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Field spikes were prepared at 207 stream and river sites as part of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project between December, 2012, and September, 2015. At the field site, a depth-and width-integrated environmental sample was collected, and one subsample of the environmental sample was spiked with a known amount of a spike mixture. Both the spiked subsample ("spike sample") and another subsample ("environmental sample") of the original water sample were analyzed for pesticides at the USGS National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) by direct injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and were used to calculate the spike recovery of each analyte....
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 100 wadeable streams across eleven states in the Midwestern U.S. during May-August, 2013, as part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project. Of the 100 stream sites, 12 were urban indicator sites and the remaining 88 sites were located along an agricultural gradient of watershed land use. Twelve depth- and width-integrated samples were collected at each site within the 14-week study period. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers) and analyzed for 227 pesticide compounds by direct-injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass-spectrometry,...
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Groundwater samples collected between 2016 and 2018 from 56 shallow (<40 m depth) monitoring wells in Long Island, N.Y., were collected in support of the Long Island Pesticide Pollution Prevention Strategy. Each well was sampled at least once and analyzed for over 200 pesticides and pesticide degradates as part of this study. Results presented here also include field and inorganic analysis data, as well as neonicotinoid (LC9045) and glyphosate pesticide data collected from select monitoring wells. Data collection and analysis was supported by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Suffolk County Department of Health Services, and Long Island Commission for Aquifer Protection. The results presented...
A water quality model for subirrigation and subsurface drainage, ADAPT (Agricultural Drainage And Pesticide Transport), was tested with field data collected under various water table management practices near Ames, IA. Atrazine and alachlor concentrations at various soil depths for water table depths of 30, 60, and 90 cm were simulated using ADAPT model for corn growing seasons of 1989 through 1991. Daily pesticide concentrations in groundwater predicted by the model were compared with available observed data for the same site. Predicted values of atrazine and alachlor concentrations in groundwater decreased when shallow water table depths were maintained in the lysimeters. Similar trends were noticed with the observed...
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This spatial dataset consists of 199 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 199 pesticides in 1992 for the conterminous United States. Each grid cell value in the national grids of this dataset is the estimated total kilograms (kg) of a pesticide applied to row crops, small grain crops and fallow land, pasture and hay crops, and orchard and vineyard crops within the 1- by 1-km area. Nonagricultural uses of pesticides are not included in this dataset. Of the 199 pesticides represented in the grids, 92 are herbicides, 58 are insecticides, and 32 are fungicides. The remaining 17 grids are composed of the category "other pesticides", which consists of fumigants, growth regulators,...
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This spatial dataset consists of 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States. Each grid cell value in the national grids of this dataset is the estimated total kilograms (kg) of a pesticide applied to row crops, small grain crops and fallow land, pasture and hay crops, and orchard and vineyard crops within the 1- by 1-km area. Nonagricultural uses of pesticides are not included in this dataset. Of the 219 pesticidesrepresented in the grids, 96 are herbicides, 65 are insecticides, and 37 are fungicides. The remaining 21 compounds are composed of the category "other pesticides", which consist of fumigants, growth regulators,...
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This U.S. Geological Survey data release provides the data and citations for selected tables and figures in “Agriculture-A river runs through it-The connections between agriculture and water quality”. This Circular is based on the National Water-Quality Assessment Project’s study of Agricultural Chemicals: Sources, Behavior, and Transport. This study focused on the connections between agriculture and water quality by examining multiple components of the hydrological system within agricultural areas to improve the understanding of how agricultural chemicals are transported into and through streams and groundwater. These data support the following publication: Capel, P.D., McCarthy, K.A., Coupe, R.H., Grey, K.M.,...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 482 wadeable streams in five regions of the United States during 2013-2017, as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Regional Stream Quality Assessment (RSQA). One study was conducted each year, starting with the Midwest (2013), followed by the Southeast Piedmont (2014), Pacific Northwest (2015), Northeast (2016), and Central California Coast (2017). Within each region, 77-100 streams were sampled over 6-14 weeks, followed by ecological surveys of fish, invertebrate and fish communities. The first study (Midwest) is an agricultural-gradient study, where the majority of sites were located along a gradient from undeveloped to 100% agricultural land...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Alabama, California, Central California Foothills ecoregion, Coastal Mountains ecoregion, Connecticut, All tags...
