Skip to main content
USGS - science for a changing world
Advanced Search

Filters: Tags: hadley (X)

189 results (50ms)   

View Results as: JSON ATOM CSV
thumbnail
Winter (January – March) precipitation (mm) averaged over 2046-2065 from the general circulation model Hadley CM3 (Gordon et al. 2000, Pope et al. 2000) downscaled to a grid cell size of 10 km x 10km. References: Gordon C., C. Cooper , C.A. Senior, H. Banks, J.M. Gregory, T.C. Johns , J.F.B. Mitchell, and R.A. Wood. 2000. The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments. Clim Dyn 16:147–168. Pope, V.D., M.L. Gallani, P.R. Rowntree, and R.A. Stratton. 2000. The impact of new physical parameterisations in the Hadley Centre climate model – HadAM3. Clim Dyn 16:123–146.
thumbnail
Future (2046-2065) predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence projected under the A1fi emissions scenario with the Hadley CM3 GCM model (Gordon et al. 2000, Pope et al. 2000). Projected fisher distribution was created with Maxent (Phillips et al. 2006) using fisher detections (N = 102, spanning 1993 – 2011) and seven predictor variables: mean winter (January – March) precipitation, mean summer (July – September) precipitation, mean summer temperature amplitude, mean daily low temperature for the month of the year with the warmest mean daily low temperature, mean fraction of vegetation carbon burned, mean vegetation carbon (g C m2), and modal vegetation class. Predictor variables had a grid cell size of...
thumbnail
Description: Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence created with Maxent (Phillips et al. 2006) using fisher detections (N = 102, spanning 1993 – 2011) and seven predictor variables: mean winter (January – March) precipitation, mean summer (July – September) precipitation, mean summer temperature amplitude, mean daily low temperature for the month of the year with the warmest mean daily low temperature, mean fraction of vegetation carbon burned, mean vegetation carbon (g C m2), and modal vegetation class. Predictor variables had a grid cell size of 10 km, vegetation variables were simulated with MC1 (Hayhoe et al. 2004) and climate variables were provided by the PRISM GROUP (Daly et al. 1994). This...
thumbnail
Winter (January – March) precipitation averaged over 2046-2065 from the general circulation model PCM1 (Washington et al. 2000; Meehl et al. 2003) under the A2 emission scenario with a grid cell size of 10 km x 10km. References: Meehl, G.A., W.M. Washington, T.M.L. Wigley, J.M. Arblaster, and A. Dai. 2003. Solar and greenhouse gas forcing and climate response in the twentieth century. J Climate 16:426–444. Washington, W.M., J.W. Weatherly, G.A. Meehl, A.J. Semtner, T.W. Bettge, A.P. Craig, W.G. Stran, J. Arblaster, V.B. Wayland, R. James , and Y. Zhang. 2000. Parallel climate model (PCM) control and transient simulations. Clim Dyn 16: 755–774.
thumbnail
Simulated average maximum tree LAI (m2/m2) averaged over 2076-2095 simulated by the MC1 dynamic global vegetation model (Bachelet et al. 2001) at a 800 m x 800 m spatial resolution using future climate projections provided through CMIP3 (http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php). Future climate drivers were generated using statistical downscaling (simple delta method) of general circulation model projections, in this case Hadley CM3 (Johns et al. 2003) under the A2 emission scenario (Naki?enovi? et al. 2000). The deltas (differences for temperatures and ratios for precipitation) were used to modify PRISM 800 m historical baseline (Daly et al. 2008). Note: The MC1 model is described in data basin (http://databasin.org/climate-center/features/mc1-dynamic-global-vegetation-...
thumbnail
Modal vegetation class over 1986 – 2005, simulated with MC1 (Lenihan et al. 2008) and a 10 km x 10 km grid cell size. Grid Value: Vegetation Type 1: ALPINE 2: SUBALPINE FOREST 3: COAST EVERGREEN FOREST 11: PINYON-JUNIPER 4: SIERRAN EVERGREEN FOREST 6: MIXED EVERGREEN FOREST 15: GREAT BASIN EVERGREEN WOODLAND 10: MIXED EVERGREEN WOODLAND 20: SAGEBRUSH STEPPE 17: C3 GRASSLAND 18: C4 GRASSLAND 19: CHAPARRAL 17: C3 GRASSLAND 18: C4 GRASSLAND 21: DESERT
thumbnail
Predicted probability of marten year-round occurrence derived from future (2076-2095) climate projections and vegetation simulations. Projected marten distribution was created with Maxent (Phillips et al. 2006) using marten detections (N = 102, spanning 1993 – 2011) and eight predictor variables: mean potential evapotranspiration, mean annual precipitation, mean fraction of vegetation carbon burned, mean forest carbon (g C m2), mean fraction of vegetation carbon in forest, understory index (fraction of grass vegetation carbon in forest), average maximum tree LAI, and modal vegetation class. Future climate drivers were generated using statistical downscaling (simple delta method) of general circulation model projections,...
