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Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON)


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Core Science Analytics, Synthesis, & Libraries Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 2012, Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON): U.S. Geological Survey.


The USGS Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON) project is an online mapping information system consisting of a large collection of species occurrence datasets (e.g., plants and animals) found in the United States, U.S. Territories and relevant geospatial layers. Species occurrences are records of organisms at a particular time and location that are often collected as part of biological field studies and taxonomic collections. These data serve as a foundation for biodiversity and conservation research.

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Each dataset within BISON was collected or otherwise generated for its own purpose(s). For example: research and monitoring studies, citizen science programs, natural history museum collections, and peer-reviewed literature. BISON’s initial overall purpose is to compile species occurrence records that are generally inaccessible to the wide research community while leveraging species occurrence records already available in existing biodiversity information systems, and delivering a combined spectrum of new and existing occurrence records via a Web-based GIS interface and through Web services.

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