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The Climate Adaptation Science Centers (CASCs) partner with natural and cultural resource managers, tribes and indigenous communities, and university researchers to provide science that helps fish, wildlife, ecosystems, and the communities they support adapt to climate change. The CASCs provide managers and stakeholders with information and decision-making tools to respond to the effects of climate change. While each CASC works to address specific research priorities within their respective region, CASCs also collaborate across boundaries to address issues within shared ecosystems, watersheds, and landscapes.
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The data are a long-term (1980-present), daily reanalysis of reference evapotranspiration, covering the globe at a spatial resolution of 0.625° Longitude x 0.5° Latitude. Reference evapotranspiration is a measure of evaporative demand, or the "thirst of the atmosphere", basically how much moisture from the surface could evaporate into overpassing air, assuming (i) that enough water is available to evaporate and (ii) the surface is covered with a specific reference crop that completely shades the ground (some other conditions also apply). For this dataset, reference evapotranspiration is derived from the daily implementation of the Penman-Monteith reference evapotranspiration equation (Monteith, 1965) as codified...
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Fish data on six species (black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus), bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), northern pike (Esox lucius), walleye (Sander vitreus), and yellow perch (perca flavescens)) caught in gill nets and trap nets between 2000 and 2019 during Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR) fisheries surveys done in the months of June through September. Fish catch and effort (number of nets set overnight) comes from over 1,000 Minnesota lakes. In addition to fisheries data, we included additional information concerning lake characteristics, predicted water temperature, and watershed land use. Lake area and maximum depth were obtained from MNDNR public databases....
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Measurements of fog, wind, fog interception, soil moisture, and fog effects on plant water use and plant survival were collected to test a model to estimate CWI as a function of fog-water movement and vegetation characteristics.
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The development and deployment of digital broadband seismographs provides the data required to rapidly assess earthquake size, determine source parameters and better characterize ground motions affecting earthquake hazard. The focus of regional moment tensor analysis is to estimate the moment magnitude, faulting parameters and source depth of earthquakes that are too small to be recorded teleseismically. Thus they have the potential of extending the earthquake catalog to magnitudes less than about M4-4.5. This data distribution provides the details required to critically review the resulting catalog, e.g., the waveforms used, processing parameters and velocity model. In addition the issue of the correct local...
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This data release provides a monthly irrigation water use reanalysis for the period 2000-20 for all USGS Watershed Boundary Dataset of Subwatersheds (HUC12) in the conterminous United States (CONUS). Results include reference evapotranspiration (ETo), actual evapotranspiration (ETa), irrigated areas, consumptive use, and effective precipitation for each HUC12. ETo and ETa were estimated using the operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop, Senay and others, 2013; Senay and others, 2020) model executed in the OpenET (Melton and others, 2021) web-based application implemented in Google Earth Engine. Results provided by OpenET/SSEBop were summarized to hydrologic response units (HRUs) in the National Hydrologic...
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Fire history metrics enable rapidly increasing amounts of burned area data to be collapsed into a handful of data layers that can be used efficiently by diverse stakeholders. In this effort, the U.S. Geological Survey's Landsat Burned Area product was used to identify burned area across CONUS over a 40-year period (1984-2023). The Landsat BA product was consolidated into a suite of annual BA products, which in-turn were used to calculate a series of contemporary fire history metrics (30 m resolution). Fire history metrics included: (1) fire frequency (FRQ), (2) time since last burn (TSLB) and (3) year of last burn (YLB), (4) longest fire-free interval (LFFI), and (5) average fire interval length (FIL). All metrics...
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The broadly shared information needs for grassland managers in the North Central region to meet conservation goals in a changing climate are presented and ranked as highly relevant, somewhat relevant, or not relevant for federal, state, tribal, and non-governmental grassland-managing entities.
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Previous research identified species of invasive plants in Hawai'i which are highly flammable and act as fuels in wildfires across Hawai'i. This work aimed to map the distribution of these species (largely grasses) around the islands of Hawai'i with the goal of using the locations for species distribution modeling. All data represents presence data, no absence data were recorded. Data are largely from within the past 20 years, but some georeferenced herbarium specimens go as far back as 1905. Data were obtained from georeferenced herbarium specimens, vegetation plot data, citizen science data (iNaturalist) reviewed by the authors, and data from roadside surveys conducted as part of this research to map these species....
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Measurements of fog, wind, fog interception, soil moisture, and fog effects on plant water use and plant survival were collected along with these vegetation data to test a model to estimate CWI as a function of fog-water movement and these vegetation characteristics.
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Data of a calibrated fog gauge at each of the five stations. Parameters include total fog water collection, wind-driven rain collection, fog-only water collection, cloud water flux, and cloud liquid water content.
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The Califon cluster is named for the town of Califon, New Jersey, U.S.A., near the epicenter of a 4.8 Mw earthquake on April 5, 2024. Several M3 events have occurred in the area but no other M4 events in recent decades. Except for the April 5 event, there are very few observations beyond ~700 km. Nevertheless the area is well instrumented and the small earthquakes are very well located. Eight of the late aftershocks of the April 5, 2024 earthquake were recorded by a temporary network at very close range, which helped constrain their focal depths and the crustal velocity model. All events have depth control from near-source or local-distance readings. ...
The outputs of two versions of the Single-Layer Wet Canopy Water Balance model. Parameters include cloud water interception, evaporation of rainwater or fog water from wet canopy (interception evaporation), and canopy water storage.
