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Description of Work USGS will conduct seasonal sampling of benthic invertebrates, zooplankton, prey fish, and their diets to complement the seasonal lower trophic level sampling by EPA. A point of emphasis is describing the vertical distribution of planktivores and their zooplankton prey, to fill a knowledge gap on these predator/prey interactions. These data will provide a more holistic understanding of how invasive-driven, food-web changes could be altering energy available to sport fishes in the Great Lakes and used to build bioenergetics models that can evaluate whether zooplankton dynamics are being driven by limited resources or excessive predation. Understanding the key drivers of zooplankton will provide...
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Basin boundaries were delineated for 1,320 USGS streamgages located on tributaries and streams flowing to the Gulf of Mexico. Basins ranged in size from less than 1 to approximately 67,500 square miles. Physical and climatic basin characteristics were calculated using these boundaries. Data presented here will be used as independent variables to estimate streamflow characteristics and provide a numerical foundation supporting the: (1) development of statistical models of streamflow characteristics; (2) evaluation of spatial and temporal trends in streamflow characteristics; and (3) development of network optimization analysis.
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Description of Work USGS will conduct monthly samples of benthic invertebrates, zooplankton, and water quality as well as seasonal sampling of fish and fish diets. This project supports lower trophic sampling in Lake Erie and understanding food webs. An emphasis will be collecting samples from a nearshore to offshore design.
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Human alteration of waterways has impacted the minimum and maximum streamflow in more than 86% of monitored streams nationally and may be the primary cause for ecological impairment in river and stream ecosystems. Restoration of freshwater inflows can positively affect shellfish, fisheries, habitat, and water quality in streams, rivers, and estuaries. Increasingly, state and local decision makers and Federal agencies are turning their attention to the restoration of flows as part of a holistic approach to restoring water quality and habitat and protecting and replenishing living coastal and marine resources and the livelihoods that depend on them. In 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Lower Mississippi-Gulf...
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Description of Work Participation on the Lake Erie Lakewide Management Plan Workgroup and related subcommittees such as toxics, sources and loads, nutrients, and biodiversity. Attend meetings and conferences associated with LE LAMP activities. This includes The Lake Erie Millennium Network, CSMI, Ohio Phosphorus Task Force, and other meetings or workshops addressing nutrient and toxicity issues in Lake Erie. Communicate USGS activities in the Lake Erie Basin that can influence understanding or impact decision making.
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This dataset provides numerical and categorical descriptions of 48 basin characteristics for 956 basins with observed streamflow information at U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamflow-gaging stations. Characteristics are indexed by National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) version 2 COMID (integer that uniquely identifies each feature in the NHD) and USGS station number for streamflow-gaging station. The variables represent mutable and immutable basin characteristics and are organized by characteristic type: physical (5), hydrologic (6), categorical (12), climate (6), landscape alteration (7), and land cover (12). Mutable characteristics such as climate, land cover, and landscape alteration variables are reported in decadal...
Recent studies have found insignificant or decreasing trends in time-series dissolved organic carbon (DOC) datasets, questioning the assumption that long-term DOC concentrations in surface waters are increasing in response to anthropogenic forcing, including climate change, land use, and atmospheric acid deposition. We used the Weighted Regressions on Time, Discharge, and Season (WRTDS) model to estimate annual flow-normalized (FN) concentrations and fluxes to determine if changes in DOC quantity and quality signal anthropogenic forcing at 10 locations in the Mississippi River Basin (MRB). Despite increases in agriculture and urban development throughout the basin, net increases in DOC concentration and flux were...
Description of WorkThe Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) was established to accelerate ecosystem restoration in the Great Lakes by confronting the most serious threats to the region, such as nonpoint source pollution, toxic sediments, and invasive species. Four Priority Watersheds have been targeted by the Regional Working Group's Phosphorus Reduction Work Group (Fox/Green Bay, Saginaw, Maumee, and Genesee) and are characterized by having a high density of agricultural land use and have ecosystem impairments that have been clearly identified. Monitoring is being conducted at the sub-watershed, edge-of-field, and subsurface-tile scale where monitoring locations are targeted to those areas within each watershed...
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This dataset provides numerical and categorical descriptions of 48 basin characteristics for 9,314 ungaged basins coinciding with 12-digit hydrologic unit code (HUC12) pour points that drain to the Gulf of Mexico. Characteristics are indexed by National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) version 2 COMID (integer that uniquely identifies each feature in the NHD) and HUC12 identifying number. The variables represent mutable and immutable basin characteristics and are organized by characteristic type: physical (5), hydrologic (6), categorical (12), climate (6), landscape alteration (7), and land cover (12). Mutable characteristics such as climate, land cover, and landscape alteration variables are reported in decadal increments...
