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We developed a vegetation classification and high-resolution vegetation map for Petroglyph National Monument, New Mexico, as part of the USGS Vegetation Characterization Program, a cooperative effort by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the National Park Service Inventory & Monitoring - Vegetation Mapping Program to classify, describe, and map vegetation communities in more than 280 national park units across the United States. The classification and map follow the guidelines and requirements of the national program, and are based on data collected from 499 field plots between 2007 and 2011 plus 469 independent survey points to assess the accuracy of the map and completeness of the classification.
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A vegetation map of Bandelier National Monument. This map is based on natural color orthophotography acquired in 2004 with a spatial resolution of 1 meter, displayed at 1:24,000 scale. Map units were delineated using aerial photo interpretation and image analysis based on 729 field survey points collected between 2003 and 2006. Final map compiled in ArcGIS Version 9.3, January, 2010. For details see Muldavin, E., A. Kennedy, C. Jackson, T. Neville, P. Neville, K. Schulz, and M. Reid. 2010. A Vegetation Classification and Map Report: Bandelier National Monument. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/SCPN/NRTR-2010/00X, National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
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The Yellowknife Study Area (YSA),Northwest Territories, Canada, was established in 1961 by H. W. Murdy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, for the study of wetland and waterfowl ecology. The study area is located on the western edge of the Precambrian Shield and edge of the taiga and is recognized for its high wetland densities and waterfowl abundance. The region is underlain by discontinuous, warm permafrost and hence vulnerable to a warming climate. The completion of Highway 3 in early 1960s provided the first access to the region for development, research, and monitoring. The YSA is a 38-square km area centered on Highway 3, extending 48 km in length. In the 1960s, it encompassed 262 natural ponds and 313 man-made...
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Plant and soil data were collected in experimental plots in two sites ("Terrace" and "Hilltop") at Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, and one site ("BSV") at Badlands National Park, South Dakota. At each site, 70, 2.5 x 2.5 m plots were assigned randomly to nitrogen-alone or nitrogen+water addition treatments (or no treatment for the control). Treatments were applied and data collected 2010-2013. The dataset includes six tables: (1) experimental treatments by plot and year; (2) plant and soil metrics analyzed in the larger work; (3) plant tissue and soil total carbon and nitrogen raw data; (4) plant biomass raw data; (5) canopy and ground cover raw data; and (6) canopy and ground cover codes.
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This publication presents data collected within meadows from samples used to assess meadow plant community responses to recreational pack stock as part of a USGS Natural Resources Preservation Project. High elevation meadows are a vital ecological component of mountain systems throughout western North America. They provide critical habitat for wildlife, supply key ecosystem services, and are favored destinations for people visiting the mountains. The biophysical characteristics of meadows are highly variable, especially related to hydrologic regimes and associated plant community types. In the semi-arid landscape of the Sierra, water availability operates at multiple scales strongly influencing meadow plant community...
By influencing nutrient mineralization in the soil, decomposers may affect the performance of plants and their associated herbivores. The strength of above–belowground linkages may therefore depend on the availability of nutrients in ecosystems. We investigated the dependency of decomposer- and leaf-herbivore-mediated changes in plant performance on soil nutrient availability in microcosm systems. In separate treatments, Poa annua was used as host plant for the herbivore and was grown in combination with different herb species: Plantago lanceolata, Trifolium repens, and Sanguisorba minor. At three different levels of nutrient availability, the impact of Collembola (Folsomia candida) and aphids (Rhopalosiphum padi),...
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These data were compiled to assess potential changes in the climatic suitability for 66 species (dominant and associate plant species) and forecast climate exposure for 29 major plant communities within major plant communities in the southwestern United States. An objective of our study was that species within plant communities have unique climate suitability signatures and forecast changes in climatic suitability will not be uniform within the species respective communities or among species within the community. The climate suitability spatial models were developed under a modern baseline (1960-90) and future climate scenario (2041-2060) using Maxent and WorldClim temperature and precipitation variables. Plant...
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This data layer identifies the boundaries of the mapped plant communities for the vegetation map of the Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge Hakalau Forest Unit and adjacent lands, island of Hawaii.
