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Mountain streams provide important habitats for many species, but their faunas are especially vulnerable to climate change because of ectothermic physiologies and movements that are constrained to linear networks that are easily fragmented. Effectively conserving biodiversity in these systems requires accurate downscaling of climatic trends to local habitat conditions, but downscaling is difficult in complex terrains given diverse microclimates and mediation of stream heat budgets by local conditions. We compiled a stream temperature database (n = 780) for a 2500-km river network in central Idaho to assess possible trends in summer temperatures and thermal habitat for two native salmonid species from 1993 to 2006....
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This map layer is a grid map of 1998 peak vegetation growth for Alaska and the conterminous United States. The nominal spatial resolution is 1 kilometer and the map layer is based on 1-kilometer AVHRR data. The data were compiled by staff at the USGS Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science.
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This dataset represents an update to U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 597. Locations and attributes of wind turbines in Colorado, 2009 (available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/597/). This updated Colorado wind turbine Data Series provides geospatial data (fig. 1) for all 1,204 wind turbines established within the State of Colorado as of September 2011, an increase of 297 wind turbines from 2009.Attributes specific to each turbine include: turbine location, manufacturer and model, rotor diameter, hub height, rotor height, potential megawatt output, land ownership, county, and development status of the wind turbine. Wind energy facility data for each turbine include: facility name, facility power capacity, number of...
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This map shows the predicted area of high fire potential for the current year up to the end of the forecast period as simulated by a modified version of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM). Different colors indicate the level of consensus among five different MC1 simulations (i.e., one for each forecast provided by five different weather models), ranging from one of five to five of five simulations predicting high fire potential. The area of high fire potential is where PDSI and MC1-calculated values of potential fire behavior (fireline intensity for forest and shrubland and rate of spread of spread for grassland) exceed calibrated threshold values. Potential fire behavior in MC1 is estimated using...
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The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) is a measure of drought derived from both precipitation and temperature. Negative (i.e., dry) values of PDSI are closely associated with a high potential for wildland fire. PDSI is based on a supply-and-demand model of soil moisture originally developed by Wayne Palmer, who published his method in the 1965 paper Meteorological Drought for the Office of Climatology of the U.S. Weather Bureau.The index has proven to be most effective in indicating long-term drought (or wetness) over a matter of several months. PDSI calculations are standardized for an individual station (or grid cell) based on the long-term variability of precipitation and temperature at that location....
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Winter (January – March) precipitation (mm) averaged over 2046-2065 from the general circulation model Hadley CM3 (Gordon et al. 2000, Pope et al. 2000) downscaled to a grid cell size of 10 km x 10km. References: Gordon C., C. Cooper , C.A. Senior, H. Banks, J.M. Gregory, T.C. Johns , J.F.B. Mitchell, and R.A. Wood. 2000. The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments. Clim Dyn 16:147–168. Pope, V.D., M.L. Gallani, P.R. Rowntree, and R.A. Stratton. 2000. The impact of new physical parameterisations in the Hadley Centre climate model – HadAM3. Clim Dyn 16:123–146.
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Future (2046-2065) predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence projected under the A1fi emissions scenario with the Hadley CM3 GCM model (Gordon et al. 2000, Pope et al. 2000). Projected fisher distribution was created with Maxent (Phillips et al. 2006) using fisher detections (N = 102, spanning 1993 – 2011) and seven predictor variables: mean winter (January – March) precipitation, mean summer (July – September) precipitation, mean summer temperature amplitude, mean daily low temperature for the month of the year with the warmest mean daily low temperature, mean fraction of vegetation carbon burned, mean vegetation carbon (g C m2), and modal vegetation class. Predictor variables had a grid cell size of...
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Description: Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence created with Maxent (Phillips et al. 2006) using fisher detections (N = 102, spanning 1993 – 2011) and seven predictor variables: mean winter (January – March) precipitation, mean summer (July – September) precipitation, mean summer temperature amplitude, mean daily low temperature for the month of the year with the warmest mean daily low temperature, mean fraction of vegetation carbon burned, mean vegetation carbon (g C m2), and modal vegetation class. Predictor variables had a grid cell size of 10 km, vegetation variables were simulated with MC1 (Hayhoe et al. 2004) and climate variables were provided by the PRISM GROUP (Daly et al. 1994). This...
