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Following the May 2005 acid crater lake flood at Chiginagak volcano, DGGS has been monitoring crater lake water that flows into Indecision Creek, Mother Goose Lake, and the King Salmon River.This data table provides information on water samples collected between 2005 and 2011 near Chiginagak volcano, including:sample ID, latitude, longitude, location description, pH, and cation and anion chemistry results.
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This data lists the historically active volcanoes of Alaska and the year of the last major eruptive event. The volcanoes listed meet at least one of the following criteria since 1700 CE: (1) documented, unquestioned eruption, or (2) a strongly suspected eruption, often an eruption documented in the historical account with very little information (current geologic knowledge must not contradict the eruption account), or (3) persistent (usually on the order of decades, but certainly longer than several months) fumaroles, with temperatures (where measured) within ~10 degrees C of the boiling point, or (4) significant, measured, volcanic-related, non-eruptive deformation, (5) documented earthquake swarm with strongly...
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The files consist of two types: tabulated data files and graphical map files. Data files consist of six .csv files, representing six experiment dates (2016_06_14, 2016_16_15, 2016_18_15, 2016_16_21, 2016_16_22, 2016_16_23). Each of these files contains multiple columns of data, with each column representing either a time measurement or the value of a physical quantity measured at that time (e.g., flow depth, pore pressure, normal stress, etc.). Map files consist of six .pdf files, each representing an experiment date listed above. The maps show the thickness of the sediment deposited onto the runout pad after each experiment. Sediment thickness was determined using photogrammetery software from Adam Technology.
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Ar/Ar data are reported from minerals and rocks that were collected as part of a mineral resource investigation of the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield districts in Nevada. Data are reported from 92 samples and associated standards from eight separate neutron irradiations in the Denver USGS TRIGA reactor, including separated mineral grains and whole rocks. Data were collected by infrared laser heating of irradiated samples, either incremental heating or fusion, and analysis by multi-collector mass spectrometry. The reported data have been corrected for blanks, radioactive decay, and interfering nucleogenic reactions associated with sample irradiation.
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Strontium isotope ratios of lavas from Hawaiʻi were analyzed by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) at the Southwest Isotope Research Laboratories of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Denver. There were at total of 427 analyses of samples obtained from the field, the collections of the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), the University of Hawaiʻi, and the Smithsonian Institution. The samples originated from Kīlauea (historical and prehistoric summit and rift zone lavas), Mauna Loa (historical lavas), and Lōʻihi (submarine lavas of unknown age). Data for associated reference materials are described in the process steps. The Sr isotope ratios may be used to test models for the magmatic plumbing system...
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This Data Release contains geospatially-enabled geological data to accompany the Geologic Map of the Central Beaverhead Mountains, Lemhi County, Idaho, and Beaverhead County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3413. This map portrays detailed geology of the central Beaverhead Mountains, printable at 1:50,000 scale. These data were collected between 1997 and 2017, and synthesized to provide significant new stratigraphic and structural data and interpretations. Generalized basin geology compiled from sources on both sides of the range is combined with newly mapped bedrock geology to better integrate geologic development of the map area. These data are shared to meet open data requirements...
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The Grand Canyon geologic field photograph collection contains 1,211 geotagged photographs collected during 43 years of geologic mapping from 1967 to 2010. The photographs document some key geologic features, structures, and rock unit relations that were used to compile nine geologic maps of the Grand Canyon region published at 1:100,000 scale, and many more maps published at 1:24,000 scale. Metadata for each photograph include description, date captured, coordinates, and a keyword system that places each photograph in one or more of the following categories: arches and windows, breccia pipes and collapse structures, faults and folds, igneous rocks, landslides and rockfalls, metamorphic rocks, sedimentary rocks,...
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On 21 May 2016, two Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) instruments were used to measure the radiance of scattered solar radiation passing through the plume emitted from Sabancaya Volcano, Peru. Spectra were recorded in the ultraviolet (UV: 280 – 425 nm) and visible (Vis: 450 – 780 nm) wavelength ranges at 0.6 and 1.2 nm resolution, respectively. Two distinct experiments were performed using different measurement geometries. In the first experiment, two zenith-looking telescopes were mounted on a vehicle, each coupling scattered sunlight into one of the two DOAS spectrometers. The vehicle traversed beneath Sabancaya’s volcanic plume between 16:43 to 17:39 UTC collecting 2075 UV spectra and an equal...
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This dataset contains shapefiles and associated metadata for Kīlauea volcano's Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō episode 61g lava flow from May 24, 2016 through May 31, 2017. Episode 61g began with a breakout from the east flank of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on May 24, 2016. Lava reached the Pacific Ocean at Kamokuna on July 26, 2017, and began building a lava delta that extended seaward from the original coastline. This lava delta collapsed into the ocean on December 31, 2016, as reflected in the data for January 12, 2017 and thereafter. The episode 61g lava flow continues as of May 31, 2017, the date of the last mapping to contribute to this dataset. One mapping date is included for each calendar month - usually late in the month - from May 2016 through...
