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Observations and subtle shifts of vegetation communities in western Lake Erie have USGS researchers concerned about the potential for Grass Carp to alter these vegetation communities. Broad-scale surveys of vegetation using remote sensing and GIS mapping, coupled with on-the-ground samples in key locations will permit assessment of the effect Grass Carp may have already had on aquatic vegetation communities and establish baseline conditions for assessing future effects. Existing aerial imagery was used with object-based image analysis to detect and map aquatic vegetation in the western basin of Lake Erie.
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The Long Term Resource Monitoring (LTRM) program employs a destructive harvest method for sampling aquatic vegetation whereby a rake is dragged ~1.5 m over the substrate and plant materials are retrieved. The density of each species of submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV), and of all species combined, are scored based on the amount of plant material collected on the teeth of each rake. Plant density (PD) scores are ordered and vary from 0 (no plants captured) to 5 (80-100% of rake teeth covered). The PD score of 1 has represented the vast majority of all non-zero values since 1998 and is associated with a wide range of biomass (e.g. <1g to 694g fresh weight in Pools 4 and 8 during the 2017 field season). However,...
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Estimation of submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV) biomass was evaluated using field data collected in 2017, and targeted analyses of three existing data sets: 1) Yin and Kreiling (2001), Drake et al. (2016), and 3) LTRM vegetation data (1998 – 2017). Two field studies were completed in 2017. The first targeted SAV biomass in raked plots and was conducted in collaboration with USFWS annual Lake Onalaska Vallisneria americana monitoring. In the second study, fresh weights of raked SAV were recorded at approximately 10% of LTRM Pools 4 and 8 2017 sampling sites.
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Submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV) communities are highly productive ecosystems that provide significant ecological benefits to coastal areas, including essential calories for wintering waterfowl. However, the potential effects of sea-level rise is posing new questions about the future availability of SAV for waterfowl and other coastal wildlife. Of primary concern is the fact that rising seas have the potential to increase salinities in fresh and brackish marshes on the Gulf of Mexico’s coast, changing the distribution and composition of SAV communities, and affecting valuable waterfowl habitat and food resources. Not enough is known about the relationship between salinity and SAV to predict how this important...
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Observations and subtle shifts of vegetation communities in Lake Erie have USGS researchers concerned about the potential for Grass Carp to alter these vegetation communities. Broad-scale surveys of vegetation using remote sensing and GIS mapping, coupled with on-the-ground samples in key locations will permit assessment of the effect Grass Carp may have already had on aquatic vegetation communities and establish baseline conditions for assessing future effects. Existing aerial imagery was used with object-based image analysis to detect and map aquatic vegetation in the eastern basin of Lake Erie.
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The Long-Term Resource Monitoring element (LTRM) of the Upper Mississippi River Restoration program (UMRR) has conducted aquatic vegetation and water quality surveys in several navigation pools since the mid 1990’s. Over a 20-year period (1998-2017), the off-channel (i.e. backwater) areas in upper Pool 4 remained chronically turbid and supported a limited submersed macrophyte community with high between-year variability in the proportion of sites where submersed plants were observed. Water surface elevation and discharge rates also fluctuated substantially within- and between-years in the upper pool. Pearson correlation analysis indicated that between-year change in the proportion of sites where submersed macrophytes...
Submersed aquatic vegetation, a critical component of highly productive coastal ecosystems, is greatly affected by sea level rise. The Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative needs consistent information on these natural resources along the Gulf of Mexico Coast to develop computer modeling tools. These tools will contribute to efforts to forecast the effects of climate change on the distribution, abundance, and diversity of submersed aquatic vegetation and the fish and wildlife that depend on them. This project was co-funded by the Gulf Coast Prairie and the Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks Landscape Conservation Cooperatives and the South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center. An alternate reference...
Observations and subtle shifts of vegetation communities in Lake Erie have USGS researchers concerned about the potential for Grass Carp to alter these vegetation communities. Broad-scale surveys of vegetation using remote sensing and GIS mapping, coupled with on-the-ground samples in key locations will permit assessment of the effect Grass Carp may have already had on aquatic vegetation communities and establish baseline conditions for assessing future effects. Existing aerial imagery was used with object-based image analysis to detect and map aquatic vegetation in the eastern basin of Lake Erie.


    map background search result map search result map Assessing the Potential Impact of Sea-Level Rise on Submersed Aquatic Vegetation and Waterfowl in the Northern Gulf of Mexico Lake Erie, Western Basin Aquatic Vegetation Lake Erie Aquatic Vegetation Lake Erie, Eastern Basin Aquatic Vegetation Upper Mississippi River-Pool 4 Time Lag Investigation of Physical Conditions and Submersed Macrophyte Prevalence: Data Developing Methods Estimating Submersed Aquatic Vegetation Biomass in the Upper Mississippi River Evaluation of a Trace Plant Density Score in Long Term Resource Monitoring (LTRM) Vegetation Monitoring Data Upper Mississippi River-Pool 4 Time Lag Investigation of Physical Conditions and Submersed Macrophyte Prevalence: Data Lake Erie, Western Basin Aquatic Vegetation Developing Methods Estimating Submersed Aquatic Vegetation Biomass in the Upper Mississippi River Lake Erie, Eastern Basin Aquatic Vegetation Lake Erie Aquatic Vegetation Evaluation of a Trace Plant Density Score in Long Term Resource Monitoring (LTRM) Vegetation Monitoring Data Assessing the Potential Impact of Sea-Level Rise on Submersed Aquatic Vegetation and Waterfowl in the Northern Gulf of Mexico