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A three-dimensional groundwater flow model using MODFLOW-NWT was developed to evaluate historical and potential stream capture in the lower Humboldt River Basin, Nevada. The Humboldt River Basin is the only river basin that is contained entirely within the state of Nevada. The effect of groundwater pumping on the Humboldt River is not well understood. Tools are needed to determine stream capture and manage groundwater pumping in the Humboldt River Basin. Previous work has demonstrated that the river’s surface-water resource is sensitive to groundwater withdrawals, which have steadily increased since the 1950s for agriculture, municipal, and mining uses. A numerical groundwater flow model was developed for the purpose...
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The U.S. Geological Survey constructed a steady-state numerical groundwater flow model in cooperation with Des Moines Water Works (DMWW) to simulate groundwater flow conditions in the Des Moines River alluvial aquifer (DMRA) during winter low-flow conditions typical of December 2018-2020. The Des Moines River alluvial aquifer (DMRA) is an important source of water for Des Moines Water Works (DMWW), the municipal water utility that serves residential and commercial water needs in the city of Des Moines, Iowa and surrounding municipalities. A comprehensive understanding of groundwater flow processes in the DMRA is needed for DMWW to make decisions related to the management of this water resource. A three-layered model...
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A three-dimensional, groundwater flow model (MODFLOW-NWT) was developed to examine groundwater storage changes in the Quincy Basin, Washington. The model was calibrated to conditions from 1920 to 2013. The model was used to (1) determine the change in groundwater storage from 1920 to 2013 , and (2) simulate the potential effects of increases in pumping, decrease in irrigation recharge, and increases in streamflow in Crab Creek by 100 cubic feet per second and 500 cubic feet per second. This USGS data release contains all of the input and output files for the simulations described in the associated model documentation report (https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185162).
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This data release contains three groundwater-flow models of northeastern Wisconsin, USA, that were developed with differing levels of complexity to provide a framework for subsequent evaluations of the effects of process-based model complexity on estimates of groundwater age distributions for withdrawal wells and streams. Preliminary assessments, which focused on the effects of model complexity on simulated water levels in the glacial aquifer system, illustrate that simulation of vertical gradients using multiple model layers improves simulated heads more in relatively low-permeability units than in high-permeability units. Moreover, simulation of heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity fields in both coarse-grained...
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A new groundwater flow model for western Chippewa County, Wisconsin has been developed by the Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey (WGNHS) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). An analytic element GFLOW model was constructed and calibrated to generate hydraulic boundary conditions for the perimeter of the more detailed three-dimensional MODFLOW-NWT model. This three-dimensional model uses the USGS MODFLOW-NWT finite difference code, a standalone version of MODFLOW-2005 that incorporates the Newton (NWT) solver. The model conceptualizes the hydrogeology of western Chippewa County as a six-layer system which includes several hydrostratigraphic units. The model explicitly simulates groundwater-surface-water...
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This groundwater-flow model archive contains all of the input and output files for an inset MODFLOW-NWT model extracted from the northern (Wisconsin) half of a published USGS steady-state regional model of the Upper Fox River Basin in the U.S. Upper Midwest. The construction and details of the published USGS steady-state model of the Upper Fox River Basin is outlined in the U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5038 (https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185038). The regional model is archived in the data release at https://doi.org/10.5066/F76D5R5V. The extracted model was used to demonstrate an innovative new method for delinating fen distribution and discharge using the MODFLOW UZF package. The extracted...
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A previously published MODFLOW-NWT groundwater-flow model for the Rush Springs aquifer in western Oklahoma (using 1 steady state stress period followed by 444 monthly stress periods representing 1979-2015; Ellis, 2018a) was used as the basis of several groundwater-use scenarios. The model is a 3-layer model including the Cloud Chief formation (confining unit of the Rush Springs aquifer), alluvial and terrace deposits, and the Rush Springs aquifer. The scenarios were used to assess the effects of increasing groundwater withdrawals from the Rush Springs aquifer on base flows to streams that flow into Fort Cobb Reservoir to address concerns over groundwater use reducing inflows to the lake. The effects of groundwater...
