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LOCA is a statistical downscaling technique that uses past history to add improved fine-scale detail to global climate models. We have used LOCA to downscale 32 global climate models from the CMIP5 archive at a 1/16th degree spatial resolution, covering North America from central Mexico through Southern Canada. The historical period is 1950-2005, and there are two future scenarios available: RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 over the period 2006-2100 (although some models stop in 2099). The variables currently available are daily minimum and maximum temperature, and daily precipitation. For more information visit: http://loca.ucsd.edu/
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Two identical Radar Stage Sensors from Forest Technology Systems, were evaluated to determine if they are suitable for U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) hydrologic data collection. The sensors were evaluated in laboratory conditions to evaluate the distance accuracy of the sensor over the manufacturer’s specified operating temperatures and distance to water ranges. Laboratory results were compared to the manufacturer’s accuracy specification of ±0.007 foot (ft) and the USGS Office of Surface Water (OSW) policy requirement that water level sensors have a measurement uncertainty of no more than 0.01 ft or 0.20 percent of the indicated reading. In the temperature chamber test, both sensors were within the manufacturer’s...
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Ken Ferschweiler (CBI) used climate data from the PRISM group (Chris Daly, Oregon State University) at 4kmx4km spatial grain across the conterminous USA to generate a climatology or baseline. He then created future climate change scenarios using statistical downscaling and created anomalies from the Hadley CM3 General Circulation Model (GCM) run through the A2 emission scenario (SRES - special report on emission scenarios published in 2000). To run the MAPSS model (Neilson 1995), average monthly precipitation values were calculated for the period 2045-2060. This dataset shows the standard deviation of the annual precipitation for that period.
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This dataset corresponds to statistically downscaled and reprojected GCM-driven RegCM3 (regional climate model) future projections. Data were bias corrected using the delta/anomaly method whereby the difference between future and historical projections from RegCM3 were calculated, reprojected and downscaled using linear interpolation to then modify a PRISM model generated historical baseline (1968-1999).
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This dataset represents the difference between future and historic maximum temperatures under the CSIRO A2 future climate scenario.
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This dataset was created from data provided by the USDA Forest Service MAPSS team at the Pacific Northwest Research Station. The National Center for Conservation Science and Policy calculated the mean value for the 2035-2045 period and clipped the file to the region surrounding San luis Obispo County, California. The data are the projected change in mean temperatures for August produced by the CSIRO model at 0.8 degree resolution (approximately 8 km). Units are degrees Celsius.
One of the major concerns about global warming is the potential for an increase in decomposition and soil respiration rates, increasing CO2 emissions and creating a positive feedback between global warming and soil respiration. This is particularly important in ecosystems with large belowground biomass, such as grasslands where over 90% of the carbon is allocated belowground. A better understanding of the relative influence of climate and litter quality on litter decomposition is needed to predict these changes accurately in grasslands. The Long-Term Intersite Decomposition Experiment Team (LIDET) dataset was used to evaluate the influence of climatic variables (temperature, precipitation, actual evapotranspiration,...
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Future climates are simulated by general circulation models (GCM) using climate change scenarios (IPCC 2014). To project climate change for the sagebrush biome, we used 11 GCMs and two climate change scenarios from the IPCC Fifth Assessment, representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 (Moss et al. 2010, Van Vuuren et al. 2011). RCP4.5 scenario represents a future where climate policies limit and achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100. RCP8.5 scenario might be called a business-as-usual scenario, where high emissions of greenhouse gases continue in the absence of climate change policies. The two selected time frames allow comparison of near-term (2020-2050) and longer-term...
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Future climates are simulated by general circulation models (GCM) using climate change scenarios (IPCC 2014). To project climate change for the sagebrush biome, we used 11 GCMs and two climate change scenarios from the IPCC Fifth Assessment, representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 (Moss et al. 2010, Van Vuuren et al. 2011). RCP4.5 scenario represents a future where climate policies limit and achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100. RCP8.5 scenario might be called a business-as-usual scenario, where high emissions of greenhouse gases continue in the absence of climate change policies. The two selected time frames allow comparison of near-term (2020-2050) and longer-term...
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Future climates are simulated by general circulation models (GCM) using climate change scenarios (IPCC 2014). To project climate change for the sagebrush biome, we used 11 GCMs and two climate change scenarios from the IPCC Fifth Assessment, representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 (Moss et al. 2010, Van Vuuren et al. 2011). RCP4.5 scenario represents a future where climate policies limit and achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100. RCP8.5 scenario might be called a business-as-usual scenario, where high emissions of greenhouse gases continue in the absence of climate change policies. The two selected time frames allow comparison of near-term (2020-2050) and longer-term...
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Future climates are simulated by general circulation models (GCM) using climate change scenarios (IPCC 2014). To project climate change for the sagebrush biome, we used 11 GCMs and two climate change scenarios from the IPCC Fifth Assessment, representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 (Moss et al. 2010, Van Vuuren et al. 2011). RCP4.5 scenario represents a future where climate policies limit and achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100. RCP8.5 scenario might be called a business-as-usual scenario, where high emissions of greenhouse gases continue in the absence of climate change policies. The two selected time frames allow comparison of near-term (2020-2050) and longer-term...
