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Hawaiʹi’s most widespread native tree, ʹōhiʹa lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha), has been dying across large areas of Hawaiʹi Island mainly due to two fungal pathogens (Ceratocystis lukuohia and Ceratocystis huliohia) that cause a disease collectively known as Rapid ʹŌhiʹa Death (ROD). Here we examine patterns of positive detections of C. lukuohia as it has been linked to the larger mortality events across Hawaiʹi Island. Our analysis compares the environmental range of C. lukuohia and its spread over time through the known climatic range and distribution of ʹōhiʹa. This data set is a georeferenced raster file, containing the projected potential presence of C.lukuohia across the main Hawaiian Islands using climatic...
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We analyzed very-high-resolution imagery to assess status of Metrosideros polymorpha forests across an 83,603 hectare study area that experienced extensive canopy dieback in the 1970s on the eastern side of the island of Hawaii. Using GIS we generated 1170 virtual vegetation plots with a 100 m radius; 541 plots in areas mapped in 1977 with trees dead or mostly defoliated (dieback), and 629 plots in adjacent wet forest habitat, previously mapped as non-dieback condition. In each plot we estimated the percent of M. polymorpha trees dead or mostly defoliated, and percent of trees with healthy crowns. These results were combined with habitat data to produce a spatial model depicting probability of canopy dieback within...
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Several previously published reports and geographic information system (GIS) data layers were used to code information on site attributes for each assessment plot using the spatial join tool in ArcMap. This information was used for an analysis of dieback and non-dieback habitat characteristics. The results of this analysis are presented in this table which depicts the probability of heavy to severe canopy dieback occurring at some time at a particular 30 x 30 m pixel location within the study area.
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Rapid ʽŌhiʽa Death (ROD) currently threatens ōhiʽa lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha) on Hawaiʽi Island. First identified in Puna in 2014, the disease has now spread island wide. Besides direct sampling of trees, environmental sampling could serve as an easier and broader strategy to detect Ceratocystis spp., the fungi causing ROD. Environmental sampling could also help monitor the effect of felling ROD infected trees. We developed Passive and Active Environmental Samplers and deployed them at a property in Puna, where both C. lukuohia, and C. huliohia had been detected, and where the land owner practiced the management method of felling infected trees. We set up 2 Active Environmental Samplers (modified mosquito traps...
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We quantified the availability of breeding habitat of the endangered Hawaii Akepa (Loxops coccineus). The species is thought to nest excusively in natural cavities within mature ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees but birds commonly occur in short stature trees that presumably do not have any natural cavities because of their polyploidal (many-branched) structure. To test this hypothesis we searched for cavities in trees where akepa forage and we measured diameter of each stem of each tree examined. The habitat is in montane areas of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on Mauna Loa volcano.We surveyed 57 plots, 49 in montane woodland and 8 in closed-canopy forest. Six tree cavities were detected in the 214 sampled trees:...
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Environmental DNA (eDNA) detection tools are becoming increasingly popular for documenting occurrence and distribution of native and invasive species. These tools can allow early detection of new diseases and invasive species and provide critical information for land management. We designed two new samplers for monitoring airborne particulates, including fungal and fern spores and plant pollen, that rely on natural wind currents (Passive Environmental Sampler) or a battery operated fan (Active Environmental Sampler). This dataset contains results of an experiment that was designed to determine probability of detecting known numbers of Ceratocystis lukuohia spores on individual slides in these samplers.
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These data include metadata and associated data files associated with the manuscript, "Economical Environmental Sampler Designs for Detecting Airborne Spread of Fungi Responsible for Rapid ʽŌhiʽa Death." These data include a total of 8 datasets used for both controlled and field studies evaluating the use of Active (with battery operated fan) and Passive (dependent on wind) USGS Environmental Samplers on Hawaii Island between 2016-2018. Samplers were operated under controlled laboratory and field conditions with a commercial sampler (Rotorod® Model 20) to compare efficacy in capturing synthetic polyethylene spheres (12 - 160 µm in diameter) and also Xyleborus spp. boring dust (frass) known to contain the fungi responsible...
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We designed two new samplers for monitoring airborne particulates, including fungal and fern spores and plant pollen, that rely on natural wind currents (Passive Environmental Sampler) or a battery operated fan (Active Environmental Sampler). Both samplers are modeled after commercial devices such as the Rotorod® and the Burkard samplers, but are more economical and require less maintenance than commercial devices. We compared our two new samplers to Rotorod® samplers using Xyleborus spp. boring dust known to contain ROD causing pathogens. The comparison was done in a large outdoor field cage to determine relative effectiveness of the three samplers for capturing windblown boring dust. The dataset contains results...
