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Activity pattern plasticity may serve as an evolutionary adaptation to optimize fitness in an inconstant environment, however, quantifying patterns and demonstrating variation can be problematic. For American black bears Ursus americanus, wariness and habitat inaccessibility further complicate quantification. Radio telemetry has been the primary technique used to examine activity, however, interpretation error and limitation on numbers of animals available to monitor prevent extrapolation to unmarked or untransmittered members of the population. We used remote cameras to quantify black bear activity patterns and examined differences by season, sex and reproductive class in the Alleghany Mountains of western Virginia,...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Wildlife Biology
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Snags provide critical habitat for nearly one-third of wildlife species in forests of the Pacific Northwest, so historic declines in snags are thought to have had a strong impact on biodiversity. Resource managers often create snags to mitigate the scarcity of snags within managed forests, but information regarding the function and structure of created snags across long time periods (>20 years) is absent from the literature. Using snags that were created by topping mature Douglas-fir trees (Pseudotsuga menziesii) as part of the OSU College of Forestry Integrated Research Project, we measured characteristics of 731 snags and quantified foraging and breeding use of snags by birds 25-27 years after their creation....
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These data include a row for each duck nest equipped with a small video camera. We present the location of the nest, the timing of the start of hatch, the timing of the end of hatch, and the timing of the departure of the hen and ducklings from the nest. Additionally, this table includes any predators that were observed at the nest depredating eggs prior to hatch and any predators that were observed at the nest between hatch and departure from the nest. These data support the following publication: "Sitting ducklings: Timing of hatch, nest departure, and predation risk for dabbling duck broods" by Sarah H. Peterson, Joshua T. Ackerman, Mark P. Herzog, C. Alex Hartman, Rebecca Croston, Cliff L. Feldheim, and Michael...
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This dataset provides supporting information for the species distribution data used in the associated manuscript. Collections of five non-native fish species were made by a number of institutions, and several capture techniques were used. This dataset also includes number of individuals of each species captured at each locality.
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Reproductive Data for All Nests Monitored; Data for Mayfield Analysis; Eggshell thickness, nestling morphological measurements, nestling plasma stable isotopes, and nestling red blood cell oxidative DNA damage; Egg organochlorine pesticide, total PCB, flame retardants, and PCB toxic equivalent concentrations; Fish capture by osprey; Fish pools and size for contaminant analysis; Fish organochlorine pesticide, total PCB and flame retardants concentrations; Data for estimation of p,p’-DDE and total PCB biomagnification from fish to osprey eggs
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Bullseye snakehead, Channa marulius, was first detected in 2000 in the southern Florida town of Tamarac and has been expanding its geographic range. Environmental DNA (eDNA) analysis is a newly-developed technique used to non-invasively detect cryptic or low-density species, or those that are logistically difficult to study. Genetic material shed into the environment through tissue and body fluids is concentrated from water samples and analyzed for the presence of target species eDNA. To help delineate bullseye snakehead’s geographic range, we developed and validated a species-specific eDNA assay for both quantitative and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). We then used ddPCR to assess 16 locations in southeast Florida...
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The Species Richness Maps included here are based on the Gap Analysis Project (GAP) habitat maps, which are predictions of the spatial distribution of suitable environmental and land cover conditions within the United States for individual species. Individual species habitat distribution models were summed to create the total richness for each vertebrate taxa. The summing process was coded in Python 2.7 and employed the arcpy module for geoprocessing steps. The code is documented in the log file which is included in the Sciencebase item along with the richness data for each taxa (See processing steps for file names and sciencebase urls). Mapped habitat distribution areas represent places where the environment is...
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Field data for fishes sampled using mid-water trawls, otter trawls, and the SmeltCam during day and night in San Pablo Bay, CA. This data release includes all measured environmental parameters and fish taxa included in the analysis.
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This dataset includes field data for fishes sampled using gill nets during daylight hours in the Northern Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, USA. This data release includes all measured environmental parameters and fish taxa included in the analysis.
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These data describe the status of eggs in nests which had a foster egg added to them as part of an effort to relocate a common tern colony on Poplar Island. One data file (McGowanEtAl2018_FosterNestData_Data.csv) contains the data regarding the observations, while one definitions file (McGowanEtAl2018_FosterNestData_Definitions.csv) details the data.
