Skip to main content
Advanced Search

Filters: Tags: mesocosm (X)

22 results (153ms)   

View Results as: JSON ATOM CSV
Abstract (from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/fwb.12290/abstract): Freshwater mussels (Unionidae) are a highly imperilled faunal group. One critical threat is thermal sensitivity, because global climate change and other anthropogenic activities contribute to increasing stream temperature and altered hydrologic flow that may be detrimental to freshwater mussels. We incorporated four benthic environmental components – temperature, sediment, water level (a surrogate for flow) and a vertical thermal gradient in the sediment column – in laboratory mesocosm experiments with juveniles of two species of freshwater mussels (Lampsilis abrupta and Lampsilis radiata) and tested their effects on survival, burrowing...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
Climate change is causing measurable changes in rainfall patterns, and will likely cause increases in extreme rainfall events, with uncertain implications for key processes in ecosystem function and carbon cycling. We examined how variation in rainfall total quantity (Q), the interval between rainfall events (I), and individual event size (SE) affected soil water content (SWC) and three aspects of ecosystem function: leaf photosynthetic carbon gain (inline image), aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP), and soil respiration (inline image). We utilized rainout shelter-covered mesocosms (2.6 m3) containing assemblages of tallgrass prairie grasses and forbs. These were hand watered with 16 I�Q treatment combinations,...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
We examined plant community responses to interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and availability of atmospheric CO2 and soil N. Communities of 14 plant species were grown in mesocosms containing living or killed AM fungal inoculum, ambient or elevated atmospheric CO2 and low or enriched soil N. After one growing season, significantly different plant communities existed in the different treatments. Plant species richness was lowest in +N mesocosms and highest in +AM + CO2 mesocosms. At ambient CO2, AM fungi reduced richness but at elevated CO2 they increased it. This was caused by changes in mortality rates of several C3 forbs and may suggest that CO2 enrichment ameliorates the carbon cost of some...
thumbnail
This dataset is from the second of four experiments which test the toxicity of several metals with aquatic insect communities that were colonized in the field and then transferred and tested in experimental streams. Here we report original data from testing the toxicity of cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) singly and in mixtures, to natural aquatic insect communities. Thus, the exposures reproduced those in experiment 1, with the addition of a third metal, Cu Trays of cleaned gravel were placed in a stream (the Cache La Poudre River, Colorado) and allowed to colonize for about 40 days before being translocated to Aquatic Experimental Stream Laboratory (AXL) which was located at the USGS Fort Collins Science...
thumbnail
This dataset is from the fourth of four experiments which test the toxicity of several metals with aquatic insect communities that were colonized in the field and then transferred and tested in experimental streams. Here we report original data from testing the toxicity of cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), and nickel (Ni), singly and in mixtures, to natural benthic communities including aquatic insect and algal communities. The methods are the same as those used in Experiment 3, except for the metals combinations. Trays of cleaned gravel were placed in a stream (the Cache La Poudre River, Colorado) and allowed to colonize for about 40 days before being translocated to Aquatic Experimental Stream Laboratory (AXL) which was...
thumbnail
These data have been collected as part of a cooperative project between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S Environmental Protection Agency. This project began in 2016 and consisted of a mesocosm experiment quantifying short term responses by a transplanted natural diatom dominant algae community exposed to gradients of nitrogen, phosphorous, and a mixture of both nitrogen and phosphorus. The data consist of water quality parameters such as temperature and pH as well as aqueous nutrient concentrations and algae responses, including chlorophyll a concentrations, algae dry mass, algae ash-free dry mass, and intra-cellular phosphorus and nitrogen in algae. Algae growth rates were estimated from these data...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
thumbnail
In a series of 4 experiments conducted over 4 years, natural lotic macroinvertebrate communities were colonized by placing baskets of large gravel in a riffle in the upper Cache La Poudre River, Colorado and leaving the baskets in place for 30-40 days. The communities were then exposed in experimental streams to different combinations of five metals (cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn). The metals exposures and associated counts of larval insects and other invertebrates remaining in the experimental streams are detailed in Child Items 1-4 of this Data Release. In this dataset (child item #5), we report the associated adult insect counts by day that successfully metamorphosed during...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
thumbnail
This dataset is from the first of four experiments which test the toxicity of several metals with aquatic insect communities that were colonized in the field and then transferred and tested in experimental streams. Here we report original data from an experiment testing the toxicity of cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn), singly and in mixtures, to natural aquatic insect communities. Trays of cleaned gravel were placed in a stream (the Cache La Poudre River, Colorado) and allowed to colonize for about 40 days before being translocated to Aquatic Experimental Stream Laboratory (AXL) which was located at the USGS Fort Collins Science Center. There the insects were exposed for 30 days to metal mixtures in ratios and concentrations...
thumbnail
Little is known about how design and testing methodologies affect the macroinvertebrate communities that are held captive in mesocosms. To address this gap, we conducted a 32-day test to determine how seeded invertebrate communities changed once removed from the natural stream and introduced to the laboratory. We evaluated larvae survival and adult emergence in controls from 4 subsequent experiments, as well as corresponding within-river community changes. The experimental streams maintained about 80% of the invertebrates that originally colonized the introduced substrates. Many macroinvertebrate populations experienced changes in numbers through time suggesting that these taxa are unlikely to maintain static populations...
thumbnail
Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...


