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Land management practices often directly alter vegetation structure and composition, but the degree to which ecological processes such as herbivory interact with management to influence biodiversity is less well understood. We hypothesized that intensive forest management and large herbivores have compounding effects on early-seral plant communities and plantation establishment (i.e., tree survival and growth), and the degree of such effects is dependent on the intensity of management practices. We established 225 m2 wild ungulate (deer and elk) exclosures nested within a manipulated gradient of management intensity (no-spray Control, Light herbicide, Moderate herbicide and Intensive herbicide treatments), replicated...
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This dataset was developed to model habitat suitability for two ungulate species on the island of Lanai. This includes raster data derived from WorldView-2 data to create a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). This index, in addition to other datasets, was used to develop habitat suitability models for Axis deer and mouflon sheep. Datasets and indices derived for use in modeling efforts, as well as suitability models, are included within this data release.
Abstract (from http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0148795): Arid climates have unpredictable precipitation patterns, and wildlife managers often provide supplemental water to help desert ungulates endure the hottest, driest periods. When surface water is unavailable, the only source of water for ungulates comes from the forage they consume, and they must make resourceful foraging decisions to meet their requirements. We compared two desert bighorn sheep ( Ovis canadensis nelsoni) populations in Arizona, USA: a treatment population with supplemental water removed during treatment, and a control population. We examined whether sheep altered their seasonal diets without supplemental water....
Although the variation in natural 15N abundance in plants and soils is well characterized, mechanisms controlling N isotopic composition of organic matter are still poorly understood. The primary goal of this study was to examine the role of NH3 volatilization from ungulate urine patches in determining 15N abundance in grassland plants and soil in Yellowstone National Park. We additionally used isotopic measurements to explore the pathways that plants in urine patches take up N. Plant, soil, and volatilized NH3d15N were measured on grassland plots for 10 days following the addition of simulated urine. Simulated urine increased 15N of roots and soil and reduced 15N of shoots. Soil enrichment was due to the volatilization...
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The Green Wave Hypothesis posits that herbivore migration manifests in response to waves of spring green-up (i.e., green-wave surfing). Nonetheless, empirical support for the Green Wave Hypothesis is mixed, and a framework for understanding variation in surfing is lacking. In a population of migratory mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), 31% surfed plant phenology in spring as well as a theoretically perfect surfer, and 98% surfed better than random. Green-wave surfing varied among individuals, and was unrelated to age or energetic state. Instead, the greenscape, which we define as the order, rate, and duration of green-up along migratory routes, was the primary factor influencing surfing. Our results indicate that...
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Using data from 288 adult and yearling female elk that were captured on 22 Wyoming winter supplemental elk feedgrounds and monitored with GPS collars, we fit Step Selection Functions (SSFs) during the spring abortion season and then implemented a master equation approach to translate SSFs into predictions of daily elk distribution for 5 plausible winter weather scenarios (from a heavy snow, to an extreme winter drought year). We then predicted abortion events by combining elk distributions with empirical estimates of daily abortion rates, spatially varying elk seroprevalence, and elk population counts. Here we provide the predicted abortion events on a daily basis at a 500m resolution for the 5 different weather...
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This dataset was developed to model habitat suitability for two ungulate species on the island of Lanai. This includes raster data derived from WorldView-2 data to create a bare ground index. This index, in addition to other datasets, was used to create the habitat suitability models. Datasets and indices derived for use in modeling efforts, as well as suitability models, are included within this data release.
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17 adult female elk were captured on or around the National Elk Refuge and monitored with GPS collars from 2006 to 2015. Each of these elk were monitored for 1 to 2 years and migrated from the National Elk Refuge to Yellowstone National Park during the spring. Here we provide the unique identifier for each individual elk, the date/time stamp of each GPS location, the GPS location of the elk in UTMs and Lat-Long, the month of each GPS location, the year of each GPS location, and the date of each GPS location in numeric form.
