are the critical data and knowledge gaps? What are some of the factors that are influencing park resource conditions? Natural Resource Condition Assessments (NRCAs) evaluate and report on the above for a subset of important natural resources in national park units (hereafter, parks). Focal study resources and indicators are selected on a park-by-park basis, guided by use of structured resource assessment and reporting frameworks. Considerations include park resource setting and enabling legislation (what are this park's most important natural resources?) and presently available data and expertise (what can be evaluated at this time?). In addition...
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Natural landscapes in the Southwestern United States are changing. In recent decades, rising temperatures and drought have led to drier conditions, contributed to large-scale ecological impacts, and affected many plant and animal species across the region. The current and future trajectory of climate change underscores the need for managers and conservation professionals to understand the impacts of these patterns on natural resources. In this regional assessment of the Southwest Climate Change Initiative, we evaluate changes in annual average temperatures from 1951–2006 across major habitats and large watersheds and compare these changes to the number of species of conservation concern that are found within these...
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Climate Distance Mapper is an interactive web mapping application designed to facilitate informed seed sourcing decisions and to aid in directing regional seed collections. Implemented as a shiny web application (Chang et al. 2017), Climate Distance Mapper is hosted on the web at: https://usgs-werc-shinytools.shinyapps.io/Climate_Distance_Mapper/. The application is designed to guide restoration seed sourcing in the desert southwest by allowing users to interactively match seed sources with restoration sites climatic differences – in the form of multivariate climate distance values – between restoration sites and the surrounding landscape. Climatic distances are based on a combination of variables likely to influence...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2040-2070 normal period) under the RCP8.5 emission scenarios. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
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This map shows habitat connectivity compiled from multiple sources. Habitat connectivity was modeled separately in California and Arizona. These data are provided by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) "as is" and may contain errors or omissions. The User assumes the entire risk associated with its use of these data and bears all responsibility in determining whether these data are fit for the User's intended use. These data may not have the accuracy, resolution, completeness, timeliness, or other characteristics appropriate for applications that potential users of the data may contemplate. The User is encouraged to carefully consider the content of the metadata file associated with these data. The BLM should be cited...
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This map shows the current predicted distribution of Lucy's Warbler, along with current and near-term status and long term potential for change. These data are provided by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) "as is" and may contain errors or omissions. The User assumes the entire risk associated with its use of these data and bears all responsibility in determining whether these data are fit for the User's intended use. These data may not have the accuracy, resolution, completeness, timeliness, or other characteristics appropriate for applications that potential users of the data may contemplate. The User is encouraged to carefully consider the content of the metadata file associated with these data. The BLM should...
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This dataset shows point locations and data specific to wildlife guzzlers in Sonoran Desert ecoregion.
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This dataset shows an estimate of the probability of human-caused fire occurrence, based on 30 years of occurrence data using a MaxEnt model based on several factors including distance to roads, urban areas, vegetation type, and climate. This near-term estimate is based on projecting the Maxent model developed on current climate conditions onto downscaled climate projections from RegCM3 based on ECHAM5 boundary conditions. The model performed reasonably well, with an AUC of 0.704 Significant predictive factors include distance to highways, distance to major rivers, distance to urban areas, distance to roads, and winter precipitation. Caution should be exercised in interpreting this dataset, as it is based on an...
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Humans have dramatically altered wildlands in the western United States over the past 100 years by using these lands and the resources they provide. Anthropogenic changes to the landscape, such as urban expansion, construction of roads, power lines, and other networks and land uses necessary to maintain human populations influence the number and kinds of plants and wildlife that remain. We developed the map of the human footprint for the western United States from an analysis of 14 landscape structure and anthropogenic features: human habitation, interstate highways, federal and state highways, secondary roads, railroads, irrigation canals, power lines, linear feature densities, agricultural land, campgrounds, highway...
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This map shows the distribution of BLM wildlife movement corridors in Arizona. These data are provided by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) "as is" and may contain errors or omissions. The User assumes the entire risk associated with its use of these data and bears all responsibility in determining whether these data are fit for the User's intended use. These data may not have the accuracy, resolution, completeness, timeliness, or other characteristics appropriate for applications that potential users of the data may contemplate. The User is encouraged to carefully consider the content of the metadata file associated with these data. The BLM should be cited as the data source in any products derived from these data.
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This map shows fire-adapted communities according to the LANDFIRE Fire Regime Groups dataset. These identify areas historically adapted to fire; these communities may now experience uncharacteristic fire behavior due to legacy effects of fire suppression. These data are provided by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) "as is" and may contain errors or omissions. The User assumes the entire risk associated with its use of these data and bears all responsibility in determining whether these data are fit for the User's intended use. These data may not have the accuracy, resolution, completeness, timeliness, or other characteristics appropriate for applications that potential users of the data may contemplate. The User is...
