Filters: Tags: wildlife disease (X)189 results (5.8s)
Thirty-four species of nematodes were found in 415 Anseriformes (Anatidae) of 27 species; 93.7% of birds over 4 weeks old were infected. Data on prevalence, host specificity, age of host, and geographic distribution are given. Infections were more intense in sick birds and birds in poor physical condition. Accidental or abnormal infection was more likely in sick than in normal birds. From 1 to 13 species of nematodes are reported from each host species, including 118 new host records, 3 nematodes new for North America, and 1 new species. Multiple infections were present in 76.5% of birds parasitized; eight species of nematodes were found in one whistling swan (Olor columbianus).
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Wildlife Disease
Histopathological assessment of the digestive gland of a freshwater snail (Lymnaea stagnalis) exposed to uranium
This dataset consists of measurements of the digestive gland in the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis orally exposed to uranium. The objective of the study was to assess the morphological effects of uranium on the snail digestive gland by light microscopy. Laboratory-cultured L stagnalis were exposed to either synthetic or natural solid phases of uranium and a subset (6 controls and 6 exposed) were euthanized and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for histopathological assessment. Slides were processed and stained with hematoxalin and eosin as per standard procedure (Luna 1968). The size of each sample, the length and width of digestive gland tubules (5 random glands per sample) and height of digestive cells...
Categories: Data; Tags: Environmental Health, Lymnaea stagnalis, Madison, Wisconsin, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), Wildlife Biology,
Flea abundance and body condition data for black-tailed prairie dogs on sites treated and not treated with “FipBit” fipronil pellets, South Dakota, 2018-2020
Flea abundance and body condition data for black-tailed prairie dogs on sites treated and not treated with “FipBit” fipronil pellets. We sampled prairie dogs at Conata Basin, Buffalo Gap National Grassland, and Badlands National Park, South Dakota, USA. We sampled fleas from live-trapped prairie dogs during June–October 2018, May–October 2019, and July-August 2020. Prairie dogs were sampled before and after FipBit treatments. We anesthetized each prairie dog with isoflurane and combed it thoroughly for 30 seconds to dislodge fleas, which fell into a plastic bin. Fleas were counted and allowed to recover from anesthesia and placed back on prairie dogs, to minimize any removal effect. We weighed prairie dogs with...
Throughout a 20-year biosurveillance period, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus was isolated in low titers from only 6 / 7,355 opportunistically sampled adult Pacific herring, reflecting the typical endemic phase of the disease when the virus persists covertly. However, more focused surveillance efforts identified the presence of disease hot spots occurring among juvenile life history stages from certain nearshore habitats. These outbreaks sometimes recurred annually in the same temporal and spatial patterns and were characterized by infection prevalence as high as 96%. Longitudinal sampling indicated that some epizootics were relatively transient, represented by positive samples on a single sampling date, and others...
Categories: Data; Tags: Cook Inlet, Ecology, Ketchican, Prince William Sound, Puget Sound,
In vitro expression, immunogenicity, and efficacy data from recombinant raccoon poxvirus-vectored rabies vaccine candidates tested in mice
This work is part of an experimental trial to develop and assess novel recombinant raccoonpox virus (RCN) rabies vaccines in the mouse model, for potential use in bats. Briefly, our research group previously developed a recombinant RCN vaccine candidate expressing a mosaic glycoprotein (MoG) gene that protected mice and big brown bats when challenged with rabies virus (RABV). We developed two new recombinant RCN candidates expressing MoG (RCN-tPA-MoG and RCN-SS-TD-MoG) with the aim of improving RCN-MoG. We assessed and compared in vitro expression, in vivo immunogenicity, and protective efficacy in vaccinated mice challenged intracerebrally with RABV. In this data set, we share results of immunofluorescence assay...
Data on Utah prairie dog body condition and reproductive success, Awapa Plateau, Utah, USA, 2013-2016
Data on body condition and reproduction of Utah prairie dogs at 5 colonies on the Awapa Plateau, Utah, USA, June-August 2013-2016. Utah prairie dogs were live-trapped and sampled on 5 colonies. We recorded the age (juvenile/adult) and mass (nearest 5 grams) of each prairie dog and marked its ears and body with metal tags and passive integrated transponders, respectively, for permanent identification. We measured each prairie dog's right hind foot length (nearest millimeter). We indexed each adult prairie dog's body condition as the ratio between its mass and hind-foot length. Prairie dogs were allowed to recover from anesthesia and released at their trapping locations. We indexed prairie dog reproduction, by colony...