Populations of beaver and willow have not thrived in riparian environments that are heavily browsed by livestock or ungulates, such as elk. The interaction of beaver and elk herbivory may be an important mechanism underlying beaver and willow declines in this competitive environment. We conducted a field experiment that compared the standing crop of willow three years after simulated beaver cutting on paired plants with and without intense elk browsing (85% utilization rate). Simulated beaver cutting with intense elk browsing produced willow that was small (biomass and diameter) and short, with far fewer, but longer, shoots and a higher percentage of dead biomass. In contrast, simulated beaver cutting without elk...
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288 adult and yearling female elk were captured on 22 Wyoming winter supplemental elk feedgrounds and monitored with GPS collars during the brucellosis risk period (February – July) from 2007 to 2015. There were 4 to 64 individual elk per feedground and each elk was monitored for 1 to 2 years. Here we provide the unique identifier for each individual elk, the GPS location of the elk, the date/time stamp of the GPS location, and the feedground the elk was captured on in Wyoming.
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Dataset includes publicly available geologic and rainfall data, and environmental and ecological data derived or collected for this project. Specifically, water infiltration measurements, interepreted field-saturated hydraulic conductivity values, ungulate activity, vegetation cover, general soil and weather conditions data are included. Soil samples were collected, lab analyzed, and are included in the dataset. Field-collected data are associated with plots that encompassed approximately a 3 x 3 m area; site data represent approximately 20 x 20 m. First posted: 4 March 2020 (available from author) Revised: April 13, 2020 (version 2.0) The revision is provided due to minor refinement of the dataset and updated...
Abstract (from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12772/full): The Green Wave Hypothesis posits that herbivore migration manifests in response to waves of spring green-up (i.e. green-wave surfing). Nonetheless, empirical support for the Green Wave Hypothesis is mixed, and a framework for understanding variation in surfing is lacking. In a population of migratory mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), 31% surfed plant phenology in spring as well as a theoretically perfect surfer, and 98% surfed better than random. Green-wave surfing varied among individuals and was unrelated to age or energetic state. Instead, the greenscape, which we define as the order, rate and duration of green-up along migratory routes,...
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This series of five raster datasets includes three input rasters developed to model habitat suitability for two ungulate species on the island of Lanai; the two habitat suitability model raster datasets are also part of this data release. Input datasets were derived from WorldView-2 data to create vegetation (hereafter, NDVI) and bare ground indices, and from a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) to create a ground surface slope dataset. These indices and data, in addition to other datasets, were used to create habitat suitability models for Axis deer and mouflon sheep.
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This dataset was developed to model habitat suitability for two ungulate species on the island of Lanai. Slope was derived from a 10-m resolution DEM raster dataset created by NOAA. This dataset, in addition to other datasets, was used to create the habitat suitability models. Datasets and indices derived for use in modeling efforts, as well as suitability models, are included within this data release.
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Land management practices often directly alter vegetation structure and composition, but the degree to which ecological processes such as herbivory interact with management to influence biodiversity is less well understood. We hypothesized that intensive forest management and large herbivores have compounding effects on early-seral plant communities and plantation establishment (i.e., tree survival and growth), and the degree of such effects is dependent on the intensity of management practices. We established 225 m2 wild ungulate (deer and elk) exclosures nested within a manipulated gradient of management intensity (no-spray Control, Light herbicide, Moderate herbicide and Intensive herbicide treatments), replicated...
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This dataset was developed to model habitat suitability for mouflon sheep on the island of Lanai. Model parameters include: cloud cover at 1400 HST, ground surface slope, mean annual precipitation, NDVI, elevation, bare soil, and deer habitat suitability. Datasets and indices derived for use in modeling efforts, as well as the suitability model developed for axis deer, are included within this data release.
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This dataset was developed to model habitat suitability for axis deer on the island of Lanai. Model parameters include: cloud cover at 1400 HST, ground surface slope, mean annual precipitation, NDVI, elevation, and bare soil. Datasets and indices derived for use in modeling efforts, as well as the suitability model developed for mouflon sheep, are included within this data release.
