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Digital elevation models (DEMs) of the lower Elwha River, Washington, were created by synthesizing lidar and PlaneCam Structure-from-Motion (SfM) data. Lidar and still digital photographs were collected by airplane during surveys from 2012 to 2016. The digital photographs were used to create a SfM digital surface model. Each DEM represents the ending conditions for that water year (for example, the 2013 DEM represents conditions at approximately September 30, 2013). The final DEMs, presented here, were created from the most recent lidar before September 30 of a given year, supplemented with an error-corrected SfM model from a low-flow summer Elwha PlaneCam flight as close to 30 September as possible. This synthetic...
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This data release provides 15-minute data of suspended-sediment concentration and fine (less than 0.0625 mm) suspended-sediment concentration during the removal of 2 large dams on the Elwha River from September 2011 to September 2016. Data are derived from regression relations with turbidity at the USGS gaging station Elwha River at the Diversion (no.12046260).
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This dataset presents 28 georeferenced orthomosaic images of the middle and lower reaches of the Elwha River. Each mosaic image was created by stitching together thousands of individual photographs that were matched based on numerous unique tie points shared by the photographs. The individual photographs were taken by a plane-mounted camera during multiple flights over the study area spanning 2012 to 2017. Because each mosaic is orthogonal to the earth's surface and is georeferenced to real-world coordinates, changes to the river channel and surrounding morphology can be seen and measured, including channel width, river braiding, bar formation, and other metrics to assess responses of the river to the removal of...
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Streamgage levels on the Elwha River were measured from 2011 to 2016. These measurements show the height of the river's water surface, both in meters relative to the stream bed, as well as in meters relative to vertical geographic coordinates. Measurements were collected using a Global Water WL16 battery-operated vented water level logger in a hardened casing. The instrument was installed on October 17, 2011 on the left bank of the Elwha River at a power line crossing above the Elwha Surface Water Intake (at approximately river kilometer 5.6), which is downstream of the (now historical) Elwha Dam site. Data collection ended May 12, 2016. The data were collected as part of a study investigating responses of the Elwha...
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We characterized seafloor sediment conditions near the mouth of the Elwha River from underwater photographs taken every four hours from September 2011 to December 2013. A digital camera was affixed to a tripod that was deployed in approximately 10 meters of water (Tripod location from September 2011 to April 2013: 48.15333, -123.55931; tripod location from April 2013 to December 2013: 48.15407, -123.55444). Each photograph was qualitatively characterized as one of six categories: (1) base, or no sediment; (2) low sediment; (3) medium sediment; (4) high sediment; (5) turbid; or (6) kelp. For base conditions, no sediment was present on the seafloor. Low sediment conditions were characterized by a light dusting of...
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As part of the hydrodynamic and sediment transport investigations in San Pablo Bay and China Camp Marsh, California, particle size distributions of bed sediments were measured at most instrumented stations and are presented in a comma-delimited values spreadsheet. This portion of the data release presents San Pablo Bay and China Camp Marsh sediment particle size distributions from samples collected during multiple instrument deployments. Users are advised to check the data carefully for sampling time, location, and reference information. Station Surveys Samples CCCH 1 1 CH13 1 2 CHT 3 5 M1T 4 7 M2T 3 5 Marsh 1 12 MFE 1 3 MFE2 2 3 MFT 1 2 MFW 1 3 MLT 1 1 N1T 6 11 N1TS 1 1 N2TA 1...
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This portion of the data release presents radiocarbon age data from 66 samples collected from Anahola Valley (Kaua'i), Kahana Valley (O'ahu), and Pololu Valley (Hawai'i). Sample ages were determined by the National Ocean Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (NOSAMS) facility. The data are provided in a comma-delimited spreadsheet (.csv).
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This portion of the data release provides the data used to develop the calibration equation for the images in Digital seafloor images and sediment grain size from the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2014 for the estimate of median grain size. This dataset includes 63 still images extracted from digital video imagery of sediment grab samples along with laboratory grain size analysis of the sediment grab samples taken from the mouth of the Columbia River, OR and WA, USA. Still images were extracted from video footage whenever the camera was resting on the sediment sample and individual sediment grains were visible and in focus. The images were used to calculate the calibration curve through auto-correlation...