map background search result map search result map Aqueous Phases of Bifenthrin in Mesocosms Bifenthrin Absorption to Mesocosm Walls Resulting From the Delivery of a Bifenthrin Spiked Suspended Sediment Characteristics of Spikes Delivered to Mesocosms Chlorophyll-a Data From Mesocosms Exposed to Bifenthrin Concentration of Bifenthrin in Adult Insects That Emerged from Mesocosms Aquatic insect community data and taxa list for larvae collected from mesocosms exposed to bifenthrin Adult Aquatic Insects that Emerged from Mesocosms Exposed to Bifenthrin General Water Chemistry and Temperature Data from Mesocosms Exposed to Bifenthrin Final Bulk Sediment Concentrations of Bifenthrin from Mesocosms Bifenthrin Concentration, Percent Organic Matter, and Toxic Units, for Stream Sites Collected as Part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment Data for understanding the captivity effect on invertebrate communities transplanted into an experimental stream laboratory Nutrient and algal response values from a mesocosm experiment used to estimate algal growth rates Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, part 1 (2013): Cd and Zn exposures: aquatic chemistry and larval counts Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, part 2 (2014): Cd, Cu, and Zn exposures: aquatic, biofilm, tissue and sediment chemistry and larval aquatic insect counts Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, part 4 (2016): Co, Cu, and Ni exposures: aquatic, biofilm, tissue and sediment chemistry; larval aquatic insect counts, and algal biomass Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, parts 1 through 4 (2013-2016): Adult emergence counts Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, part 1 (2013): Cd and Zn exposures: aquatic chemistry and larval counts Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, part 2 (2014): Cd, Cu, and Zn exposures: aquatic, biofilm, tissue and sediment chemistry and larval aquatic insect counts Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, part 4 (2016): Co, Cu, and Ni exposures: aquatic, biofilm, tissue and sediment chemistry; larval aquatic insect counts, and algal biomass Metal-mixtures experimental stream study, parts 1 through 4 (2013-2016): Adult emergence counts Nutrient and algal response values from a mesocosm experiment used to estimate algal growth rates Data for understanding the captivity effect on invertebrate communities transplanted into an experimental stream laboratory Aqueous Phases of Bifenthrin in Mesocosms Bifenthrin Absorption to Mesocosm Walls Resulting From the Delivery of a Bifenthrin Spiked Suspended Sediment Characteristics of Spikes Delivered to Mesocosms Chlorophyll-a Data From Mesocosms Exposed to Bifenthrin Concentration of Bifenthrin in Adult Insects That Emerged from Mesocosms Aquatic insect community data and taxa list for larvae collected from mesocosms exposed to bifenthrin Adult Aquatic Insects that Emerged from Mesocosms Exposed to Bifenthrin General Water Chemistry and Temperature Data from Mesocosms Exposed to Bifenthrin Final Bulk Sediment Concentrations of Bifenthrin from Mesocosms Bifenthrin Concentration, Percent Organic Matter, and Toxic Units, for Stream Sites Collected as Part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment