Skip to main content
Advanced Search

Filters: Tags: Plant Ecology (X)

53 results (37ms)   

View Results as: JSON ATOM CSV
Gas exchange and water relations responses to warming were compared for two shrub species, Artemisia tridentata spp. vaseyana (Asteraceae), a widely distributed evergreen species of the Great Basin and the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, and Pentaphylloides floribunda (Rosaceae), a deciduous shrub limited in distribution to moist, high-elevation meadows. Plants were exposed to an in situ infrared (IR) climate change manipulation at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, near Crested Butte, CO. Measurements of gas exchange and water relations were made on the two species in July and August, 1993 from plants growing in situ in infrared-heated and control plots. Carbon dioxide uptake, water loss, leaf temperature,...
thumbnail
This data release includes data and metadata on 1) the coverage and composition of plants 2) species specific plant traits 3) sampling locations and 4) environmental data. All sites were within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on Hawaii Island. Plant cover data were obtained from National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program. Plant trait data was collected for these plots in 2014. This study aims to evaluate how traits of native and exotic plant species change along environmental gradients and what this suggests for plant competition and invasion.
thumbnail
This data release includes data and metadata on tree and shrub basal area as well as bird-mediated and passive seed rain for sites selected to have a range of understory cover under canopy trees (Metrosideros polymorpha and Acacia koa). It also includes seedling germination and survival data for a large-scale seed addition and grass removal experiment that varied both seed rain and grass cover. All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. Broadly, this study asks what thresholds of seed rain and native and exotic plant cover are needed for passive forest regeneration.
This data release includes data and metadata on 1) avian diet 2) seed rain 3) understory plant composition 4) seedling abundance and 5) sampling locations for these sites. In addition it includes data on seedling abundance, grass cover and light levels for a grass removal/seed addition experiment . All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. This study looked at multiple biotic interactions that potentially lead to self-reinforcing feedbacks within intact forest and degraded forest sites. Most of this study was done with sampling, however we also implemented an experiment in which we manipulated grass biomass and seed addition to specifically ask how these factors limit native...
thumbnail
This data describes the coverage and composition of bryophytes and other ground cover within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. This study aims to evaluate the role of bryophytes in seedling recruitment and thus forest regeneration in different forest types. We compared bryophyte composition and coverage between tree species (Acacia koa and Metrosideros polymorpha) and forest types (intact forest and restoration forest) and then sampled native woody seedling recruitment in the bryophytes as well as other ground covers, such as leaf litter, bare soil, and exotic grass.
thumbnail
This data release includes sampling locations for the coverage and composition of bryophytes, other ground cover and seedling abundance. All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. This study aims to evaluate the role of bryophytes in seedling recruitment and thus forest regeneration in different forest types. We compared bryophyte composition and coverage between tree species (Acacia koa and Metrosideros polymorpha) and forest types (intact forest and restoration forest) and then sampled native woody seedling recruitment in the bryophytes as well as other ground covers, such as leaf litter, bare soil, and exotic grass.
Greenhouse experiments were undertaken to identify soil factors that curtail growth of the exotic annual grass Bromus tectorum L. (cheatgrass) without significantly inhibiting growth of native perennial grasses (here represented by Hilaria jamesii [Torr.] Benth). We grew B. tectorum and H. jamesii alone (monoculture pots) and together (combination pots) in soil treatments that manipulated levels of soil phosphorus, potassium, and sodium. Hilaria jamesii showed no decline when its aboveground biomass in any of the applied treatments was compared to the control in either the monoculture or combination pots. Monoculture pots of B. tectorum showed a decline in aboveground biomass with the addition of Na2HPO4 and K2HPO4....
This data release includes data and metadata on soil total (organic and inorganic) carbon, total nitrogen, organic matter, moisture and foliar carbon and nitrogen of dominant plants within Keamuku Maneuver Area (KMA) on Hawaii Island. Broadly, this study looked at how microtopography and biotic interactions influence post-disturbance recovery and native planting success in native shrub-dominated and non-native, invasive grass-dominated dryland habitats.
This data release includes data and metadata on 155 vegetation plots that were random stratified across different substrate ages and geological features at Keamuku Maneuver Area (KMA) on Hawaii Island in order to capture vegetation patterns across the landscape in relation to geology and climate. This data set also includes coordinates for the plots and geological data. This data was also used to determine dominant vegetation types across KMA.
This data release includes data and metadata on post-disturbance native shrub recruitment and survival within recovering vegetation after disturbance for sites within Keamuku Maneuver Area on Hawaii Island. This study looked at how microtopography and biotic interactions influence post-disturbance recovery in native shrub-dominated and non-native, invasive grass-dominated dryland habitats.
This data release includes data and metadata on 1) avian diet 2) seed rain 3) understory plant composition 4) seedling abundance and 5) sampling locations for these sites. In addition it includes data on seedling abundance, grass cover and light levels for a grass removal/seed addition experiment . All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. This study looked at multiple biotic interactions that potentially lead to self-reinforcing feedbacks within intact forest and degraded forest sites. This data, in particular, focuses on the basal area of different species of fruiting plants within 20m of all of the seedrain traps.
thumbnail
This data includes plot location, elevation, canopy density, canopy species, and char height for each plot that was surveyed for this study. All plots were located in the burn scar of the 2018 Keauhou Fire in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, in the area known as the "Mauna Loa strip", located on the south flank of Mauna Loa.
thumbnail
This data release includes data and metadata on litterfall rates, foliar nitrogen and carbon, grass biomass, soil nitrogen and carbon, and native outplant survival rates for an experiment that added large quantities of woody litter to a restoration forest in an attempt to lower soil nitrogen and exotic grass biomass. All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. Broadly, this study looked at the ability to alter soil nitrogen cycling, exotic grass biomass and native outplant survival with large quantities of Metrosideros polymorpha litter in a forest dominated by Acacia koa.
This data release includes data and metadata on litterfall rates of the two dominant canopy trees (Metrosideros polymorpha and Acacia koa) in a restoration forest in Hawaii. All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. Broadly, this study looked at the ability to alter soil nitrogen cycling, exotic grass biomass and native outplant survival with large quantities of Metrosideros polymorpha litter in a forest dominated by Acacia koa.
Exotic plant invasions are a serious concern for land managers and conservationists. There is evidence that increased nitrogen availability favors exotic species and decreased nitrogen availability favors non-weedy native species. This study was conducted to test the effect of nitrogen availability on competition between two grass species with contrasting life histories, cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), a North American exotic, and blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis), a North American native. We investigated the effects of nitrogen availability and competition on aboveground biomass, belowground biomass, height, and % nitrogen tissue concentrations by growing the two species in the greenhouse under five levels of nitrogen...
thumbnail
This data release includes data and metadata on 1) avian diet 2) seed rain 3) understory plant composition 4) seedling abundance and 5) sampling locations for these sites. In addition it includes data on seedling abundance, grass cover and light levels for a grass removal/seed addition experiment . All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. This study looked at multiple biotic interactions that potentially lead to self-reinforcing feedbacks within intact forest and degraded forest sites.
thumbnail
This data release includes data and metadata on seedling counts for native woody species, for plots that were established to monitor the efficacy of post-fire seed addition in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on the Island of Hawaiʻi. All plots were located in the burn scar of the 2018 Keauhou Fire in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, in the area known as the "Mauna Loa strip", located on the south flank of Mauna Loa.
thumbnail
This data release includes data and metadata on seedling abundance, composition, and rooting substrate within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. This study aims to evaluate the role of bryophytes in seedling recruitment and thus forest regeneration in different forest types. We compared bryophyte composition and coverage between tree species (Acacia koa and Metrosideros polymorpha) and forest types (intact forest and restoration forest) and then sampled native woody seedling recruitment in the bryophytes as well as other ground covers, such as leaf litter, bare soil, and exotic grass.
Invasive exotic weeds pose one of the earth's most pressing environmental problems. Although many invaders completely eliminate native plant species from some communities, ecologists know little about the mechanisms by which these exotics competitively exclude other species. Mycorrhizal fungi radically alter competitive interactions between plants within natural communities, and a recent study has shown that arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi provide a substantial competitive advantage to spotted knapweed, Centaurea maculosa, a noxious perennial plant that has spread throughout much of the native prairie in the northwestern U.S. Here we present evidence that this advantage is potentially due to mycorrhizally mediated...
Long-lived desert shrubs exhibit infrequent, episodic recruitment from seed. In spite of this long time scale, selection on life history attributes that affect seedling recruitment should be strong. We studied factors affecting germination phenology and seedling establishment for Coleogyne ramosissima, a dominant shrub species in the ecotone between warm and cold deserts in western North America. We also examined ecotypic differentiation in establishment strategy in response to selection regimes in two contrasting habitats. We followed patterns of dormancy loss, germination, emergence, and survival in reciprocal field experiments at warm winter Mojave Desert and cold winter Colorado Plateau study sites. Seed germination...