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The grain size of sediment on the riverbed was measured during 20 surveys on the Elwha River, Washington, between 2006 and 2017. Most data were collected along the same transects where channel topography was measured (see related child item in this data release: https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/5a989288e4b06990606de04b). Measurements of sediment ranging from medium sand to boulders were made using the CobbleCam digital photographic technique (Warrick and others, 2009), which uses a calibrated autocorrelation algorithm (Rubin, 2004) to calculate the mean grain size of sediment from pixels in downward-looking digital photographs. This technique yields grain-size values accurate to within 14 percent of those...
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A medium resolution vector map of the Canadian and U.S. Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River shoreline is segmented into reaches and classified using a three tier scheme representing the geomorphic nature of the shoreline, the extent of shoreline protection, and the geomorphic nature of the nearshore subaqueous shoreline.
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This portion of the USGS data release presents sediment grain-size data from on the Elwha River delta, Washington in July and August, 2015 (USGS Field Activities 2015-648-FA and 2015-652-FA). Bed sediment was sampled using a small ponar, or 'grab', sampler on July 28, 2016 from the R/V Frontier at a total of 70 locations in water depths between approximately 1 and 17 m around the delta. An additional 17 samples were obtained by SCUBA divers between July 22 and August 23, 2015 using a 15 cm diameter push corer inserted into the seabed as far as possible to a maximum depth of 15 cm. Forty-eight samples were collected at low tide at intertidal locations on the delta. The locations of grab samples and intertidal samples...
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This portion of the data release contains information on cores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawaii in 2015 and 2017. Sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These cores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine carbonate sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of coastal environments. PDF files describe twenty-four (24) gouge and ‘Russian’ cores (hand held, side-filling peat augers) that were collected and described in the field. Cores collected in 2017 were described using the Troels-Smith sediment classification scheme (Troels-Smith, 1955; Nelson, 2015). Another pdf file (Kahana_cores_legend.pdf) contains...
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This portion of the data release contains information on vibracores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Pololu Valley, Island of Hawai'i in 2014. Five sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These vibracores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine volcanic sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of coastal environments. Two (2) pdf files (VC1.pdf, VC2.pdf) describe vibracores that were split, imaged by a line-scanner camera, scanned to generate computed tomagraphic (CT) images, and visually described. A detailed description of the upper 150 cm of VC1 using the Troels-Smith sediment classification scheme (Troels-Smith, 1955; Nelson,...
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This map was digitized from the geology map of Madagascar (BESAIRIE, 1964). The 96 original categories were reclassified into predominant rock types which seem to have an important effect on the vegetation they support. The categories of sedimentary rocks include sandstones, loose (unconsolidated) sands, and two limestone categories of different ages (one of which produces the spectacular "tsingy" areas of jagged, highly eroded limestone pinnacles). A broad category of metamorphic rocks (including granites and migmatites), often covered by thick layers of laterites, covers large areas of the central and eastern areas of the island. Lavas and basalts, and several restricted rock types including quartzites, marbles...
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This portion of the USGS data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected on the Elwha River delta, Washington, in July 2016 (USGS Field Activity Number 2016-653-FA). Surface sediment was collected on July 20, 2016 at a total of 67 locations using a small ponar, or 'grab', sampler from the R/V Frontier in water depths between about 1 and 17 m around the delta. An additional 38 samples were collected by hand at low tide. A handheld global satellite navigation system (GNSS) receiver was used to determine the locations of sediment samples. Grab samples that yielded less than 50 g of sediment were omitted from analysis and are classified as "no sample". The grain-size distributions of samples that...
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Daily values of discharge and sediment loads were measured and estimated at U.S. Geological Survey gaging station 12046260, on the Elwha River at the diversion near Port Angeles, Washington. Daily data are reported from September 15, 2011 to September 30, 2016. Specific data include (1) date; (2) discharge; (3) suspended-sediment concentration and one standard-deviation bounds; (4) percentage of fine-grained particles (silts and clays) in suspension; (5) loads of total suspended-sediment, fine-grained particles in suspension, and sand in suspension; (6) gauged bedload for particles between 2-16 mm and greater than 16 mm; and (7) estimated bedload for particles smaller than 2 mm.
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This portion of the USGS data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected on the Elwha River delta, Washington, in July 2017 (USGS Field Activity Number 2017-638-FA). Surface sediment was collected on July 20, 2017 at a total of 80 locations using a small ponar, or 'grab', sampler from the R/V Frontier in water depths between about 1 and 17 m around the delta. An additional 31 samples were collected by hand at low tide. A handheld global satellite navigation system (GNSS) receiver was used to determine the locations of sediment samples. Grab samples that yielded less than 50 g of sediment were omitted from analysis. The grain-size distributions of samples that yielded more than 50 g of sediment...