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Okmok volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, explosively erupted over a five-week period between July 12 and August 23, 2008. The eruption was predominantly phreatomagmatic, producing fine-grained tephra that covered most of northeastern Umnak Island. The eruption had a maximum Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 4, with eruption column heights up to 16 km during the opening phase. Several craters and a master tuff cone formed in the caldera as a result of phreatomagmatic explosions and accumulated tephra-fall and surge deposits. Ascending magma continuously interacted with an extensive shallow groundwater table in the caldera, resulting in the phreatomagmatic character of the eruption. Syneruptive explosion and collapse...
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Kasatochi is a small, isolated island volcano in the center of the Aleutian Island chain. It consists of a roughly circular cone approximately 3 km in diameter with a lake-filled central crater that is 1.2 km in diameter and extends from the highest point on the island to sea level. The oldest unit recognized is a thick series of mid-Pleistocene glaciovolcanic deposits consisting of autobrecciated lava, lahars, and volumetrically minor lava masses that we believe to have been emplaced underneath a regional ice cap. This unit is unconformably overlain by several massive Holocene lavas, above which lies a thick sequence of latest-Holocene pyroclastic deposits likely deposited during the crater-forming eruption. The...
This publication contains previously unpublished geochemical analyses or re-analyses of lavas, magmatic inclusions, and a few gabbroic cumulate inclusions from Alaska volcanoes (Akutan, Augustine, Buzzard Creek, Dana, Douglas, Fourpeaked, Frosty, Great Sitkin, Iliamna, Kaguyak, Kiska, Okmok, Prindle Cone, Recheshnoi, Redoubt, Spurr, Ukinrek Maars, Vsevidof, Westdahl, Wrangell) collected by the authors and others over the past 35 years. It provides substantial data sets for three volcanoes (Vsevidof, Westdahl, and Douglas) for which little or no published data exist. All analyses were made by the GeoAnalytical laboratory at Washington State University in Pullman, WA. The ICP/MS data have been reduced using the 2006...
Tags: Adagdak, Adak, Akutan, Analyses, Analyses and Sampling, All tags...
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The dataset consists of chemical analyses and some isotopic analyses of rock samples collected from Mount Shasta, California, and its immediate surroundings.
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This dataset contains shapefiles and associated metadata showing evolution of the "June 27th" lava flow (Puʻu ʻŌʻō eruptive episode 61e) that was active at Kīlauea volcano from June 27, 2014, to June 8, 2016. The dataset contains (1) an attributed polyline shapefile and (2) an attributed polygon shapefile with features that represent the outline and extent of the flow on 35 different dates. The dataset also contains (3) an attributed polyline shapefile with features that represent the eruptive fissures associated with this episode of the eruption and the principle ground cracks that were occupied by lava during lava flow emplacement, and (4) an attributed polyline shapefile with features representing the mapped...
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On 6 April 2014, a Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) instrument was used to measure the radiance of scattered solar radiation passing through the plume emitted from Mount Pagan volcano, Mariana Islands. Spectra were recorded in the ultraviolet (UV: 240 – 390 nm) wavelength range at 0.6 nm resolution. A scanner was used to scan the spectrometer's viewing direction vertically through the volcanic plume. The scanner was located at 18.1235N, 145.7608E and aimed directly to the north (0 degrees azimuth). It scanned the spectrometer's viewing direction from 1 to 90 degrees elevation in steps of 1 degree. The plume was encountered at about 15 to 20 degrees elevation. The scanner was held at each position...
The lateral blast, debris avalanche, pyroclastic flows, and lahars of the May 18th, 1980, eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington, dramatically altered the surrounding landscape. The debris avalanche and pyroclastic flows filled upper North Fork Toutle River valley and blocked the outlet of Spirit Lake. To mitigate the risk of a catastrophic breach, lake outflow was pumped over the blockage prior to rerouting through a 2.6-kilometer long tunnel completed in 1985 by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. However, periodic major repairs to the tunnel have caused responsible parties to reevaluate long-term lake outlet options. This dataset presents a time series of digital terrain models (DTM) of the Spirit Lake blockage...
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The Orange Tuff is an informally named tephra-fall deposit that crops out extensively in the volcanic highlands to the south and southwest of Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. The data included in this data release documents the deposit thickness and maximum sizes of lithics present at sites throughout its distribution. Additional tables document dispersal areas calculated from within hand-drawn isopach and lithic isopleth maps based on the aforementioned thickness and lithic size data. Such area measurements will be used in the related subsequent publication listed in the metadata to derive eruption and deposit characteristics such as bulk volume and column height and to help determine the source volcano. The isopach...
