Filters: Tags: mangroves (X)16 results (12ms)
Early growth interactions between a mangrove and an herbaceous salt marsh species are not affected by elevated CO2 or drought, Louisiana saltmarsh, 2015
In recent decades the encroachment of woody mangrove species into herbaceous marshes has been documented along the U.S. northern Gulf of Mexico coast. These species shifts have been attributed primarily to rising sea levels and warming winter temperatures, but the role of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and water availability may become more prominent drivers of species interactions under future climate conditions. In this greenhouse study we examined the effects of CO2 concentration (ambient, elevated) and water regime (drought, saturated, flooded) on early growth of the mangrove species Avicennia germinans and Spartina alterniflora, a herbaceous grass.
The Biscayne National Park (BISC) vegetation map was created by Pablo L. Ruiz, Patricia A. Houle, and Michael S. Ross of Florida International University (Cooperative agreement H500 06 5040 Task agreement J2117062272) with the National Park Service South Florida / Caribbean Network conducting the accuracy assessment and assembling the final joint report and deliverables. Biscayne National Park�s 3,096 hectares of terrestrial vegetation, including the wetlands along the western shore of Biscayne Bay, mangrove islands in the bay, and larger islands that parallel the mainland, were mapped with a vector-based approach using photo-interpretation of Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Fish and Wildlife Research...
Lidar-derived digital elevation models often contain a vertical bias due to vegetation. In areas with tidal influence the amount of bias can be ecologically significant, for example, by decreasing the expected inundation frequency. We generated a corrected digital elevation model (DEM) for wetlands throughout Collier county using a modification of the Lidar Elevation Adjustment with NDVI (LEAN) technique (Buffington et al. 2016). GPS survey data (15,223 points), NAIP-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2010), a 10 m lidar DEM from 2007, and a 10 m canopy surface model were used to generate a model of predicted bias across marsh, mangrove, and cypress habitats. The predicted bias was then subtracted from...
Aboveground Mangrove Biomass Data Collected from and Species Dominance Maps of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia
Aboveground Biomass Data from Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. Plot data includes X and Y location, downed dead wood (DDW) count, mangrove species identification, and site descriptions. Species information was recorded for Bruguiera gymnorhiza, Sonneratia alba, Xylocarpus granatum, Lumnitzera littorea, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora lamarckii, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora stylosa and Ceriops tagal. Mangroves were inventoried for species identification, diameter at breast height (DBH), height, and dead status.
Surface elevation change (VLMw) and vertical accretion data from created mangroves in Tampa Bay, Florida, USA (2011-2016)
These data represent surface elevation change (or "Vertical Land Motion of the Wetland": VLMw) and vertical accretion time series collected from a series of created tidal wetland sites in the Tampa Bay watershed, Florida, USA. VLMw was measured using a combination of rod Surface Elevation Tables (RSETs), shallow root-zone SETs, and feldspar marker horizons. Sites were created and planted with saltmarsh vegetation originally, but mangroves naturally colonized the sites over time. These data represent a five year record, and were initiated on 9 sites that spanned an age gradient of 2.4 - 20.2 years at the time of first measurement, but which became 7.3 - 25.1 years by the time of the last measurement included in this...
Mangrove Data Collected from J.N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge, Sanibel Island, Florida, United States
Mangrove inventory data from J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge, Sanibel Island, Florida, USA collected in 2016 and 2017. Plot data includes X and Y downed dead wood count, mangrove species information and site descriptions. Tree data includes the three species found on the refuge: Avicennia germinans (Black mangroves), Laguncularia racemosa (White mangroves) and Rhizophora mangle (Red mangroves). They were inventoried for diameter at breast height (DBH), height, and dead status.
Dry Weight, Volume and % Organic Carbon in Mangrove Sediment Cores Collected in September 2018 in J.N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge, Sanibel Island, Florida, United States
Sediment cores (1 m in depth) were collected at each of three mangrove sites at J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge on Sanibel Island, Florida. At each site, one core was collected in the hydrogeomorphic zone called the fringe, which is the area directly adjacent to the ocean. The other core was collected in the zone called the basin, which is the large area, often behind a small berm, that receives less direct tidal energy. All cores were sectioned and measured for sectional volume, dry weight and % organic carbon (OC) by weight.
