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Almost all the pictures acquired by Mariner 10 that were used for mapping were obtained during the first encounter: those covering the southeast half of the quadrangle are incoming close-encounter images, and those covering the north-west corner are outoing close-encounter images. At the time the pictures were obtained, the terminator was at about long 7° to 8°, within the eastern part of the quadrangle. A large gap in coverage between in the incoming and outgoing images appears as a northeast-trending diagonal blank strip on the base map. A small part of this gap was filled in the southwestern part of the quadrangle by very poor second-encounter images.
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From 2008 to 2012, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, developed an acoustic backscatter surrogate (model 1.0) for estimating real-time suspended-sediment concentration and loads at Clearwater River at Spalding, ID (USGS ID: 13342500) using a horizontally-mounted 3000kHz acoustic Doppler velocity meter (ADVM). This study is a continuation of the 2008 to 2012 acoustic backscatter surrogate study using samples collected since 2015 to validate the continued use of model 1.0. Sample data collected in 2015 to 2018 show a deviation from model 1.0 when backscatter data from the ADVM, after correction for acoustic losses, is greater than 65.7 decibels....
The USGS Astrogeology Science Center is a national resource for the integration of planetary geoscience, cartography, and remote sensing. As explorers and surveyors, with a unique heritage of proven expertise and international leadership, we enable the ongoing successful investigation of the Solar System for humankind.
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As part of a NASA-funded study of diurnal thermal imaging at a Mars analog site, we conducted simultaneous oblique thermal imaging and in situ temperature measurements within two regions of interest on the Pisgah lava field, near Ludlow, California. Both regions of interest contained either cave or cave-like alcoves. Data released in this report was collected from 03/23/2010 to 03/25/2010. The experiment was conducted at Pisgah lava field, which is located about 175 miles northeast of Los Angeles on Bureau of Land Management lands. Consisting of Quaternary basaltic lava and a cinder cone superimposed on alluvial deposits and lacustrine sediments of Lavic Lake playa (Dibblee, 1966), the flow is approximately 21,000...
The Chesapeake Bay impact structure was formed by a meteorite crashing to Earth during the late Eocene, about 35.5 million years ago (Ma). In May 2006, a scientific drilling project, sponsored by the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), completed a deep coring program into the impact structure. The deep drilling produced one of the most complete geologic sections ever obtained in an impact structure, and studies of the core samples will allow scientists to understand a shallow-marine impact event and its consequences at an unprecedented level.This buried structure is the seventh largest, and one of the best preserved, of the known impact structures on...
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Appendices include the original survey, response data, and collated results related to the Open File Report. Geoscience maps, regardless of target body, are spatial and temporal representations of materials and processes recorded on planetary surfaces (Varnes, 1973; Spencer, 2000). The information and context provided by these maps promote basic and applied research within and across various geoscience disciplines. They also provide an important basis for programmatic and policy decisions (for example, H.R. 2763 – 102nd Congress, National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992). Since 1961, planetary (that is, all solid surface bodies in the Solar System beyond Earth) geoscience maps have been used in nearly every facet of...
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The U.S. Geological Survey provides a wide range of scientific information to an even wider group of stakeholders. Understanding what capacities are needed and if and or where these capacities exist across the USGS landscape is critical in moving science to the next level of use, implementation, and visualization. The concept behind the groups organized to conduct and interpret the survey that collected these data took advantage of the USGS’s position as a science organization with expertise spanning a wide range of science disciplines, stakeholders, and responsibilities. A survey was conducted of USGS employees (Sep 20-Nov 20) to get a current sample of the capacities that exist across the USGS.
A point layer of sites known to be useful analogs for planetary science, such as impact craters, dunes, volcanoes, and other processes observed on bodies across the solar system.