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A three-dimensional groundwater flow model was developed in 1997 to evaluate the groundwater flow system at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Naval Base Kitsap, Bremerton, Washington (https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/wri964147). In 2016, a regional groundwater flow model for the greater Kitsap Peninsula was developed (https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sir20165052). Using information from the 2016 regional model, the 1997 groundwater flow model for the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard was updated with a new interpretation of the underlying hydrogeologic units, a refined model grid, and improved recharge estimates. A steady-state model version was constructed in MODFLOW-NWT to simulate equilibrium conditions. MODPATH forward...
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A three-dimensional groundwater flow model (MODFLOW-NWT) of the Columbia Plateau Regional aquifer (CPRAS) in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho was developed to provide an integrated understanding of the hydrologic system to implement effective water-resource management strategies. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Groundwater Resources Program assessed the groundwater availability as part of a national study of regional systems (https://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1323/). The CPRAS assessment includes the status of groundwater resources, how these resources have changed over time, and development and application of tools to estimate system responses to stresses from future uses and climate variability and change. A major product...
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A three-dimensional groundwater flow model, constructed in MODFLOW-NWT, was developed to evaluate the groundwater flow system near Puget Sound, Pierce and King Counties, Washington. A steady-state model version was constructed to simulate equilibrium conditions, while a transient model version was constructed to simulate monthly variability from January 2005 to December 2015. The model was used to simulate several hydrologic scenarios. This data release contains the input and output files for the simulations described in the associated model documentation report (https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20XXXXXX).
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This data release contains model simulation results of a particle tracking analysis to delineate areas that provide recharge to surface waters and public-supply wells on Long Island, NY. The analysis partitions the recharge areas based on particle travel times of greater than or less than 10 years to reach the receiving surface water or well. The simulation was performed using a regional-scale numerical model of the Long Island aquifer system (Walter and others, 2020a and 2020b) for average 2005-2015 conditions. The model implements MODFLOW-NWT (Niswonger and others, 2011) to represent steady-state groundwater pumping and aquifer recharge conditions; recharge areas were identified and partitioned using the particle-tracking...
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Improvements to an existing regional groundwater-flow model of a 160-square mile area of coastal New Hampshire (https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20085222), incorporating MODFLOW-NWT and by more accurately representing stream characteristics, were presented at the MODFLOW and More 2017 conference in an example simulating approximate changes in water use. The groundwater-flow model developed for the previous study incorporated detailed water-use information for 2003-04 and simulated the effects of projected increases in water use. At that time, population growth and increasing water demand prompted concern for the sustainability of the region’s groundwater resources in a fractured-crystalline bedrock-aquifer with little...
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A three-dimensional, numerical groundwater flow model of the Hualapai Plateau and Truxton Basin was developed to assist water-resource managers in understanding the potential effects of projected groundwater withdrawals on groundwater levels and storage in the basin. The Truxton Basin Hydrologic Model (TBHM) was developed using previously published data, as well as, new geophysical data collected as part of this investigation (Ball, 2020; Kennedy, 2020). TBHM is a transient model that simulates the hydrologic system between the years 1976–2140, including three hypothetical groundwater withdrawal scenarios between 2020–2140. The predevelopment (before 1976) groundwater system is simulated using a steady-state model....
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In the Chenango River Basin, New York, glacial valley-fill unconfined and confined aquifers are an important source of drinking-water supplies. The U.S. Geological Survey developed three-dimensional groundwater-flow models (MODFLOW-NWT code) of three study areas in the basin to improve understanding of groundwater flow and delineate areas contributing recharge to 16 production wells as part of an effort to protect the source of water to these wells. The modeled areas were the Cortland study area in Cortland County (CCSA), Greene study area (GSA), and the Cincinnatus study area (CSA). Production wells in CCSA tap unconfined aquifers, whereas the production wells in GSA and CSA are screened in confined aquifers. The...
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A previously developed three-dimensional steady-state groundwater flow model (https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205091) is used to assist resource managers and planners in developing informed strategies to address nitrogen loading to coastal water bodies of Long Island, New York. Coastal water bodies of Long Island are important economic and recreational resources for the region. Therefore, the U.S. Geological Survey and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation initiated a program to delineate a comprehensive dataset of CAs (or areas contributing groundwater), travel times, and groundwater discharges to streams, lakes, marine-surface waters, and subsea discharge boundaries. The 25-layer regional groundwater-flow...