If plants cannot simultaneously acclimate to shade and drought because of physiological trade-offs, then plants are expected to be less tolerant to shading under drier conditions. One observation that, at first sight, seems incompatible with this idea is the fact that the establishment of new plants in dry areas is often restricted to shady sites under the canopy of other plants, called “nurse plants.� We use a graphical model to resolve this paradox. The model visualizes how facilitative patterns can be understood from the simultaneous effects of plant canopies on microsite light and moisture, and the growth responses of establishing seedlings to those factors. The approach emphasizes the fact that positive...
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Vegetation communities in the West Mojave Planning area. Includes missing data from WM boundary extension.
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This data represents a vegetation map for Gauley River National Recreation Area. It contains nonoverlapping polygons which represent vegetation classes, aquatic features, and cultural features. Vegetation types were classified based on statistical analysis of plot data collected on the ground from 1995 through 2009. Polygons were delineated based on interpretation of digital and hard copy aerial photography flown in 2003. This data set was created by clipping the GARIvegetation feature class by the boundary of Gauley River National Recreation Area. Multipart polygons created by the clip operation were converted to single part polygons. Hectares and acres were calculated for each polygon using XTools.
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Plant cover data were collected on 16, 1-ha experimental blocks in C3 and Marsh Creek units of Seney National Wildlife Refuge, 2006-2010. Within each unit, we selected 4 pairs of blocks representing sedge-shrub habitat, with one of the pair assigned to spring burning (C3, May 2008) or summer burning (Marsh Creek, 2007 and 2008). This before-after-control-impact design provided for data collection two growing seasons before the burn (2006, 16 blocks; 2007, 15 blocks) and two-three growing seasons (2008, 2009, and 2010; 13 blocks) after burning; the unburned plot of each pair served as the control, and the burned plot of each pair the treatment. This table provides calculated measures of species richness, Shannon...
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These GeoTIFF data were compiled to investigate how a new multivariate matching algorithm transfers simulated plant functional biomass of big sagebrush plant communities from 200 sites to a gridded product with 30-arcsec spatial resolution. Objectives of our study were to (1) describe how climate change will alter the biomass and composition of key plant functional types; (2) quantify the impacts of climate change on future functional type biomass and composition along climatic gradients; (3) identify if and which geographic locations will be relatively unaffected by climate change while others experience large effects; and (4) determine if there is consistency in climate change impacts on plant communities among...
Tags: 30-arcsecond spatial resolution, Arizona, Botany, C3 perennial grasses, C4 perennial grasses, All tags...
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In 1976-1981, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service conducted systematic surveys of forest birds and plant communities on all of the main Hawaiian Islands as part of the Hawaii Forest Bird Surveys (HFBS; Scott, J.M., S. Mountainspring, F.L. Ramsey, and C.B. Kepler. 1986. Forest bird communities of the Hawaiian Islands: their dynamics, ecology, and conservation. Studies in Avian Biology 9:1-431. See also: http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10125/4192/068.pdf?sequence=1). Results of this monumental effort have guided conservation efforts and provided the basis for many plant and bird recovery plans and land acquisition decisions in Hawaii during the past two decades. Data approved for public release,...
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While there have been many maps produced that depict vegetation for the state of Hawai‘i only a few of these display land cover for all of the main Hawaiian Islands, and most of those that were created before the year 2000 have very generalized units or are somewhat inaccurate as a result of more recent land use changes or due to poor resolution (both spatial and spectral) in the imagery that was used to produce the map. Some of the more detailed and accurate maps include the Hawai‘i GAP Analysis (HI-GAP) Land Cover map (Gon et al. 2006), the NOAA C-CAP Land Cover map (NOAA National Ocean Service Coastal Services Center 2012), and the more recently released Hawai‘i LANDFIRE EVT Land Cover map (U.S. Geological Survey...
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These data represent a vegetation map for Vicksburg National Military Park and Vicksburg National Cemetery. The data consist of nonoverlapping polygons which represent National Vegetation Classification vegetation types, and non-vegetated land cover features. Vegetation types were classified based on analysis of plot data and supplemental observations collected on the ground from 2004 through 2010. Polygons were delineated based on interpretation of digital aerial photography flown in 2004 and terrian modeling. More detailed methodology is documented in Lea, Waltermire, and Nordman (2013).
