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Tin Deposits in the United States


Publication Date


Karl, N.A., Burger, M.H., and Long, K.R., 2018, Tin Deposits in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey data release,


This data release provides descriptions of more than 120 mineral regions, mines, and mineral deposits within the United States that are reported to contain enrichments of tin (Sn). This data release only includes sites with publicly available records of past production of tin, or a defined resource of tin, or both. The inclusion of a particular mineral deposit in this database is not meant to imply that it has economic potential; it may be produced only as a byproduct at some sites. Rather, these deposits were included to capture the distribution of characteristics of the known, reported tin deposits in the United States. This logic also applies to the other commodities listed with tin in some occurrences. The primary uses for tin [...]


Point of Contact :
Nick A Karl
Originator :
Nick A Karl, Meredith H Burger, Keith R Long
Metadata Contact :
Nick A Karl
Publisher :
U.S. Geological Survey
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase
USGS Mission Area :
Energy and Minerals
SDC Data Owner :
Mineral Resources Program

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This dataset is part of an ongoing effort by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to understand the attributes and geologic distribution of critical mineral resources, both globally, and in particular, in the United States. As described in USGS Professional Paper 1802 (Schulz and others, 2017) the United States continues to become more dependent on imports to meet the domestic demands for an increasing number of mineral commodities. Many mineral commodities are now produced primarily or entirely outside of the United States, creating the potential for supply interruptions in the foreseeable future, or in the long term. These important but highly dependent mineral commodities are deemed critical and (or) strategic resources. Tin has been identified as a critical and strategic mineral in the Draft List of critical minerals by the USGS. Tin has a primary application for solder as well as flat-panel displays (indium-tin-oxide), where the top producer is China and the top supplier is Peru (U.S. Geological Survey, 2018). While tin is present in greisen, pegmatite, placer, and skarn deposits in the United States, the United States has not mined or smelted tin since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Recycling of tin occurs in the United States, where in 2017, 25 percent of the apparent consumption of tin was derived. The recycled material does not meet the United States demand for tin, and for this reason, the United States is reliant on tin resources of approximately 75 percent of net import reliance as a percentage of apparent consumption (U.S. Geological Survey, 2018b). This dataset was compiled to provide base layers of information that identify and describe the known tin deposits in the United States. This compilation is intended to contribute to our geologic understanding of tin deposits in the United States, and to assist in evaluating their resource potential. Kamilli, R.J., Kimball, B.E., and Carlin, J.F., Jr., 2017, Tin, chap. S of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. S1–S53, pp1802S. Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., 2017, Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, 797 p., U.S. Geological Survey, 2018, Draft list of critical minerals: Federal Register vol. 83, no. 33, p. 7065-7068, U.S. Geological Survey, 2018b, Mineral commodity summaries 2018: U.S. Geological Survey, 200 p.,
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DOI doi:10.5066/P97JYNJL

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dateUploadedMon Aug 03 16:57:36 MDT 2020

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