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Climate Distance Mapper is an interactive web mapping application designed to facilitate informed seed sourcing decisions and to aid in directing regional seed collections. Implemented as a shiny web application (Chang et al. 2017), Climate Distance Mapper is hosted on the web at: https://usgs-werc-shinytools.shinyapps.io/Climate_Distance_Mapper/. The application is designed to guide restoration seed sourcing in the desert southwest by allowing users to interactively match seed sources with restoration sites climatic differences – in the form of multivariate climate distance values – between restoration sites and the surrounding landscape. Climatic distances are based on a combination of variables likely to influence...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2040-2070 normal period) under the RCP4.5 emission scenarios. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2040-2070 normal period) under the RCP8.5 emission scenarios. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
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The standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) was summarized for the Upper Green River Basin to quantify climate variability over the last century. The SPEI incorporates both precipitation and temperature data, therefore the index has the capacity to include the effects of temperature variability on drought. The SPEI considers the difference between precipitation and potential evapotranspiration to calculate a climatic water balance at a given time scale (Vicente-Serrano et al. 2010). The number of standard deviations the climatic water balance deviates from the long-term mean for a given time period represents the SPEI for the time period. Here, I calculated the SPEI for each water year (Oct–Sept)...
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The USA National Phenology Network has available a series of gridded products enabling researchers to analyze daily Accumulated Growing Degree Days (AGDD) from 2016 through the current year. Heat accumulation is commonly used as a way of predicting the timing of phenological transitions in plants and animals. Products generated by the USA-NPN begin accumulation on January 1 and use either a 32F or 50F base temperature.
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This dataset contains the data and results of an analysis estimating wet deposition and streamwater solute fluxes at Panola Mountain Research Watershed (PMRW), Panola Mountain State Park, Stockbridge, Georgia for water years 1986–2016. The PMRW is a small (41 ha), relatively undisturbed, forested headwater catchment in the Piedmont Province of Southeastern United States. This data provides the basis for using a watershed mass-balance approach, in which inputs and outputs of water and solutes are quantified and compared to better understand hydrologic and biogeochemical processes on a watershed scale. The dataset contains 13 datasets consisting of a variety of data series and results, which are summarized herein...
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Climate Distance Mapper is an interactive web mapping application designed to facilitate informed seed sourcing decisions and to aid in directing regional seed collections. Implemented as a shiny web application (Chang et al. 2017), Climate Distance Mapper is hosted on the web at: https://usgs-werc-shinytools.shinyapps.io/Climate_Distance_Mapper/. The application is designed to guide restoration seed sourcing in the desert southwest by allowing users to interactively match seed sources with restoration sites climatic differences – in the form of multivariate climate distance values – between restoration sites and the surrounding landscape. Climatic distances are based on a combination of variables likely to influence...
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This data release has been updated with new files. Please navigate to: Shryock, D.F, DeFalco, L.A., and Esque, T.C., 2019, Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest (ver. 2.0, September 2019): U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9R8YKL0. Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 climate variables reflecting precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for four regions (the Sonoran Desert, Mojave Desert, Colorado Plateau, and Southern Great Basin) and two time periods: current climate (defined as the 1980-2010 normal period) and future climate (defined as the 2040-2070 normal period)...
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This is a release of data presented in the report "Binational Study of the Transboundary San Pedro Aquifer", Callegary and others, 2016: Callegary, J.B., Minjárez Sosa, I., Tapia Villaseñor, E.M., dos Santos, P., Monreal Saavedra, R., Grijalva Noriega, F.J., Huth, A.K., Gray, F., Scott, C.A., Megdal, S.B., Oroz Ramos, L.A., Rangel Medina, M., Leenhouts, J.M., 2016, Binational Study of the Transboundary San Pedro Aquifer: International Boundary and Water Commission. The United States and Mexico share waters in a number of hydrological basins and aquifers that cross the International Boundary. Both the United States and Mexico recognize that, in a region of scarce water and expanding populations, better...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Arizona, Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification, Land, Land cover, National Elevation Dataset, All tags...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2040-2070 normal period) under the RCP8.5 emission scenarios. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for current climate (defined as the 1980-2010 normal period). Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation seasonality (coefficient of variation...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 climate variables reflecting precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for four regions (the Sonoran Desert, Mojave Desert, Colorado Plateau, and Southern Great Basin) and three time periods including current climate (defined as the 1980-2010 normal period) and future climate (2010-2040 and 2040-2070 normal periods) under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 emission scenarios. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality...
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Empirical evidence that local adaptation and home-site advantages are frequent across plant taxa has increased recognition that local adaptation plays a fundamental role in shaping plant responses to seed transfer (i.e., when plant materials are introduced to a site during restoration). Use of maladapted plant materials can lead to poor project outcomes if propagules exhibit poor germination or seedling survival, low population fitness, inbreeding or outbreeding depression. Accounting for local adaptation in restoration designs is a promising approach for increasing revegetation effectiveness, particularly in drylands where extreme environmental variation potentially drives high levels of selection. Consequently,...
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The past decade includes some of the most extensive boreal forest fires in the historical record. Environmental drivers include warming temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, desiccation of thick organic soil layers, and increased ignition frequency from lightning. Wildland fires produce smoke aerosols that can travel thousands of kilometers, before blanketing the surfaces on which they fall, such as the Juneau Icefield of Alaska. This data release presents chemical constituent and physical particulate results from investigations of wildland fire smoke deposits and other atmospheric deposition characteristics stored in layers of ice in the Juneau Icefield of Alaska, USA (Tables 1 and 2). We drilled a series...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2040-2070 normal period) under the RCP4.5 emission scenarios. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2010-2040 normal period) under the RCP4.5 emission scenario. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for current climate (defined as the 1980-2010 normal period). Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation seasonality (coefficient of variation...
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Seed sourcing strategies that incorporate spatially explicit genetic information promote effective revegetation by reducing genetic risk factors, such as maladaptation, outbreeding, and inbreeding depression. Molecular markers represent an increasingly robust and cost- efficient data source for uncovering patterns of adaptive divergence in high-priority species to support restoration decision making. This project uses marker-based genetic analyses to develop empirical seed transfer zones for species that have been genotyped at a wide range of sites in the Mojave Desert. Empirical seed transfer zones delineate areas within which seeds may be transferred with limited risk of maladaptation or outbreeding depression....
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Five principal components are used to represent the climate variation in an original set of 12 composite climate variables reflecting complex precipitation and temperature gradients. The dataset provides coverage for future climate (defined as the 2010-2040 normal period) under the RCP8.5 emission scenario. Climate variables were chosen based on their known influence on local adaptation in plants, and include: mean annual temperature, summer maximum temperature, winter minimum temperature, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality (coefficient of variation in monthly average temperatures), mean annual precipitation, winter precipitation, summer precipitation, proportion of summer precipitation, precipitation...
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These data were compiled to investigate differentiation in physiological activity varies through time for different functional groups. These include the seasonal progress of 13 plant species representing perennial C3 shrub, C3 grass, C4 grass, and annual forb functional groups of the Colorado Plateau, USA. These data can be used to test for differences in carbon assimilation strategies (SeasonalEcophyAciData) and how photosynthetic rates related to climate (SeasonalEcophyMonthlyData). Data can be arranged at the seasonal, annual, species-, or functional group-levels to compare multi-level processes.


    map background search result map search result map Accumulated Growing Degree Days, Contiguous United States, 1981 - Current Year San Pedro River Aquifer Data Release - Transboundary Aquifer Assessment Program (TAAP) Standardized Precipitation Evaporation Index for the Upper Green River Basin (1896-2017) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the time periods 1980-2010, 2040-2070 (RCP8.5) and (RCP4.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the time period 1980-2010 Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 4.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 8.5) Climate Distance Mapper R Script Data for and estimates of wet deposition and streamwater solute fluxes at the Panola Mountain Research Watershed, Stockbridge, Ga., water years 1986-2016 Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2010-2040 (RCP 8.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest (ver. 2.0, September 2019) Climate Distance Mapper R Script Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 4.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the time period 1980-2010 Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2010-2040 (RCP 4.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 8.5) Using wildland fire tracer molecules to investigate fire frequency and vegetative combustion sources archived in the Juneau Icefield of Alaska Seasonal ecophysiological measurement data from December 2015 to September 2016, southeastern Utah Empirical and provisional seed transfer zones for the Mojave Desert and surrounding regions Empirical seed transfer zones for Sphaeralcea ambigua in the Mojave Desert Data for and estimates of wet deposition and streamwater solute fluxes at the Panola Mountain Research Watershed, Stockbridge, Ga., water years 1986-2016 Seasonal ecophysiological measurement data from December 2015 to September 2016, southeastern Utah San Pedro River Aquifer Data Release - Transboundary Aquifer Assessment Program (TAAP) Using wildland fire tracer molecules to investigate fire frequency and vegetative combustion sources archived in the Juneau Icefield of Alaska Standardized Precipitation Evaporation Index for the Upper Green River Basin (1896-2017) Empirical seed transfer zones for Sphaeralcea ambigua in the Mojave Desert Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the time periods 1980-2010, 2040-2070 (RCP8.5) and (RCP4.5) Climate Distance Mapper R Script Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest (ver. 2.0, September 2019) Climate Distance Mapper R Script Empirical and provisional seed transfer zones for the Mojave Desert and surrounding regions Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 4.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 4.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 8.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2040-2070 (RCP 8.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the time period 1980-2010 Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the time period 1980-2010 Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2010-2040 (RCP 8.5) Principal components of climate variation in the Desert Southwest for the future time period 2010-2040 (RCP 4.5) Accumulated Growing Degree Days, Contiguous United States, 1981 - Current Year