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As part of a NASA-funded study of sediment flux rates at a Mars analog site, we installed a suite of instruments in a small dune field near Grand Falls, Arizona. Data released in this report were collected from 10/28/2013 to 11/04/2016. The Grand Falls (GF) dune field is located on the Navajo Nation. It lies ~70 km NE of Flagstaff, AZ, 2 km east of Grand Falls, and just north of the Little Colorado River (LCR). The dune field consists of barchans, smaller dunes, ripples, and bare, indurated interdune surfaces; all features commonly found on the Martian surface. We measured sediment flux using a Sensit saltation sensor and a set of three Big Spring Number Eight (BSNE) passive sediment samplers, at 20, 50, and 100...
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Basic information about the planetary surface of the Kuiper quadrangle is provided by three sequences of high-quality photographs designated Mercury I, II, and II, obtained during the incoming phases of three encounters of the Mariner 10 spacecraft with Mercury. Mercury I includes 75 whole-frame photographs of the Kuiper quadrangle; Mercury II, 13 whole-frame photographs; and Mercury III, 70 quarter-frame photographs. The photographs include 19 stereopairs in the southern part of the quadrangle. The most distant of the photographs was taken at an altitude of 89,879 km, the closest at an altitude of 7,546 km. Resolution, therefore, varies widely but ranges from about 1.5 to 2.0 km over most of the area.
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The Mars Global Digital Dune Database provides a comprehensive and quantitative view of the geographic distribution of dune fields from 65° N to 65° S latitude. The database encompasses ~ 550 dune fields, covering ~ 70,000 km2, with an estimated total volume between 3,600 km3 and 13,400 km3. Over 2300 selected Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) infrared (IR), THEMIS visible (VIS) and Mars Orbiter Camera Narrow Angle (MOC NA) images were used to build the database and are included in the ArcMap and ArcReader versions of the database. An initial data set of THEMIS band 9 spectral range images covering orbits 816-9601 (spanning 02/2002 - 02/2004 and Ls = 0.085º-358.531º) and comprising more than 30,000 images...
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These data are high-resolution bathymetry (riverbed elevation) and depth-averaged velocities in ASCII format, generated from hydrographic and velocimetric surveys near highway bridge structures over the Missouri River in Kansas City, Missouri, in August 2019, as well as special surveys at two of the sites in August and October 2020 before and after installation of scour countermeasures. Hydrographic data were collected using a high-resolution multibeam echosounder mapping system (MBMS), which consists of a multibeam echosounder (MBES) and an inertial navigation system (INS) mounted on a marine survey vessel. Data were collected as the vessel traversed the river along planned survey lines distributed throughout...
This portion of the data release presents a wave model application developed to simulate wind generated surface gravity waves on an ancient lake on Mars. The phase-averaged wave model, SWAN, was applied within the Delft3D modeling system (Deltares, 2018) with reduced gravity and a range of atmospheric densities and wind speeds to simulate potential conditions that could generate wind waves on Mars. The data release includes model input files for simulations with three different atmospheric densities, compatible with version 4.04.01 of the Delft3D modeling system.
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Mariner 10 photographic coverage was available for only the eastern two-thirds of the Tolstoj quadrangle. Image data from three Mariner 10 encounters with Mercury were used in mapping the quadrangle.
The Chesapeake Bay impact structure was formed by a meteorite crashing to Earth during the late Eocene, about 35.5 million years ago (Ma). In May 2006, a scientific drilling project, sponsored by the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), completed a deep coring program into the impact structure. The deep drilling produced one of the most complete geologic sections ever obtained in an impact structure, and studies of the core samples will allow scientists to understand a shallow-marine impact event and its consequences at an unprecedented level.This buried structure is the seventh largest, and one of the best preserved, of the known impact structures on...
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LiDAR scans were taken using a tripod mounted Riegl VZ-400 scanning LiDAR. The tripod was set up such that the scanner was between 1.5 and 2.5 m tall. The VZ-400 is a near infrared (1550 nm) scanner. Geometric control was achieved using a pair of Trimble RB GPS antennae, one mounted on the LiDAR scanner (rover) and the other setup as a base station. Before taking a LiDAR scan, the VZ-400 would use the GPS to fix a real time kinematic (RTK) solution for the scanner’s location and then use that position (scan position) as a reference for LiDAR returns. Post processing was done using RIScan-Pro version 2 (scanner specific software). Also, in post-processing, overlapping areas of point clouds were merged and inaccuracies...