map background search result map search result map Ground and Bryophyte Coverage Plant seedling composition, abundance and substrate data Bryophyte Sampling Location Hakalau Forest NWR plant, soil, litter, and decomposition data 2015-2019 Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Plant Trait, Percent Cover, and Environmental Data 2014 Avian diet and vegetation data for Hakalau Forest, Hawaii, 2012-2016 Hakalau Forest NWR seed rain, seedling, and plant data for 2017-2019 Hakalau Forest NWR litterfall biomass and nutrient data Basal stem area of fruiting understory data for Hakalau Forest, Hawaii, 2015-2016 Light transmittance in experimental plots, Hakalau Forest, Hawaii, 2015 Keamuku Maneuver Area post-disturbance shrub counts, 2014-2016 Keamuku Maneuver Area random plot vegetation, geology, coordinates 2013 Keamuku Maneuver Area soil nutrient and moisture and foliar nutrient data, 2014 Plot location, burn severity, and canopy data, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park Seedling counts, Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park Ground and Bryophyte Coverage Plant seedling composition, abundance and substrate data Bryophyte Sampling Location Hakalau Forest NWR plant, soil, litter, and decomposition data 2015-2019 Avian diet and vegetation data for Hakalau Forest, Hawaii, 2012-2016 Hakalau Forest NWR seed rain, seedling, and plant data for 2017-2019 Hakalau Forest NWR litterfall biomass and nutrient data Basal stem area of fruiting understory data for Hakalau Forest, Hawaii, 2015-2016 Light transmittance in experimental plots, Hakalau Forest, Hawaii, 2015 Plot location, burn severity, and canopy data, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park Seedling counts, Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park Keamuku Maneuver Area post-disturbance shrub counts, 2014-2016 Keamuku Maneuver Area random plot vegetation, geology, coordinates 2013 Keamuku Maneuver Area soil nutrient and moisture and foliar nutrient data, 2014 Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Plant Trait, Percent Cover, and Environmental Data 2014