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Rising global demand for energy, high energy prices, climate change, and the threat of terrorism all point to the need for greater energy efficiency and conservation in the United States. While technological innovation is plainly needed, our laws and institutional arrangements must also play an important role. The United States has scores of legal and policy tools from which to choose to improve energy efficiency and curb energy consumption. This Article, which grows out of a Spring 2006 seminar at theWidener University School of Law, evaluates a handful of these tools: transit-oriented development; fuel taxation; real-time pricing for electricity use; public benefit funds; improving the efficiency of existing residential...
This paper considers the issue of whether shocks to ten commodity prices (gold, silver, platinum, copper, aluminum, iron ore, lead, nickel, tin, and zinc) are persistent or transitory. We use two recently developed unit root tests, namely the Narayan and Popp (NP) [14] test and the Liu and Narayan (LN) [26] test. Both tests allow for two structural breaks in the data series. Using the NP test, we are able to reject the unit root null for iron ore and tin. Using the GARCH-based unit root test of LN, we are able to reject the unit root null for five commodity prices (iron ore, nickel, zinc, lead, and tin). Our findings, thus, suggest that only shocks to gold, silver, platinum, aluminum, and copper are persistent.
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SEAFWA States
Tags: states
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This map layer portrays the Congressional Districts of the United States for the 108th Congress. Lines coincident with Congressional District boundaries were extracted from the existing National Atlas County Boundaries layer. In areas lacking coincident geometry, lines from State data sets or from an Election Data Services data set were integrated into the file. This is an update of the March 2003 map layer.
Categories: Web Site; Tags: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Boundaries, All tags...
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This map shows Census boundaries and other features on a simple, mostly white basemap. The map displays the 2009 TIGER data. This map is designed to complement colorful basemaps and thematic layers, such as Census demographics. It is intended for census experts and the general public alike. This map shows Census boundaries and other features on a simple, mostly white basemap. The map displays the 2009 TIGER data. This map is designed to complement colorful basemaps and thematic layers, such as Census demographics. It is intended for census experts and the general public alike. The map includes water features, railway, roads, and administrative boundaries (city and town limits, metropolitan statistical...
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A limited amount of valid scientific information about global climate change and its detrimental impacts has reached the public and exerted a positive impact on the public policy process or future planning for adaptation and mitigation. This project was designed to address this limitation by bringing together expertise in the social and communication sciences from targeted academic institutions affiliated with the Department of the Interior’s Climate Science Centers (CSCs) through a workshop. The project team brought together expertise in the social and communication sciences from targeted academic institutions, particularly experts and scholars who are affiliated with the nation’s CSCs, by means of an invited...
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The data display Southeast Region States for FWS.
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The climate of the North Central U.S. is driven by a combination of factors, including atmospheric circulation patterns, the region’s complex topography which extends from the High Rockies to the Great Plains, and variations in hydrology. Together, these factors determine the sustainability of the region’s ecosystems and the services that they provide communities. In order to understand the vulnerability of the region’s ecosystems to change, it is necessary to have reliable projections of future climate conditions. To address this need, researchers first examined past and present variations in climate and assessed the ability of climate models to effectively project future climate conditions for the region. Second,...
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The Northwest Climate Conference (formerly called the Pacific Northwest Climate Science Conference) is the premier climate science event for the region, providing a forum for researchers and practitioners to share scientific results and discuss challenges and solutions related to the impacts of climate change on people, natural resources, and infrastructure in the Northwest. Conference participants include policy- and decision-makers, resource managers, and scientists from academia, public agencies, sovereign tribal nations, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector. More information can be found at the conference website: http://pnwclimateconference.org. The Second Annual Pacific Northwest Climate...
Note: A new version of these statistics based on PAD-US 2.0 will be made available in 2020 here. This summary of the Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is created to provide land managers and decision makers with a general summary of management for conservation, natural resource management and recreation. Area statistics include total acreage, acres by managing agency and percent protection. These summaries are available for the nation and by state. The PAD-US 1.4 Combined feature class (with Marine Protected Areas removed) was modified to remove overlaps, avoiding overestimation in protected area statistic summaries. A Python scripted process prioritized overlapping designations (for example,...
Types: Citation; Tags: Acreage, Acres, Agricultural Research Service, Alabama (AL), Alaska (AK), All tags...