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Coal combustion by-products (CCBs, in the form of ash) produced at the coal-fired San Juan Generating Station in San Juan County, New Mexico, have been buried in former surface-mine pits at the San Juan Coal Mine since power-generation operations began in the early 1970s. A groundwater flow model was developed by the USGS to estimate the timing of groundwater recovery after the cessation of mining and to identify potential pathways and advective travel times for groundwater transport of metals that may be leached from stored CCBs to arrive at hydrologic receptors after mining operations cease. The USGS numerical modeling package MODFLOW-NWT with MODPATH particle-tracking software was used. This USGS data release...
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The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board, constructed a finite-difference numerical groundwater-flow model of the Salt Fork Red River aquifer using MODFLOW with the Newton formulation solver (MODFLOW-NWT). The 1973 Oklahoma Water Law requires the Oklahoma Water Resources Board to conduct hydrologic investigations of the State’s aquifers to support a determination of the maximum annual yield (MAY) for each groundwater basin. The MAY is defined as the amount of fresh groundwater that can be withdrawn annually while ensuring a minimum 20-year life of the groundwater basin. For alluvium and terrace aquifers, the groundwater-basin-life requirement is satisfied if, after 20 years...
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Five MODFLOW-NWT inset models were extracted from the Lake Michigan Basin (LMB) regional model (https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2010/5109/). These inset models were designed to serve as a training ground for metamodels of groundwater age in glacial wells. The study areas of the inset models correspond to HUC8 basins. Two of the basins are tributary to Lake Michigan from the east, two are tributary to the lake from the west, and one is located outside the western boundary of the Lake Michigan topographic basin. The inset models inherit many of the inputs to the parent LMB model, such as its hydrostratigraphy and layering scheme, the hydraulic conductivity assigned bedrock layers, the recharge distribution, and water use...
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A three-dimensional MODFLOW-NWT model was constructed to better understand the effects of drought stress on the Cedar River alluvial aquifer, the principal source of municipal water for the City of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Historically, the aquifer supported the production needs of the City of Cedar Rapids and surrounding area but between July 2011 and February 2013, Iowa experienced severe drought conditions that affected water availability for communities that relied on alluvial aquifers for their production needs. During that time, the City of Cedar Rapids observed water level declines in their horizontal collector wells (HCW) of as much as about 11 meters. Pumping from affected production wells had to be halted to...
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This model archive makes available a calibrated, transient MODFLODW-NWT model and a MODPATH7 particle-tracking model used to simulate the groundwater flow system at the former Badger Army Ammunition Plant, in Sauk County, Wisconsin, during 1984–2020. The development of the MODFLODW-NWT and MODPATH7 models are described in the associated U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2023-5040. This model archive contains all the files needed to document and run the groundwater flow and particle-tracking models. The directories in the archive are each presented as a separate .zip file and include an a "bin" directory, a "georef" directory, a "model” directory, an "output" directory, and a "source" directory....


map background search result map search result map MODFLOW-NWT model of the Former Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Wisconsin MODFLOW-NWT model to simulate the groundwater flow system near Puget Sound, Pierce and King Counties, Washington MODFLOW-NWT groundwater model used for simulating potential future pumping scenarios and forecasting associated groundwater-level changes in the Truxton aquifer on the Hualapai Reservation and adjacent areas, Mohave County, Arizona MODFLOW-NWT model used to simulate groundwater levels in the Cedar River alluvial aquifer near Cedar Rapids, Iowa MODFLOW-NWT and MODPATH5 models used to identify potential flow paths from San Juan Mine to hydrologic receptors, San Juan County, New Mexico MODFLOW-NWT and MODPATH6 Used to Delineate Areas Contributing Groundwater and Travel Times to Receiving Waters in Kings, Queens, Nassau, and Suffolk Counties, New York MODFLOW-NWT model used to simulate groundwater levels in the Des Moines River alluvial aquifer near Des Moines, Iowa