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These data represent surface water and bed sediment samples analyzed for a variety of organic compounds. The samples were collected in streams and rivers in the Chesapeake Bay watershed from 2012-2018. Sites were located in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Surface water samples were collected from 25 sites and analyzed for estrogenicity and an extensive suite of organic contaminants including hormones, pharmaceuticals, wastewater indicators, pesticides, phytoestrogens, and mycotoxins. Bed sediment samples were collected from 20 sites and analyzed for a suite of organic contaminants including hormones, wastewater indicators, pesticides, and organohalogens. Bed sediment was also analyzed for total organic...
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This product consists of pesticide detections and benchmark exceedances in surface waters. These are time series data representing water years 2013 - 2017 for river sites associated with the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Pesticide Monitoring Program.
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This dataset was combined by CBI from 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States produced by the USGS. CBI selected those pesticides that had nonzero values within this ecoregion. CBI created an additional attribute "PEST_SUM" that represents a value weighted sum across all pesticides, produced by summing together the proportion of the value for a particular pesticide for a given pixel to the total amount of that pesticide observed within this ecoregion. This sum approaches a greater number where more of the pesticides are applied at higher quantities relative within this ecoregion. This attribute has not been approved by...
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This dataset was combined by CBI from 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States produced by the USGS. CBI selected those pesticides that had nonzero values within this ecoregion. CBI created an additional attribute "PEST_SUM" that represents a value weighted sum across all pesticides, produced by summing together the proportion of the value for a particular pesticide for a given pixel to the total amount of that pesticide observed within this ecoregion. This sum approaches a greater number where more of the pesticides are applied at higher quantities relative within this ecoregion. This attribute has not been approved by...
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This data set brings together and categorizes many of the chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States (as of 2009). Each entry in the data set includes the name, Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number, purpose(s) in agriculture, and a reference. For pesticides and their degradates, the pesticidal use, parent pesticide, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency Pesticide Chemical Code are included. The data were compiled as part of a U.S. Geological Survey study to improve the understanding of field-scale and watershed-scale hydrology and the environmental behavior of individual chemicals. The goals of the study...
Sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is a vertebrate pesticide widely used for possum control in New Zealand. Fluoroacetate is also a toxic component of poisonous plants found in Australia, South Africa, South America, and India. Because of its importance and effectiveness in pest control and the highly toxic nature of this compound, its acute sub-lethal and target organ toxicity have been extensively studied. In relation to its use as a pesticide its environmental fate, persistence, non-target impacts and general toxicology have been and continue to be extensively studied. Toxic baits must be prepared and used with extreme care, otherwise humans, livestock, and non-target wildlife will be put at risk. The high risk...
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This data release provides estimates of annual agricultural use of pesticide compounds in counties of the conterminous United States, for years 2013-17, compiled by means of methods described in Thelin and Stone (2013) and Baker and Stone (2015). For all States except California, U.S. Department of Agriculture county-level data for harvested-crop acreage were used in conjunction with proprietary Crop Reporting District-level pesticide-use data to estimate county-level pesticide use. Where Crop Reporting District data were not available or were incomplete, estimated pesticide-use values were calculated with two different methods, resulting in a low and a high estimate based on different assumptions about missing...
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These datasets are one component of the multistressor studies conducted in Midwest streams in 2013 (MSQA) and in Southeast streams in 2014 (SESQA) by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Project. High-frequency small-volume autosamplers were deployed at 7 sites each in MSQA and SESQA that collected daily and weekly composite water samples, which were analyzed for 225 pesticides and pesticide degradates. Five of the MSQA autosampler sites were in agricultural watersheds and two in urban watersheds, whereas all seven SESQA autosampler sites were in urban watersheds. The daily and weekly composite samples were compared with results from traditional discrete water samples collected weekly at...