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This map shows EPA Level IV ecoregions within the Sonoran Desert ecoregion. These data are provided by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) "as is" and may contain errors or omissions. The User assumes the entire risk associated with its use of these data and bears all responsibility in determining whether these data are fit for the User's intended use. These data may not have the accuracy, resolution, completeness, timeliness, or other characteristics appropriate for applications that potential users of the data may contemplate. The User is encouraged to carefully consider the content of the metadata file associated with these data. The BLM should be cited as the data source in any products derived from these data.
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This map shows areas of high potential for wind and water erosion. These areas were extracted from state geology layers, STATSGO soils, elevation, and landcover. These data are provided by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) "as is" and may contain errors or omissions. The User assumes the entire risk associated with its use of these data and bears all responsibility in determining whether these data are fit for the User's intended use. These data may not have the accuracy, resolution, completeness, timeliness, or other characteristics appropriate for applications that potential users of the data may contemplate. The User is encouraged to carefully consider the content of the metadata file associated with these data....
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This feature class Describes the spatial location of recreation sites within or in close proximity to an administrative unit. Recreation sites are stored in three feature classes. The feature class Recreation_Site_pt represents recreation sites so small they are displayed as points, Recreation_Site_pl represents recreation sites large enough to be represented by area features, and Recreation_Site_ln represents recreation sites that are represented by lines. Any type of recreation site may be contained in any of the feature classes but any given recreation site must be contained in only one of the three feature classes. Recreation sites are grouped hierarchically. For example, a campground may be composed of many...
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The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a feature-based database that interconnects and uniquely identifies the stream segments or reaches that make up the nation's surface water drainage system. NHD data was originally developed at 1:100,000-scale and exists at that scale for the whole country. This high-resolution NHD, generally developed at 1:24,000/1:12,000 scale, adds detail to the original 1:100,000-scale NHD. (Data for Alaska, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands was developed at high-resolution, not 1:100,000 scale.) Local resolution NHD is being developed where partners and data exist. The NHD contains reach codes for networked features, flow direction, names, and centerline representations for areal water...
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This dataset shows the combination of high probability areas from two Maxent models that predict human and naturally-caused fire occurrence. This long-term estimate is based on projecting the Maxent model developed on current climate conditions onto downscaled climate projections from RegCM3 based on ECHAM5 boundary conditions. Caution should be exercised in interpreting this dataset, as it is based on an association between landscape factors and the locations of fire occurrences. This dataset does not provide information about the likely outcome of a fire. See the human and naturally-caused fire occurrence datasets for more information and limitations.


map background search result map search result map Natural Resource Condition Assessments Managing Changing Landscapes in the Southwestern United States Mean of the Top Ten Percent of NDVI Values in the Yuma Proving Ground during Monsoon Season, 1986-2011 Reproductive ecology data for female Agassiz's desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) in Joshua Tree National Park, USA Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 4.5) Climate Distance Mapper R Script Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 8.5) BLM REA SOD 2010 The Human Footprint in the Sonoran Desert ecoregion, USA BLM REA SOD 2010 USFS Coronado National Forest Recreation Sites BLM REA SOD 2010 National Hydrography Dataset (waterbodies) BLM REA SOD 2010 Long-Term High Potential of Human and Naturally-Caused Fire Occurrence BLM REA SOD 2010 Near-Term Probability of Human-Caused Fire Occurrence BLM REA SOD 2010 Wildlife Guzzlers BLM REA SOD 2010 EPA LevelIV Ecoregions BLM REA SOD 2010 MQA1 Soil Wind Water Erosion BLM REA SOD 2010 MQD1 Habitat Connectivity BLM REA SOD 2010 MQE3 Fire Adapted Communities BLM REA SOD 2010 TS 178866 Lucys Warbler 1KM 4KM BLM REA SOD 2010 TS AZ BLM Wildlife Movement Corridors 1KM Reproductive ecology data for female Agassiz's desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) in Joshua Tree National Park, USA Mean of the Top Ten Percent of NDVI Values in the Yuma Proving Ground during Monsoon Season, 1986-2011 BLM REA SOD 2010 Wildlife Guzzlers BLM REA SOD 2010 National Hydrography Dataset (waterbodies) BLM REA SOD 2010 Long-Term High Potential of Human and Naturally-Caused Fire Occurrence BLM REA SOD 2010 Near-Term Probability of Human-Caused Fire Occurrence BLM REA SOD 2010 The Human Footprint in the Sonoran Desert ecoregion, USA BLM REA SOD 2010 EPA LevelIV Ecoregions BLM REA SOD 2010 MQA1 Soil Wind Water Erosion BLM REA SOD 2010 MQD1 Habitat Connectivity BLM REA SOD 2010 MQE3 Fire Adapted Communities BLM REA SOD 2010 TS 178866 Lucys Warbler 1KM 4KM BLM REA SOD 2010 TS AZ BLM Wildlife Movement Corridors 1KM Managing Changing Landscapes in the Southwestern United States Climate Distance Mapper R Script Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 4.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 8.5) Natural Resource Condition Assessments