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Subaerial landslides at the head of Barry Arm Fjord in southern Alaska could generate tsunamis (if they rapidly failed into the Fjord) and are therefore a potential threat to people, marine interests, and infrastructure throughout the Prince William Sound region. Knowledge of ongoing landslide movement is essential to understanding the threat posed by the landslides. Because of the landslides' remote location, field-based ground monitoring is challenging. Alternatively, periodic acquisition and interferometric processing of satellite-based synthetic aperture radar data provide an accurate means to remotely monitor landslide movement. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) uses two Synthetic Aperture...
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Throughout a 20-year biosurveillance period, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus was isolated in low titers from only 6 / 7,355 opportunistically sampled adult Pacific herring, reflecting the typical endemic phase of the disease when the virus persists covertly. However, more focused surveillance efforts identified the presence of disease hot spots occurring among juvenile life history stages from certain nearshore habitats. These outbreaks sometimes recurred annually in the same temporal and spatial patterns and were characterized by infection prevalence as high as 96%. Longitudinal sampling indicated that some epizootics were relatively transient, represented by positive samples on a single sampling date, and others...
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This dataset consists of sample descriptions and radiocarbon age data from coastal environments on Montague Island, Alaska, analyzed at the National Ocean Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Facility.
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This service shows the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) developed for Price William Sound, AK, in 2000. Both linear and polygonal shoreline features are included here. Associated GIS datasets can be downloaded here.ESI maps use shoreline rankings to rate how sensitive an area of shoreline would be to an oil spill. The ranking scale goes from 1 to 10.A rank of 1 represents shorelines with the least susceptibility to damage by oiling. Examples include steep, exposed rocky cliffs and banks. The oil cannot penetrate into the rock and will be washed off quickly by the waves and tides.A rank of 10 represents shorelines most likely to be damaged by oiling. Examples include protected, vegetated wetlands, such...
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Summary This data release contains postprocessed model output from a simulation of hypothetical rapid motion of landslides, subsequent wave generation, and wave propagation. A simulated displacement wave was generated by rapid motion of unstable material into Barry Arm fjord. We consider the wave propagation in Harriman Fjord and Barry Arm, western Prince William Sound (area of interest and place names depicted in Figure 1). We consider only the largest wave-generating scenario presented by Barnhart and others (2021a, 2021b). As in Barnhart and others (2021c), we used a simulation setup similar to Barnhart and others (2021a, 2021b), but our results differ because we used different topography and bathymetry datasets....
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These data are part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long-term monitoring program and contain diet data from Black-legged Kittiwakes (BLKI), Rhinoceros Auklets (RHAU), and Tufted puffins (TUPU) located on Middleton Island in Prince William Sound, Gulf of Alaska. The first table consists of information on seabird diet samples including the sampling method and number of prey types identified per sample ("seabirdDiets_foodSample_middletonIsland.csv"). The second table is similar to the first table, however, the samples have been subdivided by individual prey species ("seabirdDiets_samplePrey_middletonIsland.csv"). The third table consists of information specific to sampled prey items, such as prey taxa identification...
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These are genetic data collected from replicated samples of 21 Enteroctopus (E. dofleini or a cryptic lineage) in Prince William Sound Alaska to evaluate tissue type, DNA extraction method, and time until analyses are completed on data reliability. Data collected from all samples include two microsatellites identified as possible lineage indicators, and nine microsatellite loci previously identified as polymorphic in both lineages. DNA sequence data from 528 bp of the octopine dehydrogenase (OCDE) gene were also collected.
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This data release contains model output from simulations presented in the associated Open-File Report (Barnhart and others, 2021). In this report, we present model results from four simulations (scenarios C-290, NC-290, C-689, NC-689, Table 1) of hypothetical rapid movement of landslides into adjacent fjord water at Barry Arm, Alaska using the D-Claw model (George and Iverson, 2014; Iverson and George, 2014). The basis for the four scenarios is described in Barnhart and others (2021). Table 1. Summary of four considered scenarios including key simulation input parameter values. Simulation input parameters Scenario name and description NC-290 C-290 NC-689 C-689 Symbol Units Description Smaller,...
