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The Gulf of Alaska is one of the most productive marine ecosystems on Earth, supporting salmon fisheries that alone provide nearly $1 billion per year in economic benefits to Southeast Alaska. Glaciers are central to many of the area’s natural processes and economic activities, but the rates of glacier loss in Alaska are among the highest on Earth, with a 26-36 percent reduction in total volume expected by the end of the century. This project brought together scientists and managers at a workshop to synthesize the impacts of glacier change on the region’s coastal ecosystems and to determine related research and monitoring needs. Collected knowledge shows that melting glaciers are expected to have cascading effects...
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OBIS-USA brings together marine biological occurrence data – recorded observations of identifiable marine species at a known time and place, collected primarily from U.S. Waters or with U.S. funding. Coordinated by the Science Analytics and Synthesis (SAS) Program of the United States Geological Survey (USGS), OBIS-USA, strives to meet national data integration and dissemination needs for marine data about organisms and ecosystems. OBIS-USA is part of an international data sharing network (Ocean Biodiversity Information System, OBIS) coordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Science and Cultural Organization) International Oceanographic Data and Information...
Tags: Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Fundy, Beaufort Sea, Bering Sea, All tags...
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Marine geophysical mapping of the Queen Charlotte Fault in the eastern Gulf of Alaska was conducted in 2016 as part of a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to understand the morphology and subsurface geology of the entire Queen Charlotte system. The Queen Charlotte fault is the offshore portion of the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather Fault: a major structural feature that extends more than 1,200 kilometers from the Fairweather Range of southern Alaska to northern Vancouver Island, Canada. The data published in this data release were collected along the Queen Charlotte Fault between Cross Sound and Noyes Canyon, offshore southeastern Alaska from May 18 to...
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Marine geophysical mapping of the Queen Charlotte Fault in the eastern Gulf of Alaska was conducted in 2016 as part of a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to understand the morphology and subsurface geology of the entire Queen Charlotte system. The Queen Charlotte fault is the offshore portion of the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather Fault: a major structural feature that extends more than 1,200 kilometers from the Fairweather Range of southern Alaska to northern Vancouver Island, Canada. The data published in this data release were collected along the Queen Charlotte Fault between Cross Sound and Noyes Canyon, offshore southeastern Alaska from May 18 to...
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Chirp data were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in September of 2013 in Port Valdez, Alaska. Data were collected aboard the USGS R/V Alaskan Gyre during field activity G-01-13-GA, using an EdgeTech SB-512i sub-bottom profiler. Sub-bottom acoustic penetration spans several tens of meters and is variable by location.
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These data are part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long term monitoring program, nearshore monitoring component. The dataset is a series of comma separated files exported from a survey software program (DLog, Ford Consulting, Portland, OR). The data consists of date, time, latitude, longitude, species abbreviation, count, and behavior. Each year the observers attempt to sample the same set of transects although weather, tide state and other factors can interfere with this goal. Transects are in Alaska and include locations in Katmai National Park and Preserve and Kenai Fjords National Park. Other researchers conduct similar surveys in Prince William Sound. The time interval includes 2012-2016.
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These data are part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long-term monitoring program and contain diet data from Black-legged Kittiwakes (BLKI), Rhinoceros Auklets (RHAU), and Tufted puffins (TUPU) located on Middleton Island in Prince William Sound, Gulf of Alaska. The first table consists of information on seabird diet samples including the sampling method and number of prey types identified per sample ("seabirdDiets_foodSample_middletonIsland.csv"). The second table is similar to the first table, however, the samples have been subdivided by individual prey species ("seabirdDiets_samplePrey_middletonIsland.csv"). The third table consists of information specific to sampled prey items, such as prey taxa identification...
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The Sea Surface Temperature (SST) data of the nearshore region of the North Pacific show temperature ranges in degrees C using points whose locations correspond to the centroids of AVHRR Pathfinder version 5 monthly, global, 4 km data set (PFSST V50). The pathfinder rasters are available from the Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center (PO.DAAC), hosted by NASA JPL. The data points in this dataset lie within a 20 km buffer from the GSHHS (Global Self-consistent, Hierarchical, High-resolution Shoreline) coastline. The GSHHS vector data are available from the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). Furthermore, each point in the SST dataset is categorized by the ecoregion in which it is located. This...
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As glaciers melt from climate change, their contents – namely, large quantities of freshwater, sediment, and nutrients – are slowly released into coastal ecosystems. This project addressed the impacts of melting glaciers on coastal ecosystems in the Copper River region of the Gulf of Alaska, which is home to several commercially important fisheries. Researchers examined how glacial melting is altering the amount and timing of freshwater that enters the Gulf of Alaska from the Copper River. They also investigated the source and amount of two nutrients, iron and nitrate, dissolved in the water. As a complementary piece of the study, researchers tested the relationship between nutrient levels, plankton populations,...
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Marine geophysical mapping of the Queen Charlotte Fault in the eastern Gulf of Alaska was conducted in 2016 as part of a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to understand the morphology and subsurface geology of the entire Queen Charlotte system. The Queen Charlotte fault is the offshore portion of the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather Fault: a major structural feature that extends more than 1,200 kilometers from the Fairweather Range of southern Alaska to northern Vancouver Island, Canada. The data published in this data release were collected along the Queen Charlotte Fault between Cross Sound and Noyes Canyon, offshore southeastern Alaska from May 18 to...
