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These data were compiled for a study that investigated the effects of drought seasonality and plant community composition in a dryland ecosystem. In 2015 U.S. Geological Survey ecologists recorded vegetation and soil moisture data in 36 experimental plots which manipulated precipitation in two plant community types. The experiment consisted of three precipitation treatments: control (ambient precipitation), cool-season drought (-66% ambient precipitation November-April), and warm-season drought (-66% ambient precipitation May-October), applied in two plant communities (perennial grasses with or without a large shrub, Ephedra viridis) over a three-year period. These data were collected from 2015 to 2022 near Canyonlands...
Categories: Data; Tags: Achnatherum hymenoides, Botany, C3 photosynthesis, C4 photosynthesis, Canyonlands National Park, All tags...
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Probability map of Cheatgrass occurrence in relation to vegetation, abiotic, and anthropogenic features. These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release.
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Probability map of green-tailed towhee occurrence in relation to vegetation, abiotic, and anthropogenic features. These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release.
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Probability map of Halogeton occurrence in relation to vegetation, abiotic, and anthropogenic features. These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release.
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Probability map of least chipmunk occurrence in relation to vegetation, abiotic, and anthropogenic features. These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release.
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Climate change over the past century has altered vegetation community composition and species distributions across rangelands in the western United States. The scale and magnitude of climatic influences are largely unknown. We used fractional component cover data for rangeland functional groups and weather data from the 1985 to 2023 reference period in conjunction with soils and topography data to develop empirical models describing the spatio-temporal variation in component cover. To investigate the ramifications of future change across the western US, we extended models based on historical relationships over the reference period to model landscape effects based on future weather conditions from two emissions scenarios...
Tags: AB, AZ, Alberta, Arizona, Arizona Plateau, All tags...
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The RCMAP (Rangeland Condition Monitoring Assessment and Projection) dataset quantifies the percent cover of rangeland components across the western U.S. using Landsat imagery from 1985-2021. The RCMAP product suite consists of nine fractional components: annual herbaceous, bare ground, herbaceous, litter, non-sagebrush shrub, perennial herbaceous, sagebrush, shrub, and tree, in addition to the temporal trends of each component. Several enhancements were made to the RCMAP process relative to prior generations. First, we have trained time-series predictions directly from 331 high-resolution sites collected from 2013-2018 from Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) instead of using the 2016 “base” map as an intermediary....
Tags: AZ, Arizona, Arizona Plateau, Black Hills, Blue Mountains, All tags...
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We used a hierarchical Bayesian modeling framework to estimate resource selection functions and survival for early and late brood-rearing stages of sage-grouse in relation to a broad suite of habitat characteristics evaluated at multiple spatial scales within the Great Basin from 2009 to 2019. Sage-grouse selected for greater perennial grass cover, higher relative elevations, and areas closer to springs and wet meadows during both early and late brood-rearing. Terrain characteristics, including heat load and aspect, were important in survival models, as was variation in shrub height. We also found strong evidence for higher survival for both early and late broods within previously burned areas, but survival within...
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Ranked habitat classes for sage-grouse brood-rearing productivity at each 90 m pixel. Habitat classes represent areas where high brood selection and high brood survival intersected, whereas the lowest ranks represent areas where high brood habitat selection intersected with the low brood survival. Hierarchical models of brood selection and survival were fit to landscape covariates within a Bayesian modeling framework in Nevada and California from 2009 - 2017 to develop spatially explicit information about brood habitat selection and survival.
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The rasters in this dataset represent modeled outputs of potential fire connectivity and relative flow patterns in the Great Basin. We define ‘fire connectivity’ as the landscape’s capacity to facilitate fire transmission from one point on the landscape to another. We applied an omnidirectional circuit theory algorithm (Omniscape) to model fire connectivity in the Great Basin of the western United States. We used predicted rates of fire spread to approximate conductance and calculated current densities to identify connections among areas with high spread rates. We calculated the cumulative current density as well as normalized cumulative current density, with the outputs included here as raster data.
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Proliferation of cheatgrass and other exotic annual grasses such as medusahead and ventenata are a major environmental concern and operational problem for roadsides in Idaho. These annual grasses are highly flammable and they shorten fire-return intervals. Flammable vegetation is particularly hazardous in roadsides because of proximity to a ready source of ignition, and fires that start on roadsides can spread into adjacent public lands and urban communities with sprawling home development, causing extensive and expensive damage and degradation to wildlife habitat, rangelands, private or public property, utilities, etc. Thus, the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD) has a strong interest in preventing roadside...
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This dataset contains data supporting the paper: DeCrappeo, N.M., DeLorenze, E.J., Giguere, A.T., Pyke, D.A., and Bottomley, P.J. Fungal and bacterial contributions to nitrogen cycling in cheatgrass-invaded and uninvaded native sagebrush soils of the western USA (accepted at the journal Plant and Soil). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relative contributions of soil bacteria and fungi to inorganic nitrogen (N) cycling in sagebrush and cheatgrass-invaded soils using a 15N isotope dilution experiment. Soils were collected from sagebrush and cheatgrass rhizospheres at six paired sites in southwest Idaho and southeast Oregon. In order to partition the contribution of each microbial group to N cycling, soils...
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This package includes a detailed habitat map, general habitat map, and georeferenced imagery from 2015 for the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) Caillou Lake Headlands project area (TE-0100), also known as Whiskey Island. The project created 170 acres of marsh habitat and 917 acres of dune and beach habitat on Whiskey Island in Terrebonne Parish using material dredged from Ship Shoal. The habitat maps are part of a suite of Whiskey Island habitat maps for the years 2012, 2015, and 2017–19, which span the time period before, during, and after the restoration project was conducted. For more information on this restoration project, see the project page on Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority’s...
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This package includes a detailed habitat map, general habitat map, and georeferenced imagery from 2012 for the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) Caminada Headland Beach and Dune Restoration Incr2 project area (BA-0143). The project restored 489 acres of beach and dune habitat along more than seven miles of Caminada Headland in Jefferson and Lafourche Parishes through the direct placement of about 5.4 million cubic yards of sandy substrate from Ship Shoal. The habitat maps are part of a suite of Caminada Headland habitat maps for the years 2012, 2015, and 2017–19, which span the time period before, during, and after the restoration project was conducted. For more information on this restoration project,...
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Map of short-horned lizard distribution developed from a probability of occurrence map created using multi-scale vegetation, abiotic, and anthropogenic features. These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release.
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Map of lark sparrow distribution developed from an abundance map created using multi-scale vegetation, abiotic, and anthropogenic features. These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release.
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Map of deer mouse distribution developed from a probability of occurrence map created using multi-scale vegetation, abiotic, and anthropogenic features. These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release.
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These data represent habitat selection of greater sage-grouse at the 50 day mark of their brood rearing process. Sage-grouse and their broods were monitored on their own individual time lines, so one group's 50th day may not necessarily be the same as any other bird's 50th day.


map background search result map search result map Proportion of Mixed Shrubland Land Cover (540-m scale) in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Proportion of Mountain Shrubland Land Cover (270-m scale) in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Nitrogen cycling rates from sagebrush and cheatgrass-invaded soils in the Northern Great Basin (2008) Whiskey Island Caillou Lake Headlands restoration area – 2015 habitat map, Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring Program Caminada Headland restoration area – 2012 habitat map, Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring Program Spatially-Explicit Predictive Maps of Greater Sage-Grouse Brood Selection Integrated with Brood Survival in Nevada and Northeastern California, USA Habitat Suitability Index for Greater Sage-Grouse 50 Days into the Brood Rearing Life Stage, Nevada and California Ranked Habitat Classes for Sage-Grouse Brood-Rearing Productivity, Nevada and California Circuit-based potential fire connectivity and relative flow patterns in the Great Basin, United States, 270 meters Rangeland Condition Monitoring Assessment and Projection (RCMAP) Non Sagebrush Shrub Fractional Component Time-Series Across the Western U.S. 1985-2021 Plant cover and density and sagebrush growth in Idaho roadsides treated with herbicides and bioherbicides Cheatgrass probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Green-tailed towhee probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Halogeton probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Lark sparrow distribution in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Deer mouse distribution in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Short-horned lizard distribution in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Least chipmunk probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Plant composition, shrub biomass, and soil biogeochemistry from an experimental drought treatment on the Colorado Plateau Projections of Rangeland Fractional Component Cover Across Western Northern American Rangelands for Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 Scenarios for the 2020s, 2050s, and 2080s Time-Periods Plant composition, shrub biomass, and soil biogeochemistry from an experimental drought treatment on the Colorado Plateau Whiskey Island Caillou Lake Headlands restoration area – 2015 habitat map, Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring Program Caminada Headland restoration area – 2012 habitat map, Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring Program Nitrogen cycling rates from sagebrush and cheatgrass-invaded soils in the Northern Great Basin (2008) Plant cover and density and sagebrush growth in Idaho roadsides treated with herbicides and bioherbicides Spatially-Explicit Predictive Maps of Greater Sage-Grouse Brood Selection Integrated with Brood Survival in Nevada and Northeastern California, USA Habitat Suitability Index for Greater Sage-Grouse 50 Days into the Brood Rearing Life Stage, Nevada and California Ranked Habitat Classes for Sage-Grouse Brood-Rearing Productivity, Nevada and California Circuit-based potential fire connectivity and relative flow patterns in the Great Basin, United States, 270 meters Cheatgrass probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Green-tailed towhee probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Halogeton probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Lark sparrow distribution in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Deer mouse distribution in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Short-horned lizard distribution in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Least chipmunk probability of occurrence in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Proportion of Mixed Shrubland Land Cover (540-m scale) in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Proportion of Mountain Shrubland Land Cover (270-m scale) in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Projections of Rangeland Fractional Component Cover Across Western Northern American Rangelands for Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 Scenarios for the 2020s, 2050s, and 2080s Time-Periods Rangeland Condition Monitoring Assessment and Projection (RCMAP) Non Sagebrush Shrub Fractional Component Time-Series Across the Western U.S. 1985-2021