thumbnail
This map represents the percent change in total ecosystem carbon from 1971-2000 to 2070-2099, simulated by the model MC1 under the Hadley future climate projection and A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. The average annual value of total ecosystem carbon for the respective 30-year periods decreased in some of the 5,311 grid cells of the Eastern Oregon study area and increased in others.The range of data values is from -18.2% to +194.1%. The mean value is -78.0% The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites, one in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests)...
thumbnail
This map represents the difference in annual minimum temperatures, simulated by the model MC1 between the 30-year periods 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, using the Hadley future climate projection under the A2 anthropogenic emission scenario. The average annual minimum temperature for the respective 30-year periods increased in all of the 5,311 grid cells of the Apache-Sitgreaves study area. The greatest increase was 4.35 C; the least increase was 4.26 C; and the mean increase was 4.31 C. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema...
thumbnail
Simulated fraction of vegetation carbon in forest averaged over 2076-2095 simulated by the MC1 dynamic global vegetation model (Bachelet et al. 2001) at a 800 m x 800 m spatial resolution using future climate projections provided through CMIP3 (http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php). Future climate drivers were generated using statistical downscaling (simple delta method) of general circulation model projections, in this case Hadley CM3 (Johns et al. 2003) under the A2 emission scenario (Naki?enovi? et al. 2000). The deltas (differences for temperatures and ratios for precipitation) were used to modify PRISM 800 m historical baseline (Daly et al. 2008). Note: The MC1 model is described in data basin...
thumbnail
This map represents the change between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 in the mean annual fraction of each gridcell affected by fire, as simulated by the model MC1 under the Hadley future climate projection and A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. Data values are calculated as PART_BURN(2070-2099) minus PART_BURN(1971-2000). PART_BURN data is from MC1 version B60. The average annual fraction of cell burned for the respective 30-year periods increased in some of the 5,311 grid cells of the Apache-Sitgreaves study area and decreased in others. The range of data values is from -0.077 to +0.163. The mean value is +0.031. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated...
This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
thumbnail
Future summer (July – September) precipitation (mm, averaged over 2046-2065) simulated by the MC1 dynamic global vegetation model (Bachelet et al. 2001) at a 4 km x 4 km spatial resolution using future climate projections provided through CMIP3 (http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php). Future climate drivers were generated using statistical downscaling (simple delta method) of general circulation model projections, in this case Hadley CM3 (Johns et al. 2003) under the A2 emission scenario (Naki?enovi? et al. 2000). The deltas (differences for temperatures and ratios for precipitation) were used to modify PRISM 4km historical baseline (Daly et al. 1994). Note: The MC1 model is described in data basin (http://databasin.org/climate-center/features/mc1-dynamic-global-veget...
thumbnail
Simulated fraction of vegetation carbon in forest averaged over 2046-2065 simulated by MC1 (Hayhoe et al. 2004) at a 10 km x 10 km grid cell size under Hadley CM3 (Gordon et al. 2000, Pope et al. 2000) climate projections with A1fi emission levels (Nakic’enovic’ et al. 2000). References: Gordon C., C. Cooper , C.A. Senior, H. Banks, J.M. Gregory, T.C. Johns , J.F.B. Mitchell, and R.A. Wood. 2000. The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments. Clim Dyn 16:147–168. Nakic’enovic’ N, Alcamo J, Davis G, de Vries B, Fenhann J, Gaffin S, Gregory K, Grubler A, Jung TY, Kram T et al. 2000. Intergovernmental panel on climate...
thumbnail
MC1 is a dynamic vegetation model for estimating the distribution of vegetation and associated ecosystem fluxes of carbon, nutrients, and water. It was created to assess the potential impacts of global climate change on ecosystem structure and function at a wide range of spatial scales from landscape to global. The model incorporates transient dynamics to make predictions about the patterns of ecological change. MC1 was created by combining physiologically based biogeographic rules defined in the MAPSS model with a modified version of the biogeochemical model, CENTURY. MC1 includes a fire module, MCFIRE, that mechanistically simulates the occurrence and impacts of fire events. Climate input data sources for this...