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The following files contain source data for use of the Community Land Model 4.0 at two study sites in Volcanoes National Park, Hawai'i. Included are: Biometric data: 1) Growth increment data for Thurston and Olaa, based on dbh surveys done in four 10 m by 10 m plots at over a 12 year time period at Thurston and at six plots overs a 12 year period at Olaa, 2) Field measured leaf area index data. Measurements were made using LAI-2000 and LAI-2200 instruments, 3) Litterfall from Thurston and Olaa over a 17-mo period from June 2014 to Sep 2015. Data were sorted by species/litter type. Data are weights., 4) Field measured soil respiration data scaled to annual values and compared with tower-based measurements of ecosystem...
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We quantified the availability of breeding habitat of the endangered Hawaii Akepa (Loxops coccineus). The species is thought to nest excusively in natural cavities within mature ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees but birds commonly occur in short stature trees that presumably do not have any natural cavities because of their polyploidal (many-branched) structure. To test this hypothesis we searched for cavities in trees where akepa forage and we measured diameter of each stem of each tree examined. The habitat is in montane areas of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on Mauna Loa volcano.We surveyed 57 plots, 49 in montane woodland and 8 in closed-canopy forest. Six tree cavities were detected in the 214 sampled trees:...
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We quantified the availability of breeding habitat of the endangered Hawaii Akepa (Loxops coccineus). The species is thought to nest excusively in natural cavities within mature ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees but birds commonly occur in short stature trees that presumably do not have any natural cavities because of their polyploidal (many-branched) structure. To test this hypothesis we searched for cavities in trees where akepa forage and we measured diameter of each stem of each tree examined. The habitat is in montane areas of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on Mauna Loa volcano.We surveyed 57 plots, 49 in montane woodland and 8 in closed-canopy forest. Six tree cavities were detected in the 214 sampled trees:...
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Hawaiʹi’s most widespread native tree, ʹōhiʹa lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha), has been dying across large areas of Hawaiʹi Island mainly due to two fungal pathogens (Ceratocystis lukuohia and Ceratocystis huliohia) that cause a disease collectively known as Rapid ʹŌhiʹa Death (ROD). Here we examine patterns of positive detections of C. lukuohia as it has been linked to the larger mortality events across Hawaiʹi Island. Our analysis compares the environmental range of C. lukuohia and its spread over time through the known climatic range and distribution of ʹōhiʹa. This data set is a georeferenced raster file, containing the projected suitability for C.lukuohia across the main Hawaiian Islands using climatic variables...
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Dataset includes publicly available geologic and rainfall data, and environmental and ecological data derived or collected for this project. Specifically, water infiltration measurements, interepreted field-saturated hydraulic conductivity values, ungulate activity, vegetation cover, general soil and weather conditions data are included. Soil samples were collected, lab analyzed, and are included in the dataset. Field-collected data are associated with plots that encompassed approximately a 3 x 3 m area; site data represent approximately 20 x 20 m. First posted: 4 March 2020 (available from author) Revised: April 13, 2020 (version 2.0) The revision is provided due to minor refinement of the dataset and updated...
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This dataset describes the boundary of the study area used to analyze regeneration and change in status of native ohia forests in the wet habitat on the eastern side of the island of Hawaii. This area includes forests that were heavily impacted by landscape-level canopy dieback in the 1970s as well as forests that were not affected with tree canopy death or defoliation.
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We designed two new samplers for monitoring airborne particulates, including fungal and fern spores and plant pollen, that rely on natural wind currents (Passive Environmental Sampler) or a battery operated fan (Active Environmental Sampler). Both samplers are modeled after commercial devices such as the Rotorod® and the Burkard samplers, but are more economical and require less maintenance than commercial devices. We compared our two new samplers to Rotorod® samplers using Xyleborus spp. boring dust (frass) known to contain fungi responsible for Rapid ʽŌhiʽa Death. The comparison was done in a large outdoor field cage to determine relative effectiveness of the three samplers for capturing windblown boring dust....
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Rapid ʽŌhiʽa Death (ROD) currently threatens ōhiʽa lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha) on Hawaiʽi Island. First identified in Puna in 2014, the disease has now spread island wide. Besides direct sampling of trees, environmental sampling could serve as an easier and broader strategy to detect Ceratocystis spp., the fungi causing ROD. Envrionmental sampling could also help monitor the effect of felling ROD infected trees. We developed Passive and Active Environmental Samplers for collecting airborne particulates and deployed them at a property in Puna, where both C. lukuohia, and C. huliohia had been detected, and where the land owner practiced the management method of felling infected trees. We set up 2 Active Environmental...