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The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) is a measure of drought derived from both precipitation and temperature. Negative (i.e., dry) values of PDSI are closely associated with a high potential for wildland fire. PDSI is based on a supply-and-demand model of soil moisture originally developed by Wayne Palmer, who published his method in the 1965 paper Meteorological Drought for the Office of Climatology of the U.S. Weather Bureau.The index has proven to be most effective in indicating long-term drought (or wetness) over a matter of several months. PDSI calculations are standardized for an individual station (or grid cell) based on the long-term variability of precipitation and temperature at that location....
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This map shows the predicted area of high fire potential for the current year up to the end of the forecast period as simulated by a modified version of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM). Different colors indicate the level of consensus among five different MC1 simulations (i.e., one for each forecast provided by five different weather models), ranging from one of five to five of five simulations predicting high fire potential. The area of high fire potential is where PDSI and MC1-calculated values of potential fire behavior (fireline intensity for forest and shrubland and rate of spread of spread for grassland) exceed calibrated threshold values. Potential fire behavior in MC1 is estimated using...
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The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) is a measure of drought derived from both precipitation and temperature. Negative (i.e., dry) values of PDSI are closely associated with a high potential for wildland fire. PDSI is based on a supply-and-demand model of soil moisture originally developed by Wayne Palmer, who published his method in the 1965 paper Meteorological Drought for the Office of Climatology of the U.S. Weather Bureau.The index has proven to be most effective in indicating long-term drought (or wetness) over a matter of several months. PDSI calculations are standardized for an individual station (or grid cell) based on the long-term variability of precipitation and temperature at that location....
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This dataset shows the predicted area of high fire potential for the current year up to the end of the forecast period as simulated by a modified version of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM). The area of high fire potential is where PDSI and MC1-calculated values of potential fire behavior (fireline intensity for forest and shrubland and rate of spread of spread for grassland) exceed calibrated threshold values. Potential fire behavior in MC1 is estimated using National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) formulas, monthly climatic (temperature, precipitation, and relative humidity) data, and fuel moisture and loading estimates. Monthly climatic data includes recorded values up to the last observed...
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The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is a probability index that can be calculated for different time periods to indicate periods of abnormal wetness or dryness. SPI is derived solely from monthly precipitation and can be compared across regions with different climates. The SPI is an index based on the probability of recording a given amount of precipitation, and the probabilities are standardized so that an index of zero indicates the median precipitation amount (half of the historical precipitation amounts are below the median, and half are above the median). This dataset shows the average 12-month SPI (in classes ranging from extremely wet to extremely dry) for the three-month forecast period indentified...
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MC1 is a dynamic vegetation model for estimating the distribution of vegetation and associated ecosystem fluxes of carbon, nutrients, and water. It was created to assess the potential impacts of global climate change on ecosystem structure and function at a wide range of spatial scales from landscape to global. The model incorporates transient dynamics to make predictions about the patterns of ecological change. MC1 was created by combining physiologically based biogeographic rules defined in the MAPSS model with a modified version of the biogeochemical model, CENTURY. MC1 includes a fire module, MCFIRE, that mechanistically simulates the occurrence and impacts of fire events. Climate input data sources for this...
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This dataset shows the predicted area of high fire potential for the current year up to the end of the forecast period as simulated by a modified version of the MC1 Dynamic General Vegetation Model (DGVM). The area of high fire potential is where PDSI and MC1-calculated values of potential fire behavior (fireline intensity for forest and shrubland and rate of spread of spread for grassland) exceed calibrated threshold values. Potential fire behavior in MC1 is estimated using National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) formulas, monthly climatic (temperature, precipitation, and relative humidity) data, and fuel moisture and loading estimates. Monthly climatic data includes recorded values up to the last observed...
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These results come from the VINCERA version of MC1. MC1 is a dynamic vegetation model for estimating the distribution of vegetation and associated ecosystem fluxes of carbon, nutrients, and water. It was created to assess the potential impacts of global climate change on ecosystem structure and function at a wide range of spatial scales from landscape to global. The model incorporates transient dynamics to make predictions about the patterns of ecological change. MC1 was created by combining physiologically based biogeographic rules defined in the MAPSS model with a modified version of the biogeochemical model, CENTURY. MC1 includes a fire module, MCFIRE, that mechanistically simulates the occurrence and impacts...
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These results come from the VINCERA version of MC1. MC1 is a dynamic vegetation model for estimating the distribution of vegetation and associated ecosystem fluxes of carbon, nutrients, and water. It was created to assess the potential impacts of global climate change on ecosystem structure and function at a wide range of spatial scales from landscape to global. The model incorporates transient dynamics to make predictions about the patterns of ecological change. MC1 was created by combining physiologically based biogeographic rules defined in the MAPSS model with a modified version of the biogeochemical model, CENTURY. MC1 includes a fire module, MCFIRE, that mechanistically simulates the occurrence and impacts...


map background search result map search result map Peak Vegetation Growth 1998 Coal Mines Trout Unlimited-Coldwater Fisheries Data Condition Index - Aquatic - Focal Species Wind Turbines in Colorado, 2011 MC1 DGVM fire potential consensus forecast January-November 2012 (number of weather forecasts resulting in high potential) Palmer drought severity index forecast June - August 2012 (based on ECPC 7-mo weather forecast) Mean winter (January – March) precipitation, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 1986-2005, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Palmer drought severity index forecast May - July 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential consensus forecast January-May 2012 (number of weather forecasts resulting in high potential) Palmer drought severity index forecast April - June 2012 (based on ECHAM 7-mo weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast JANUARY - JUNE 2012 (based on COLA 7-month weather forecast) Vegetation Type for the North America Simulated for Years 2070-2099 for the HadCM3 SRES A2 Scenario by the MC1 Model (VINCERA version; Low CO2 Efficiency; Unsuppressed Fires) Vegetation Type for the North America Simulated for Years 2070-2099 for the CGCM2 SRES A2 Scenario by the MC1 Model (VINCERA version; Low CO2 Efficiency; Unsuppressed Fires) Standardized precipitation index forecast June - December 2011 (based on ECHAM 7-mo weather forecast) Vegetation Type for the United States and Canada Simulated for Historical data for the years 1961-1990 by the MC1 Model (NA8K version) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January - July 2011 (based on COLA 7-mo weather forecast) Wind Turbines in Colorado, 2011 Trout Unlimited-Coldwater Fisheries Data Coal Mines Condition Index - Aquatic - Focal Species Mean winter (January – March) precipitation, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 2046-2065, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution Predicted probability of fisher year-round occurrence, 1986-2005, Hadley CM3 A1fi, 10 km resolution MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast January - July 2011 (based on COLA 7-mo weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential consensus forecast January-November 2012 (number of weather forecasts resulting in high potential) Palmer drought severity index forecast June - August 2012 (based on ECPC 7-mo weather forecast) Palmer drought severity index forecast May - July 2012 (based on CCM3V6 7-mo weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential consensus forecast January-May 2012 (number of weather forecasts resulting in high potential) Palmer drought severity index forecast April - June 2012 (based on ECHAM 7-mo weather forecast) MC1 DGVM fire potential forecast JANUARY - JUNE 2012 (based on COLA 7-month weather forecast) Standardized precipitation index forecast June - December 2011 (based on ECHAM 7-mo weather forecast) Vegetation Type for the United States and Canada Simulated for Historical data for the years 1961-1990 by the MC1 Model (NA8K version) Vegetation Type for the North America Simulated for Years 2070-2099 for the HadCM3 SRES A2 Scenario by the MC1 Model (VINCERA version; Low CO2 Efficiency; Unsuppressed Fires) Vegetation Type for the North America Simulated for Years 2070-2099 for the CGCM2 SRES A2 Scenario by the MC1 Model (VINCERA version; Low CO2 Efficiency; Unsuppressed Fires) Peak Vegetation Growth 1998