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We used the 1981 historical imagery of the Escalante River, Utah in ArcGIS to quantify channel area and average width and quantify woody riparian vegetation cover in two reaches of the river. Reach 1 was approximately 15 river kilometers (rkms) long and located between Sand and Boulder creeks within Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument. Reach 2 was approximately 16 rkms in length, extending from the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area boundary to just upstream of Choprock Canyon. We delineated the extent of active channel. Active channel was defined as the portion of the channel free of vegetation. We also delineated fluvial geomorphic features such as point bars, mid-channel bars, lateral bars and floodplain....
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These data were collected as part of a methodologial comparison for collecting riparian vegetation data. Two common methods for collecting vegetation data were used: line-point intercept and 1m2 ocular quadrats (visual cover estimates). At each site and transect, both methods were used to collect cover and composition data by four different observers. The same transects and quadrats were utilized for both methods and all observers. Field data collected included percent cover for total living foliar cover, each plant species encountered, litter, dead plant material that is still standing, and ground cover features (biological soil crust, rock, sand, and fine soil particles). Line-point intercept data were collected...
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Executive Summary: Portions of broad-scale ecoregions of the Great Plains, and Southern Semiarid Highlands were generally projected as mostly suitable for large fires of low severity within 31 years. Under a 2070 future climate scenario of high CO2 emission (HadGEM2-ES RCP8.5) a significant increase in suitability for large low severity wildfires was seen in Wyoming and Montana, which was accompanied by a decrease in suitability for the Madrean Archipelago and portions of central and west Texas. Broad scale niche model for the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher under current climate was centered within the known breeding range mostly along riparian areas. Under a 2070 future climate scenario of high CO2 emission (HadGEM2-ES...
Categories: Data; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 2014, AZ-01, AZ-02, AZ-03, AZ-04, All tags...
Seasonal dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonization of Sporobolus wrightii and AM fungal communities were assessed at four riparian sites in south-east Arizona which represented upper terrace or lower floodplain habitats and perennial or intermittent river reaches. Colonization was co-ordinated with growth/reproductive stages of plants at three sites with higher levels from February to May when plants were primarily vegetative and lower levels in September and December during seed set and onset of dormancy. Fifteen species of AM fungi were associated with S. wrightii, includingGlomus , Acaulospora, Paraglomus and Archaeospora species. Species richness ranged from 9 to 13 AM fungal species per site. Published...
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We used the 1951/1960 historical imagery of the Escalante River, Utah in ArcGIS to quantify channel area and average width and quantify woody riparian vegetation cover in two reaches of the river. Reach 1 was approximately 15 river kilometers (rkms) long and located between Sand and Boulder creeks within Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument. For Reach 1 we used the earliest available imagery which was from 1960. Reach 2 was approximately 16 rkms in length, extending from the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area boundary to just upstream of Choprock Canyon. For Reach 2 the earliest imagery was from 1951. We delineated the extent of active channel. Active channel was defined as the portion of the channel free...
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In regulated rivers of the southwest, reduced flooding and the invasion of tamarisk contributes to accumulation of greater fuel loads and increased riparian fire frequency. As a result, some desert riparian areas, historically considered barriers to wildfire, have been converted into pathways for wildfire spread. Fire-smart management strategies are needed to protect sensitive riparian species and reduce fire risk from increased fire frequency due to interactions of climate change, tamarisk invasion, and tamarisk beetle activity. Fire niche simulations will be used to project impacts of fire frequency and climate change, which can be used to highlight areas of the Desert LCC where Southwestern Willow Flycatcher,...
Categories: Data, Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 2014, AZ-01, AZ-02, AZ-03, AZ-04, All tags...
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Point locations for Russian olive stems aged in the field in two reaches along the Escalante River in fall of 2014 and spring through fall of 2015. Dataset includes information for each stem on diameter at stump height (DSH), age when the tree was cut, year it was cut, estimated year of establishment, and ArcGIS-estimated distances to the mapped 1981 active stream channel of the Escalante River.
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Riparian ecosystems are among the most productive and diverse ecosystems in desert biomes. In the Sonoran, Chihuahuan, and Mojave deserts of the United States and Mexico, riparian ecosystems support regional biodiversity and provide many ecosystem services to human communities. Due to the dynamic nature of these ecosystems and their abundance of resources, riparian areas have been modified in various ways and to a large extent through human endeavor to manage water and accommodate various land uses, particularly in lowland floodplains and stream channels. Modifications often interfere with multiple and complex ecological processes, resulting in the loss of native riparian vegetation and increasing vulnerability...