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The Preliminary Classification of Terrestrial Ecosystems in Southeast Alaska is based on 4 major data layers: USDA Forest Service Existing Vegetation database, the National Wetland Inventory, the USDA Forest Service Landforms and Karst from USFS soils and karst inventories. These layers were merged with auxillary sources from Landsat Enahnced Thematic Mapper (ETM) and supplemented with aspect and elevation from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Digital Elevation Model (SRTM DEM) . This master database retains all of the detailed features from each of these datasets to allow maximum flexibility for future researchers to use unique combinations of habitat variables that suit their subject of interest.
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Conclusions: Results offer support for the use of land cover as an indicator of biotic integrity estimated by both vegetation and bird communities. Strong, significant predictions of IBI scores in plant and bird communities were achieved using land cover data from every spatial extent. Plant-based IBI scores were best predicted using data from 100 m buffers and bird-based IBI scores were best predicted using data extracted from 500 m buffers. Road density and measures of the proportion of disturbed land were consistent predictors of IBI score, suggesting their universal importance to plant and bird communities. Thresholds/Learnings: Road effects on bird communities were most pronounced at the 500m spatial extent....
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These data were compiled to forecast climate exposure for 29 major plant communities in the southwestern United States to changing climate under two future climate change scenarios. An objective of our study was that species within plant communities have unique climate suitability signatures and forecast changes in climatic suitability will not be uniform within the species respective communities or among species within the community. We developed these spatial models where climate exposure is represented as a composite score of the climate exposure of characteristic plants for each community. Baseline climate exposure rasters represent a baseline climate change and were developed for current climate conditions...
By influencing nutrient mineralization in the soil, decomposers may affect the performance of plants and their associated herbivores. The strength of above–belowground linkages may therefore depend on the availability of nutrients in ecosystems. We investigated the dependency of decomposer- and leaf-herbivore-mediated changes in plant performance on soil nutrient availability in microcosm systems. In separate treatments, Poa annua was used as host plant for the herbivore and was grown in combination with different herb species: Plantago lanceolata, Trifolium repens, and Sanguisorba minor. At three different levels of nutrient availability, the impact of Collembola (Folsomia candida) and aphids (Rhopalosiphum padi),...


map background search result map search result map Preliminary Classification of Terrestrial Ecosystems in Southeast Alaska The accuracy of land cover-based wetland assessments is influenced by landscape extent. BLM West Mojave Plan Vegetation Gauley River National Recreation Area Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Petroglyph National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Vicksburg National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Bandelier National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Hawaiian Islands HFBS (Hawaii Forest Bird Surveys) 1976-1983 Subalpine meadow plant communities in Yosemite and Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, 2011-2012 Carbon Assessment of Hawaii Land Cover Map (CAH_LandCover) Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge Vegetation Map 2016 Climatic suitability models and assessments for plant species and communities of the Southwestern US Wetland plants of the Yellowknife Study Area, 1961-1962 Metrics of plant community in C3 and Marsh Creek experimental blocks, Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan, 2006-2010 Plant and soil data for nitrogen critical load experimental plots, Badlands and Wind Cave National Parks, South Dakota, 2010-2013 High-resolution maps of big sagebrush plant community biomass using multivariate matching algorithms Plant Community Exposure Models Vicksburg National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Petroglyph National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Gauley River National Recreation Area Vegetation Mapping Project - Spatial Vegetation Data Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge Vegetation Map 2016 Metrics of plant community in C3 and Marsh Creek experimental blocks, Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan, 2006-2010 Wetland plants of the Yellowknife Study Area, 1961-1962 Plant and soil data for nitrogen critical load experimental plots, Badlands and Wind Cave National Parks, South Dakota, 2010-2013 The accuracy of land cover-based wetland assessments is influenced by landscape extent. Subalpine meadow plant communities in Yosemite and Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, 2011-2012 BLM West Mojave Plan Vegetation Hawaiian Islands HFBS (Hawaii Forest Bird Surveys) 1976-1983 Carbon Assessment of Hawaii Land Cover Map (CAH_LandCover) Preliminary Classification of Terrestrial Ecosystems in Southeast Alaska Climatic suitability models and assessments for plant species and communities of the Southwestern US Plant Community Exposure Models High-resolution maps of big sagebrush plant community biomass using multivariate matching algorithms