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This dataset provides supporting information for the species distribution data used in the associated manuscript. Collections of five non-native fish species were made by a number of institutions, and several capture techniques were used. This dataset also includes number of individuals of each species captured at each locality.
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These data were compiled as part of a field and growth chamber study of the establishment of Salsola tragus (Russian thistle), an invasive non-native annual plant in North America. Field work was conducted at Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona in 2015 and 2016 and the growth chamber study was conducted in 2016. The data represent field measurements of Salsola germination and growth (cover) and sediment movement at two field sites, one a stabilized sand sheet (SS) and the other on the ridge of a sand dune (SD). The data also represent a growth chamber assessment of the soil and litter seed bank from representative samples take at the two field sites.
Concern about spread of non-native riparian trees in the western USA has led to Congressional proposals to accelerate control efforts. Debate over these proposals is frustrated by limited knowledge of non-native species distribution and abundance. We measured abundance of 44 riparian woody plants at 475 randomly selected stream gaging stations in 17 western states. Our sample indicates that Tamarix ramosissima and Elaeagnus angustifolia are already the third and fourth most frequently occurring woody riparian plants in the region. Although many species of Tamarix have been reported in the region, T. ramosissima (here including T. chinensis and hybrids) is by far the most abundant. The frequency of occurrence of...
One of the fastest growing areas of natural gas production is coal bed methane (CBM) due to the large monetary returns and increased demand for energy from consumers. The Powder River Basin, Wyoming is one of the most rapidly expanding areas of CBM development with projections of the establishment of up to 50,000 wells. CBM disturbances may make the native ecosystem more susceptible to invasion by non-native species, but there are few studies that have been conducted on the environmental impacts of this type of resource extraction. To evaluate the potential effects of CBM development on native plant species distribution and patterns of non-native plant invasion, 36 modified Forest Inventory and Analysis plots (each...
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Trout Unlimited will extend its existing Adopt-a-Trout program to the Henrys Fork River, a tributary to the Green River in the Colorado River basin. The project will include work with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department and local schools to tag and monitor Colorado River Cutthroat trout movements to learn more about fish passage issues, areas of high entrainment, habitat use, and native and wild trout migratory patterns. Colorado River Cutthroat trout are native to the Henrys Fork River and occupy portions of the drainage; however, no data exists for Colorado River Cutthroat trout in the Wyoming portion of the Henrys Fork drainage to understand population dynamics and habitat restraints.FY2014Trout Unlimited will...
Categories: Data, Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Colorado River cutthroat trout, Colorado River cutthroat trout, Conservation NGOs, Data Acquisition and Development, Datasets/Database, All tags...
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Invasive species are a subset of non-native (or nonindigenous) species, and knowing what species are non-native to a region is a first step to managing invasive species. This is the second update to the dataset "First comprehensive list of non-native species established in three major regions of the United States" supporting a USGS Open File Report by the same name published on 2018-10-17. Version 3.0 of the non-native species list, as of 2020-09-15, contains 13,391 records and 11,478 unique names: 537 taxa for Alaska, 5,996 taxa for Hawaii, and 6,818 taxa for the conterminous United States. It is taxonomically refined, has tighter control of establishment status and non-native status, and includes approximate dates...
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We conducted a study to test the factors related to detectability of two invasive aquatic plants (Egeria densa and Myriophyllym spicatum) using environmental DNA (eDNA), over extended periods of time, and specifically examined how plant growth stage and abundance relates to eDNA detection in semi-natural and natural conditions. This dataset is from sampling performed in summer of 2018 in lakes with varying species abundances, and a subset of lakes were re-sampled to test temporal variability in detection.
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These data were compiled as part of an ecological study of Sonora Mud Turtles and their interaction with non-native turtles at Montezuma Well in Yavapai County, Arizona. The data consist of observations and measurements of individual turtles captured during the study, and support analyses of population size and trends, general condition and health of the turtles, and female reproduction. Principal investigators for the study were Phil Rosen (1983 data), Matthew Malone and Steve Garber (1999 data) and Jeff Lovich and Charles Drost (data from 2007 through 2015). This dataset provides detailed capture data, measurements, and female reproductive status for the Sonora Mud Turtle population at Montezuma Well, which should...
Most current conservation literature focuses on the preservation of hotspots of species diversity and endemism, as if the two were geographically synonymous. At landscape scales this may not be the case. We collected data from 367 1000-m2 plots in the Grand Staircase–Escalante National Monument, Utah, USA, to show that: (1) the vast majority of plant species are locally rare; (2) species-rich areas are generally in rare, mesic, or high-elevation habitats such as aspen stands or riparian zones high in soil N and P; (3) endemic species (to the Colorado Plateau and the Monument) were generally found in relatively species-rich, but low-elevation, xeric vegetation type areas low in soil P; (4) unique species assemblages...
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Predicting suitable habitat and the potential distribution of invasive species is a high priority for resource managers and systems ecologists. Most models are designed to identify habitat characteristics that define the ecological niche of a species with little consideration to individual species’ traits. We tested five commonly used modelling methods on two invasive plant species, the habitat generalist Bromus tectorum and habitat specialist Tamarix chinensis, to compare model performances, evaluate predictability, and relate results to distribution traits associated with each species. Most of the tested models performed similarly for each species; however, the generalist species proved to be more difficult...