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Future climates are simulated by general circulation models (GCM) using climate change scenarios (IPCC 2014). To project climate change for the sagebrush biome, we used 11 GCMs and two climate change scenarios from the IPCC Fifth Assessment, representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 (Moss et al. 2010, Van Vuuren et al. 2011). RCP4.5 scenario represents a future where climate policies limit and achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100. RCP8.5 scenario might be called a business-as-usual scenario, where high emissions of greenhouse gases continue in the absence of climate change policies. The two selected time frames allow comparison of near-term (2020-2050) and longer-term...
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Future climates are simulated by general circulation models (GCM) using climate change scenarios (IPCC 2014). To project climate change for the sagebrush biome, we used 11 GCMs and two climate change scenarios from the IPCC Fifth Assessment, representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 (Moss et al. 2010, Van Vuuren et al. 2011). RCP4.5 scenario represents a future where climate policies limit and achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100. RCP8.5 scenario might be called a business-as-usual scenario, where high emissions of greenhouse gases continue in the absence of climate change policies. The two selected time frames allow comparison of near-term (2020-2050) and longer-term...
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Future climates are simulated by general circulation models (GCM) using climate change scenarios (IPCC 2014). To project climate change for the sagebrush biome, we used 11 GCMs and two climate change scenarios from the IPCC Fifth Assessment, representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5 (Moss et al. 2010, Van Vuuren et al. 2011). RCP4.5 scenario represents a future where climate policies limit and achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100. RCP8.5 scenario might be called a business-as-usual scenario, where high emissions of greenhouse gases continue in the absence of climate change policies. The two selected time frames allow comparison of near-term (2020-2050) and longer-term...
This dataset consists of the current distribution (2000s) of mangrove forests in the southeastern U.S. This dataset was created from the current best available mangrove data on a state specific basis. Florida mangrove data was extracted from Florida Landuse Land Cover Classification System (FLUCCS). For Louisiana, we used observations of mangrove stands from aerial surveys by Michot et al. (2010). Mangrove presence in Texas came from maps produced by Sherrod & McMillan (1981) and the NOAA Benthic Habitat Atlas of Coastal Texas (Finkbeiner et al. 2009). Please note that this map depicts the distribution of mangrove forests and not mangrove individuals. More detailed information on this dataset is available in Osland...


map background search result map search result map Standard Deviation of Annual Precipitation (2045-2060) from HadCM3 GCM under A2 scenario (Western USA) 4KM Results: Bias-corrected Average Annual Temperature (2045- 2060) from GFDL-driven RegCM3 climate model (Western US) Calculated difference between simulated minimum temperatures for 2071 to 2100 under MIROC A2 climate scenario for the eastern Oregon study area, USA Average value of daily maximum temperatures (2071 to 2100) under MIROC A2 future climate scenario for the eastern Oregon study area USA Change in Average August Temperature CSIRO 2035-2045 Projected Future LOCA Statistical Downscaling (Localized Constructed Analogs) Statistically downscaled CMIP5 climate projections for North America FTS RSS Temperature Test 1, John C. Stennis Space Center, Nov 2015 Precipitation (Proportion July - Sep) - 2020-2050 - RCP8.5 - Min Temperature (Mean: Annual) - 2020-2050 - RCP8.5 - Min Precipitation (Proportion May - Oct) - 1980-2010 Precipitation (Proportion May - Oct) - 2070-2100 - RCP4.5 - Min Precipitation (Proportion May - Oct) - 2020-2050 - RCP4.5 - Min Precipitation (Mean: Apr - June) - 2070-2100 - RCP4.5 - Max Precipitation (Mean: Dec - Mar) - 2020-2050 - RCP4.5 - Min Calculated difference between simulated minimum temperatures for 2071 to 2100 under MIROC A2 climate scenario for the eastern Oregon study area, USA Average value of daily maximum temperatures (2071 to 2100) under MIROC A2 future climate scenario for the eastern Oregon study area USA Change in Average August Temperature CSIRO 2035-2045 Standard Deviation of Annual Precipitation (2045-2060) from HadCM3 GCM under A2 scenario (Western USA) 4KM Results: Bias-corrected Average Annual Temperature (2045- 2060) from GFDL-driven RegCM3 climate model (Western US) Precipitation (Proportion July - Sep) - 2020-2050 - RCP8.5 - Min Temperature (Mean: Annual) - 2020-2050 - RCP8.5 - Min Precipitation (Proportion May - Oct) - 1980-2010 Precipitation (Proportion May - Oct) - 2070-2100 - RCP4.5 - Min Precipitation (Proportion May - Oct) - 2020-2050 - RCP4.5 - Min Precipitation (Mean: Apr - June) - 2070-2100 - RCP4.5 - Max Precipitation (Mean: Dec - Mar) - 2020-2050 - RCP4.5 - Min Projected Future LOCA Statistical Downscaling (Localized Constructed Analogs) Statistically downscaled CMIP5 climate projections for North America