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A quantitative understanding of the factors controlling the variation of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in headwater streams is of scientific concern for at least two reasons. First, quantifying the overall carbon budgets of lotic systems is needed for a fundamental understanding of these systems. Second, DOC interacts strongly with other dissolved substances (heavy metals in particular) and plays an important role in the transport of contaminants. In the Snake River near Montezuma, Colorado, measurements of DOC from 1980 to 1986 show rapid decreases in concentration from a peak very early in the snowmelt period. Peak DOC concentrations occur approximately one month prior to peak discharge in the stream. The decline...
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Description of Work USGS is creating forecasting tools for managers to determine how water withdrawals or other hydrologic or land use changes in watersheds may affect Great Lakes ecosystems. This project is determining fish distributions in Great Lakes tributaries and how changes in stream flow may affect them. This information will help guide restoration efforts to achieve maximum effectiveness and success. Estimates were produced using WATER - a TOPMODEL based tool that estimates streamflow at any point along the stream network. The pour point is selected using a point-and-click GUI that samples information about the basin using a geodatabase of topographic and soil data spatial layers.
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These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release. This 5-kilometer resolution raster (grid) dataset for the conterminous United States represents the average percentage of infiltration-excess overland flow in total streamflow estimated by the watershed model TOPMODEL. Infiltration-excess overland flow is simulated in TOPMODEL as precipitation that exceeds the infiltration capacity of the soil and enters the stream channel. TOPMODEL was applied to 5- by 5-kilometer areas across the...
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These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release. This 5-kilometer resolution raster (grid) dataset for the conterminous United States represents the average percentage of saturation overland flow in total streamflow estimated by the watershed model TOPMODEL. Saturation overland flow is simulated in TOPMODEL as precipitation that falls on saturated land-surface areas and enters the stream channel. TOPMODEL was applied to 5- by 5-kilometer areas across the conterminous United States...


    map background search result map search result map Infiltration-excess overland flow estimated by TOPMODEL for the conterminous United States Saturation overland flow estimated by TOPMODEL for the conterminous United States Infiltration-excess overland flow estimated by TOPMODEL for the conterminous United States Saturation overland flow estimated by TOPMODEL for the conterminous United States