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Many studies have quantified plant invasions by determining patterns of non-native species establishment (i.e. richness and absolute cover). Until recently, dominance has been largely overlooked as a significant component of invasion. Therefore, we re-examined a 6-year data set of 323 0.1 ha plots within 18 vegetation types collected in the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument from 1998 to 2003, including dominance (i.e. relative cover) in our analyses. We specifically focused on the non-native species Bromus tectorum, a notable dominant annual grass in this system. We found that non-native species establishment and dominance are both occurring in species-rich, mesic vegetation types. Therefore, non-native...
Naturalized populations of nonnative salmonid fishes have been implicated in the decline of many native aquatic organisms, including amphibians (Bradford 1989), invertebrates (Polhemus 1993), and fishes (Moyle et al. 1986). Potential mechanisms by which nonnative fishes may interact with native biota include predation, competition, parasite and disease transmission, and hybridization, which may operate directly or indirectly (see Taylor et al. 1984 for a general review). Nonnative salmonids are frequently implicated in declines of native salmonids in the western United States (Allendorf and Leary 1988, Young 1995, Duff 1996). For example, loss of threatened Lahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi)...
Trout Unlimited will extend its existing Adopt-a-Trout program to the Henrys Fork River, a tributary to the Green River in the Colorado River basin. The project will include work with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department and local schools to tag and monitor Colorado River Cutthroat trout movements to learn more about fish passage issues, areas of high entrainment, habitat use, and native and wild trout migratory patterns. Colorado River Cutthroat trout are native to the Henrys Fork River and occupy portions of the drainage; however, no data exists for Colorado River Cutthroat trout in the Wyoming portion of the Henrys Fork drainage to understand population dynamics and habitat restraints.
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We propose to identify future risk of wildlife population decline for species inhabiting the Rio Grande, New Mexico. Specifically, we will examine and quantify the interactive effect of fire and climate change on the presence and long-term persistence of native and nonnative species in residing within Rio Grande riparian and wetland habitats. We will build upon recent species vulnerability assessment work conducted for the Rio Grande and incorporate new data and model output regarding fire behavior under different climate scenarios. Predictions for future species distributions will be coupled with scores representing species adaptive capacity to quantify vulnerability to changing climate and disturbance regimes....
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Stream flow in the Colorado River and Dolores River corridors has been significantly modified by water management, and continued flow alteration is anticipated in future decades with projected increases in human water demand. Bottomland vegetation has been altered as well, with invasion of non-native species, increases in wildfire and human disturbance, and currently, rapid shifts in riparian communities due to biological and mechanical tamarisk control efforts. In light of these conditions, land managers are in need of scientific information to support management of vegetation communities for values such as healthy populations of sensitive fish and wildlife species and human recreation. We propose to address these...


    map background search result map search result map Evaluating dominance as a component of non-native species invasions Modelling invasion for a habitat generalist and a specialist plant species Science-Based Riparian Restoration Planning on the Colorado and Dolores Rivers: A Decision Support Tool and Investigation of Habitat Complexity at Tributary Junctions Adopt-a-Trout Program for the Henrys Fork of the Green River, Wyoming Vulnerability of Riparian Obligate Species in the Rio Grande to the Interactive Effects of Fire, Hydrological Variation and Climate Change Modeling Woody Plant Regeneration and Debris Accumulation under Future Streamflow and Wildfire Scenarios in the SRLCC (Not listed in the LCC Science Catalog due to Desert LCC co-funding and catalog administering) Distribution and status of five non-native fish species in the Tampa Bay drainage (USA), a hot spot for fish introductions-Data A comprehensive list of non-native species established in three major regions of the United States: Version 3.0 Russian-thistle field and seed bank data at Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, 2015-2016 Detection of invasive aquatic plants Myriophyllum spicatum and Egeria densa in lakes using eDNA, field and mesocosm data Sonora Mud Turtles and non-native turtles, Montezuma Well, Yavapai County, Arizona, 1983 - 2015 Sonora Mud Turtles and non-native turtles, Montezuma Well, Yavapai County, Arizona, 1983 - 2015 Distribution and status of five non-native fish species in the Tampa Bay drainage (USA), a hot spot for fish introductions-Data Russian-thistle field and seed bank data at Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, 2015-2016 Adopt-a-Trout Program for the Henrys Fork of the Green River, Wyoming Modelling invasion for a habitat generalist and a specialist plant species Evaluating dominance as a component of non-native species invasions Science-Based Riparian Restoration Planning on the Colorado and Dolores Rivers: A Decision Support Tool and Investigation of Habitat Complexity at Tributary Junctions Detection of invasive aquatic plants Myriophyllum spicatum and Egeria densa in lakes using eDNA, field and mesocosm data Vulnerability of Riparian Obligate Species in the Rio Grande to the Interactive Effects of Fire, Hydrological Variation and Climate Change Modeling Woody Plant Regeneration and Debris Accumulation under Future Streamflow and Wildfire Scenarios in the SRLCC (Not listed in the LCC Science Catalog due to Desert LCC co-funding and catalog administering) A comprehensive list of non-native species established in three major regions of the United States: Version 3.0