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These spatial data layers form the bases for the Governance Vulnerability Analysis which is incorporated into the project's Story Map which integrates resident consumption, spatial and climate vulnerability, and governance analysis, with research findings discussed at the end. Ridge-to-reef for coastal food security in Palau StoryMap: https://uhm.maps.arcgis.com/apps/Cascade/index.html?appid=5eb69132599942479a1b958c7977a970
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Measurements of fog, wind, fog interception, soil moisture, and fog effects on plant water use and plant survival were collected to test a model to estimate CWI as a function of fog-water movement and vegetation characteristics.
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The Nabesna cluster is named for the settlement of Nabesna in the northern part of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park in southeasternAlaska. The cluster includes three M5 earthquakes. All events are observed to at least 5° epicentral distance. All events have depth control from near-source or local-distance readings. The station coverage for location calibration is excellent. Number of events: 137 Calibration type: direct calibration using data to 1.0 degrees; hypocentroid calibration level = 0.9 km Epicentral calibration range: 1 - 3 km Date range: 19841123 - 20240208 Latitude range: 61.810...
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Provided here is a globally distributed catalog of earthquakes and nuclear explosions with calibrated hypocenters, referred to as the Global Catalog of Calibrated Earthquake Locations or GCCEL. This dataset contains more than 23,736 earthquakes in 344 well distributed clusters. Currently there are more than 4M arrival times with the majority being the Pg, Pn, P, Sg, Sn and S phases. The term “calibrated” refers to the property that the hypocenters are minimally biased by unknown Earth structure and that the uncertainties are meaningful. Uncertainties are calculated using empirically determined variability of the arrival time data itself, specific to each calibrated cluster of hypocenters. The data are carefully...
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Album caption: Bone Spring black limestone in Bone Canyon, looking down stream, showing cross-bedded structureSouthern guadalupe Mountains. Culberson County, Texas, 1928.
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Lifespan of salt marshes in New York are calculated using conceptual marsh units defined by Defne and Ganju (2018) and Welk and others (2019, 2020a, 2020b, 2020c). The lifespan calculation is based on estimated sediment supply and sea-level rise (SLR) predictions after Ganju and others (2020). Sea level predictions are local estimates which correspond to the 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0 meter increase in Global Mean Sea Level (GMSL) scenarios by 2100 from Sweet and others (2022). The U.S. Geological Survey has been expanding national assessment of coastal change hazards and forecast products to coastal wetlands with the intent of providing Federal, State, and local managers with tools to estimate the vulnerability and ecosystem...
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Fish catch and effort data for three species caught in gill nets and trap nets between 1988 and 2019 as part of Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR) fisheries surveys conducted during the summer and early fall are included from over 1,300 Minnesota lakes. The three fish species included are: bluegill (Lepomis marochirus) a warm-water adapted species, yellow perch (Perca flavescens) a cool-water adapted species, and cisco (Coregonus artedi) a cold-water adapted species. Additional data concerning lake characteristics and surrounding land cover were also included. Mean July lake surface temperature was calculated using simulated daily water temperatures. Watershed land use including agricultural, barren,...


map background search result map search result map 2024 CASC Regions Contemporary fire history metrics for the conterminous United States (1984-2023) (ver. 3.0, April 2024) Vegetation Characterization for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Calibrated Fog Gauge Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Canopy Water Balance Output Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Climate Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Cloud Water Interception Parameters for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Broadly Shared Information Needs Among Grassland Managers in the North Central Region Spatial Data Layers for Ridge-to-Reef Governance Vulnerability Analysis in Palau Data In Support Of Accounting For Spatio-Temporal Variation In Catachability In Joint Species Distribution Models Data in Support of Predicting Climate Change Impacts on Poikilotherms Using Physiologically Guided Species Abundance Models Locations of Fire Promoting Alien Plants Across the Islands of Hawaii Based on Field Surveys and Museum Collections from 1903-2023 Global reference evapotranspiration for food-security monitoring (ver. 2.1, April 2024) Lifespan of marsh units in New York salt marshes Data Release: Regional Moment Tensor Solutions Irrigation water use reanalysis for the 2000-20 period by HUC12, month, and year for the conterminous United States USA, New Jersey, Califon: 1978-2024 USA, Alaska, Nabesna: 1984-2024 Bone Spring black limestone in Bone Canyon, looking down stream. Texas, 1928. Spatial Data Layers for Ridge-to-Reef Governance Vulnerability Analysis in Palau Lifespan of marsh units in New York salt marshes USA, Alaska, Nabesna: 1984-2024 Vegetation Characterization for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Calibrated Fog Gauge Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Canopy Water Balance Output Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Climate Data for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Cloud Water Interception Parameters for 5 sites in Hawai'i from 2016-2019 Data In Support Of Accounting For Spatio-Temporal Variation In Catachability In Joint Species Distribution Models Data in Support of Predicting Climate Change Impacts on Poikilotherms Using Physiologically Guided Species Abundance Models Locations of Fire Promoting Alien Plants Across the Islands of Hawaii Based on Field Surveys and Museum Collections from 1903-2023 Broadly Shared Information Needs Among Grassland Managers in the North Central Region Irrigation water use reanalysis for the 2000-20 period by HUC12, month, and year for the conterminous United States Contemporary fire history metrics for the conterminous United States (1984-2023) (ver. 3.0, April 2024) Data Release: Regional Moment Tensor Solutions 2024 CASC Regions Global reference evapotranspiration for food-security monitoring (ver. 2.1, April 2024)