MODFLOW-NWT model used in simulation of groundwater availability in the Salt Fork Red River aquifer, southwestern Oklahoma, 1980-2015 MODFLOW-NWT model used to develop a simple method for simulating groundwater interactions with fens to forecast development effects MODFLOW-NWT model data sets for simulating effects of groundwater withdrawals on streamflows in Northwestern Chippewa County MODFLOW-NWT model used to evaluate effects of complexity on head and flow calibration in the Fox-Wolf-Peshtigo watersheds, Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey data release. MODFLOW-NWT inset models from the regional Lake Michigan Basin Model in support of groundwater age calculations for glacial aquifers MODFLOW-NWT model used to simulate groundwater storage changes in the Quincy Basin, Washington MODFLOW-NWT groundwater-flow models used to delineate areas contributing recharge to selected production wells in unconfined and confined glacial valley-fill aquifers in Chenango River Basin, New York MODFLOW-NWT model used to evaluate groundwater withdrawal scenarios for the Rush Springs aquifer upgradient from the Fort Cobb Reservoir, western Oklahoma, 1979-2015, including streamflow, base flow, and precipitation statistics MODFLOW-NWT model used to evaluate the groundwater availability of the Columbia Plateau Regional Aquifer System, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho Simulated Recharge Areas to Surface Waters and Public-Supply Wells with Travel Times Greater Than and Less Than 10 Years For Average 2005-2015 Conditions, Long Island, NY MODFLOW-NWT model to simulate the groundwater flow system at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Naval Base Kitsap, Bremerton, Washington MODFLOW-NWT Upgrade and Preliminary-Assessment of a Groundwater-Flow Model of the Seacoast Bedrock Aquifer, New Hampshire MODFLOW-NWT Model Used to Evaluate Stream Capture Related to Groundwater Pumping, Lower Humboldt River Basin, Nevada (ver. 1.1, March 2024) MODFLOW-NWT model used to simulate groundwater levels in the Des Moines River alluvial aquifer near Des Moines, Iowa MODFLOW-NWT model to simulate the groundwater flow system at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Naval Base Kitsap, Bremerton, Washington MODFLOW-NWT model used to simulate groundwater levels in the Cedar River alluvial aquifer near Cedar Rapids, Iowa MODFLOW-NWT model of the Former Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Wisconsin MODFLOW-NWT and MODPATH5 models used to identify potential flow paths from San Juan Mine to hydrologic receptors, San Juan County, New Mexico MODFLOW-NWT Upgrade and Preliminary-Assessment of a Groundwater-Flow Model of the Seacoast Bedrock Aquifer, New Hampshire MODFLOW-NWT model data sets for simulating effects of groundwater withdrawals on streamflows in Northwestern Chippewa County MODFLOW-NWT groundwater-flow models used to delineate areas contributing recharge to selected production wells in unconfined and confined glacial valley-fill aquifers in Chenango River Basin, New York MODFLOW-NWT model used in simulation of groundwater availability in the Salt Fork Red River aquifer, southwestern Oklahoma, 1980-2015 MODFLOW-NWT model to simulate the groundwater flow system near Puget Sound, Pierce and King Counties, Washington MODFLOW-NWT Model Used to Evaluate Stream Capture Related to Groundwater Pumping, Lower Humboldt River Basin, Nevada (ver. 1.1, March 2024) MODFLOW-NWT model used to develop a simple method for simulating groundwater interactions with fens to forecast development effects MODFLOW-NWT groundwater model used for simulating potential future pumping scenarios and forecasting associated groundwater-level changes in the Truxton aquifer on the Hualapai Reservation and adjacent areas, Mohave County, Arizona MODFLOW-NWT model used to simulate groundwater storage changes in the Quincy Basin, Washington MODFLOW-NWT and MODPATH6 Used to Delineate Areas Contributing Groundwater and Travel Times to Receiving Waters in Kings, Queens, Nassau, and Suffolk Counties, New York Simulated Recharge Areas to Surface Waters and Public-Supply Wells with Travel Times Greater Than and Less Than 10 Years For Average 2005-2015 Conditions, Long Island, NY MODFLOW-NWT model used to evaluate groundwater withdrawal scenarios for the Rush Springs aquifer upgradient from the Fort Cobb Reservoir, western Oklahoma, 1979-2015, including streamflow, base flow, and precipitation statistics MODFLOW-NWT model used to evaluate effects of complexity on head and flow calibration in the Fox-Wolf-Peshtigo watersheds, Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey data release. MODFLOW-NWT model used to evaluate the groundwater availability of the Columbia Plateau Regional Aquifer System, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho MODFLOW-NWT inset models from the regional Lake Michigan Basin Model in support of groundwater age calculations for glacial aquifers