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The data set consists of data collected in 1995, 1996, and 1997 in wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota and South Dakota. The data were summarized and used in the analysis for two publications in peer-reviewed journals. The data consists of one data set that includes bird abundance and richness data, wetland class (temporary, seasonal, semipermanent, permanent, alkali), and wetland type (private or federal). In conjunction with surveys of wetland birds, the following wetland variables also were recorded: wetland size, date, local-level habitat variables (percent coverage of open water, emergent vegetation, wet meadow, and shoreline/mudflat), and landscape-level habitat variables (percent cover...
Categories: Data; Tags: Aquatic Biology, Aquatic birds, Arrowwood Wetland Management District, Audubon Wetland Management District, Biodiversity, All tags...
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These data were compiled to evaluate the reproductive ecology of Agassiz's desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizzi) in the Sonoran Desert of California using two populations within Joshua Tree National Park, including five reproductive seasons that spanned 20 years (1997-1999, 2015-2016). Compared to their conspecifics inhabiting the Mojave Desert, the reproductive ecology of G. agassizii in the Sonoran Desert is understudied. Climatic variation between the two deserts can affect reproductive ecology, including fecundity and clutch phenology. Mature female tortoises (straight-line carapace length ≥ 20 cm) outfitted with radiotransmitters were located and X-radiographed approximately every 10-14 days during the reproductive...
This dataset consists of measurements of the digestive gland in the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis orally exposed to uranium. The objective of the study was to assess the morphological effects of uranium on the snail digestive gland by light microscopy. Laboratory-cultured L stagnalis were exposed to either synthetic or natural solid phases of uranium and a subset (6 controls and 6 exposed) were euthanized and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for histopathological assessment. Slides were processed and stained with hematoxalin and eosin as per standard procedure (Luna 1968). The size of each sample, the length and width of digestive gland tubules (5 random glands per sample) and height of digestive cells...
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We studied home ranges and habitat selection of 10 adult sloth bears Melursus ursinus inornatus at Wasgomuwa National Park, Sri Lanka during 2002-2003. Very little is known about the ecology and behaviour of M. u. inornatus, which is a subspecies found in Sri Lanka. Our study was undertaken to assess space and habitat requirements typical of a viable population of M. u. inornatus to facilitate future conservation efforts. We captured and radio-collared 10 adult sloth bears and used the telemetry data to assess home-range size and habitat use. Mean 95% fixed kernel home ranges were 2.2 km2 (SE = 0.61) and 3.8 km2 (SE = 1.01) for adult females and males, respectively. Although areas outside the national park were...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Wildlife Biology
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These data represent the standard curve values as well as measurements of cytokine and reference gene transcripts from blood samples collected from Florida manatees and quantified using quantitative PCR.
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Surveillance for wildlife diseases is essential for assessing population dynamics of ungulates, especially in free-ranging populations where infected animals are difficult to sample. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is an emerging infectious disease of concern because of the potential for substantial negative effects on populations of cervids. Variability in the likelihood that CWD is detected could invalidate traditional estimators for prevalence. In some instances, deer located after death cannot be tested for infectious diseases, including CWD, because of lack of availability or condition of appropriate tissues. We used various methods to detect infectious diseases that could cause mortality for deer Odocoileus...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Wildlife Biology
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This data release consists of a single table that includes sample site geographic locations, insect prey abundance, and bat activity and behavior metrics. The dataset was used to develop multi-state occupancy models of foraging habitat use by Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus).
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This dataset contains information from mark-recapture and egg mass surveys conducted 2015-2018 by USGS as part of an ongoing Oregon spotted frog (Rana pretiosa) monitoring effort at Jack Creek, Klamath County, Oregon. Data consist of spotted frog counts (handled by surveyors) aggregated by date, location, life stage, and sex, as well as data on environmental conditions at the time each survey. Note that due to updates in access permissions, surveyed area within each site varies over time. Thus, counts are not comparable among year, as surveyed area was not held constant.
