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A method is presented for the distillation and photometric estimation of the oil yield of oil-bearing shales. The oil shale is distilled in a closed test tube and the oil extracted with toluene. The optical density of the toluene extract is used in the estimation of oil content and is converted to percentage of oil by reference to a standard curve. This curve is obtained by relating the oil yields determined by the Fischer assay method to the optical density of the toluene extract of the oil evolved by the new procedure. The new method gives results similar to those obtained by the Fischer assay method in a much shorter time. The applicability of the new method to oil-bearing shale and phosphatic shale has been...
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Microscopic study of black, vitreous, carbonaceous material occurring in the Chattanooga shale in Tennessee and in the Cleveland member of the Ohio shale in Ohio has revealed coalified woody plant tissue. Some samples have shown sufficient detail to be identified with the genus Callixylon. Similar material has been reported in the literature as "bituminous" or "asphaltic" stringers. Spectrographic analyses of the ash from the coalified wood have shown unusually high percentages of germanium, uranium, vanadium, and nickel. The inverse relationship between uranium and germanium in the ash and the ash content of various samples shows an association of these elements with the organic constituents of the coal. On the...
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The data in the following tables were abstracted from measurements of physical properties of evaporite minerals or of equivalent synthetic compounds. The compounds considered are the halide and sulfate salts which supposedly precipitated from evaporating ocean water and which form very extensive and thick "rock salt" beds. These beds are composed almost entirely of NaCl. In places where the beds are deeply buried and where fractures occur in the overlying rocks, the salt is plastically extruded upward as in a pipe to form the "salt domes". Most of the tables are for NaCl, both the natural (halite) and the synthetic salt, polycrystalline and single crystals. These measurements have been collected for use 1) in...
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The U.S. Geological Survey has recently measured and sampled the Phosphoria formation at many localities in Montana and other western states. These data will not be fully synthesized for many years, but segments of the data, accompanied by little or no interpretation, are published as preliminary reports as they are assembled. This report, which contains abstracts of the sections measured in southwestern Montana (fig. 1) is one of this series and is the third Montana report; it includes about half of the data gathered in Montana during 1949 and 1950. The field and laboratory procedures adopted in these investigations are described rather fully in a previous report (McKelvey and others, 1953). Many people have taken...
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Reconnaissance of placer monazite during the field season of 1952 covered 6,600 square miles drained by streams in the western Piedmont of Virginia 5 North Carolina, South Carolina,, and Georgia. Emphasis during this investigation was placed on the area between the Savannah River at the border of South Carolina and Georgia and the Catawba River in North Carolina because it contains most of the placers formerly mined for monaziteo Four other areas along the strike of the monazite-bearing crystalline rocks were also studied, They center around Mt. Airy, N.C., Athens, Ga. Griffin, Ga. and LaGrange, Ga. In the Savannah River Catawba River district, studies indicate that even the highest grade stream deposits of more...


map background search result map search result map Progress report of southeastern monazite exploration, 1952 Stratigraphic sections of the Phosphoria Formation in Montana, 1949-50: part I Carnotite resources of part of Blue Mesa, Mesa County, Colorado Carnotite resources of the Georgetown group of claims, San Miguel County, Colorado Geologic reconnaissance of the Topopah Spring and Timber Mountain quandrangles, Nye County, Nevada Ground water in the Oak Spring Formation and hydrologic effects of underground nuclear explosions at the Nevada test site Carnotite resources of the Maverick group area, Mesa County, Colorado Records of wells and test holes in the Nevada test site and vicinity (through December 1966) Carnotite resources of part of Blue Mesa, Mesa County, Colorado Carnotite resources of the Georgetown group of claims, San Miguel County, Colorado Carnotite resources of the Maverick group area, Mesa County, Colorado Stratigraphic sections of the Phosphoria Formation in Montana, 1949-50: part I Geologic reconnaissance of the Topopah Spring and Timber Mountain quandrangles, Nye County, Nevada Progress report of southeastern monazite exploration, 1952 Ground water in the Oak Spring Formation and hydrologic effects of underground nuclear explosions at the Nevada test site Records of wells and test holes in the Nevada test site and vicinity (through December 1966)