Categories: Data; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 2013, AZ-01, AZ-02, AZ-03, AZ-04, All tags...
This paper briefly reviews the distribution, taxonomy and population status of the southwestern willow flycatcher then follows with a survey of problems and threats faced by fragmented flycatcher populations in the Southwest. It concludes with a summary of potential actions that various stakeholders, including private citizens, can take to benefit the flycatcher and can also take important strides in conserving and recovering riparian ecosystems. Published in Transactions of the 64th North American Wildlife and Natural Resource Conference, on pages 275 - 291, in 1999.
In many riparian corridors of the semi-arid west, stream incision has resulted in lowered water tables, basin big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata var. tridentata Nutt.) encroachment and the loss of the dominant herbaceous vegetation. To determine the potential for restoring basin big sagebrush-dominated riparian corridors to greater herbaceous cover, a fall prescribed burn on sites with relatively shallow (-153 to -267 cm) and deep (-268 to ≥ -300 cm) water tables was conducted. We evaluated the separate and interacting effects of water table depth and burning on total soil C and N, soil nutrient availability, and soil enzyme activities by microsite (sagebrush subcanopy, sagebrush interspace), and soil depth (ash/liter,...
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Russian olive stems were aged in the field along two reaches of the Escalante River and neighboring agricultural towns of Boulder and Escalante in 2015. This dataset represents those aged stems, distilled by year and corresponding annual streamflow data from the Escalante River gage near Escalante, Utah and precipitation and drought index data from national datasets.
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We analyzed historical aerial photography and used dendrochronology to quantify long-term spatial and temporal patterns of narrowing and vegetation expansion, including native cottonwood (Populus fremontii) and non-native Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), along the largely unregulated Escalante River in Utah, USA. Our general study area was between the town of Escalante and Choprock Canyon, and we focused on two detailed study reaches within this broader area. The study reaches were in long, entrenched meander sections of river: an upper reach, Reach 1, was approximately 15 river kilometers (rkms) long and located between Sand and Boulder creeks within Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument; and a lower...
Riparian ecosystems in the south-western United States have undergone extensive physical and biological changes, due, in part, to alteration of natural flow regimes and suppression of fluvial processes. Many riparian ecosystem restoration projects are achieving success because they recognize the importance of restoring the hydrologic regime. In other words, these projects are restoring flows of water and sediment in sufficient quantities and with appropriate temporal and spatial patterns. Other projects have proceeded without recognition of the need to incorporate environmental stream flow requirements into management plans. To increase success rate of riparian ecosystem restoration, this paper describes some changes...
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Riparian ecosystems are among the most productive and diverse ecosystems in desert biomes. In the Sonoran, Chihuahuan, and Mojave deserts of the United States and Mexico, riparian ecosystems support regional biodiversity and provide many ecosystem services to human communities. Due to the dynamic nature of these ecosystems and their abundance of resources, riparian areas have been modified in various ways and to a large extent through human endeavor to manage water and accommodate various land uses, particularly in lowland floodplains and stream channels. Modifications often interfere with multiple and complex ecological processes, resulting in the loss of native riparian vegetation and increasing vulnerability...
Categories: Data, Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 2013, AZ-01, AZ-02, AZ-03, AZ-04, All tags...
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These data include geospatial files (shapefiles and orthorectified raster images) and an input hydrograph (csv) for a 1-dimensional unsteady hydrologic model. Shapefiles consist of active channel boundarys and channel centerlines of six reaches of the LCR beginning ~4.5 km above Grand Falls, AZ, and ending ~12.8 km downstream from Cameron, AZ. These reaches are (1) the ~4.5 km above Grand Falls reach, (2) the 1.5km below Grand Falls reach, (3) the ~18.8 km Black Falls reach, (4) the ~16.5 km above Cameron reach, (5) the ~4.7 km Cameron to Moenkopi reach, and (6) the ~8.1 km below Moenkopi reach. Raster images consist of orthorectified aerial photograph mosaics between 1933/34 and 1992. Scans of the images were acquired...