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists conducted field work efforts during February 15-23, 2017 and April 10-25, 2019 in the mangrove forests of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) with logistical assistance from the Micronesia Conservation Trust (MCT) and field assistance from the Conservation Society of Pohnpei and the Pohnpei Department of Forestry. The field team combined the surveying technologies and techniques of Real-Time Kinematic (RTK) Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) surveying, total station surveying, and differential leveling to measure elevations on critical features in the mangrove forests, including the elevations of water level recorders, sediment coring locations, and Surface...
Collection, analysis, and age-dating of sediment cores from mangrove and salt marsh ecosystems in Tampa Bay, Florida, 2015
Coastal wetlands in Tampa Bay, Florida, are important ecosystems that deliver a variety of ecosystem services. Key to ecosystem functioning is wetland response to sea-level rise through accumulation of mineral and organic sediment. The organic sediment within coastal wetlands is composed of carbon sequestered over the time scale of the wetland’s existence. This study was conducted to provide information on soil accretion and carbon storage rates across a variety of coastal ecosystems that was utilized in the Tampa Bay Blue Carbon Assessment (ESA, 2017; linkage below). Ten sediment cores were collected from six Tampa Bay wetland sites in October 2015 (maximum core length 40 centimeters). Three main vegetation types...
How will climate change affect coastal wetlands and their ability to support fish and wildlife habitat and other important ecosystem goods and services for current and future generations?
Temperature thresholds for black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) freeze damage, mortality, and recovery in North America: refining tipping points for range expansion in a warming climate
To advance understanding of mangrove range dynamics in eastern North America, there is a need to refine temperature thresholds for mangrove freeze damage, mortality, and recovery. Here, We integrated data from 38 sites spread across the mangrove range edge in the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic coasts of the southeastern United States, including data from a regional collaborative network called the Mangrove Migration Network (https://www.usgs.gov/centers/wetland-and-aquatic-research-center-warc/science/mangrove-migration-network). In 2018, an extreme freeze event affected 60 percent of these sites, with minimum temperatures ranging from 0 to -7 degrees Celsius. We used temperature data and vegetation measurements from...
Coastal wetlands purify water, protect coastal communities from storms, sequester (store) carbon, and provide habitat for fish and wildlife. They are also vulnerable to climate change. In particular, changes in winter climate (warmer temperatures and fewer freeze events) may transform coastal wetlands in the northern Gulf of Mexico, as mangrove forests are expected to expand their range and replace salt marshes. The objective of this research was to evaluate the ecological implications of mangrove forest migration and salt marsh displacement. As part of this project, researchers identified important thresholds for ecosystem changes and highlighted coastal areas in the southeastern U.S. (e.g., Texas, Louisiana,...
Climate change is altering the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. Quantifying ecosystem responses to extreme events at the landscape scale is critical for understanding and responding to climate-driven change but is constrained by limited data availability. Here, we integrated remote sensing with ground-based observations to quantify landscape-scale vegetation damage from an extreme climatic event. We used ground- and satellite-based black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) leaf damage data from the northern Gulf of Mexico (USA and Mexico) to examine the effects of an extreme freeze in a region where black mangroves are expanding their range. The February 2021 event produced coastal temperatures as low...
This data set includes still images and videos from three bays within Hurricane Hole, Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument, documenting the remarkable biodiversity of the coral/mangrove ecosystem within these bays, and the effects of the 2017 Hurricanes Irma and Maria on this unique ecosystem. Near shore marine communities and fringing red mangroves were severely damaged.
Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans (L.) L.) has historically occurred along the Louisiana coast in saline wetland habitats, but its distribution has been sparse. Mangroves are tropical to semi-tropical species and their distribution is limited by freezing temperatures. Black mangrove distribution and abundance has increased and decreased in the coastal zone of Louisiana according to freeze frequency and duration and concomitant freeze damage and dieback or lack thereof. In 2009, a fixed wing aircraft was used to conduct an aerial cruise census of the entire coastal area of Louisiana to document and map the total distribution of mangroves in the state.
Sap flow, leaf water use efficiency, and partial weather station data to support stand water use modeling by nutrient treatment (N, P) for mangroves of Ding Darling NWR, Sanibel Island, Florida (2019-2020)
This study evaluated sap flow of neotropical mangrove species subjected to background nutrient loading, and well as fertilization with either nitrogen or phosphorus, at Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge (NWR). Data collections were made seasonally to model stand water use by mangrove forests as a metric of ecosystem stress through alteration of water use potential at the stand level. Data on leaf-scale water use efficiency, and data from a partial weather station deployed near study sites, were included for enabling model development and calculation of stand water use.