thumbnail
Number of months/year with mean temperature < 0°C (averaged over 2046-2065) simulated by the MC1 dynamic global vegetation model (Bachelet et al. 2001) at a 4 km x 4 km spatial resolution using future climate projections provided through CMIP3 (http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php). Future climate drivers were generated using statistical downscaling (simple delta method) of general circulation model projections, in this case Hadley CM3 (Johns et al. 2003) under the A2 emission scenario (Naki?enovi? et al. 2000). The deltas (differences for temperatures and ratios for precipitation) were used to modify PRISM 4km historical baseline (Daly et al. 1994). Note: The MC1 model is described in data basin (http://databasin.org/climate-center/features/mc1-dynamic-global-vegeta...
thumbnail
Future annual precipitation (mm, averaged over 2076-2095) simulated with the MC1 dynamic global vegetation model (Bachelet et al. 2001) at a 4 km x 4 km spatial resolution using future climate projections provided through CMIP3 (http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php). Future climate drivers were generated using statistical downscaling (simple delta method) of general circulation model projections, in this case Hadley CM3 (Johns et al. 2003) under the A2 emission scenario (Naki?enovi? et al. 2000). The deltas (differences for temperatures and ratios for precipitation) were used to modify PRISM 4km historical baseline (Daly et al. 1994). Note: The MC1 model is described in data basin (http://databasin.org/climate-center/features/mc1-dynamic-global-vegetation-model)....
thumbnail
Future (2076-2095) predicted probability of marten year-round occurrence projected under the A2 emissions scenario with the PCM1 GCM (Washington et al. 2000; Meehl et al. 2003). The projected marten distribution was created with Maxent (Phillips et al. 2006) using marten detections (N = 302, spanning 1990 – 2011) and nine predictor variables: mean annual precipitation, mean summer (July – September) precipitation, mean summer temperature amplitude, mean annual temperature maximum, mean fraction of vegetation carbon burned, mean understory index, mean vegetation carbon (g C m2), modal vegetation class, and average maximum tree LAI. Predictor variables had a grid cell size of 10 km, vegetation variables were simulated...


map background search result map search result map Predicted probability of marten year-round occurrence, 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 800 m resolution Simulated average maximum tree LAI (m2/m2), 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 800m resolution Simulated fraction of vegetation carbon in forest, 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 800m resolution Mean summer (July – September) precipitation, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A2, 4 km resolution Number of months with mean temperature < 0°C, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A2, 4 km resolution Mean annual precipitation, 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 4 km resolution Mean winter (January – March) precipitation, 2046-2065, PCM1 A2, 10 km resolution Mean winter (January – March) precipitation, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Simulated vegetation class (mode), 1986-2005, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Simulated fraction of vegetation carbon in forest, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 1986-2005, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of marten year-round occurrence, 2076-2095, PCM1 A2, 10 km resolution Percent change in the average annual value of total ecosystem carbon between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Eastern Oregon study area, USA Difference in mean annual minimum temperatures between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Change in the mean annual fraction of cell burned between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Vegetation Type for the United States and Canada Simulated for the years 2070-2099 as Simulated by the MC1 Model (NA8K version) and Based on Climate Projections from the HADLEY for the SRES A1B Emission Scenario FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_4611853_se_11_1_20150626_20151102 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3810361_se_13_1_20150913_20151102 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Hadley, PA 1960 FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_4611853_se_11_1_20150626_20151102 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3810361_se_13_1_20150913_20151102 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Hadley, PA 1960 Difference in mean annual minimum temperatures between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Change in the mean annual fraction of cell burned between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Percent change in the average annual value of total ecosystem carbon between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Eastern Oregon study area, USA Predicted probability of marten year-round occurrence, 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 800 m resolution Simulated average maximum tree LAI (m2/m2), 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 800m resolution Simulated fraction of vegetation carbon in forest, 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 800m resolution Mean summer (July – September) precipitation, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A2, 4 km resolution Number of months with mean temperature < 0°C, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A2, 4 km resolution Mean annual precipitation, 2076-2095, Hadley CM3 A2, 4 km resolution Mean winter (January – March) precipitation, 2046-2065, PCM1 A2, 10 km resolution Mean winter (January – March) precipitation, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Simulated vegetation class (mode), 1986-2005, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Simulated fraction of vegetation carbon in forest, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 1986-2005, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of marten year-round occurrence, 2076-2095, PCM1 A2, 10 km resolution Vegetation Type for the United States and Canada Simulated for the years 2070-2099 as Simulated by the MC1 Model (NA8K version) and Based on Climate Projections from the HADLEY for the SRES A1B Emission Scenario