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From May to September 2017 measurements of gas and heat emissions were made at Solfatara Plateau Thermal Area, an acid-sulfate, vapor-dominated area in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. An eddy covariance system measured half-hourly CO2, H2O and sensible and latent heat fluxes, air temperature and pressure, wind speed and direction and soil moisture. A Multi-GAS instrument measured (0.5 Hz frequency) atmospheric H2O, CO2, SO2 and H2S volumetric mixing ratios, air pressure, temperature and relative humidity and wind speed and direction. Soil temperature at 30 cm depth and CO2 flux were also measured on a grid across a 0.11 km2 area using thermocouple probes and the accumulation chamber method, respectively. The...
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Medicine Lake volcano (MLV) is a very large shield-shaped volcano located in northern California where it forms part of the southern Cascade Range of volcanoes. It has erupted hundreds of times during its half-million-year history, including nine times during the past 5,200 years, most recently 950 years ago. This record represents one of the highest eruptive frequencies among Cascade volcanoes and includes a wide variety of different types of lava flows and at least two explosive eruptions that produced widespread fallout. Compared to those of a typical Cascade stratovolcano, eruptive vents at MLV are widely distributed, extending 55 km north-south and 40 km east-west. The total area covered by MLV lavas is >2,000...
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This release presents the GIS data (in GDB, shapefile, and e00 [coverage] formats) and metadata for a 1:24,000-scale geologic map of the Poncha Pass area in central Colorado. A cartographic version of the geologic map, including map unit descriptions, interpretative text, and accessory figures and tables, is being separately published as a U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map (SIM). The map area is irregular in shape, covering all of one 7.5' quadrangle (Poncha Pass) and parts of five others (Mount Ouray, Maysville, Salida West, Salida East, and Wellsville). The map boundaries were drawn to cover all of the "Poncha mountain block", coincident with the approximately 15-kilometer-long northwestern...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 40Ar/39Ar age, Arkansas River, Bear Creek, Bonanza Tuff, Bull Lake glaciation, All tags...


map background search result map search result map Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy data acquired at Sabancaya Volcano (Peru) on 21 May 2016 Sensor data from debris-flow experiments conducted in June, 2016, at the USGS debris-flow flume, HJ Andrews Experimental Forest, Blue River, Oregon Chemical and isotopic analyses of Mount Shasta, California GIS shapefiles for Kīlauea's episode 61g lava flow, Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption: May 2016 to May 2017 Isopach, lithic isopleth, and pyroxene, Fe-Ti oxide, and plagioclase geochemistry data for the Orange Tuff, West Java, Indonesia Historically active volcanoes of Alaska Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska Summit crater lake observations, and the location, chemistry, and pH of water samples near Mount Chiginagak volcano, Alaska: 2004-2011 The 2008 phreatomagmatic eruption of Okmok Volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: Chronology, deposits, and landform changes 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield districts, Nevada Geologic and Related Photographs of the Grand Canyon Region (1967–2010) Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy data acquired at Mount Pagan volcano (Mariana Islands) on 6 April 2014 Digital Data for the Geologic Map of the Central Beaverhead Mountains, Lemhi County, Idaho, and Beaverhead County, Montana Hazard boundaries for the volcanic hazard assessment of Medicine Lake volcano, California Strontium isotope ratios of lavas from Kīlauea, Mauna Loa, and Lōʻihi Volcanoes, Hawaiʻi Gas and heat emission measurements at Solfatara Plateau Thermal Area, Yellowstone National Park (May-September 2017) GIS shapefiles for the June 27th lava flow at Kīlauea volcano, Hawaiʻi, June 2014–June 2016 Data release for Geologic Map of the Poncha Pass Area, Chaffee, Fremont, and Saguache Counties, Colorado Sensor data from debris-flow experiments conducted in June, 2016, at the USGS debris-flow flume, HJ Andrews Experimental Forest, Blue River, Oregon Gas and heat emission measurements at Solfatara Plateau Thermal Area, Yellowstone National Park (May-September 2017) Hazard boundaries for the volcanic hazard assessment of Medicine Lake volcano, California Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska GIS shapefiles for Kīlauea's episode 61g lava flow, Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption: May 2016 to May 2017 Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy data acquired at Mount Pagan volcano (Mariana Islands) on 6 April 2014 GIS shapefiles for the June 27th lava flow at Kīlauea volcano, Hawaiʻi, June 2014–June 2016 Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy data acquired at Sabancaya Volcano (Peru) on 21 May 2016 Data release for Geologic Map of the Poncha Pass Area, Chaffee, Fremont, and Saguache Counties, Colorado Isopach, lithic isopleth, and pyroxene, Fe-Ti oxide, and plagioclase geochemistry data for the Orange Tuff, West Java, Indonesia Summit crater lake observations, and the location, chemistry, and pH of water samples near Mount Chiginagak volcano, Alaska: 2004-2011 Digital Data for the Geologic Map of the Central Beaverhead Mountains, Lemhi County, Idaho, and Beaverhead County, Montana The 2008 phreatomagmatic eruption of Okmok Volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: Chronology, deposits, and landform changes Strontium isotope ratios of lavas from Kīlauea, Mauna Loa, and Lōʻihi Volcanoes, Hawaiʻi Historically active volcanoes of Alaska