Categories: Data; Tags: Cynomys, Ecology, Prairie dog, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), Utah,
These data contain observation and null polygons for waterfowl aerial surveys of Lake Michigan collected through the years 2009-2014. Polygons were created adjacent to either side of the flight lines (transects). The right and left offset of the polygons from the flight path, was determined using the average altitude of the plane along the transect and the observation angle through the plane’s window. Observed birds were counted and identified by species. This count data was attributed to the polygon closest to the point along the transect where the observation occurred, and on the side of the plane in which the observation took place. The point data represent counts where each point represents a single species....
Population genetic analysis of the snake-infecting fungus, Ophidiomyces ophidiicola, in the eastern United States
Snake fungal disease (SFD; ophidiomycosis), caused by the pathogen Ophidiomyces ophidiicola (Oo), has been documented in wild snakes in North America and Eurasia, and is a potentially emerging disease in the eastern USA. However, a lack of historical disease data has made it challenging to determine whether Oo is a recent arrival to the USA or whether SFD emergence is due to other factors. Here, we examined the genomes of 82 Oo strains to determine the pathogen’s history in the eastern USA. This dataset contains metadata on the strains used in that study.
Categories: Data; Tags: Eastern United States, Fungal whole genome sequencing, Ophidiomyces, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), Wildlife Disease,
Canine distemper virus antibody titer results for grizzly bears and wolves in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem 1984-2014
We investigated the dynamics of canine distemper virus (CDV) in grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and wolves (Canis lupus) of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) using serological data collected from 1984 to 2014. 565 sera samples were obtained from 425 unique grizzly bears (134 females and 291 males) from 1984 to 2014 and 319 sera samples were obtained from 285 unique wolves (130 females and 155 males) from 1996 to 2014. Here we provide the unique identifier for each individual, the species and sex, the date the individual was captured, the estimated birth year and age, and the CDV antibody titer results based upon serum neutralization assays.
Categories: Data; Tags: Grand Teton National Park, Grizzly bear, Idaho, Montana, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC),
Raw MinION FASTQ datafiles corresponding to the paper “A comparison of avian influenza virus whole genome sequencing approaches using nanopore technology”
Raw sequencing data as generated by the five different methods used are provided for each of the three samples used in the comparison. The files are in FASTQ format as exported from the Oxford Nanopore’s MK1C using MinION flowcells. Files are labeled according to the method (as described in the paper) and the Sample ID). The MK1C exports data in blocks of 6000 reads per FASTQ file and all the FASTQ files from each method and sample are grouped in a common folder.
Categories: Data; Tags: CONUS, Emerging Infectious Disease, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus, Methods Comparison, Methods Development,
Acanthurid surgeonfishes are an abundant and diverse group of herbivorous fishes on coral reefs. While their contribution to trophic linkages and dynamics in coral reef systems has received considerable attention, the role of linkages involving their parasites has not. As both consumers of fish tissue and prey to microcarnivores, external parasites can play a significant role in trophic transfer between the primarily algae-based food source and the broader coral reef community. Stable isotope analysis is a common tool for studying trophic linkages, which can be used for studies involving parasites. These data were collected to examine the stable isotope ecology (13C and 15N) of copepod (Caligus atromaculatus) and...
Categories: Data; Tags: Aquatic Biology, Ecology, Ecology, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), Virgin Islands of the United States,
Levels of Persistent Organic Pollutants Found in Blue Mussels (Mytilus trossulus) in the Aleutian Archipelago and Southeast Alaska in 1994-1996
The data consist of levels of organic pollutants found in the blue mussels (Mytelus trossulus) samples from 44 sites along the Aleutian archipelago and in Cross Sound in southeast Alaska. For each site, the percent lipid, percent water and the sum of the target organic compounds are reported. The compounds are PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), DDTs (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes), HCHs (hexachlorocyclohexanes), chlordane, and HCB (hexachlorocyclobenzene).
Categories: Data; Tags: Aleutian Islands, Southeast Alaska, biota, bivalves, coastal pollution,
Immunological histopathology of American kestrels (Falco sparverius) exposed to the flame retardant isopropyl triphenyl phosphate
This work is part of a study of the immunological effects of exposure to alternative flame retardants in avian species. For the pathology portion of the study, hatchling American kestrels (Falco sparverius) were exposed to the flame retardant isopropyl triphenyl phosphate (ITP) and then challenged with a synthetic analogue of viral double-stranded RNA, polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C). Control birds were challenged with vehicle only or vehicle and poly I:C. At euthanasia, spleen, thymus, and bursa of Fabricius were collected and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for histopathological assessment. Slides were processed and stained with hematoxalin and eosin as per standard procedure (Luna 1968). Quantitative...