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We used the 2010 historical imagery of the Escalante River, Utah in ArcGIS to quantify channel area and average width and quantify woody riparian vegetation cover in two reaches of the river. Reach 1 was approximately 15 river kilometers (rkms) long and located between Sand and Boulder creeks within Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument. Reach 2 was approximately 16 rkms in length, extending from the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area boundary to just upstream of Choprock Canyon. We delineated the extent of active channel. Active channel was defined as the portion of the channel free of vegetation. We also delineated fluvial geomorphic features such as point bars, mid-channel bars, lateral bars and floodplain....
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These data include geospatial files (shapefiles and orthorectified raster images) and an input hydrograph (csv) for a 1-dimensional unsteady hydrologic model. Shapefiles consist of active channel boundarys and channel centerlines of six reaches of the LCR beginning ~4.5 km above Grand Falls, AZ, and ending ~12.8 km downstream from Cameron, AZ. These reaches are (1) the ~4.5 km above Grand Falls reach, (2) the 1.5km below Grand Falls reach, (3) the ~18.8 km Black Falls reach, (4) the ~16.5 km above Cameron reach, (5) the ~4.7 km Cameron to Moenkopi reach, and (6) the ~8.1 km below Moenkopi reach. Raster images consist of orthorectified aerial photograph mosaics between 1933/34 and 1992. Scans of the images were acquired...


    map background search result map search result map Fire-smart Southwestern Riparian Landscape Management and Restoration of Native Biodiversity in View of Species of Conservation Concern and the Impacts of Tamarisk Beetles Fire Effects and Management in Riparian Ecosystems of the Southwestern United States and Mexico Literature Review: Fire Effects and Management in Riparian Ecosystems of the Southwestern United States and Mexico Final Report: Fire-smart southwestern riparian landscape management and restoration of native biodiversity in view of species of conservation concern and the impacts of tamarisk beetles Geomorphic, climate, streamflow and vegetation data sets to reconstruct channel, floodplain and vegetation changes associated with the invasion of Russian olive along the Escalante River, Utah 1950-2015 A polygon shapefile of bottomland vegetation cover and geomorphic features of the Escalante River, Utah mapped from 2010 aerial imagery Point locations of field-aged Russian olive stems along the Escalante River, Utah 2014-2015 A polygon shapefile of bottomland vegetation cover and geomorphic features of the Escalante River, Utah mapped from 1981 aerial imagery Annual numbers of Russian olive trees established along the Escalante River from field age data and corresponding annual streamflow and climate data A polygon shapefile of bottomland vegetation cover and geomorphic features of the Escalante River, Utah mapped from 1951/1960 aerial imagery Geomorphic Change Data for the Little Colorado River, Arizona, USA Riparian vegetation data used for comparing sampling methods along the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona Geomorphic Change Data for the Little Colorado River, Arizona, USA Riparian vegetation data used for comparing sampling methods along the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona A polygon shapefile of bottomland vegetation cover and geomorphic features of the Escalante River, Utah mapped from 1981 aerial imagery A polygon shapefile of bottomland vegetation cover and geomorphic features of the Escalante River, Utah mapped from 1951/1960 aerial imagery A polygon shapefile of bottomland vegetation cover and geomorphic features of the Escalante River, Utah mapped from 2010 aerial imagery Point locations of field-aged Russian olive stems along the Escalante River, Utah 2014-2015 Geomorphic, climate, streamflow and vegetation data sets to reconstruct channel, floodplain and vegetation changes associated with the invasion of Russian olive along the Escalante River, Utah 1950-2015 Annual numbers of Russian olive trees established along the Escalante River from field age data and corresponding annual streamflow and climate data Geomorphic Change Data for the Little Colorado River, Arizona, USA Geomorphic Change Data for the Little Colorado River, Arizona, USA Fire Effects and Management in Riparian Ecosystems of the Southwestern United States and Mexico Literature Review: Fire Effects and Management in Riparian Ecosystems of the Southwestern United States and Mexico Fire-smart Southwestern Riparian Landscape Management and Restoration of Native Biodiversity in View of Species of Conservation Concern and the Impacts of Tamarisk Beetles Final Report: Fire-smart southwestern riparian landscape management and restoration of native biodiversity in view of species of conservation concern and the impacts of tamarisk beetles