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The Green Wave Hypothesis posits that herbivore migration manifests in response to waves of spring green-up (i.e., green-wave surfing). Nonetheless, empirical support for the Green Wave Hypothesis is mixed, and a framework for understanding variation in surfing is lacking. In a population of migratory mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), 31% surfed plant phenology in spring as well as a theoretically perfect surfer, and 98% surfed better than random. Green-wave surfing varied among individuals, and was unrelated to age or energetic state. Instead, the greenscape, which we define as the order, rate, and duration of green-up along migratory routes, was the primary factor influencing surfing. Our results indicate that...
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The Green Wave Hypothesis posits that herbivore migration manifests in response to waves of spring green-up (i.e., green-wave surfing). Nonetheless, empirical support for the Green Wave Hypothesis is mixed, and a framework for understanding variation in surfing is lacking. In a population of migratory mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), 31% surfed plant phenology in spring as well as a theoretically perfect surfer, and 98% surfed better than random. Green-wave surfing varied among individuals, and was unrelated to age or energetic state. Instead, the greenscape, which we define as the order, rate, and duration of green-up along migratory routes, was the primary factor influencing surfing. Our results indicate that...
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The Green Wave Hypothesis posits that herbivore migration manifests in response to waves of spring green-up (i.e., green-wave surfing). Nonetheless, empirical support for the Green Wave Hypothesis is mixed, and a framework for understanding variation in surfing is lacking. In a population of migratory mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), 31% surfed plant phenology in spring as well as a theoretically perfect surfer, and 98% surfed better than random. Green-wave surfing varied among individuals, and was unrelated to age or energetic state. Instead, the greenscape, which we define as the order, rate, and duration of green-up along migratory routes, was the primary factor influencing surfing. Our results indicate that...


map background search result map search result map The greenscape shapes surfing of resource waves in a large migratory herbivore Forest management and cervid herbivory data from Western Oregon, USA, 2012 (Camera Data) Forest management and cervid herbivory data from Western Oregon, USA, 2012 (Seedling Data) Daily Surfing Individual Variability in Surfing Migration Dates Elk GPS collar data in southern GYE 2007-2015 Predicted daily elk abortion events in southern GYE 2010, 2012, 2014 Elk GPS collar data from National Elk Refuge (2006-2015) Hawaiian Islands datasets quantifying the effects of invasive animals and plants on native forests across the archipelago 2019 (ver. 2.0 April 2020) Lanai habitat and ecological associations of two non-native ungulate species 2011 Bare Ground Index Data for the Hawaiian Island of Lanai, Derived from 2011 WV2 Imagery Habitat suitability for axis deer on the Hawaiian Island of Lanai Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Data for the Hawaiian Island of Lanai, Derived from 2011 WV2 imagery Habitat Suitability for Mouflon Sheep on the Hawaiian Island of Lanai Slope Values for the Island of Lanai Derived from 2007 NOAA DEM Data Lanai habitat and ecological associations of two non-native ungulate species 2011 Bare Ground Index Data for the Hawaiian Island of Lanai, Derived from 2011 WV2 Imagery Habitat suitability for axis deer on the Hawaiian Island of Lanai Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Data for the Hawaiian Island of Lanai, Derived from 2011 WV2 imagery Habitat Suitability for Mouflon Sheep on the Hawaiian Island of Lanai Slope Values for the Island of Lanai Derived from 2007 NOAA DEM Data Forest management and cervid herbivory data from Western Oregon, USA, 2012 (Camera Data) Forest management and cervid herbivory data from Western Oregon, USA, 2012 (Seedling Data) Elk GPS collar data from National Elk Refuge (2006-2015) The greenscape shapes surfing of resource waves in a large migratory herbivore Daily Surfing Individual Variability in Surfing Migration Dates Elk GPS collar data in southern GYE 2007-2015 Predicted daily elk abortion events in southern GYE 2010, 2012, 2014 Hawaiian Islands datasets quantifying the effects of invasive animals and plants on native forests across the archipelago 2019 (ver. 2.0 April 2020)