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This data release contains extent shapefiles for 16 hypothetical slope failure scenarios for a landslide complex at Barry Arm, western Prince William Sound, Alaska. The landslide is likely active due to debuttressing from the retreat of Barry Glacier (Dai and others, 2020) and sits above Barry Arm, posing a tsunami risk in the event of slope failure (Barnhart and others, 2021). Since discovery of the landslide by a citizen scientist in 2020, kinematic structural elements have been mapped (Coe and others, 2020) and ground-based and satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) have been used to track ongoing movement at a high spatial resolution (Schaefer and others, 2020; Schaefer and others, 2022). These efforts have...
The data consist of blood chemistry and hematology from sea otters captured at sites along the Aleutian archipelago, the Alaska Peninsula, the Gulf of Alaska, and Prince William sound between 2004 and 2012. The data include the blood chemistry and hematology findings as well as general capture location, if the sea otter population in that area is declining, capture date, age estimate, age class, sex, and a unique sea otter number connecting the sample to gene expression data.
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Summary This data release contains postprocessed model output from simulations of hypothetical rapid motion of landslides, subsequent wave generation, and wave propagation. A modeled tsunami wave was generated by rapid motion of unstable material into Barry Arm Fjord. This wave propagated through Prince William Sound and then into Passage Canal east of Whittier. Here we consider only the largest wave-generating scenario presented by Barnhart and others (2021a, 2021b) and use a simulation setup similar to that work. The results presented here are not identical to those presented in Barnhart and others (2021a, 2021b) because the results in this data release were obtained using an expanded dataset of topography and...
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Marine mussels are a ubiquitous and crucial component of the nearshore environment, and new genomic technologies exist to quantify molecular responses of individual mussels to stimuli, including exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We used gene-based assays of exposure and physiological function to assess lingering oil damage from the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill using the Pacific blue mussel, Mytilus trossulus. We developed a diagnostic gene transcription panel to investigate exposure to PAHs and other contaminants and their effects on mussel physiology and health. Mussels were collected annually from 2012 through 2015 at five field sites (mussel beds) in western Prince William Sound: Herring Bay,...
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These data are part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long-term monitoring program and describe bivalve count and size sampling and observations conducted at intertidal soft-sediment sampling sites in the northern Gulf of Alaska. This dataset consists of five comma separated files (.csv): 1) bivalve taxonomy table, 2) bivalve sampling site table, 3) bivalve count table, 4) bivalve size table, and 5) list of Gulf Watch Alaska principal investigators and collaborators.
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This work integrated multiple topographic and bathymetric data sources to generate a merged topobathymetric map of western Prince William Sound. We converted all data sources to NAD 83 UTM Zone 6 N and mean higher high water (MHHW) before compiling. In Barry Arm, north of Port Wells, we used a digital terrain model (DTM) derived from subaerial light detection and ranging (lidar) data collected on June 26, 2020, (Daanen and others, 2021) and submarine multibeam sonar bathymetric data collected between August 12 and 23, 2020 (NOAA, 2020). In College Fiord, adjacent to Barry Arm to the east, we used multibeam sonar bathymetric data collected between March 25 and August 26, 2021 (NOAA, 2021). These data were combined...
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Three data sets are included here to aid in assessment of the sea otter population collapse in southwest Alaska. One data set consists of results of sea otter surveys conducted between 1959 and 2015 at Bering Island, Russia and a selection of western Aleutian Islands in Alaska. Sea otter counts are reduced to a comparable value of otters per linear kilometer. Another data set consists per-capita and per kilometer recovery rates of stranded sea otter carcasses from locations ranging from Bering Island, Russia, several Aleutian Islands, sites along the Alaska Peninsula, and Prince William Sound, Alaska. These data are mainly from the period 1991-2009 and are from stable populations as well as those in decline or post...