Levels of Persistent Organic Pollutants Found in the Blood of Sea Otters Captured in the Western Aleutian Islands and Southeast Alaska in 1997
The data consist of levels of organic pollutants found in the blood of sea otters captured from five areas in the western aleutian Islands and in Cross Sound in southeast Alaska. For each location, the sample size, and the median and range of values for each compound is provided. The compounds are PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), DDTs (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes), HCHs (hexachlorocyclohexanes), chlordane, HCB (hexachlorocyclobenzene), and dieldrin.
Categories: Data; Tags: Southeast Alaska, Western Aleutian Islands, biota, health, organic pollutants,
These data represent capture mark recapture data from toads, and results of testing for Bd (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) the pathogen that causes amphibian chytridiomycosis on individuals. The data span from 2004-2016 at three sites in Montana where boreal toads were declining. The data also include temperature measurements at the sites and information on the egg counts and Bd prevalence from Columbia spotted frogs that are co-occurring at one of the sites.
Categories: Data; Tags: Columbia spotted frog, Montana, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), Wildlife Disease, biota,
The present study proposes a new methodology for the quantification of parasite eggs in animal tissue. Quantification of parasites are important to understand epidemiology of spirorchiid infections in sea turtles, however different methodologies for quantifying Spirorchiidae eggs in turtle tissues have been used. The most representative way to quantify Spirorchiidae burdens in tissues is counting eggs / g of tissue, however, this method is very laborious. As an alternative, we propose quantifying number of Spirorchiidae egg/ area of tissue on a microscope slide. We compared this method to number of eggs / slide, a common metric of egg burden in turtle tissues. Both methods correlated well with eggs / g with eggs/mm2...
Categories: Data; Tags: Hawaii, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), Wildlife Disease, climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere, parasites,
Avian Influenza Virus Test Results from Active Surveillance of North American Wild Birds Collected by Department of Interior from 2006-2011
Influenza A viruses are one of the most significant viral groups globally with substantial impacts on human, domestic animal and wildlife health. Wild birds are the natural reservoirs for these viruses, and active surveillance within wild bird populations provides critical information about viral evolution forming the basis of risk assessments and counter measure development. Unfortunately, active surveillance programs are often resource-intensive, and thus enhancing programs for increased efficiency is paramount. Machine learning, a branch of artificial intelligence applications, provides statistical learning procedures that can be used to gain novel insights into disease surveillance systems. We use a form of...
Categories: Data; Tags: Influenza A virus, North America, North America, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), Wildlife Disease,
The relationships between Mycoplasma agassizii, a causative agent of upper respiratory disease (URTD), and desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii), generally illustrate the complexities of disease dynamics in wild vertebrate populations. In this review, we summarize current understanding of URTD in Mojave desert tortoise populations, we illustrate how inadequate knowledge of tortoise immune systems may obfuscate assessment of disease, and we suggest approaches to future management of URTD in desert tortoise populations. We challenge the view that M. agassizii causes consistent levels of morbidity and/or mortality across the Mojave desert. Instead, URTD may be described more accurately as a context-dependent disease....
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation, Journal Citation; Tags: Biological Conservation, Conservation, Desert tortoise, Epidemiology, Natural antibody,
Evaluating regulations and surveillance as risk-mitigation to the emerging amphibian pathogen Bsal- Data release
Results of a literature search performed December 1, 2020. The tables in this document summarize the publications fitting in this search criteria and are split into the publications that update the list of international species that could carry Bsal (Appendix 1 Table S1). Number of individual live amphibians imported in categories of urodelan (salamander, newt, and related taxa) species restricted under the interim regulations and not listed, species not listed on the regulations that have had Bsal detected, notably Bombina spp., anuran species in the genus Rana, and Xenopus (including African clawed frogs) as a comparison of species not thought to be susceptible to Bsal, but commonly imported (Appendix 3 Table...
Categories: Data; Tags: Bombina, Bsal, Ecology, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC), United States,
Quantitative PCR standard curve and transcript values for the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris), derived from 2013-14 manatee health assessments in Crystal River and Titusville, Florida
These data represent the standard curve values as well as measurements of cytokine and reference gene transcripts from blood samples collected from Florida manatees and quantified using quantitative PCR.
Categories: Data; Tags: Aquatic Biology, Crystal River, Genetics, Titusville, USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC),