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Barrier islands provide important ecosystem services, including storm protection and erosion control to the mainland, habitat for fish and wildlife, and tourism (Barbier and others, 2011; Feagin and others, 2010). These islands tend to be dynamic due to their location along the estuarine-marine interface. Besides gradual changes caused by constant forces, such as currents and tides, barrier islands face numerous threats including hurricanes, accelerated sea-level rise, oil spills, and anthropogenic impacts (Pilkey and Cooper, 2014). These threats are likely to influence the future of barrier islands in the latter part of the 21st century, especially as climate-related threats to coastal areas are expected to increase...
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Low-lying island environments, such as the Majuro Atoll in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, are particularly vulnerable to inundation (coastal flooding) whether the increased water levels are from episodic events (storm surge, wave run-up, king tides) or from chronic conditions (long term sea-level rise). Land elevation is the primary geophysical variable that determines exposure to inundation in coastal settings. Accordingly, coastal elevation data are a critical input for assessments of inundation exposure and vulnerability. Previous research has demonstrated that the quality of data used for elevation-based assessments must be well understood and applied to properly model potential impacts. The vertical...
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Dunes with a high relative topography can often be easily distinguished in high-resolution lidar-based digital elevation models (DEMs). Thus, researchers have begun using relative topography metrics, such as the topographic position index (TPI; Weiss, 2001), to identify ridges and upper slopes for extracting dunes from lidar-based DEMs (Wernette et al., 2016; Halls et al. 2018). DEMs are often used for automated delineations of intertidal and supratidal habitats in coastal applications despite issues related to vertical uncertainty. However, the level of vertical uncertainty from data collected with conventional aerial topographic lidar systems has been found to be as high as 60 cm in densely vegetated emergent...


    map background search result map search result map Inundation Exposure Assessment for Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Using relative topography and elevation uncertainty to delineate dune habitat on barrier islands Modeling barrier island habitats using landscape position information for Dauphin Island, Alabama Using relative topography and elevation uncertainty to delineate dune habitat on barrier islands Inundation Exposure Assessment for Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Modeling barrier island habitats using landscape position information for Dauphin Island, Alabama