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Sediment samples and samples for water-toxicity testing were collected during 2014 from several streams in San Antonio, Texas known locally as the Westside creeks (Alazán, Apache, Martínez, and San Pedro Creeks) and from the San Antonio River. Samples were collected once during base-flow and again after periods of storm-water runoff (post-storm conditions) to determine baseline sediment- and water-quality conditions. Streambed-sediment samples were analyzed for selected constituents, including trace elements and organic contaminants such as pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
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Marine mussels are a ubiquitous and crucial component of the nearshore environment, and new genomic technologies exist to quantify molecular responses of individual mussels to stimuli, including exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We used gene-based assays of exposure and physiological function to assess lingering oil damage from the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill using the Pacific blue mussel, Mytilus trossulus. We developed a diagnostic gene transcription panel to investigate exposure to PAHs and other contaminants and their effects on mussel physiology and health. Mussels were collected annually from 2012 through 2015 at five field sites (mussel beds) in western Prince William Sound: Herring Bay,...
The major obstacle to biodiesel commercialization is the high cost of raw materials. Biodiesel from waste cooking oil is an economical source and thus an effective strategy for reducing the raw material cost. Using waste cooking oil also solves the problem of waste oil disposal. This study investigated the emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), carcinogenic potencies and regulated matters, and brake specific fuel consumption from a heavy-duty diesel engine under the US-HDD transient cycle for five test fuels: ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), WCOB5 (5 vol% biodiesel made from waste cooking oil + 95 vol% ULSD), WCOB10, WCOB20, and WCOB30. Experimental results indicate using ULSD/WCOB blends decreased...
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The diversion of freshwater from the Mississippi River is intended to mitigate saltwater intrusion from the Gulf of Mexico and to lessen the concomitant loss of wetland areas. Though effective, freshwater diversion can affect wildlife and habitat; therefore, prediversion and postdiversion data collections are necessary to identify effects. The Davis Pond freshwater diversion area is located between the Mississippi River and Bayou Lafourche and extends to Barataria Bay Basin, Louisiana. Results and interpretations from the prediversion biomonitoring done in 2001- which included data on fish, eagles, and bivalves - are presented in the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5067, "Davis...
The possibility of well communication by hydraulic fracturing has been studied through the use of laboratory experiments. The experiments were conducted on 610 × 584 × 305ram gypstone blocks. True triaxial stresses were applied to the specimens. A fracture fluid was injected simultaneously into two injection wells at a high injection rate. The angle (~) between the well line and the direction of ahma~ (the orientation of fracture propagation for single well hydraulic fracturing) was chosen as the controlling variable. The experimental results showed that for a low stress difference (al/~ around 1.5), well communication was obtained for fl up to 60 °, but the orientation of fracture initiation was unpredictable by...
Mountain Creek Lake is a reservoir in north Texas 8 miles southwest of Dallas, Texas where historical contamination by polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCBs) and other organic contaminants has been reported. There was a need to reassess concentrations of contaminates of organic and inorganic compounds in the reservoir. In cooperation with the City of Dallas, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) sampled Mountain Creek Lake and two downstream stream sites over two sampling events. The study area consisted of seven sites on Mountain Creek Lake, one site on the Trinity River, and one site on Mountain Creek. Water-column and bed-sediment samples were collected at each site in June and August of 2019. Water-quality field...
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This data describes the relative luminescence units (RLUs) and relative fluorescence units (RFUs) of lysates of aryl-hydrocarbon responsive chemically-activated luciferase expression human hepatoma HG2L7.5c1 cells which were exposed for 4 or 24 h to beta-naphthoflavone dilutions, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin dilutions, or dilutions of groundwater extracts collected from wells within or near an oil-contaminated area. This data also describes RFUs of bovine serum albumin standards which were used to convert the RFUs of the cell lysates to protein with which to normalize the RLUs of the cell lysates.


    map background search result map search result map Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Concentration of Fish from the Davis Pond Freshwater Postdiversion Sampling, 2007-2009 Sediment-quality and water-toxicity data from 10 sites on the Westside Creeks and San Antonio River, San Antonio, Texas, 2014 Data for Gene Transcription Patterns in Response to Low Level Petroleum Contaminants in Mytilus trossulus from Field Sites and Harbors in Southcentral Alaska CALUX AhR human cell bioassays treated with water extracts from wells near Bemidji, MN USA (2018) Water Quality and Bed-sediment Quality from Mountain Creek Lake and two stream sites near Grand Prairie, Texas, 2019 CALUX AhR human cell bioassays treated with water extracts from wells near Bemidji, MN USA (2018) Sediment-quality and water-toxicity data from 10 sites on the Westside Creeks and San Antonio River, San Antonio, Texas, 2014 Water Quality and Bed-sediment Quality from Mountain Creek Lake and two stream sites near Grand Prairie, Texas, 2019 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Concentration of Fish from the Davis Pond Freshwater Postdiversion Sampling, 2007-2009 Data for Gene Transcription Patterns in Response to Low Level Petroleum Contaminants in Mytilus trossulus from Field Sites and Harbors in Southcentral Alaska