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This map layer portrays the Congressional Districts of the United States for the 106th Congress. The map layer was created by extracting lines from existing National Atlas layers that were coincident with Congressional District boundaries. In areas lacking coincident geometry, lines from 1:100,000 scale Congressional District boundaries published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Geography Division were generalized and integrated into the data layer.
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This map layer portrays the Congressional Districts of the United States for the 107th Congress. The map layer was created by extracting lines from existing National Atlas layers that were coincident with Congressional District boundaries. In areas lacking coincident geometry, lines from 1:100,000-scale Congressional District boundaries published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Geography Division were generalized and integrated into the map layer. This is an update of the July 2001 map layer.
Categories: Web Site; Tags: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Boundaries, All tags...
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U.S. States (Generalized) represents the fifty states and the District of Columbia of the United States.
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The TIGER/Line Shapefiles are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census MAF/TIGER database. The Census MAF/TIGER database represents a seamless national file with no overlaps or gaps between parts. However, each TIGER/Line Shapefile is designed to stand alone as an independent data set or the shapefiles can be combined to cover the whole nation.
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This map layer portrays the 2000 State and county boundaries of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The map layer was created by extracting county polygon features from the individual 1:2,000,000-scale State boundary Digital Line Graph (DLG) files produced by the U.S. Geological Survey. These files were then merged into a single file. This is a revised version of the November 2004 map layer.
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This map layer portrays the State boundaries of the United States, and the boundaries of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The map layer was created by extracting the State boundary polygons from the individual 1:2,000,000-scale State boundary Digital Line Graph (DLG) files produced by the U.S. Geological Survey. These files were then merged into a single coverage. This is an updated version of the June 2002 map layer; the date when each State was admitted to the United States was added.
Natural gas wells contaminated with the toxic gas hydrogen sulfide (i.e., sour-gas wells) pose potential health risks to workers and to nearby residents. The health risks are a function of the dose-response relationship of hydrogen sulfide, the likelihood of accidental releases, gaseous emission rates, the nature of releases at the well head, dispersion of the emitted gas, and the characteristics of the population at risk. We discuss each of these factors and present a risk analysis of a hypothetical sour-gas well in the vicinity of Evanston, WY. We found that the greatest risks for life-threatening effects would occur in the northwest downwind sector after a horizontal release of gas at the well. Subacute effects...
Whenever a neighborhood or community group objects to a proposed development in their area, someone questions whether the objections are part of a NIMBY , or "Not in My Backyard" pattern of responses. According to past studies, one characteristic of a typical NIMBY syndrome is a lack of trust in project sponsors or experts. Most researchers argue that distrust leads to the NIMBY syndrome. Margolis (1996), however, argues that opposition to a proposed development may cause distrust. In this article, we investigate opposition to offshore oil development in California using focusing groups of local political activists on both sides of the issue. Previous research has largely ignored project supporters when studying...
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multi-state mask
Tags: states


map background search result map search result map Congressional Districts of the United States - 108th Congress State Boundaries of the United States Congressional Districts of the United States - 107th Congress 2000 County Boundaries of the United States Congressional Districts of the United States - 106th Congress Congressional Districts of the United States - 111th Congress Census TIGER 2009 Map Building Capacity within the CSC Network to Effectively Deliver and Communicate Science to Resource Managers and Planners Support for the Second Annual Pacific Northwest Climate Science Conference Understanding Extreme Climate Events in the North Central U.S. 2008 Climate Science Center Regions shapefile Web Mercator SEAWFA States State Boundaries of the United States of America IDWAORCA poly SB_SD_Guide SB_SD_Guide Support for the Second Annual Pacific Northwest Climate Science Conference Building Capacity within the CSC Network to Effectively Deliver and Communicate Science to Resource Managers and Planners Understanding Extreme Climate Events in the North Central U.S. SEAWFA States Congressional Districts of the United States - 106th Congress Congressional Districts of the United States - 108th Congress State Boundaries of the United States Congressional Districts of the United States - 107th Congress 2000 County Boundaries of the United States Congressional Districts of the United States - 111th Congress IDWAORCA poly State Boundaries of the United States of America 2008 Climate Science Center Regions shapefile Web Mercator Census TIGER 2009 Map