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This map sheet is one of a series covering that part of the surface of Mercury that was illuminated during the Mariner 10 encounters. Planimetric control is provided by photogrammetric triangulation using Mariner 10 pictures (Davies and Batson, 1975). Discrepancies between images in the base mosaic and computed control-point positions appear to be less than 5 km. No attempt was made to resolve discrepancies in feature positions on this sheet and those on the Kuiper (H-6) quadrangle to the north and the Bach (H-15) quadrangle to the south. The latter sheets were controlled by an earlier, more preliminary net.
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The Beethoven quadrangle is located in the equatorial region of Mercury, in the center of the imaged area. Most pictures of the quadrangle were obtained at high sun angles as the Mariner 10 spacecraft receded from the planet. Images in the northeastern part of the quadrangle are very poor to unusable. Another difficulty in mapping is the poor match in topographic bases between Beethvoen and adjacent quadrangles. Mismatches are especially common along the borders withthe Kuiper and Discovery quadrangles to the east and southeast.
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These data represents laboratory reflectance and emissivity spectral measurements of dune sand samples collected from a variety of dune types and mineralogical compositions from eight dune field locations in Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada and New Mexico (labeled and designated as samples DS-1 through DS-8). Each sample was sieved into various size classes and measured both prior to and after sieving. Visible through Near Infrared through Shortwave Infrared (~0.4 - 2.5 microns) reflectance were measured using an artificial light source attached to an Analytical Spectral Devices (ASD) spectrometer. Hemispherical reflectance measurements spanning Mid-IR wavelengths, including the Thermal Infrared...


map background search result map search result map Visible, Near Infrared, Shortwave Infrared and Thermal Infrared Laboratory Spectra of Samples of Compositionally Variable Dune Fields in the Western United States and Alaska Geologic Map fo the Beethoven Quadrangle of Mercury Geologic Map of the Discovery Quadrangle of Mercury Geologic Map of the Kuiper Quadrangle of Mercury Geologic Map of the Victoria Quadrangle of Mercury Model Archive Summary for Suspended Sediment,  Acoustic Sediment Surrogate Model 2.0, USGS gage number 13342500, Clearwater River at Spalding, Idaho Grand Falls, Arizona: Dune Field Sand Transport 2013 - 2016 Known Terrestrial Analog Sites for Planetary Science Bathymetry and Velocity Data from Surveys at Highway Bridges crossing the Missouri River in Kansas City, Missouri, in August 2019, August 2020, and October 2020 Oblique Thermal Imaging of the Pisgah Lava Field, California Acquired March 2010 Oblique Thermal Imaging of the Pisgah Lava Field, California Acquired March 2010 - Station 7 USGS Earthmap Capacity Assessment Dataset NASA GIFT Iceland Highlands: 2019 Oskjuvatn LiDAR Grand Falls, Arizona: Dune Field Sand Transport 2013 - 2016 Oblique Thermal Imaging of the Pisgah Lava Field, California Acquired March 2010 Oblique Thermal Imaging of the Pisgah Lava Field, California Acquired March 2010 - Station 7 Model Archive Summary for Suspended Sediment,  Acoustic Sediment Surrogate Model 2.0, USGS gage number 13342500, Clearwater River at Spalding, Idaho NASA GIFT Iceland Highlands: 2019 Oskjuvatn LiDAR Bathymetry and Velocity Data from Surveys at Highway Bridges crossing the Missouri River in Kansas City, Missouri, in August 2019, August 2020, and October 2020 Visible, Near Infrared, Shortwave Infrared and Thermal Infrared Laboratory Spectra of Samples of Compositionally Variable Dune Fields in the Western United States and Alaska Geologic Map of the Kuiper Quadrangle of Mercury Geologic Map of the Discovery Quadrangle of Mercury Geologic Map of the Victoria Quadrangle of Mercury Geologic Map fo the Beethoven Quadrangle of Mercury USGS Earthmap Capacity Assessment Dataset Known Terrestrial Analog Sites for Planetary Science