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This portion of the data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected from Anahola Valley, Kaua`i, Hawai`i in November, 2015 (USGS Field Activity 2015-671-FA). 63 sand and mud samples were taken from sediment cores that were collected using a ‘Russian’ corer (a hand-held, side-filling peat auger) from two site locations. Site locations were determined using a hand-held global navigation satellite system (GNSS). The grain-size distributions of samples were determined using standard techniques developed by the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center sediment lab. The grain-size data are provided in a comma-delimited spreadsheet (.csv). Core ANA15-RC1 BR contained two carbonate sand layers...
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Acoustic-backscatter data were collected during a 2018 swath survey in the Cache Slough Complex and the Sacramento River Deep Water Ship Channel, California. Data were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) during USGS field activity 2018-684-FA, using interferometric bathymetric sidescan sonar systems mounded to the USGS R/V San Lorenzo and the R/V Kelpfly. The backscatter data are provided as GeoTIFF images.
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This portion of the USGS data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected on the Elwha River delta, Washington, in September 2013 (USGS Field Activity Number W-07-13-PS). Surface sediment was sampled using a small ponar, or 'grab', sampler on September 19, 2013 from the R/V Frontier at a total of 62 locations in water depths between about 1 and 12 m around the delta. An additional 21 sediment samples were collected between September 16 and September 19, 2013 at low tide from intertidal locations on the delta. A handheld GNSS receiver was used to determine the locations of sediment samples. The grain-size distributions of samples were determined in the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science...


map background search result map search result map Lake Michigan, USA: shoreclass (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)) Simplified Geology of Madagascar Surface-sediment grain-size distributions from the Elwha River delta, Washington, July 2015 Surface-sediment grain-size distributions of the Elwha River delta, Washington, July 2016 Surface-sediment grain-size distributions from the Elwha River delta, Washington, September 2013 Sediment grain size and digital image calibration parameters from the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2014 Characterization of seafloor photographs near the mouth of the Elwha River during the first two years of dam removal (2011-2013) Digital elevation models (DEMs) of the lower Elwha River, Washington, water year 2013 to 2016 Orthomosaic images of the middle and lower Elwha River, Washington, 2012 to 2017 Streamgage measurements, Elwha River, Washington, 2011 to 2016 Suspended sediment concentration data in the Elwha River, Washington, September 2011 to September 2016 Daily sediment loads during and after dam removal in the Elwha River, Washington, 2011 to 2016 Sediment grain size from the Elwha River, Washington, 2006 to 2017 Sediment grain-size distributions of three carbonate sand layers in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii Core descriptions and sand bed thickness data from Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i Radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i Surface-sediment grain-size distributions of the Elwha River delta, Washington, July 2017 Acoustic-backscatter data collected in the Cache Slough Complex and the Sacramento River Deep Water Ship Channel, California, during field activity 2018-684-FA Sediment grain-size distributions of three carbonate sand layers in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii Characterization of seafloor photographs near the mouth of the Elwha River during the first two years of dam removal (2011-2013) Core descriptions and sand bed thickness data from Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i Surface-sediment grain-size distributions of the Elwha River delta, Washington, July 2016 Surface-sediment grain-size distributions from the Elwha River delta, Washington, September 2013 Orthomosaic images of the middle and lower Elwha River, Washington, 2012 to 2017 Surface-sediment grain-size distributions of the Elwha River delta, Washington, July 2017 Sediment grain size and digital image calibration parameters from the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2014 Suspended sediment concentration data in the Elwha River, Washington, September 2011 to September 2016 Daily sediment loads during and after dam removal in the Elwha River, Washington, 2011 to 2016 Surface-sediment grain-size distributions from the Elwha River delta, Washington, July 2015 Digital elevation models (DEMs) of the lower Elwha River, Washington, water year 2013 to 2016 Streamgage measurements, Elwha River, Washington, 2011 to 2016 Sediment grain size from the Elwha River, Washington, 2006 to 2017 Acoustic-backscatter data collected in the Cache Slough Complex and the Sacramento River Deep Water Ship Channel, California, during field activity 2018-684-FA Radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i Lake Michigan, USA: shoreclass (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)) Simplified Geology of Madagascar