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This dataset was combined by CBI from 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States produced by the USGS. CBI selected those pesticides that had nonzero values within this ecoregion. CBI created an additional attribute "PEST_SUM" that represents a value weighted sum across all pesticides, produced by summing together the proportion of the value for a particular pesticide for a given pixel to the total amount of that pesticide observed within this ecoregion. This sum approaches a greater number where more of the pesticides are applied at higher quantities relative within this ecoregion. This attribute has not been approved by...
Accidentally introduced to Guam, the brown treesnake (BTS) has extirpated nearly all native forest birds and imposed cost millions of dollars in economic damages annually. Acetaminophen is a safe and effective oral toxicant for invasive BTS, and an automated aerial delivery system (ADS) has been developed for landscape-scale distribution and snake suppression. An 80 milligram dose has proven 100% lethal for most BTS; however, there have been no previous trials that compared internal versus external placement of the oral toxicant on the bait and how that affects mortality of individuals. This study compared mortality following exposure to three treatments: placement of the toxicant inside a dead mouse bait, placement...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 85 wadeable streams in Central Coastal California over a variable six-week period during March–May, 2017, as part of the California Stream Quality Assessment (CSQA) study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Regional Stream-Quality Assessment (RSQA) Project. The 85 streams consisted of 40 urban sites (5–100% urban land in the lower basin), 9 agricultural sites, 24 mixed land-use sites, and 12 undeveloped sites. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers) and analyzed for 253 pesticide compounds by direct-injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Two similar LC-MS/MS methods were used: a broad-spectrum (223...
Sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is a vertebrate pesticide widely used for possum control in New Zealand. Fluoroacetate is also a toxic component of poisonous plants found in Australia, South Africa, South America, and India. Because of its importance and effectiveness in pest control and the highly toxic nature of this compound, its acute sub-lethal and target organ toxicity have been extensively studied. In relation to its use as a pesticide its environmental fate, persistence, non-target impacts and general toxicology have been and continue to be extensively studied. Toxic baits must be prepared and used with extreme care, otherwise humans, livestock, and non-target wildlife will be put at risk. The high risk...


map background search result map search result map Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States, 1992 Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in theConterminous United States, 1997 Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States _1997_ Selected chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States as of 2009 Data and citations describing the connections between agriculture and water quality in the United States Organic contaminants, including hormones, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other endocrine disrupting compounds, and estrogenicity data in select surface water samples as well as organic contaminants in bed sediment samples collected in Chesapeake Bay watershed in parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, 2012-2018 (ver. 2.0, August 2020) Pesticides in Daily and Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Midwest and Southeast Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2014) Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Regional Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2017) BLM REA COP 2010 Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States (1997) BLM REA SOD 2010 Pesticide Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA California Stream Quality Assessment (2017) Surface Water Pesticide Detection Frequency and Benchmark Exceedance Data for the Conterminous United States, 2013-2017 Estimated Annual Agricultural Pesticide Use for Counties of the Conterminous United States, 2013-17 (ver. 2.0, May 2020) Monitoring mortality of brown treesnakes fed an oral toxicant (acetaminophen) in an external bait placement dosing technique in the laboratory, 2017 Monitoring mortality of brown treesnakes fed an oral toxicant (acetaminophen) in an external bait placement dosing technique in the laboratory, 2017 Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA California Stream Quality Assessment (2017) BLM REA SOD 2010 Pesticide BLM REA COP 2010 Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States (1997) Organic contaminants, including hormones, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other endocrine disrupting compounds, and estrogenicity data in select surface water samples as well as organic contaminants in bed sediment samples collected in Chesapeake Bay watershed in parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, 2012-2018 (ver. 2.0, August 2020) Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States _1997_ Pesticides in Daily and Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Midwest and Southeast Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2014) Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Regional Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2017) Selected chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States as of 2009 Estimated Annual Agricultural Pesticide Use for Counties of the Conterminous United States, 2013-17 (ver. 2.0, May 2020) Surface Water Pesticide Detection Frequency and Benchmark Exceedance Data for the Conterminous United States, 2013-2017 Data and citations describing the connections between agriculture and water quality in the United States Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States, 1992 Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in theConterminous United States, 1997