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This dataset provides spatial predictions of habitat suitability for current (1950 – 2000 yr) and mid-Holocene (8.3 ka – 4.2 ka) intervals using hindcasting, and three separate paleo-distributions calibrated on the packrat midden archive: those without bias correction (naïve), those created with a standard method (standard), and those created with a novel alternative (modeled) incorporating a three-stage model of bias. The raster layers contained here accompany the manuscript Inman et al. 2018 and were used to evaluate utility of a novel bias correction method (modeled) over classic methods. Spatial predictions of habitat suitability were created using MaxEnt version 3.4.0 (Phillips et al., 2006), a widely-used...
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Adult walleye (10 females and 10 males) were caught in Fox River (Wisconsin) during April 2014. Total length, weight, and age were determined for each of the walleye. Whole-fish homogenates were prepared during 2017. Lipid concentration and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener concentrations were determined in each of the homogenates during 2017-2018. For each sample, PCB congener concentrations were summed to yield total PCB concentration. All lipid and PCB congener terminations were made at the University of Michigan School of Public Health in Ann Arbor, Michigan.


map background search result map search result map Distribution and status of five non-native fish species in the Tampa Bay drainage (USA), a hot spot for fish introductions-Data Created snag characteristics and cavity-nesting bird associations in the CFIRP stands, McDonald-Dunn Research Forest, Corvallis, OR, USA, 2016 Quantitative PCR standard curve and transcript values for the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris), derived from 2013-14 manatee health assessments in Crystal River and Titusville, Florida Reproductive ecology data for female Agassiz's desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) in Joshua Tree National Park, USA Examination of contaminant exposure and reproduction of ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) nesting in Delaware Bay and River in 2015 Vertical Distribution of Longfin Smelt in the San Francisco Estuary Oahu multi-state occupancy models of foraging habitat use by Hawaiian hoary bats 2017 Spatial predictions of habitat suitability for present-day (1950 – 2000 yr) and mid-Holocene (8.3 ka – 4.2 ka) time intervals Promoting Change in Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) Nest Site Selection to Minimize Construction Related Disturbance Wetland birds of the Prairie Pothole Region of North and South Dakota, 1995-1997, data release U.S. Geological Survey - Gap Analysis Project Reptile Species Habitat Richness Polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in adult walleye from the Fox River (Wisconsin) population, 2014 Oregon Spotted Frog (Rana pretiosa) Monitoring at Jack Creek 2015-2018 (final) Abundance and Distribution of Fishes in the Northern Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, 2017-2018 The timing of dabbling duckling hatch, nest departure and depredation in Suisun Marsh, California from 2015-2017 Bullseye snakehead environmental DNA data, and associated attributes, collected from southeast Florida, from 2015-2018 Promoting Change in Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) Nest Site Selection to Minimize Construction Related Disturbance Oahu multi-state occupancy models of foraging habitat use by Hawaiian hoary bats 2017 Created snag characteristics and cavity-nesting bird associations in the CFIRP stands, McDonald-Dunn Research Forest, Corvallis, OR, USA, 2016 Abundance and Distribution of Fishes in the Northern Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, 2017-2018 Oregon Spotted Frog (Rana pretiosa) Monitoring at Jack Creek 2015-2018 (final) The timing of dabbling duckling hatch, nest departure and depredation in Suisun Marsh, California from 2015-2017 Vertical Distribution of Longfin Smelt in the San Francisco Estuary Distribution and status of five non-native fish species in the Tampa Bay drainage (USA), a hot spot for fish introductions-Data Quantitative PCR standard curve and transcript values for the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris), derived from 2013-14 manatee health assessments in Crystal River and Titusville, Florida Examination of contaminant exposure and reproduction of ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) nesting in Delaware Bay and River in 2015 Bullseye snakehead environmental DNA data, and associated attributes, collected from southeast Florida, from 2015-2018 Polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in adult walleye from the Fox River (Wisconsin) population, 2014 Wetland birds of the Prairie Pothole Region of North and South Dakota, 1995-1997, data release Spatial predictions of habitat suitability for present-day (1950 – 2000 yr) and mid-Holocene (8.3 ka – 4.2 ka) time intervals U.S. Geological Survey - Gap Analysis Project Reptile Species Habitat Richness