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In 2022, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the New Hampshire Department of Transportation (NHDOT) made 107 horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) passive seismic geophysical measurements at four transportation infrastructure sites in New Hampshire to determine the benefits of HVSR as an enhancement to traditional geotechnical site characterizations performed by NHDOT. Typically, data are obtained from the subsurface during borings to characterize geotechnical properties but often borings are spaced hundreds of feet apart. Geotechnical site characterization guided by geophysical surveys (such as the HVSR method) between borings will help provide a more thorough characterization. By combining...
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This data release contains electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and passive seismic data collected east of Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, from April to September 2021. The data accompanies a USGS scientific investigations map from Medler (2022). The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force Civil Engineer Center, used surface geophysical methods to delineate the top of the Cretaceous Pierre Shale along survey transects in selected areas east of Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota. In 2021, the U.S. Geological Survey performed passive seismic and 2D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) surveys along 21 co-located survey transects east of Ellsworth Air Force Base. Passive seismic...
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In June 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) collected geophysical measurements to help evaluate the suitability of a proposed landfill site for disposing mine-waste materials in Fredericktown, Missouri. Geophysical methods were used to evaluate and characterize the unconsolidated sediment (i.e., regolith) above the crystalline bedrock as well as determine depth bedrock. Land-based geophysical methods included frequency domain electromagnetic induction (FDEM), electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio passive seismic (HVSR), and shear-wave seismic refraction. Water-borne methods included FDEM surveys to characterize...
This dataset contains passive seismic data collected using a three-component seismometer during 2018-2020 at Pinnacles National Park, California. The data were acquired for the purpose of estimating depth to the bedrock surface underlying alluvial deposits, using the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) technique. Data were collected along ten transects, with 3 to 14 points collected along each transect, and at the locations of 6 existing or abandoned wells. A total of 81 passive seismic measurements were collected and the raw data are included in this dataset. The passive seismic data record ambient seismic noise in the range of approximately 0.1 to 1 Hertz (Hz), which is caused by ocean waves, large regional...
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In June 2018, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) collected geophysical measurements to help evaluate the suitability of a proposed landfill site for disposing mine-waste materials in Fredericktown, MO. A total of 35 horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) passive seismic measurements were collected at the site. The HVSR technique uses a three-component seismometer to measure the vertical and horizontal components of ambient seismic noise. Seismic noise in the range of approximately 0.1 to 1 Hertz (Hz) is caused by ocean waves, large regional storms, and tectonic sources. A resonance frequency (f0) is induced in the unconsolidated sediments when there...
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In March 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey drilled a borehole, MA-FSW-750-0100, through the unconsolidated sediments and 1.5 m into the bedrock in East Falmouth, Massachusetts, to improve understanding of the glacial history and hydrologic properties of the Cape Cod aquifer. Prior to drilling, candidate sites were investigated using surface geophysical methods. Passive seismic horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) methods were used to estimate the depth of the unconsolidated deposits over bedrock. Transient electromagnetic (TEM) surveys were conducted to characterize the lithology and salinity of formation water in the subsurface, which was used to plan the borehole completion. The specific conductance of...
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Passive seismic horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) methods were used to estimate the depth of the unconsolidated deposits over bedrock. The HVSR method uses a three-component seismometer to measure the vertical and two horizontal components of ambient seismic noise. Seismic noise in the range of ~0.1 to 1 Hertz (Hz) is caused by ocean waves, large regional storms, and tectonic sources. A resonance frequency (f0) is induced in the unconsolidated deposits when there is a substantial contrast (> 2:1) in shear-wave acoustic impedance between the overburden and the bedrock. The f0 is determined from the analysis of the spectral ratio of the horizontal and vertical components of the seismic data. The thickness...
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This data release contains geophysical data from electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and passive seismic surveys within and near Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, collected June 2014–September 2019. The data accompanies a USGS scientific invesgations map from Medler and Anderson (2021; https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215035) and a USGS scientific investigations report by Bender and others (2021; https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215060). The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force Civil Engineering Center, investigated the use of surface geophysical methods to delineate the top of the Cretaceous Pierre Shale along survey transects in selected areas within and near Ellsworth Air Force Base,...


    map background search result map search result map Transient Electromagnetics, Passive Seismic, and Borehole Electromagnetics, Gamma, and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Methods to Characterize Glacial Sediments in East Falmouth, Massachusetts, Near Nantucket Sound Passive Seismic data from East Falmouth MA Geophysical Data Collected for an Assessment of a Proposed Landfill Site in Fredericktown, Missouri, June 2018 Horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) seismic surveys in Fredericktown, Missouri, June 2018 Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) and Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) Data Collected Within and Near Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, from 2014 to 2019 Passive Seismic Data Collected for the Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) Method, Pinnacles National Park, California, 2018-2020 Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) data collected East and Southeast of Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, in 2021 Passive Seismic Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio Measurements at Transportation Infrastructure Sites in New Hampshire, 2022 Transient Electromagnetics, Passive Seismic, and Borehole Electromagnetics, Gamma, and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Methods to Characterize Glacial Sediments in East Falmouth, Massachusetts, Near Nantucket Sound Passive Seismic data from East Falmouth MA Geophysical Data Collected for an Assessment of a Proposed Landfill Site in Fredericktown, Missouri, June 2018 Horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) seismic surveys in Fredericktown, Missouri, June 2018 Passive Seismic Data Collected for the Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) Method, Pinnacles National Park, California, 2018-2020 Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) and Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) Data Collected Within and Near Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, from 2014 to 2019 Passive Seismic Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio Measurements at Transportation Infrastructure Sites in New Hampshire, 2022