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This shapefile describes the canopy status and distribution of of ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) forests on the eastern side of the island relative to a landscape-scale canopy dieback that impacted this area in the 1970s.
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We analyzed very-high-resolution imagery to assess status of Metrosideros polymorpha forests across an 83,603-hectare study area that experienced extensive canopy dieback in the 1970s on the eastern side of the island of Hawaii. Using GIS we generated 1,170 virtual vegetation plots with a 100-m radius; 541 plots in areas mapped in 1977 with trees dead or mostly defoliated (dieback), and 629 plots in adjacent wet forest habitat, previously mapped as non-dieback condition. In each plot we estimated the percent of M. polymorpha trees dead or mostly defoliated, and percent of trees with healthy crowns. These results were combined with habitat data to produce a spatial model depicting probability of canopy dieback within...
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This data set includes an accuracy assessment of the repeatability of identifying heavy to severe tree canopy dieback in virtual plots located within the Ohia Dieback 83,603 hectare study area.
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Hawaiʹi’s most widespread native tree, ʹōhiʹa lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha), has been dying across large areas of Hawaiʹi Island mainly due to two fungal pathogens (Ceratocystis lukuohia and Ceratocystis huliohia) that cause a disease collectively known as Rapid ʹŌhiʹa Death (ROD). Here we examine patterns of positive detections of C. lukuohia as it has been linked to the larger mortality events across Hawaiʹi Island. Our analysis compares the environmental range of C. lukuohia and its spread over time through the known climatic range and distribution of ʹōhiʹa. This data release consists of two rasters, one containing the projected suitability for C.lukuohia and another consisting of modeled presence/absence...


map background search result map search result map HAVO Montane Ohia Diameter and Cavity Data 2017 Occurrence of natural nest cavities in montane ohia trees in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Sampling locations for occurrence of natural nest cavities in montane ohia trees in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Observed ecological inputs to the Community Land Model at two wet montane study sites, 2004-2016, Volcanoes National Park, Hawai'i Hawaii Island Regeneration of Metrosideros polymorpha forests since landscape-level canopy dieback in the 1970s Hawaii Island Environmental Sampler Comparison 2016-2018 Using Evironmental Samplers to Detect Ceratocystis Fungi in Orchidland 2016 Orchidlands Estates Ceratocystis DNA Detection 2016 Ceratocystis lukuohia spore dilution for probit analysis Ceratocystis DNA Detection in Frass During Caged Sampler Comparison Frass Counts during Caged Sampler Comparison Map of canopy dieback on Hawaii Island in 1977 Map of study area for canopy status assessment in 2015 Ohia Dieback Study - Canopy Status Accuracy Assessment Ohia Dieback Study - Hawaii Island Canopy Status Assessment Table, 1977 - 2015 Ohia Dieback Study - Dieback Model Results Table Hawaiian Islands Ceratocystis rapid ohia death spatial analysis 2019 Modeled potential presence of Ceratocystis luhuohia across Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian Islands Ceratocystis luhuohia modeled habitat suitability Hawaiian Islands datasets quantifying the effects of invasive animals and plants on native forests across the archipelago 2019 (ver. 2.0 April 2020) Ceratocystis DNA Detection in Frass During Caged Sampler Comparison Frass Counts during Caged Sampler Comparison Observed ecological inputs to the Community Land Model at two wet montane study sites, 2004-2016, Volcanoes National Park, Hawai'i Using Evironmental Samplers to Detect Ceratocystis Fungi in Orchidland 2016 Orchidlands Estates Ceratocystis DNA Detection 2016 HAVO Montane Ohia Diameter and Cavity Data 2017 Occurrence of natural nest cavities in montane ohia trees in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Sampling locations for occurrence of natural nest cavities in montane ohia trees in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Ceratocystis lukuohia spore dilution for probit analysis Map of study area for canopy status assessment in 2015 Hawaii Island Environmental Sampler Comparison 2016-2018 Map of canopy dieback on Hawaii Island in 1977 Hawaii Island Regeneration of Metrosideros polymorpha forests since landscape-level canopy dieback in the 1970s Ohia Dieback Study - Canopy Status Accuracy Assessment Ohia Dieback Study - Hawaii Island Canopy Status Assessment Table, 1977 - 2015 Ohia Dieback Study - Dieback Model Results Table Hawaiian Islands datasets quantifying the effects of invasive animals and plants on native forests across the archipelago 2019 (ver. 2.0 April 2020) Hawaiian Islands Ceratocystis rapid ohia death spatial analysis 2019 Modeled potential presence of Ceratocystis luhuohia across Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian Islands Ceratocystis luhuohia modeled habitat suitability