This dataset includes results of the Trend Departure Index (TDI) for 139 sites in the RESTORE trend analysis study and approximately 9,200 HUC12 pour points in the streamflow alteration study. Data from the 139 sites in the trend analysis were compared against reference site data from the GAGES II dataset (Falcone and others, 2010) and were used to calculate the departure from reference conditions. The streamflow alteration study used pre- and post-periods of analysis to quantify hydrologic alteration in terms of a ratio. The TDI is a ratio of the difference between two sites divided by 365 (total number of trends per site). TDI varies from 0 to 1; a TDI of 0 indicates the trend results for the site are identical...
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Description of Work U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists are focusing on restoring natural water flow and ecological processes between coastal wetlands in the Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge (Ohio) and adjacent to Lake Erie to improve fish and wildlife habitat. This pilot project will develop approaches that will restore coastal wetland function and increase ecosystem resilience to be used as a model throughout the Great Lakes basin. USGS will focus on restoring natural hydrologic processes in diked coastal wetlands adjacent to Great Lakes waters to improve wetland functions like phosphorus retention and restoration of habitats for fish and wildlife. Sustainable approaches are being developed in the Maumee River...
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Description of Work USGS will conduct seasonal sampling of benthic invertebrates, zooplankton, prey fish, sport fish, and their diets to complement the seasonal lower trophic level sampling by EPA. This data will provide a more holistic understanding of how invasive-driven, food-web changes could be altering energy available to sport fishes in the Great Lakes and used to build a decision support tool that can explore how different scenarios (dreissenid control, nutrient reductions, changes in fish stocking) influence the biomass of economically important fisheries.
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Censored and uncensored generalized additive models (GAMs) are developed from 955 U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations (streamgages) to predict decadal statistics of streamflow. The streamgages are located on streams draining to the Gulf of Mexico. Decadal statistics include no-flow fractions and selected L-moments of nonzero streamflow for six decades (1950s—2000s). These statistics represent metrics of decadal flow-duration curves (dFDCs) derived from about 10 million daily mean streamflows. The L-moments include the mean, coefficient of L-variation, and the third through fifth L-moment ratios. The models are fit using watershed properties such as basin area and slope, decadal precipitation and temperature...
Abstract: Coalbed methane (CBM) development raises serious environmental concerns. In response, concerted efforts have been made to collect chemistry, salinity, and sodicity data on CBM produced water. However, little information on changes of stream water quality resulting from directly and/or indirectly received CBM produced water is available in the literature. The objective of this study was to examine changes instream water quality, particularly sodicity and salinity, due to CBM development in the Powder River watershed, which is located in the Rocky Mountain Region and traverses the states of Wyoming and Montana. To this end, a retrospective analysis of water quality trends and patterns was conducted using...
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This data release contains annual estimates of suspended-sediment concentration and load for the Mississippi River, St. Francisville site and the Atchafalaya River, Melville site from 1980-2015. Annual estimates and flow-normalized estimates were generated using the Weighted Regressions on Time, Season and Discharge (WRTDS) model. Input data for the model included suspended-sediment concentrations publicly available from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)'s National Water Information System (U.S. Geological Survey, 2016) and daily-mean streamflow estimates from the Army Corps of Engineers (2016) and USGS. These annual concentrations and loads are used to support trend analyses and provide estimates of sediment availability...
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Censored and uncensored generalized additive models (GAMs) are developed from 955 U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations (streamgages) to predict decadal statistics of streamflow. The streamgages are located on streams draining to the Gulf of Mexico. Decadal statistics include no-flow fractions and selected L-moments of nonzero streamflow for six decades (1950s—2000s). These statistics represent metrics of decadal flow-duration curves (dFDCs) derived from about 10 million daily mean streamflows. The L-moments include the mean, coefficient of L-variation, and the third through fifth L-moment ratios. The models are fit using watershed properties such as basin area and slope, decadal precipitation and temperature...
I study biogeochemical cycling in aquatic ecosystems. Current projects include 1) Trends in alkalinity and acidity in coastal rivers of the US and potential effects on coastal acidification (USGS NAWQA Trends Team). 2) Continental-scale synthesis of stream metabolism and its links to water quality and the aquatic carbon cycle (USGS Powell Center; USGS NAWQA; USGS NRP). 3) Carbon transport and cycling in the Upper Mississippi River basin (USGS LandCarbon). 4) Long-term trends in acidification of the Delaware River Estuary (Penn State University). 5) Hyporheic exchange in contrasting headwater streams of the Colorado Front Range (with Colorado School of Mines).