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This data release is composed of seven datasets regarding colonial seabirds and forage fish at two seabird nesting colonies on Gull and Chisik Islands in lower Cook Inlet, Alaska. These data were collected to detect changes in the breeding population of Black-legged Kittiwakes and Common Murres on two nesting colonies in lower Cook Inlet and to compare those counts to baseline counts from 1995-1999. They are part of an ongoing study in lower Cook Inlet, Alaska to assess the recent status of forage fish and seabirds (2000-2020).
The data consist of blood chemistry and hematology from sea otters captured at sites along the Aleutian archipelago, the Alaska Peninsula, the Gulf of Alaska, and Prince William sound between 2004 and 2012. The data include the blood chemistry and hematology findings as well as general capture location, if the sea otter population in that area is declining, capture date, age estimate, age class, sex, and a unique sea otter number connecting the sample to gene expression data.


map background search result map search result map Impacts of Climate Change and Melting Glaciers on Coastal Ecosystems in the Gulf of Alaska From Icefield to Ocean: Glacier Change Impacts to Alaska’s Coastal Ecosystems MGL1109bathyutm.sd: Multibeam bathymetry data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in Fledermaus digital terrain format, UTM 6 coordinates MGL1109centerdepth.shp: Multibeam bathymetry data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, along-track center-beam depths extracted from 100-meter gridded data in shapefile format, geographic coordinates MGL1109backsgeo.asc: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in Esri gridascii format, geographic coordinate system MGL1109backsgeo.xyb: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in XYB (longitude, latitude, backscatter) format, geographic coordinate system MGL1109backsutm.asc: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in Esri gridascii format, UTM 6 coordinates MGL1109backutm.tif: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in GeoTIFF format, UTM 6 coordinates Marine Bird and Mammal Survey Data from Katmai National Park and Preserve and Kenai Fjords National Park, 2012-2016 High-resolution multibeam bathymetry data collected southwest of Montague Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA High-resolution multibeam bathymetry data collected southwest of Chenega Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA Multibeam bathymetry and backscatter data collected in the eastern Gulf of Alaska during USGS Field Activity 2016-625-FA using a Reson 7160 multibeam echosounder Multibeam bathymetric data collected in the eastern Gulf of Alaska during USGS Field Activity 2016-625-FA using a Reson 7160 multibeam echosounder (10 meter resolution, 32-bit GeoTIFF, UTM 8 WGS 84, WGS 84 Ellipsoid) Multibeam backscatter data collected in the eastern Gulf of Alaska during USGS Field Activity 2016-625-FA using a Reson 7160 multibeam echosounder (10 meter resolution, 8-bit GeoTIFF, UTM 8 WGS 84, WGS 84 Ellipsoid) Chirp seismic-reflection data from USGS field activity G-01-13-GA collected in Port Valdez, Alaska, in September 2013 Sea otter blood chemistry and hematology from animals captured at sites between Bering Island, Russia and Prince William Sound, Alaska during 2004-2012 Assessing the Status and Trends of Seabirds and Forage Fish in Lower Cook Inlet, Alaska Seabird Diet Data Collected on Middleton Island, Gulf of Alaska Assessing the Status and Trends of Seabirds and Forage Fish in Lower Cook Inlet, Alaska High-resolution multibeam bathymetry data collected southwest of Chenega Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA Seabird Diet Data Collected on Middleton Island, Gulf of Alaska Multibeam backscatter data collected in the eastern Gulf of Alaska during USGS Field Activity 2016-625-FA using a Reson 7160 multibeam echosounder (10 meter resolution, 8-bit GeoTIFF, UTM 8 WGS 84, WGS 84 Ellipsoid) Multibeam bathymetry and backscatter data collected in the eastern Gulf of Alaska during USGS Field Activity 2016-625-FA using a Reson 7160 multibeam echosounder Multibeam bathymetric data collected in the eastern Gulf of Alaska during USGS Field Activity 2016-625-FA using a Reson 7160 multibeam echosounder (10 meter resolution, 32-bit GeoTIFF, UTM 8 WGS 84, WGS 84 Ellipsoid) Impacts of Climate Change and Melting Glaciers on Coastal Ecosystems in the Gulf of Alaska Marine Bird and Mammal Survey Data from Katmai National Park and Preserve and Kenai Fjords National Park, 2012-2016 MGL1109centerdepth.shp: Multibeam bathymetry data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, along-track center-beam depths extracted from 100-meter gridded data in shapefile format, geographic coordinates MGL1109bathyutm.sd: Multibeam bathymetry data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in Fledermaus digital terrain format, UTM 6 coordinates MGL1109backsgeo.asc: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in Esri gridascii format, geographic coordinate system MGL1109backsgeo.xyb: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in XYB (longitude, latitude, backscatter) format, geographic coordinate system MGL1109backsutm.asc: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in Esri gridascii format, UTM 6 coordinates MGL1109backutm.tif: Multibeam backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Gulf of Alaska in 2011 during cruise MGL1109, 100-meter gridded data in GeoTIFF format, UTM 6 coordinates From Icefield to Ocean: Glacier Change Impacts to Alaska’s Coastal Ecosystems Sea otter blood chemistry and hematology from animals captured at sites between Bering Island, Russia and Prince William Sound, Alaska during 2004-2012