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The intent of long-term ecological monitoring is to document changes in important properties of biological communities. At the least, a long-term monitoring system should be designed to detect long-term trends in three key attributes: soil and site stability, hydrologic function, and the biotic integrity of the system. There are four basic guidelines for developing integrated soil-vegetation monitoring systems for rangelands. These are: (1) identifying a suite of indicators which are consistently correlated with the functional status of one or more critical ecosystem processes and=or properties; (2) selecting base indicators on site specific objectives and resource concerns, and inherent soil and site characteristics;...
Many of the streams and aquifers that sustain Interior riparian deciduous forests in the US Southwest are being dewatered, yet we know little about how the plant communities are being affected by these hydrologic changes. This study found that several measures of biotic integrity, including Platanus wrightii xylem water potential, P. wrightii radial growth rate, tree species diversity, and woody plant wetland indicator scores, varied significantly with ground water depth and fluctuation among nine sites in Arizona. P. wrightii trees had highest productivity, and the forests had greatest compositional diversity, where ground water averaged less than 2 m below the tree base during the growing season and less than...

    map background search result map search result map Biotic integrity of Platanus wrightii riparian forests in Arizona: first approximation Biotic integrity of Platanus wrightii riparian forests in Arizona: first approximation