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This study is based on contiguous direct normal irradiance information from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Specifically, these data represent both 12-month specific average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of 0.1 degrees in both latitude and longitude. Spacing is about 10 kilometers in size. Direct normal irradiance is the amount of solar radiation received per unit area. For more information on direct normal irradiance see Introduction to Micrometeorology (Arya, 2001) or Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics (Salby, 1996). Following the metadata description by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, these modeled data are based on hourly radiance images from geostationary...
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This data release contains estimated daily streamflow values for 9,203 12-digit hydrologic unit codes (HUC12s) in the southeastern United States for the period 1950-2009. The files are provided in text format, which can be used in R and in other programs. The 'Site Info' folder contains 18 files with streamgage information and the 'Daily Values' folder contains 18 files with predicted daily streamflow values for a given HUC12. Each of the datasets contains 500, 501, or 704 HUC12s, respectively. Data preparation and analysis of the predicted streamflow values were scripted in RStudio. Results of the analysis will be used to quantify streamflow alterations across the study area and will be published in a separate...
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Daily streamflow discharge data from 139 streamgages located on tributaries and streams flowing to the Gulf of Mexico were used to calculate mean monthly, mean seasonal, and decile values. Streamgages used to calculate trends required a minimum of 65 years of continuous daily streamflow data. These values were used to analyze trends in streamflow using the Mann-Kendall trend test in the R package entitled “Trends” and a new methodology created by Robert M. Hirsch known as a “Quantile-Kendall” plot. Data were analyzed based on water year using the Mann-Kendall trend test and by climate year using the Quantile-Kendall methodology to: (1) identify regions which are statistically similar for estimating streamflow characteristics;...


map background search result map search result map Lakewide Management Plan Capacity Support by U.S. Geological Survey - LAKE ERIE Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative (CSMI) - LAKE HURON New Strategies for Restoring Coastal Wetland Function, Maumee River Area of Concern Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative (CSMI) - LAKE ERIE Exploring changes in nutrient transfer within Great Lakes food webs: implications for fish production in Lake Michigan in support of CSMI 2010 Basin characteristics for sites used in RESTORE Streamflow alteration assessments Annual estimates of suspended-sediment concentration and load to support trend analysis on the Mississippi River and Atchafalaya River, 1980-2015 Trend analysis results for sites used in RESTORE Streamflow alteration assessments Solar radiation for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 Heuristically-determined geospatial boundary of streams and rivers draining to the Gulf of Mexico in the south-central and southeastern United States, July 2018 Summary of basin characteristics for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 at USGS streamflow-gaging stations Summary of basin characteristics for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 at 12-digit hydrologic unit code (HUC12) pour points Summary of decadal no-flow fractions and decadal L-moments of nonzero streamflow flow-duration curves for National Hydrography Dataset, Version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 Summary of Decadal No-Flow Fractions and Decadal L-Moments of Nonzero Streamflow Flow-Duration Curves for National Hydrography Dataset, Version 2 Catchments in the Southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010, at 12-digit Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC12) Pour Points Estimated daily mean streamflows for HUC12 pour points in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2009 Trend Departure Index Results for sites in the RESTORE Trend Analysis and Hydrologic Alteration Studies Annual estimates of suspended-sediment concentration and load to support trend analysis on the Mississippi River and Atchafalaya River, 1980-2015 New Strategies for Restoring Coastal Wetland Function, Maumee River Area of Concern Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative (CSMI) - LAKE ERIE Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative (CSMI) - LAKE HURON Lakewide Management Plan Capacity Support by U.S. Geological Survey - LAKE ERIE Exploring changes in nutrient transfer within Great Lakes food webs: implications for fish production in Lake Michigan in support of CSMI 2010 Estimated daily mean streamflows for HUC12 pour points in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2009 Solar radiation for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 Heuristically-determined geospatial boundary of streams and rivers draining to the Gulf of Mexico in the south-central and southeastern United States, July 2018 Summary of basin characteristics for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 at USGS streamflow-gaging stations Summary of basin characteristics for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 at 12-digit hydrologic unit code (HUC12) pour points Summary of decadal no-flow fractions and decadal L-moments of nonzero streamflow flow-duration curves for National Hydrography Dataset, Version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 Summary of Decadal No-Flow Fractions and Decadal L-Moments of Nonzero Streamflow Flow-Duration Curves for National Hydrography Dataset, Version 2 Catchments in the Southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010, at 12-digit Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC12) Pour Points Trend Departure Index Results for sites in the RESTORE Trend Analysis and Hydrologic Alteration Studies Basin characteristics for sites used in RESTORE Streamflow alteration assessments Trend analysis results for sites used in RESTORE Streamflow alteration assessments