map background search result map search result map Environmental Sensitivity Index, Price William Sound, Alaska, 2000 Data for Gene Transcription Patterns in Response to Low Level Petroleum Contaminants in Mytilus trossulus from Field Sites and Harbors in Southcentral Alaska Enteroctopus Sampling Effects on Genetic Data, Prince William Sound, Alaska, 2012-2015 High-resolution multibeam bathymetry data collected southwest of Montague Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA High-resolution multibeam bathymetry data collected southwest of Chenega Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA High-resolution acoustic backscatter data collected southwest of Montague Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA High-resolution acoustic backscatter data collected southwest of Chenega Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA Interferometric synthetic aperture radar data from 2020 for landslides at Barry Arm Fjord, Alaska Sea Otter Survey Data, Carcass Recovery Data, and Blood Chemistry Data from Southwest Alaska Sea otter blood chemistry and hematology from animals captured at sites between Bering Island, Russia and Prince William Sound, Alaska during 2004-2012 Select model results from simulations of hypothetical rapid failures of landslides into Barry Arm, Prince William Sound, Alaska Simulated inundation extent and depth at Whittier, Alaska resulting from the hypothetical rapid motion of landslides into Barry Arm Fjord, Prince William Sound, Alaska Survey of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in Pacific herring throughout the North Pacific Ocean Simulated inundation extent and depth in Harriman Fjord and Barry Arm, western Prince William Sound, Alaska, resulting from the hypothetical rapid motion of landslides into Barry Arm Fjord, Prince William Sound, Alaska Seabird Diet Data Collected on Middleton Island, Gulf of Alaska Merged topography and bathymetry, western Prince William Sound Hypothetical landslide failure extents for hazard assessment, Barry Arm, western Prince William Sound, Alaska Intertidal Soft-Sediment Bivalves from Prince William Sound, Kachemak Bay, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park Radiocarbon Data from Coastal Environments on Montague Island, Alaska Hypothetical landslide failure extents for hazard assessment, Barry Arm, western Prince William Sound, Alaska Simulated inundation extent and depth at Whittier, Alaska resulting from the hypothetical rapid motion of landslides into Barry Arm Fjord, Prince William Sound, Alaska Interferometric synthetic aperture radar data from 2020 for landslides at Barry Arm Fjord, Alaska High-resolution multibeam bathymetry data collected southwest of Chenega Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA High-resolution acoustic backscatter data collected southwest of Chenega Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA Simulated inundation extent and depth in Harriman Fjord and Barry Arm, western Prince William Sound, Alaska, resulting from the hypothetical rapid motion of landslides into Barry Arm Fjord, Prince William Sound, Alaska High-resolution acoustic backscatter data collected southwest of Montague Island, Alaska during field activity 2014-622-FA Radiocarbon Data from Coastal Environments on Montague Island, Alaska Merged topography and bathymetry, western Prince William Sound Data for Gene Transcription Patterns in Response to Low Level Petroleum Contaminants in Mytilus trossulus from Field Sites and Harbors in Southcentral Alaska Enteroctopus Sampling Effects on Genetic Data, Prince William Sound, Alaska, 2012-2015 Seabird Diet Data Collected on Middleton Island, Gulf of Alaska Select model results from simulations of hypothetical rapid failures of landslides into Barry Arm, Prince William Sound, Alaska Environmental Sensitivity Index, Price William Sound, Alaska, 2000 Intertidal Soft-Sediment Bivalves from Prince William Sound, Kachemak Bay, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park Survey of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in Pacific herring throughout the North Pacific Ocean Sea Otter Survey Data, Carcass Recovery Data, and Blood Chemistry Data from Southwest Alaska Sea otter blood chemistry and hematology from animals captured at sites between Bering Island, Russia and Prince William Sound, Alaska during 2004-2012